A Schoolmarm All My Life
Joyce Kinkead, editor
Boren, Lucina Mecham. “Journal.” Treasures of Pioneer History 6 (1957): 301-48.
Cannon, Luella Wareing. My Cup Runneth O’er. Salt Lake City: author, 1969. 23-26.
Coburn, Mary Hulet. “Journal.” Holograph. Utah State University Special Collections.
Cox, Martha Cragun. “Journal, 1852-1930.” Holograph. LDS Church Historical Department.
Critchlow, Elizabeth Frances Fellows. “History of Elizabeth Frances Fellows Critchlow.” In Critchlow and Related Families. N.p., 1967. 146-67.
Dalton, Lucinda Lee. “Autobiography (1847-1876).” Microfilm. LDS Church Historical Department.
Elliott, Vilate. “Diary.” Vol. 1, 1899-1900. Brigham Young University Special Collections.
Gardner, Alice Laura Iverson. “Autobiography.” Typescript. LDS Church Family History Library.
Harris, Eunice Stewart. “Autobiography.” Typescript. LDS Church Historical Department.
Heward, Elizabeth Terry. “Autobiography.” In Parshall Terry Family History. N.p., 1956; rpt. 1963. 66-78.
Heywood, Martha Spence. “Diary, 1850-1856.” Typescript. Utah State University Special Collections.
Joyce, May Pierson McCraney. “Autobiography, 1880-1930.” Holograph. LDS Church Historical Department.
Lyman, Amy Brown. “Childhood” and “Student, Teacher, Traveler.” In In Retrospect. Salt Lake City: Relief Society, 1945. 8-23.
McDonald, Florence Morgan. “Autobiography, 1880s-1949.” Typescript. LDS Church Historical Department.
Owen, Laura Farnsworth Frampton. “Autobiography, 1806-1868.” Holograph. LDS Church Historical Department.
Porter, Maggie Tolman. My Heritage of Faith—Memories of a Pioneer Mother. Lovell, WY: n.p., n.d.
[p.224]Pratt, Louisa Barnes. “Journal of Louisa Barnes Pratt.” Heart Throbs of the West 8 (1947): 189-398.
Reynolds, Alice Louise. “Journal, 1873-1938.” Holograph. LDS Church Historical Department.
Richards, Louisa Lula Greene. “Diary, 1867-1869.” Holograph. LDS Church Historical Department.
Ruesch, Matilda Woodbury. “Autobiography, 1890-1964.” Typescript. Utah State Historical Society.
Smith, Lucy Meserve Smith. “Autobiography, 1817-1890.” Typescript. LDS Church Historical Department.
Smoot, Reva Stevens Daniels. “Autobiography, 1902-1932.” Typescript. LDS Church Historical Department.
Taylor, Elmina Shepard. “Diary, 1850-1851.” Typescript. LDS Church Historical Department.
Anderson, Lavina Fielding. “Lueinda Lee Dalton: A Tough Kind of Testimony.” In Burgess-Olson. 139-71.
Anderson, Linda. “At the Threshold of the Self: Women and Autobiography.” In Women’s Writing: A Challenqe to Theory. Edited by M. Monteith. New York: St. Martin’s, 1986. 54-70.
Armitage, Susan and Elizabeth Jameson, eds. The Women’s West. Norman: University of Oklahoma Press, 1987.
Arrington, Leonard J. “Women as a Force in the History of Utah.” Utah Historical Quarterly 38 (1970): 3-6.
Arrington, Leonard J. and Davis Bitton. The Mormon Experience: A History of the Latter-day Saints. New York: Vintage, 1980.
Arrington, Leonard J. and Susan Arrington Madsen. Sunbonnet Sisters: True Stories of Mormon Women and Frontier Life. Salt Lake City: Bookcraft, 1984.
Ashton-Warner, Sylvia. Teacher. New York: Simon and Schuster, 1986.
Atwood, Margaret. The Handmaid’s Tale. Boston: Houghton Mifflin, 1986.
Bagley, Pat. Oh My Heck! A Pretty, Great Cartoon Book. Salt Lake City: Signature Books, 1988. N.p.
Beecher, Catherine. “Remedy for Wrongs to Women.” In Hoffman. 36-56.
Beecher, Maureen Ursenbach. “Eliza R. Snow.” In Bushman. 24-41.
__________. “Women’s Work on the Mormon Frontier.” Utah Historical Quarterly 49 (1981): 276-90.
__________, and Lavina Fielding Anderson, ed. Sisters in Spirit: Mormon Women in Historical and Cultural Perspective. Urbana: University of Illinois Press, 1987.
Belenky, Mary Field, Blythe McVicker Clinchy, Nancy Rule Goldberger, and Jill Mattuck Tarule. Women’s Ways of Knowing: The Development of Self, Voice, and Mind. New York: Basic Books, 1986.
Biklen, Sari Knopp. “Texts of Teachers’ Lives.” American Educational Research Association. New Orleans, Apr. 1988.
Bitton, Davis. Guide to Mormon Diaries and Autobiographies. Provo: Brigham Young University Press, 1977.
__________. “Zion’s Rowdies: Growing Up on the Mormon Frontier.” Utah Historical Quarterly 50 (1982): 182-95.
Brite, J. Duncan. Notes and Transcripts. Mss. Utah State University Special Collections.
Brodski, Bella and Celeste Schenck, ed. Life/Lines: Theorizing Women’s Autobiography. Ithaca: Cornell University Press, 1988.
Brooks, Juanita, ed. Not by Bread Alone: The Journal of Martha Spence Heywood, 1850-56. Salt Lake City: Utah State Historical Society, 1978.
Bruner, Jerome. “Life as Narrative.” Language Arts 65 (Oct. 1988): 574-83.
Buchanan, Fred S. “Education Among the Mormons: Brigham Young and the Schools of Utah.” History of Education Quarterly 22 (Winter 1982): 435-59.
Bucher, Jean. “Inside Adam Swapp.” Utah Holiday, Oct. 1988. 31-47.
Burgess-Olsen, Vicky, ed. Sister Saints. N.p.: Burgess-Olson, 1978.
Bushman, Claudia L., ed. Mormon Sisters: Women in Early Utah. Salt Lake City: Olympus, 1976.
Cannon, Helen B. Letter to the author. 15 Dec. 1988.
Carter, Kate B. “Pioneer Schools and Schoolmasters·” Heart Throbs of the West. 9 vols. Salt Lake City: Daughters of Utah Pioneers, 1947. 2:113-48.
__________. “School Advertisements.” In Heart Throbs of the West. 7:295-97.
__________. “Women of Deseret.” In Heart Throbs of the West. 3:113-59.
Chernin, Kim. In My Mother’s House: A Daughter’s Story. New York: Harper Colophone, 1983.
Clark, Mary R. “Rowland Hall-St. Mark’s School: Alternative Education for More than a Century.” Utah Historical Quarterly 48 (1980): 271-92.
Cleaveland, Agnes Morley. No Life for a Lady. 1941. Lincoln: University of Nebraska Press, 1977.
Cottrell, Debbie Mauldin. Pioneer Woman Educator: The Progressive Spirit of Annie Webb Blanton. College Station: Texas A&M University Press, 1993.
[p.226]Cross, Amanda. The Players Come Again. New York: Ballantine, 1991.
Culley, Margo, ed. A Day at a Time: The Diary Literature of American Women from 1784 to the Present. New York: Feminist Press, 1985.
Culmsee, Carlton F. “Democracy Enrolls in College.” Utah Historical Quarterly 30 (1962): 199-213.
Danylewycz, Marta and Alison Prentice. “Revising the History of Teachers: A Canadian Perspective.” Interchange 17 (1986): 135-46.
__________. “Teacher’s Work: Changing Patterns and Perceptions in the Emerging School Systems of Nineteenth- and Early Twentieth-Century Central Canada.” Labour/Le Travail 17 (Spring 1986): 59 80.
Derr, Jill Mulvay. “‘Strength in Our Union’: The Making of Mormon Sisterhood.” In Beecher and Anderson. 153-207.
__________. “The Two Miss Cooks: Pioneer Professionals for Utah’s Schools.” In Burgess-Olson. 242-58.
__________. “Zion’s Schoolmarms.” In Bushman. 67-87.
__________, Janath Russell Cannon, and Maureen Ursenbach Beecher. Women of Covenant: The Story of the Relief Society. Salt Lake City: Deseret Book Co., 1992.
Doig, Ivan. Interview. “Ivan Doig Creates a Different Brand of Books about Carving a Life out of the American West.” By Harold Schindler. Salt Lake Tribune, 23 Oct. 1988, E3.
Dredge, Nancy Tate. “Victims of the Conflict.” In Bushman. 133-55.
Dushku, Judith Rasmussen. “Feminists.” In Bushman. 177-97.
Dwyer, Robert J. “Catholic Education in Utah: 1875-1975.” Utah Historical Quarterly 43 (1975): 362-78.
__________. The Gentile Comes to Utah: A Study in Religious and Social Conflict (1862-1890). Salt Lake City: Western Epics, 1971. [Reprint of 1941 Ph.D. diss.]
The Earnest Worker. Mf. Utah State University Special Collections.
Ellsworth, George, ed. Dear Ellen: Two Mormon Women and Their Letters. Salt Lake City: University of Utah Press, 1974.
__________. The Journals of Addison Pratt. Logan: Utah State University Press, 1990.
Embry, Jessie. Mormon Polygamous Families: Life in the Principle. Salt Lake City: University of Utah Press, 1987.
Encyclopedia of Mormonism. New York: Macmillan, 1992.
Fern, Fanny. Ruth Hall and Other Writings. Edited by Joyce W. Warren. New Brunswick, N J: Rutgers University Press, 1986.
“Financier to Present Plaque in Honor of Utah Teacher.” Salt Lake Tribune, 2 Dec. 1957, 26.
[p.227]Floren, Christina. “Who Should Sit in the Teacher’s Chair? The Process of Feminization and Professionalization among Swedish School Teachers 1860-1906.” American Educational Research Association. New Orleans, Apr. 1988.
Foster, Lawrence. “Polygamy and the Frontier: Mormon Women in Early Utah.” Utah Historical Quarterly 50 (1982): 268-89. [See also his Religion and Sexuality.]
Frazier, Ian. “A Reporter at Large: The Great Plains—Part II.” The New Yorker, 27 Feb. 1989, 35-65.
Gates, Susa Young. “Camilia C. Cobb.” Gates File. Utah State Historical Society.
__________. “Teachers.” Gates File. Utah State Historical Society.
Gilligan, Carol. In a Different Voice. Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1982.
Godfrey, Kenneth W., Audrey M. Godfrey, and Jill Mulvay Derr. Women’s Voices: An Untold History of the Latter-Day Saints, 1830-1900. Salt Lake City: Deseret Book Co., 1982.
Goodson, Stephanie Smith. “Plural Wives.” In Bushman. 89-111.
Greenwood, Annie Pike. We Sagebrush Folks. New York: D. Appleton-Century, 1934. Moscow: Idaho University Press, 1988.
Gullfiord, Andrew. America’s Country Schools. Washington, D.C.: Preservation Press, 1984.
__________. Country School Legacy: Humanities on the Frontier. Silt, CO: n.p., 1981.
Hafen, Mary Ann. Recollections of a Handcart Pioneer of 1860: A Woman’s Life on the Mormon Frontier. 1938. Lincoln: University of Nebraska Press, 1983.
Hampsten, Elizabeth. “Considering More than a Single Reader.” In Personal Narratives Group. 129-38.
__________. Read This Only to Yourself: Writings of Midwestern Women, 1880-1910. Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 1982.
Hefner, Loretta L. “Amy Brown Lyman: Raising the Quality of Life for All.” In Burgess Olson. 95-116.
Heilbrun, Carolyn G. Writing a Woman’s Life. New York: Norton, 1988.
Hoffman, Nancy. Woman’s “True” Profession: Voices from the History of Teaching. Old Westbury, NY: Feminist Press, 1981.
Hoffmann, Leonore and Margo Culley, eds. Women’s Personal Narratives: Essays in Criticism and Pedagogy. New York: MLA, 1985.
[p.228]Homespun [pseud. Susa Young Gates]. Lydia Knight’s History. Noble Women’s Lives Series 1. Salt Lake City: Juvenile Instructor OfFice, 1883.
Hough, C. Merrill. “Two School Systems in Conflict: 1867-1890.” Utah Historical Quarterly 28 (1960): 113-28.
Howells, Anne. “Imagined Identities: Recent Work in Feminist Criticism.” Rocky Mountain Review 42 (1988): 69-75.
Hunsaker, Kenneth B. “Mormon Novels.” In A Literary History of the American West. Sponsored by Western Literature Association. Forth Worth: Texas Christian University Press, 1987.
Ivins, S. S. “Free Schools Come to Utah.” Utah Historical Quarterly 22 (1954): 321-42.
Ivins, Stanley. “Notes on Mormon Polygamy.” The Western Humanities Review 10 (Summer 1956): 232-33.
Jeffrey, Julie Roy. Frontier Women: The Trans-Mississippi West, 1840-1880. New York: Hill and Wang, 1979.
Jensen, Joan M. and Darlis A. Miller. “The Gentle Tamers Revisited: New Approaches to the History of Women in the American West.” Pacific Historical Review 49 (1980): 284-92.
Jensen, Marvin D. “Memoirs and Journals as Maps of Intrapersonal Communication.” Communication Education 33 (July 1984): 237-42.
Jones, Jacqueline. “Women Who Were More Than Men: Sex and Status in Freedman’s Teaching.” History of Education Quarterly 19 (1979): 47-57.
Keele, Reba. “Alice Louise Reynolds: A Woman’s Woman.” In Burgess-Olson. 275-87.
Lancy, David F. Professor of Education, University of Toledo. Interview. 23 Mar. 1989.
Lauter, Paul, ed. Reconstructing American Literature. Old Westbury, NY: Feminist Press, 1983.
Lockley, Fred. Conversations with Pioneer Women. Edited by Mike Helm. Eugene, OR: Rainy Day Press, 1981.
Logue, Larry M. A Sermon in the Desert: Belief and Behavior in Early St. George, Utah. Urbana: University of Illinois Press, 1988.
Lubomudrov, Carol Ann. “A Woman State School Superintendent: What Ever Happened to Mrs. McVicker?” Utah Historical Quarterly 49 (1981): 254-61.
Luchetti, Cathy and Carol Olwell. Women of the West. St. George: Antelope Press, 1982.
[p.229]Lyon, Thomas Edgar. “Evangelical Protestant Missionary Activities in Mormon Dominated Areas: 1865-1900.” Ph.D. diss., University of Utah, 1962.
Madsen, Brigham D. “Frolics and Free Schools for the Youthful Gentiles of Corinne.” Utah Historical Quarterly 48 (1980): 220-33.
Madsen, Carol Cornwall. “Louisa Lula Greene Richards: Remember the Women of Zion.” In Burgess-Olson. 433-53.
__________. “Mormon Women and the Temple: Toward a New Understanding.” In Beecher and Anderson. 80-110.
Mallon, Thomas. A Book of One’s Own: People and Their Diaries. New York: Ticknor & Fields, 1984; rpt. Penguin, 1987.
Melder, Keith D. “Woman’s High Calling: The Teaching Profession in America, 1830-1860.” American Studies 13 (Fall 1972): 19-32.
Moffitt, John Clifton. A Century of Public Service, 1860-1960: A History of the Utah Education Association. Salt Lake City: UEA, 1960.
__________. The History of Public Education in Utah. Salt Lake City: Deseret News, 1946.
Monnett, John Daniel, Jr. “The Mormon Church and Its Private School System in Utah: The Emergence of the Academies, 1880-1892.” Ph.D. diss., University of Utah, 1984.
Moynihan, Ruth B., Susan Armitage, and Christiane Fischer Dichamp, eds. So Much to Be Done: Women Settlers on the Mining and Ranching Frontier. Lincoln: University of Nebraska Press, 1990.
Munro, Petra. “Deconstructing the School Marm: Beyond Stereotypes.” Ph.D. diss., University of Oregon, in progress.
__________. “Multiple ‘I’s: Dilemmas of Life History Research.” American Educational Research Association. Chicago, 3-7 Apr. 1991.
Murphy, Miriam B. “Women in the Utah Work Force from Statehood to World War II.” Utah Historical Quarterly 50 (1982): 139-59.
Newell, Linda King. “Gifts of the Spirit: Women’s Share.” In Beecher and Anderson. 111-50.
Newell, Linda King and Valeen Tippetts Avery. Mormon Enigma: Emma Hale Smith. Garden City, NY: Doubleday, 1984.
Page, Alfene. “Women’s Exponent: Cradle of Literary Culture Among Early Mormon Women.” M.S. thesis, Utah State University, 1988.
Person, Carolyn W. D. “Susa Young Gates.” In Bushman. 199-223.
Personal Narratives Group, ed. Interpreting Women’s Lives: Feminist Theory and Personal Narratives. Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 1989.
Peterson, Charles S. “A New Community: Mormon Teachers and the Separa-[p.230]tion of Church and State in Utah’s Territorial Schools.” Utah Historical Quarterly 48 (1980): 293-312.
Poll, Richard D., et al., eds. Utah’s History. Logan: Utah State University Press, 1989.
Quinn, D. Michael. “Utah’s Educational Innovation: LDS Religion Classes, 1890-1929.” Utah Historical Quarterly 43 (1975): 379-89.
Rainer, Tristine. The New Diary. Los Angeles: Jeremy P. Tarchef, 1978.
Rankin, Charles E. “Teaching: Opportunity and Limitation for Wyoming Women.” Western Historical Quarterly 21 (May 1990): 147-70.
Riley, Glenda. Inventing the American Woman: A Perspective on Women’s History. Arlington Heights, IL: Harland Davidson, 1986.
Schlissel, Lillian. Women’s Diaries of the Westward Journey. New York: Schocken, 1982.
Schlissel, Lillian, Vicki L. Ruiz, and Janice Monk, ed. Western Women: Their Land, Their Lives. Albuquerque: University of New Mexico Press, 1988.
Schrems, Suzanne H. “Teaching School on the Western Frontier: An Acceptable Occupation for Nineteenth Century Women.” Montana: The Magazine of Western History 37 (Summer 1987): 54-63.
Shipps, Jan. “Foreword·” In Beecher and Anderson. vii-xii.
Simmonds, A. J. “Early Schools Left Few Records.” Herald Journal [Logan, UT], 5 July 1987, Cache Sunday 5.
__________. The Gentile Comes to Cache Valley. Logan: Utah State University Press, 1976·
__________. “A History of Cache Valley Women.” Herald Journal [Logan, UT], 5 Mar. 1985, 9.
Sorenson, Mary Alice Hammond. “A Brief History of Alice Howard Hammond.” Unpublished essay.
Stewart, Elinore Pruitt. Letters of a Woman Homesteader. 1913. Boston: Houghton Mifflin, 1982.
Stone, Ann Gardner. “Louisa Barnes Pratt: Missionary Wife, Missionary Mother, Missionary.” In Burgess-Olson. 43-59.
Stratton, Joanna L. Pioneer Women: Voices from the Kansas Frontier. New York: Touchstone-Simon and Schuster, 1981.
Swetnam, Susan Hendricks. Lives of the Saints in Southeast Idaho: An Introduction to Mormon Pioneer Life Story Writing. Moscow: University of Idaho Press, 1991.
Swift, Mary. “Preparing to Teach.” In Hoffman. 64-74.
[p.231]Tanner, Annie Clark. A Mormon Mother. 3rd ed. Salt Lake City: University of Utah Library Tanner Trust Fund, 1983.
Tanner, Mary Jane Mount. “Autobiography, 1837-1885.” 4 vols. Utah State University Special Collections.
__________. A Fragment: The Autobiography of Mary Jane Mount Tanner. Edited by Margery W. Ward. Salt Lake City: University of Utah Library Tanner Trust Fund, 1980.
Thorne, Alison. Visible and Invisible Women in Land-Grant Colleges, 1890-1940. Logan: Utah State University Press, 1986.
Underwood, Kathleen. “The Pace of Their Own Lives: Teacher Training and the Life Course of Western Women.” Pacific Historical Review 55 (Nov. 1986): 513-30.
__________. Town Building on the Colorado Frontier. Albuquerque: University of New Mexico Press, 1987.
Ursenbach [Beecher], Maureen. “Three Women and the Life of the Mind.” Utah Historical Quarterly 43 (1975): 26-40.
Van Wagoner, Richard S. Mormon Polygamy: A History. Salt Lake City, Signature Books, 1986; 2d ed., 1989.
Vaughn-Roberson, Courtney. “Having a Purpose in Life: Western Women Teachers in the Twentieth Century.” Great Plains Quarterly 5 (Spring 1985): 107-24.
__________. “Sometimes Independent But Never Equal Women Teachers, 1900-1950: The Oklahoma Example.” Pacific Historical Review 53 (Feb. 1984): 39-58.
Watson, Lawrence C. and Maria-Barbara Watson-Franke. Interpreting Life Histories. New Brunswick: Rutgers University Press, 1985.
Woody, Thomas. A History of Women’s Education in the United States. New York: Science Books, 1929.
Young, Levi Edgar. The Founding of Utah. New York: Scribner’s, 1923.