The Joseph Smith Revelations
by H. Michael Marquardt

Introduction to Chapters 3 to 6.
Church of Christ Years, April 1830-May 1834

[p.55] At Manchester, New York, early members received guidance as Joseph Smith, Jr., spoke words of encouragement. Three church conferences were held in Fayette, New York. Instructions were given to relocate to the state of Ohio. Sidney Rigdon, a recent convert, became a scribe and friend of Smith. The two worked periodically on a revision of the Bible, and revelations concerning their progress were received during this time. A communal law of consecration instructed members to consecrate their property and receive an inheritance from the church bishop. Kirtland, Ohio, was now church headquarters. A major emphasis was locating the New Jerusalem (Zion) in Jackson County, Missouri. Missionaries were called to preach to outsiders from the Bible, Book of Mormon, and Smith’s revelations. For about one year, Smith lived at John Johnson Sr.’s residence in Hiram, Ohio. Problems with church members were solved by revelations from Smith. Financial matters accelerated as the church borrowed money to purchase equipment and food items for its United Firm. Church members were forced to leave Jackson County. The concepts of Zion, temples, and priesthood were developed. The majority of Smith’s pronouncements were given in Ohio during these early years.

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[p.56] Title Page of Book of Commandments

Chapter 3.
Laying the Foundation, 
April 1830-January 1831

17. Beware of Pride
From BC 17 (cf. LDS D&C 23:1-2; RLDS D&C 21:1)

Revelation received at Manchester, New York,
on 6 April 1830 for Oliver Cowdery1

[p.57] A Revelation to Oliver, given in Manchester, New-York, April 6, 1830.

Behold I speak unto you, Oliver [Cowdery], a few words: Behold thou art blessed, and art under no condemnation.

But beware of pride, lest thou shouldst enter into temptation.

Make known thy calling unto the church, and also before the world; and thy heart shall be opened to preach the truth from henceforth and forever. Amen.

Commentary: Revelations of 6 April 1830

Five of the 6 April 1830 revelations “given in Manchester, New-York” were combined into one revelation given to five individuals. The 1835 D&C retained the same basic wording but dropped the location where the Church of Christ was organized from the headings. Six revelations (BC 17-22) were originally dated 6 April.

Only one of these retained the same date when published in the 1835 D&C. This was BC 22 (1835 D&C 46) which mentions that a record should be kept and that Smith should be ordained by Cowdery. All indications confirm that Smith and Cowdery were present at the Smith residence at the time of this historic meeting.2 The time-line below will help clarify the events for March to June 1830.

[p.58] Palmyra, New York

26 March………The Wayne Sentinel advertises the Book of Mormon for sale.

Manchester, New York

[26-31] March………Joseph Smith arrives in Manchester with Joseph Knight, Sr.; a commandment is given to Martin Harris (BC 16; LDS D&C 19; RLDS D&C 18).

6 April………The Church of Christ is organized; six revelations are received (BC 17-22; LDS D&C 21, 23; RLDS D&C 19, 21). Oliver Cowdery is ordained an elder. Joseph Smith is ordained an elder, prophet, and seer by Cowdery. Joseph Smith, Sr., Lucy Mack Smith, Martin Harris and Sarah Rockwell are baptized in Crooked Brook.

Fayette, New York

11-16 April………A Fayette, New York, branch of the church is established. Cowdery delivers the first public discourse of the church and performs baptisms. A revelation is received regarding individuals who have been baptized in other Christian churches (BC 23; LDS D&C 22; RLDS D&C 20).

18 April………More baptisms are performed by Cowdery. 9 June………The first conference of the church is held; articles and covenants are presented (BC 24; LDS D&C 20; RLDS D&C 17). Baptisms are performed. Joseph Sr. and Hyrum Smith are ordained priests.

Joseph Knight, Sr., wrote an account concerning some of the events of 6 April (original spelling retained):

Now in the Spring of 1830 I went with my Team and took Joseph [Smith] out to Manchester to his Father. When we was on our way he told me that there must be a Church formed But did not tell when. … I stay[e]d a few Days wa[i]ting for some Books [of Mormon] to Be Bound. Joseph said there must Be a Church B[u]iltup. I had Be[e]n there several Days. Old Mr Smith and Martin Harris Come forrod [forward] to Be Baptise[d] for the first. They found a place in a lot a small Stream ran thro[ugh] and they ware Babtized in the Evening Because of persecution. They went forward and was Babtized Being the first I saw Babtized in the new and everlasting Covenant. …

There was one thing I will mention that evening that old Brother Smith and Martin Harris was Babtised. Joseph was fil[le]d with the Spirit to a grate Degree to see his Father and Mr Harris that he had Bin [been] with so much he Bast [Burst] out with greaf and Joy and seamed as tho[ugh] the world Could not hold him. He went out into the Lot and appear[e]d to want to git [get] out of site of every Body and would sob and Crie and seamed to Be so full that he could not live. Oliver and I went after him and Came to him and after a while he Came in. But he was the most wrot [wrought] upon that I ever saw any man. But his joy seemed to Be full. I think he saw the grate [great] work he had Begun and was Desirus [Desirous] to Carry it out. On the sixth Day of April 1830 he Begun the Church with six members and received the following Revelation Book of Covenants Page 177. [BC 22]3

[p.59] There are several possible explanations for the 1835 change of venue. It is possible that memories of these momentous events became conflated over time. It is also possible that image-consciousness played a role. It may have seemed impressive to advertise the church’s founding at a distant location, away from the Smiths’ humble log cabin and critics of the family. More likely was a motivation to render ambiguous the church’s legal history at a time when creditors were demanding satisfaction—a rationale which might also explain why the church’s name was changed in mid-1834.

18. Thy Duty Is unto the Church Forever
From BC 18 (cf. LDS D&C 23:3; RLDS D&C 21:2)

Revelation received at Manchester, New York,
on 6 April 1830 for Hyrum Smith

A Revelation to Hyrum, given in Manchester, New-York, April 6, 1830.

Behold I speak unto you, Hyrum [Smith], a few words:

For thou also art under no condemnation, and thy heart is opened, and thy tongue loosed;

And thy calling is to exhortation, and to strengthen the church continually.

Wherefore thy duty is unto the church forever; and this because of thy family. Amen.

19. Strengthen the Church
From BC 19 (cf. LDS D&C 23:4; RLDS D&C 21:3)

Revelation received at Manchester, New York,
on 6 April 1830 for Samuel H. Smith

A Revelation to Samuel, given in Manchester, New-York, April 6, 1830.

Behold I speak a few words unto you, Samuel [H. Smith]:

For thou also art under no condemnation, and thy calling is to exhortation, and to strengthen the church.

And thou art not as yet called to preach before the world. Amen.

20. Thou Also Art Under No Condemnation
From BC 20 (cf. LDS D&C 23:5; RLDS D&C 21:4)

Revelation received at Manchester, New York,
on 6 April 1830 for Joseph Smith, Sr.4

[p.60] A Revelation to Joseph [Smith, Sr.], the father of Joseph [Smith, Jr.], given in Manchester, New-York, April 6, 1830.

Behold I speak a few words unto you, Joseph [Smith, Sr.]:

For thou also art under no condemnation, and thy calling also is to exhortation, and to strengthen the church.

And this is thy duty from henceforth and forever. Amen.

21. It Is Your Duty to Unite with the True Church
From BC 21 (cf. LDS D&C 23:6-7; RLDS D&C 21:5)

Revelation received at Manchester, New York,
on 6 April 1830 for Joseph Knight, Sr.5

A Revelation to Joseph (K.,) [Joseph Knight, Sr.] given in Manchester, New-York, April 6, 1830.

Behold I manifest unto you by these words, that you must take up your cross, in the which you must pray vocally before the world, as well as in secret, and in your family, and among your friends, and in all places.

And behold it is your duty to unite with the true church, and give your language to exhortation continually, that you may receive the reward of the laborer. Amen.

22. The Gates of Hell Shall Not Prevail Against You
From BC 22 (cf. LDS D&C 21; RLDS D&C 19)

Revelation received at Manchester, New York, on 6 April 1830
for Joseph Smith, Jr., and the Church of Christ6

A Revelation to Joseph [Smith, Jr.], given in Manchester, New-York, April 6, 1830.

Behold there shall be a record kept among you, and in it thou shalt be called a [p.61] seer, a translator, a prophet, an apostle of Jesus Christ, an elder of the church through the will of God the Father, and the grace of our Lord Jesus Christ;

Being inspired of the Holy Ghost to lay the foundation thereof, and to build it up unto the most holy faith;

Which church was organized and established, in the year of our Lord eighteen hundred and thirty, in the fourth month, and on the sixth day of the month, which is called April.

Wherefore, meaning the church, thou shalt give heed unto all his words, and commandments, which he shall give unto you, as he receiveth them, walking in all holiness before me:

For his word ye shall receive, as if from mine own mouth, in all patience and faith;

For by doing these things, the gates of hell shall not prevail against you:

Yea, and the Lord God will disperse the powers of darkness from before you; and cause the heavens to shake for your good, and his name’s glory.

For thus saith the Lord God, him have I inspired to move the cause of Zion in mighty power for good; and his diligence I know, and his prayers I have heard:

Yea, his weeping for Zion I have seen, and I will cause that he shall mourn for her no longer, for his days of rejoicing are come unto the remission of his sins, and the manifestations of my blessings upon his works.

For behold, I will bless all those who labor in my vineyard, with a mighty blessing, and they shall believe on his words, which are given him through me, by the Comforter:

Which manifesteth that Jesus was crucified by sinful men for the sins of the world;

Yea, for the remission of sins unto the contrite heart.

Wherefore, it behooveth me, that he should be ordained by you, Oliver [Cowdery], mine apostle;

This being an ordinance unto you, that you are an elder under his hand, he being the first unto you, that you might be an elder unto this church of Christ, bearing my name;

And the first preacher of this church, unto the church, and before the world; yea, before the Gentiles:

Yea, and thus saith the Lord God, lo, lo, to the Jews, also. Amen.

23. This Is a New and an Everlasting Covenant
From the William E. McLellin Collection,
LDS archives (cf. LDS D&C 22; RLDS D&C 20)

Commandment received at Fayette, New York, on 16 April 1830
for the Church of Christ7

[p.62] A commandment to the church of Christ which was established in these last days in the year of our Lord 1830 on the fourth month and on the sixth day of the month which is called April

Behold I say unto you that all old covenants have I caused to be done away in this thing and this is a new and an everlasting covenant even the same which was from the beginning

Wherefore although a man should be baptized a hundred times it availeth him nothing for ye cannot enter in at the strait gate by the Law of Moses neither by your dead works

for it is because of your dead works that I have caused this last Covenant and this church to be built up unto me wherefore enter ye in at the gate as I have commanded you and seek not to counsel your God. Amen.

April 16th 1830  Joseph Smith

24. The Rise of the Church of Christ
From the Zebedee Coltrin Journal, LDS archives
(cf. LDS D&C 20; RLDS D&C 17)

The Articles and Covenants of the Church of Christ
composed at Fayette, New York, in [1-9] June 18308

The rise of the Church of Christ in thes[e] last days being 1830 years since the coming of our lord & saveiour [Savior] Jesus Christ in the flesh it being regularly [p.63] organized & established agreeable to the laws of our Country by the will & commandments of God in the fourth Month & on the Sixth day of the Month which is called April which commandments were given to Joseph [Smith, Jr.] the seer who was called of God & ordained an Apostle of Jesus Christ an Elder of the Church & also to Oliver [Cowdery] who was also called of God an Apostle of Jesus Christ an Elder of the Church & ordained under his hand & this according to the grace of our Lord & Saveiour [Savior] Jesus Christ to whom be all glory both now & for ever Amen

For after that it was truly manifested unto this first Elder9 that he had received a remission of his Sins he was entangled again in the vanities of the world but after truly repenting god ministered unto him by an Holy angel whose countenance was as lightning & whose garments were pure & white above all whiteness & gave unto him commandments which inspired him from on high & gave unto him power by the means which was before prepa[red] that he should translate a Book which Book contained a Record of a fallen people & also the fullness of the gospel of Jesus Christ to the gentiles & also to the Jews proving unto them that the Holy Scriptures are true & also that God doth inspire men & call them to his holy work in these last days as well as in days of old that he might be the same God for ever Amen

Which Book was given by inspiration & is called the Book of Mormon & is confirmed to others by the ministering of Angels & declared unto the world by them wherefore having so great witnesses by them shall the world be Judged even as many as shall hereafter receive this work either to faith & righteousness or to the hardness of heart in unbelief to their own condemnati[on] for the Lord god hath spoken it for we the Elders of the Church have heard & bear witness to the words of his glorious majesty on high to whom be glory for ever & ever Amen

Wherefore by these things we know that there is a god in heaven who is infinite & eternal from everlasting to everlasting the same unchang[e]able God the maker of heaven & Earth & all things that in them is & that he created man male & female & after his own image And in his likeness created he them & that he gave unto the children of men a commandment that they Should love & Serve him the only being whom they should worship but by the transgression of these holy laws man became sensual & devilish & became fallen man

Wherefore the almighty God gave his only begotten Son as it is written in those Scriptures which have been given of him that he suffered temptations but gave no heed unto them that he was crucified died & rose again the third day & that he ascended into Heaven to sit down on the right hand of the father to reign with almighty power according to the will of the father therefore as many as would believe & were baptized in his holy name & endured in faith to the end should be saved yea even as many as were before he came in the flesh from the begin[n]ing which believed in the words of the Holy Prophets which were inspired by the gift of the Holy Ghost which truly testify of him in all things as well as those who should come after who should believe in the gifts & callings of God by the Holy [p.64] ghost which beareth record of the father & of the Son which father & Son & holy ghost is one god infinite & eternal without end Amen

And we know that all men must repent & believe on the name of Jesus christ & worship the father in his name & endure in faith on his name to the end or they cannot be saved in the kingdom of God & we know that Justification through the grace of our Lord & saveiour [Savior] J[e]sus Christ is Just & true

& we also know that Sanctification through the grace of our Lord & saveiour [Savior] Jesus christ is Just & true to all those who love & serve God with all their mights minds & strength but there is a pos[s]ibility that men may fall from grace & depart from the living God therefore let the church take heed & pray always lest they fall into temptation yea & even he that is san[c]tified also

& we know that these things are true & agreeable to the revelations of John neither adding nor diminishing to the Prophecy of his book neither to the Holy Scriptures neither to the revelations of God which Shall come hereafter by the gift & power of the holy ghost neither by the voice of God neither by the ministering of Angels & the Lord god hath spoken it & honour power & glory be rendered to his holy name both now & ever Amen

And again by way of commandment to the church concerning the manner of Baptism Book of Mormon Page 57610

The duty of the Elders Priests Teachers Deacons & Members of the Church of Christ an Apostle is an Elder & it is his calling to Baptize & to ordain other Elders Priests Teachers & Deacons & to administer the flesh & blood of Christ according to the Scriptures & to teach expound exhort & to Baptize & to watch over the Church & to confirm the Church by the laying on of the hands & the giving of the Holy Ghost & to take the lead of all meetings &c

The Elders are to conduct the meetings according as they are led by the Holy Ghost

The Priests duty is to Preach teach expound exhort & baptize & administer the sacrament & visit the house of each member & exhort them to pray vocally & in Secret & also to attend all family duties & ordain other Priests Teachers & Deacons & take the lead in meetings but none of these offices are they to do when there is an Elder Present but in all cases are to assist the Elders &c

The Teachers duty is to watch over the church always & be with them & strengthen them & see that there is no iniquity in the church nor hardness with each other nor lying nor backbiting nor evil speaking & see that the Church meets together often & also that every member does his duty & he is to take the lead of Meetings in the absence of Elder or Priest & is to be assisted always & in all his duties in the Church by the deacons but neither the Teachers nor the Deacons have authority to Baptize nor administer the Sacrament but are to warn expound exhort & teach & invite all to come to Christ

Every Elder Priest Teacher or Deacon is to be ordained according to the gifts & callings of God unto him by the Power of the holy Ghost which is in the one who ordains him

[p.65] The several Elders composing this Church of Christ are to meet in conference one [once] in three month[s] to [do] Church business whatsoever is nessessary [necessary] &c

& each Priest or Teacher who is ordained by any Priest is to take a cirtificate [certificate] from him at the time which when shown to an Elder he is to give him a licence [license] which shall authorize him to perform the duty of his calling

The Duty of the members after they are received by Baptism the Elders or Priests are to have a sufficient time to expound all things concerning this Church of Christ to their understanding previous to their partaking of the Sacrament & being confirmed by the laying on of the hands of the Elders so that all things may be done in order & the members shall manifest before the Church & also before the Elders by a Godly walk & conversation that they are worthy of it that there may be works & faith agreeable to the Holy Scriptures walking in holyness before the Lord

Every member of this Church of Christ having children is to bring them unto the Elders before the Church who is to lay their hands on them in the name of the Lord & bless them in the name of Christ

There cannot any one be received into this church of Christ who has not ariven [arrived] to the years of accountability before God & is not capable of repentance And Baptism is to be administered in the following manner11 unto all those who repent whosoever being called of God & having authority given them of Jesus Christ shall go down into the water with them & shall say calling them by name having authority given me of Jesus Christ I baptize you in the name of the father & of the Son & of the Holy Ghost Amen then shall he immerse them in the water & come forth again out of the water

& it is expedient that the Church meet together often to partake of bread & wine in remembrance of the Lord Jesus & the Elder or Priest shall minister it & after this manner shall he do Book of Mormon Page 175 [575]

Any member of this church of christ transgressing or being over taken in a fault shall be dealt with according as the Scriptures direct &c

It shall be the duty of the Several Churches composing this church of Christ to send one or more of their Teachers to attend the Several conferences held by the Elders of this Church with a list of the names of the Several members uniting themselves to the Church since the last conference or send by the hand of some Priest so that there can be kept a regular list of all the names of the members of the whole Church in a book kept by one of the Elders whomsoever the other Elders shall appoint from time to time & also if any have been expelled from the Church so that their names may be blotted out of the general Church record of names

[p.66] Any Member removing from the Church where he belongs if going to a Church where he is not known may take a letter certifying that he is a regular member & in good standing which certificate may be signed by any Elder or Priest if the member receiving the letter is Personally acquainted with the Elder or Priest or it may be signed by the Teacher[s] or Deacons of the Church

Revision

1835 D&C 2
(cf. LDS D&C 20:6-19, 25-28, 32-34, 38-41, 45, 64-67, 72-73; RLDS D&C 17:2-6, 8-9, 15-17, 21)

but after repenting, and humbling himself, sincerely, through faith God ministered unto him by an holy angel whose countenance was as lightning, and whose garments were pure and white above all other whiteness, and gave unto him commandments which inspired him, and gave him power from on high, by the means which were before prepared, to translate the book of Mormon, which contains a record of a fallen people, and the fulness of the gospel of Jesus Christ to the Gentiles, and to the Jews also, which was given by inspiration, and is confirmed to others by the ministering of angels, and is declared unto the world by them, proving to the world that the holy scriptures are true, and that God does inspire men and call them to his holy work in this age and generation, as well as in generations of old, thereby showing that he is the same God yesterday, to-day, and forever. – Amen.

Therefore, having so great witnesses, by them shall the world be judged, even as many as shall hereafter come to a knowledge of this work; and those who receive it in faith and work righteousness, shall receive a crown of eternal life; but those who harden their hearts in unbelief and reject it, it shall turn to their own condemnation, for the Lord God has spoken it; and we, the elders of the church, have heard and bear witness to the words of the glorious Majesty on high, to whom be glory forever and ever. Amen.

By these things we know that there is a God in heaven who is infinite and eternal, from everlasting to everlasting the same unchangeable God, the framer of heaven and earth and all things which are in them, and that he created man male and female: after his own image and in his own likeness created he them, and gave unto them commandments that they should love and serve him the only living and true God, and that he should be the only being whom they should worship.

•   •   •

that as many as would believe and be baptized, in his holy name, and endure in faith to the end should be saved: not only those who believed after he came in the meridian of time in the flesh, but all those, from the beginning, even as many as were before he came, who believed in the words of the holy prophets, who spake as they were inspired by the gift of the Holy Ghost, who truly testified of him in all things, should have eternal life, as well as those who should come after, who should believe in the [p.67] gifts and callings of God by the Holy Ghost, which beareth record of the Father, and of the Son, which Father, Son, and Holy Ghost are one God, infinite and eternal, without end. Amen.

•   •   •

but there is a possibility that man may fall from grace and depart from the living God. Therefore let the church take heed and pray always, lest they fall into temptations; yea, and even let those who are sanctified, take heed also.

•   •   •

The duty of the elders, priests, teachers, deacons, and members of the church of Christ. An apostle is an elder, and it is his calling to baptize, and to ordain other elders, priests, teachers, and deacons, and to administer bread and wine – the emblems of the flesh and blood of Christ – and to confirm those who are baptized into the church, by the laying on of hands for the baptism of fire and the Holy Ghost, according to the scriptures

•   •   •

The elders are to conduct the meetings as they are led by the Holy Ghost, according to the commandments and revelations of God.

•   •   •

Each priest, teacher, or deacon, who is ordained by a priest, may take a certificate from him at the time, which certificate when presented to an elder, shall entitle him to a license, which shall authorize him to perform the duties of his calling – or he may receive it from a conference. No person is to be ordained to any office in this church, where there is a regularly organized branch of the same, without the vote of that church; but the presiding elders, travelling bishops, high counsellors, high priests, and elders, may have the privilege of ordaining, where there is no branch of the church, that a vote may be called. Every president of the high priesthood, (or presiding elder,) bishop, high counsellor, and high priest, is to be ordained by the direction of a high counsel [council], or general conference.

•   •   •

Baptism is to be administered in the following manner unto all those who repent: The person who is called of God and has authority from Jesus Christ to baptize, shall go down into the water with the person who has presented him or herself for baptism, and shall say, calling him or her by name: Having been commissioned of Jesus Christ, I baptize you in the name of the Father, and of the Son, and of the Holy Ghost. Amen.

Commentary: Offices in the Early Church

In the Articles and Covenants of the Church of Christ is listed the following offices in the church: elder, priest, teacher, and deacon. The Articles and Covenants were read and received by a vote of the congregation at the first church conference on 9 June 1830 at Fayette, New York. At this time some men had been ordained to three of the four offices: elder, priest, and teacher. It was prior to 25 October 1831 [p.68] when the first known deacons were ordained.12 As the church grew, additional offices or callings became part of the ecclesiastical structure. By 1835 it was felt necessary to add these offices to the Articles and Covenants, though such a step created an anachronism.

There are at least four early manuscripts which do not contain the additional offices in the church.13 One document was published twice in the Evening and the Morning Star and in BC 24.14

In three subsequent revelations mention is made to church members to remember and observe the church articles. This would refer to the early text that was voted upon in June 1830, not to the 1835 text.15

Three offices not mentioned in this addition are those of the patriarch, twelve apostles, and seventy. The office of twelve apostles was not established until 14 February 1835.16 By this omission one can determine the earliest date when the addition was written. It would have been after the Kirtland High Council was established and before any ordinations to the last two offices. The first published source of the revised text was in the reprint of the Evening and Morning Star (Kirtland, Ohio) published in January 1835, a month before the Council of the Twelve Apostles was established.17

Offices mentioned in the revised text were developed as follows: bishop, 4 February 1831; high priests (ordained to the high priesthood), 3 June 1831;18 president of the high priesthood, 25 January 1832; traveling bishops, 22-23 September 1832; high council, 17 February 1834; and high counselors, 17 February 1834.

25. Go Thy Way and Sin No More
From BC 25 (cf. LDS D&C 24 and RLDS D&C 23)

Revelation received at Harmony, Pennsylvania,
in [4-31] July 1830 for Joseph Smith, Jr., and Oliver Cowdery

[p.69] A Revelation to Joseph, and also to Oliver, given in Harmony, Pennsylvania, July, 1830.

Behold thou wast called and chosen to write the book of Mormon, and to my ministry;

And I have lifted thee up out of thine afflictions, and have counseled thee, that thou hast been delivered from all thine enemies, and thou hast been delivered from the powers of satan, and from darkness!

Nevertheless, thou art not excusable in thy transgressions; nevertheless go thy way and sin no more.

Magnify thine office;

And after thou hast sowed thy fields and secured them go speedily unto the church, which is in Colesville, Fayette and Manchester, and they shall support thee; and I will bless them both spiritually and temporally;

But if they receive thee not, I will send upon them a cursing instead of a blessing.

And thou shalt continue in calling upon God in my name, and writing the things which shall be given thee by the Comforter;

And expounding all scriptures unto the church, and it shall be given thee in the very moment, what thou shalt speak and write;

And they shall hear it, or I will send unto them a cursing instead of a blessing:

For thou shalt devote all thy service in Zion.

And in this thou shalt have strength.

Be patient in afflictions, for thou shalt have many:

But endure them, for lo, I am with you, even unto the end of thy days.

And in temporal labors thou shalt not have strength, for this is not thy calling.

Attend to thy calling and thou shalt have wherewith to magnify thine office, and to expound all scriptures.

And continue in the laying on of the hands, and confirming the churches.

And thy brother Oliver [Cowdery] shall continue in bearing my name before the world; and also to the church.

And he shall not suppose that he can say enough in my cause;

And lo I am with him to the end.

In me he shall have glory, and not of himself, whether in weakness or in strength, whether in bonds or free:

And at all times and in all places, he shall open his mouth and declare my gospel as with the voice of a trump, both day and night.

And I will give unto him strength such as is not known among men.

Require not miracles, except I shall command you; except casting out devils; healing the sick; and against poisonous serpents; and against deadly poisons:

[p.70] And these things ye shall not do, except it be required of you, by them who desire it, that the scriptures might be fulfilled, for ye shall do according to that which is written.

And in whatsoever place ye shall enter, and they receive you not, in my name, ye shall leave a cursing instead of a blessing, by casting off the dust of your feet against them as a testimony, and cleansing your feet by the wayside.

And it shall come to pass, that whosoever shall lay their hands upon you by violence, ye shall command to be smitten in my name, and behold I will smite them according to your words, in mine own due time.

And whosoever shall go to law with thee shall be cursed by the law.

And thou shalt take no purse, nor scrip, neither staves, neither two coats, for the church shall give unto thee in the very hour what thou needest for food, and for raiment, and for shoes, and for money, and for scrip:

For thou art called to prune my vineyard with a mighty pruning, yea, even for the last time.

Yea, and also, all those whom thou hast ordained.

And they shall do even according to this pattern. Amen.

26. Thou Art an Elect Lady
From BC 26 (cf. LDS D&C 25; RLDS D&C 24)

Revelation received at Harmony, Pennsylvania,
in [4-31] July 1830 for Emma Hale Smith19

A Revelation to Emma, given in Harmony, Pennsylvania, July, 1830.

Emma, my daughter in Zion, a revelation I give unto you, concerning my will:

Behold thy sins are forgiven thee, and thou art an elect lady, whom I have called.

Murmur not because of the things which thou hast not seen, for they are withheld from thee, and from the world, which is wisdom in me in a time to come.

And the office of thy calling shall be for a comfort unto my servant Joseph [Smith, Jr.], thy husband, in his afflictions with consoling words, in the spirit of meekness.

And thou shalt go with him at the time of his going, and be unto him for a scribe, that I may send Oliver [Cowdery] whithersoever I will.

And thou shalt be ordained under his hand to expound scriptures, and to exhort the church, according as it shall be given thee by my Spirit:

For he shall lay his hands upon thee, and thou shalt receive the Holy Ghost, and thy time shall be given to writing, and to learning much.

And thou needest not fear, for thy husband shall support thee from the church:

[p.71] For unto them is his calling, that all things might be revealed unto them, whatsoever I will according to their faith.

And verily I say unto thee, that thou shalt lay aside the things of this world, and seek for the things of a better.

And it shall be given thee, also, to make a selection of sacred Hymns,20 as it shall be given thee, which is pleasing unto me, to be had in my church:

For my soul delighteth in the song of the heart; Yea, the song of the righteous is a prayer unto me.

And it shall be answered with a blessing upon their heads.

Wherefore lift up thy heart and rejoice, and cleave unto the covenants which thou hast made.

Continue in the spirit of meekness, and beware of pride.

Let thy soul delight in thy husband, and the glory which shall come upon him.

Keep my commandments continually, and a crown of righteousness thou shalt receive.

And except thou do this, where I am you cannot come.

And verily, verily I say unto you, that this is my voice unto all. Amen.

27. All Things You Shall Receive by Faith
From BC 27 (cf. LDS D&C 26; RLDS D&C 25)

Revelation received at Harmony, Pennsylvania,
in [4-31] July 1830 for Joseph Smith, Jr.,
Oliver Cowdery, and John Whitmer

A Revelation to Joseph, Oliver and John, given in Harmony, Pennsylvania, July, 1830.

Behold, I say unto you, that you shall let your time be devoted to the studying of the scriptures, and to preaching, and to co[n]firming the church at Colesville;21

And to performing your labors on the land, such as is required, until after you shall go to the west,22 to hold the next conference; and then it shall be made known what you shall do.

And all things shall be done by common consent in the church, by much prayer and faith;

For all things you shall receive by faith. Amen.

28. Listen to the Voice of Jesus Christ
From BC 28 (cf. LDS D&C 27; RLDS D&C 26)

Commandment received at Harmony, Pennsylvania,
on 4 September 1830 for the Church of Christ23

[p.72] A Commandment to the church of Christ, given in Harmony, Pennsylvania, September 4, 1830.

Listen to the voice of Jesus Christ, your Lord, your God and your Redeemer, whose word is quick and powerful.

For behold I say unto you, that it mattereth not what ye shall eat, or what ye shall drink, when ye partake of the sacrament, if it so be that ye do it with an eye single to my glory;

Remembering unto the Father my body which was laid down for you, and my blood which was shed for the remission of your sins:

Wherefore a commandment I give unto you, that you shall not purchase wine, neither strong drink of your enemies:

Wherefore you shall partake of none, except it is made new among you, yea, in this my Father’s kingdom which shall be built up on the earth.

Behold this is wisdom in me, wherefore marvel not, for the hour cometh that I will drink of the fruit of the vine with you, on the earth, and with all those whom my Father hath given me out of the world:

Wherefore lift up your hearts and rejoice, and gird up your loins and be faithful until I come:—even so. Amen.

Revision

1835 D&C 50
(cf. LDS D&C 27:5-18; RLDS D&C 26:2-3)

Behold this is wisdom in me: wherefore marvel not for the hour cometh that I will drink of the fruit of the vine with you on the earth, and with Moroni, whom I have sent unto you to reveal the book of Mormon, containing the fulness of my everlasting gospel; to whom I have committed the keys of the record of the stick of Ephraim;

and also with Elias, to whom I have committed the keys of bringing to pass the restoration of all things, or the restorer of all things spoken by the mouth of all the holy prophets since the world began, concerning the last days: and also John the son of Zacharias, which Zacharias he (Elias) visited and gave promise that he should have a son, and his name should be John, and he should be filled with the spirit of Elias;

which John I have sent unto you, my servants, Joseph Smith, jr. and Oliver Cowdery, to or-[p.73]dain you unto this first priesthood which you have received, that you might be called and ordained even as Aaron:

and also Elijah, unto whom I have committed the keys of the power of turning the hearts of the fathers to the children and the hearts of the children to the fathers, that the whole earth may not be smitten with a curse: and also, with Joseph, and Jacob, and Isaac, and Abraham your fathers; by whom the promises remain; and also with Michael, or Adam, the father of all, the prince of all, the ancient of days:

And also with Peter, and James, and John, whom I have sent unto you, by whom I have ordained you and confirmed you to be apostles and especial witnesses of my name, and bear the keys of your ministry: and of the same things which I revealed unto them: unto whom I have committed the keys of my kingdom, and a dispensation of the gospel for the last times; and for the fulness of times, in the which I will gather together in one all things both which are in heaven and which are on earth: and also with all those whom my Father hath given me out of the world:

wherefore lift up your hearts and rejoice, and gird up your loins, and take upon you my whole armor, that ye may be able to withstand the evil day, having done all ye may be able to stand.

Stand, therefore, having your loins girt about with truth; having on the breastplate of righteousness; and your feet shod with the preparation of the gospel of peace which I have sent mine angels to commit unto you, taking the shield of faith wherewith ye shall be able to quench all the fiery darts of the wicked; and take the helmet of salvation, and the sword of my Spirit, which I will pour out upon you, and my word which I reveal unto you, and be agreed as touching all things whatsoever ye ask of me, and be faithful until I come, and ye shall be caught up that where I am ye shall be also. Amen.

Commentary: Restoration of All Things

In BC 28 is a commandment to the church dated 4 September 1830. In the 1835 D&C additional wording has been added. The commandment was published in the Evening and the Morning Star in March 1833 and reads the same as the BC,24 which is based on a handwritten manuscript of November 1831. The text was published in a non-Mormon newspaper, The Telegraph (Painesville, Ohio), on 19 April 1831. Once again the text compares closely with what later appeared in BC 28. In the one surviving manuscript in the handwriting of Edward Partridge, the text is close to all pre-1835 versions.25

In the shorter text it states: “Behold this is wisdom in me, wherefore marvel not, for the hour cometh that I will drink of the fruit of the vine with you, on the earth, and with all those whom my Father hath given me out of the world[.]”26

In the 1835 D&C, after the words “drink of the fruit of the vine with you, on the earth, and with” and before the words “all those whom my Father hath given [p.74] me out of the world” is inserted a major block of material dealing with “the keys of bringing to pass the restoration of all things.”27

The following will help sort those who are to drink of the fruit of the vine:

1. Moroni, who was sent to reveal the Book of Mormon and has the keys of the stick of Ephraim.

2. Elias [Gabriel28], who has the keys of the restoration of all things and visited Zacharias and promised that John the Baptist would be filled with his spirit. 3. John the Baptist, who was sent to Smith and Cowdery “to ordain you unto this first priesthood … that you might be called and ordained even as Aaron.”

The text at this point deals with many other faithful who would celebrate when the Lord comes:

4. Elijah, who has the keys of Malachi 4:6.

5. Joseph, Jacob, Isaac, and Abraham. 6. Michael (or Adam). 7. Peter, James, and John, “by whom I have ordained you and confirmed you to be apostles” and “bear the keys of your ministry.” Peter, James, and John have “the keys of my kingdom and a dispensation of the gospel for the last times; and for the fulness of times.”

A strong indication that this is an embellished text is the phrase “Michael, or Adam, the father of all, the prince of all, the ancient of days.” A letter written by Oliver Cowdery on 1 January 1834 states: “Since I came down I have been informed from a proper source that the Angel Michael is no less than our father Adam, and Gabriel is Noah.”29 This idea was not known to Cowdery until the end of 1833.

After a few words from the early text, another addition begins after the words “gird up your loins” and before “and be faithful until I come.” The majority of this is borrowed from Ephesians 6:13-17 (KJV) with minor differences. The point of including these words seems to be that Smith and Cowdery had taken upon them the “whole armor” and that the angels had sent to them the necessary equipment (keys) to protect them from the “fiery darts of the wicked.” This emphasis from Ephesians on the “preparation of the gospel of peace” (6:15) refers in its new context to angelic visits listed above with the words: “which I have sent mine angels to commit unto you.”

It appears that all the added material dates from after the time when the com-[p.75]mandment was received. The additions are too developed, the product of a later stage of theological evolution.

The title page of the 1835 edition states that the documents were selected from the revelations of God. Section 50 of the 1835 D&C is titled “Revelation given September, 1830” with no location given. Joseph Smith’s church history uses the 1835 text and mentions that a messenger appeared to Smith and that there were two sections to this revelation. The draft history of 1839 states:

Early in the month of August [1830] Newel Knights [Knight] and his wife paid us a visit at our place in Harmony. Neither his wife nor mine had been as yet confirmed, and it was proposed that we should have sacrament together & confirm them; before he & his wife should leave us. and that we In order to prepare for these things I set out—to go to procure some wine for the occasion. I had however gone but a short distance when I was met by a heavenly messenger, and had the following revelation. the first paragraph of which was written at this time, & the remainder in Septer [September] following Page 179 [LDS D&C 27; RLDS D&C 26] … We arrived at Fayette, during the last week of August … As a conference meeting had been appointed for the 1rst [1st] September30

It is possible that Newel Knight helped James Mulholland with this portion of the history.31 The published Newel Knight journal states that Joseph Smith “received the first four verses of the revelation given on page 138, of the Doctrine and Covenants (new edition), the remainder being given in the September following at, Fayette, New York.”32 This reference to the new edition is to the 1879 edition of the LDS D&C which contains the heading: “The first four verses of the following Revelation, were given through Joseph, the Seer, in Harmony, Penn., August, 1830, and the remainder in Fayette, New York, September, 1830.”33

The first paragraph of the 1835 printing of this commandment ends with the words “in this my Father’s kingdom which shall be built up on the earth.” In BC 28 this phrase ends verse 5 and there are two more short verses before the end of the document. The second paragraph in the 1835 D&C contains thirty words that were in BC 28:6. In addition, the earliest printing in the Evening and the Morning Star has sixty-three words after “built up on the earth” and ends with “Amen.”34

The manuscript history draft is incorrect that “the first paragraph of which was written at this time, & the remainder in Septer [September] following.” Interpretations that either two separate revelations were put together to complete the text or two separate revelations were given in different months and possibly at different locations do not fit the BC, the Evening and Morning Star, or an early manuscript of the text of this 4 September 1830 commandment.

[p.76] The draft of Joseph Smith’s history has Newel Knight and his wife Sally visiting Harmony in early August, but it dates their arrival with Smith “at Fayette, during the last week of August” as a conference was scheduled for 1 September 1830. Since the conference started on 26 September, the draft history is twenty-five days too early. It appears that James Mulholland changed the September date of the revelation in the 1835 D&C to “August 1830” in the manuscript history. This was done to reconcile what he had previously written concerning the Knights visiting Smith in Harmony early in August since the second church conference had been incorrectly dated as 1 September.35 Mulholland moved back the visit of Newel and Sally Knight to early August when it should have been early September.

The 1835 text mentions drinking the fruit of the vine (wine) with Christ on the earth and with “Elias” who has “the keys of bringing to pass the restoration of all things, or the restorer of all things.”36 Mentioned next is John, son of Zacharias (known as John the Baptist who baptized Jesus). This “Elias” promised Zacharias that he would “have a son, and his name should be John” and that John would “be filled with the spirit of Elias.” In Luke 1:13 and 17 is recorded the name of the child and the promise of going forth “in the spirit of Elias,” meaning the spirit and power of Elijah.

That this refers to the spirit of Elijah is evident since in the New Testament the John the Baptist material applies to the passage in Malachi 4:5-6 about turning the hearts of the fathers to the children. In the New Testament John the Baptist is said to have put Malachi 4:5-6 into effect.37 Luke 1:19 records that the angel told Zacharias that his name was Gabriel. The angel Gabriel is mentioned in the Old Testament book of Daniel.38 If the passage about the angel promising Zacharias that his son would be “filled with the spirit of Elias” meant filled with the spirit of Gabriel, then this passage is in error.

In essence, the Elias in this 1835 revision was Gabriel, who on earth was Noah in the book of Genesis. Having a deceased person who lived come back to minister to people on earth is evidently another problem.

The revision of 1835 mentions that John the Baptist was sent to Joseph Smith and Oliver Cowdery to ordain them that they “might be called and ordained even as Aaron.” This first priesthood would by 1835 be called the Aaronic Priesthood or the Priesthood of Aaron though it did not require recipients to be descendants of Aaron or of the tribe of Levi.

Next mentioned to attend with Jesus on the earth is Elijah who has “the keys of the power of turning the hearts of the fathers to the children, and the hearts of the children to the fathers.” Here in the additional material we have Elias and Elijah as two distinct persons.

In the King James Version of the Bible, the proper names appear in the Hebrew form in the Old Testament (Elijah) and in Greek form in the New Testament [p.77] (Elias).39 Elias and Elijah are the same person, the Tishbite of the Old Testament. They are not separate persons. When the Hebrew scriptures were translated into Greek in the Septuagint, the reading of Malachi 4:5 in English read: “I will send to you Elias the Thesbite,”40 clearly meaning Elijah the Tishbite.

To Joseph Smith, a number of people were considered an “Elias,” being a forerunner/preparer or a restorer. In addition to Gabriel, there was John the Baptist, Jesus, and John the Revelator. Smith spent time during 1830-33 correcting the Bible. This work is known variously as the Inspired Version, Joseph Smith Revision, or the Joseph Smith Translation (JST). The JST is Joseph Smith’s doctrinal correction (“translation”) of the Old and New Testaments and does not restore the Hebrew or Greek biblical text.

The New Testament KJV records that John the Baptist was to go before the Lord in the spirit and power of Elias [Elijah].41 Jesus explained that, for those who understood, John the Baptist was the Elijah they were waiting for.42 John the Baptist was understood by Christ’s disciples as the Elias (Elijah) who would “restore all things.”43

Joseph Smith dictated his revision of Matthew 17 in the spring of 1831. It tells about Jesus being transfigured on a high mountain before Peter, James, and John. While Smith had the text refer to John the Baptist, he also had the name Elias used for “another which should come and restore all things.” His scribe Sidney Rigdon wrote (italics are added words to the KJV):

and his disciples asked him [Jesus] saying why then say the Scribes that Elias must first come[?] and Jesus answered and said unto them Elias truly shall first come and restore all things as the prophets have written and again I say unto you that Elias has come already and they knew him not and have done unto him whatsoever they listed likewise shall also the son of Man suffer of them

but I say unto you who is Elias[?] behold this is Elias who I send to prepare the way before me Then the disciples understood that he spake unto them of John the Baptist and also of another which should come and restore all things as they were written by the prophets44

In August 1831 Joseph Smith was told the “day of transfiguration shall come when the earth shall be transfigured even according to the pattern which was shown unto mine apostles upon the mount of which account the fulness ye have not yet received.”45 When Smith and Sidney Rigdon revised Mark in the fall of 1831 concerning the transfiguration, Smith interpreted the Elias who appeared [p.78] before the four men not as the prophet Elijah but as John the Baptist. The King James Version reads, “And there appeared unto them Elias with Moses: and they were talking with Jesus.”46 But Smith’s revision reads, “And there appeared unto them Elias with Moses, or in other words, John the baptist and Moses; and they were talking with Jesus.”47 The words “or in other words” help us to understand this is commentary by Smith.48 The mention of Moses and Elias in Matthew means Moses and Elijah, representatives of the law and the prophets.49

When Smith first revised Matthew 11 in 1831, the manuscript had Jesus saying: “and if ye will receive me I am Elias which was for to come.”50 This reading was also copied onto the second New Testament manuscript shortly after with the same reading. A number of changes were made to this manuscript, and this reading was revised in December 1832 or January 1833 with the words “me I am Elias” being crossed through and the passage now applying to John the Baptist.51

John 1 describes John the Baptist being questioned. Sidney Rigdon originally wrote in January or February 1832 the following:

and he [John the Baptist] confessed and denyed [denied] not but confessed I am not the christ and they asked him what then art thou Elias[?] and he saith I am not[.] art thou that prophet[?] and he answered no … and they asked him and said unto him why baptisest thou then if thou be not the christ nor Elias neither that prophet[?] John answered … he it is of whom I bear record he is that Prophet, even Elias52

This passage was further revised in December 1832 or January 1833 on a note pinned to the manuscript as follows:

And he [John the Baptist] confessed, and denyed [denied] not that he was Elias, but confessed, saying; I am not the christ. And they asked him, saying; How then art thou Elias? [p.79] And he saith, I am not that Elias who was to restore all things. And they asked him, saying; Art thou that Prophet? And he answered; No … And they asked him, and said unto him; why baptisest thou then, if thou be not the christ, nor Elias who was to restore all things, neither that prophet?53

In March 1832, when Joseph Smith first revised the biblical book of Revelation, a number of questions were asked concerning the interpretation of passages in that book. To the question relating to the angel of Revelation 7:2, Smith answered, “the angel ascending from the east is he to whom is given the seal of the living God over the twelve tribes of Israel … And, if you will receive it, this is Elias which was to come to gather together the tribes of Israel.” To a question about Revelation 10, the answer was, “We are to understand that it was a mission, and an ordinance, for him to gather the tribes of Israel; behold, this is Elias, who, as it is written, must come and restore all things.”54 In June 1831 Smith prophesied “that John the Revelator was then among the ten tribes of Israel.”55 Levi Hancock who attended the same meeting wrote, “Joseph said that John was to tarry until Christ came. He is now with the ten tribes preaching to them and when we can get ready for them they will come.”56

While Joseph Smith was trying to make it clear to himself who various biblical personages were as he interpreted the text, he also created a number of confused passages. For example, in LDS D&C 76:100; RLDS D&C 76:7 (16 Feb. 1832), he used New Testament names of Elias [Elijah] and Esaias [Isaiah] and used the Old Testament name of Isaiah: “some of Moses, and some of Elias, and some of Esaias, and some of Isaiah, and some of Enoch.” Later it was said that “Esaias also lived in the days of Abraham.”57 In LDS D&C 110:12 mention is made of a vision when “Elias appeared, and committed the dispensation of the gospel of Abraham.” Some have interpreted this to mean the Old Testament prophet Noah (Elias = Gabriel = Noah), or it may refer to Esaias who “lived in the days of Abraham.”

Smith’s doctrine of Elias developed further, and Elias was applied in the revision of 1835 to the angel Gabriel. This application does not fit an 1830 context as the 1835 revision seemingly implies.

The 1835 addition to the September 1830 commandment also mentioned Abraham, Isaac, Jacob, and Joseph. Then there would be “Michael, or Adam, the father of all, the prince of all, the ancient of days.”58

The final persons named to gather with Jesus were the apostles Peter, James, and John, who were sent “unto whom I have committed the keys of the kingdom, and [p.80] a dispensation of the gospel for the last times; and for the fulness of times.” This 1835 addition is the earliest known record of Christ’s apostles being sent to visit Joseph Smith and Oliver Cowdery.59 Smith and Cowdery ordained each other elders (apostles) on 6 April 1830.

29. The Hour Is Nigh
From BC 29 (cf. LDS D&C 29; RLDS D&C 28)

Revelation received at Fayette, New York,
in [5-26] September 1830 for the Church of Christ60

A Revelation to the church of Christ, given in the presence of six elders, in Fayette, New-York, September, 1830.

Listen to the voice of Jesus Christ, your Redeemer, the Great I AM, whose arm of mercy hath atoned for your sins;

Who will gather his people even as a hen gathereth her chickens under her wings, even as many as will hearken to my voice, and humble themselves before me, and call upon me in mighty prayer.

Behold, verily, verily I say unto you, that at this time your sins are forgiven you; therefore ye receive these things:

But remember to sin no more, lest perils shall come upon you.

Verily I say unto you, that ye are chosen out of the world to declare my gospel with the sound of rejoicing, as with the voice of a trump:

Lift up your hearts and be glad for I am in your midst, and am your advocate with the Father; and it is his good will to give you the kingdom;

And as it is written, Whatsoever ye shall ask in faith, being united in prayer according to my command, ye shall receive;

And ye are called to bring to pass the gathering of mine elect, for mine elect hear my voice and harden not their hearts:

Wherefore the decree hath gone forth from the Father, that they shall be gathered in unto one place, upon the face of this land, to prepare their hearts, and be prepared in all things, against the day when tribulation and desolation are sent forth upon the wicked:

For the hour is nigh, and the day soon at hand, when the earth is ripe:

And all the proud, and they that do wickedly, shall be as stubble, and I will burn them up, saith the Lord of Hosts, that wickedness shall not be upon the earth:

For the hour is nigh, and that which was spoken by mine apostles must be fulfilled; for as they spoke so shall it come to pass;

[p.81] For I will reveal myself from heaven with power and great glory, with all the hosts thereof, and dwell in righteousness with men on earth a thousand years, and the wicked shall not stand.

And again, verily, verily I say unto you, and it hath gone forth in a firm decree, by the will of the Father, that mine apostles, the twelve which were with me in my ministry at Jerusalem, shall stand at my right hand at the day of my coming in a pillar of fire, being clothed with robes of righteousness, with crowns upon their heads, in glory even as I am, to judge the whole house of Israel, even as many as have loved me and kept my commandments, and none else;

For a trump shall sound both long and loud, even as upon mount Sinai, and all the earth shall quake, and they shall come forth:

Yea, even the dead which died in me, to receive a crown of righteousness, and to be clothed upon, even as I am, to be with me, that we may be one.

But behold, I say unto you, that before this great day shall come, the sun shall be darkened, and the moon shall be turned into blood, and the stars shall fall from heaven;

And there shall be greater signs in heaven above, and in the earth beneath; and there shall be weeping and wailing among the hosts of men;

And there shall be a great hailstorm sent forth to destroy the crops of the earth:

And it shall come to pass, because of the wickedness of the world, that I will take vengeance upon the wicked, for they will not repent:

For the cup of mine indignation is full; for behold, my blood shall not cleanse them if they hear me not.

Wherefore I the Lord God will send forth flies upon the face of the earth, which shall take hold of the inhabitants thereof, and shall eat their flesh, and shall cause maggots to come in upon them, and their tongues shall be stayed that they shall not utter against me, and their flesh shall fall from off their bones, and their eyes from their sockets:

And it shall come to pass, that the beasts of the forests, and the fowls of the air, shall devour them up:

And that great and abominable church, which is the whore of all the earth, shall be cast down by devouring fire, according as it was spoken by the mouth of Ezekiel the prophet, which spoke of these things, which have not come to pass, but surely must, as I live, for abominations shall not reign.

And again, verily, verily I say unto you, that when the thousand years are ended, and men again begin to deny their God, then will I spare the earth but for a little season;

And the end shall come, and the heaven and the earth shall be consumed, and pass away, and there shall be a new heaven and a new earth;

For all old things shall pass away, and all things shall become new, even the heaven and the earth, and all the fulness thereof, both men and beasts;

The fowls of the air, and the fishes of the sea, and not one hair, neither mote, shall be lost, for it is the workmanship of mine hand.

But behold, verily I say unto you, before the earth shall pass away, Michael [p.82] mine archangel, shall sound his trump, and then shall all the dead awake, for their graves shall be opened, and they shall come forth; yea, even all;

And the righteous shall be gathered on my right hand unto eternal life;

And the wicked on my left hand will I be ashamed to own before the Father:

Wherefore I will say unto them, depart from me ye cursed into everlasting fire, prepared for the devil and his angels.

And now behold I say unto you, never at any time, have I declared from mine own mouth, that they should return, for where I am they cannot come, for they have no power;

But remember, that all my judgments are not given unto men;

And as the words have gone forth out of my mouth, even so shall they be fulfilled, that the first shall be last, and that the last shall be first in all things, whatsoever I have created by the word of my power, which is the power of my Spirit;61

For by the power of my Spirit, created I them:

Yea, all things both spiritual and temporal:

Firstly spiritual, secondly temporal, which is the beginning of my work:

And again, firstly temporal, and secondly spiritual, which is the last of my work:

Speaking unto you, that you may naturally understand, but unto myself my works have no end, neither beginning; but it is given unto you, that ye may understand, because ye have asked it of me and are agreed.

Wherefore, verily I say unto you, that all things unto me are spiritual, and not at any time have I given unto you a law which was temporal, neither any man, nor the children of men:

Neither Adam your father, whom I created; behold I gave unto him that he should be an agent unto himself;

And I gave unto him commandment, but no temporal commandment gave I unto him; for my commandments are spiritual;

They are not natural, nor temporal, neither carnal nor sensual.

And it came to pass, that Adam being tempted of the devil, for behold the devil was before Adam, for he rebelled against me saying, Give me thine honor, which is my power: and also a third part of the hosts of heaven turned he away from me because of their agency:

And they were thrust down, and thus came the devil and his angels; and behold, there is a place prepared for them from the beginning, which place is hell:

And it must needs by that the devil should tempt the children of men, or they could not be agents unto themselves, for if they never should have bitter, they could not know the sweet.

Wherefore, it came to pass, that the devil tempted Adam and he partook the forbidden fruit, and transgressed the commandment, wherein he became subject to the will of the devil, because he yielded unto temptation.

[p.83] Wherefore, I the Lord God caused that he should be cast out from the garden of Eden, from my presence, because of his transgression;

Wherein he became spiritually dead; which is the first death, even that same death, which is the last death, which is spiritual, which shall be pronounced upon the wicked when I shall say, Depart ye cursed.

But behold I say unto you, that I the Lord God gave unto Adam and unto his seed, that they should not die as to the temporal death, until I the Lord God should send forth angels to declare unto them repentance and redemption, through faith on the name of mine only begotten Son:

And thus did I the Lord God appoint unto man the days of his probation; that by his natural death he might be raised in immortality unto eternal life, even as many as would believe, and they that believe not, unto eternal damnation, for they cannot be redeemed from their spiritual fall, because they repent not, for they will love darkness rather than light, and their deeds are evil, and they receive their wages of whom they list to obey.

But behold I say unto you, that little children are redeemed from the foundation of the world, through mine only Begotten:

Wherefore they cannot sin, for power is not given unto satan to tempt little children, until they begin to become accountable before me;

For it is given unto them even as I will, according to mine own pleasure, that great things may be required at the hand of their fathers.

And again I say unto you, that whoso having knowledge, have I not commanded to repent? and he that hath no understanding, it remaineth in me to do according as it is written. And now, I declare no more unto you at this time. Amen.

30. Thou Shalt Be Obedient
From BC 30 (cf. LDS D&C 28; RLDS D&C 27)

Revelation received at Fayette, New York,
in [5-26] September 1830 for Oliver Cowdery

A Revelation to Oliver, given in Fayette, New-York, September, 1830.

Behold I say unto you, Oliver [Cowdery], that it shall be given unto thee, that thou shalt be heard by the church, in all things whatsoever thou shalt teach them by the Comforter, concerning the revelations and commandments which I have given.

But behold, verily, verily I say unto you, no one shall be appointed to receive commandments and revelations in this church, excepting my servant Joseph [Smith, Jr.], for he receiveth them even as Moses:

And thou shalt be obedient unto the things which I shall give unto him, even as Aaron, to declare faithfully the commandments and the revelations, with power and authority unto the church.

[p.84] And if thou art led at any time by the Comforter to speak or teach, or at all times by the way of commandment unto the church, thou mayest do it.

But thou shalt not write by way of commandment, but by wisdom:

And thou shalt not command him who is at thy head, and at the head of the church, for I have given him the keys of the mysteries and the revelations which are sealed, until I shall appoint unto them another in his stead.

And now, behold I say unto you, that you shall go unto the Lamanites and preach my gospel unto them, and cause my church to be established among them. And thou shalt have revelations but write them not by way of commandment.

And now behold I say unto you, that it is not revealed, and no man knoweth where the city shall be built, but it shall be given hereafter.62

Behold I say unto you, that it shall be on the borders by the Lamanites.

Thou shalt not leave this place until after the conference, and my servant Joseph [Smith, Jr.] shall be appointed to rule the conference by the voice of it, and what he saith to thee, that thou shalt tell.

And again, thou shalt take thy brother Hiram [Page] between him and thee alone, and tell him that those things which he hath written from that stone are not of me, and that satan deceiveth him:

For behold these things have not been appointed unto him:

Neither shall any thing be appointed unto any of this church contrary to the church covenants, for all things must be done in order and by common consent in the church, by the prayer of faith.

And thou shalt settle all these things according to the covenants of the church before thou shalt take thy journey among the Lamanites.

And it shall be given thee from the time that thou shalt go, until the time that thou shalt return, what thou shalt do.

And thou must open thy mouth at all times declaring my gospel with the sound of rejoicing.— Amen.

Revision

1835 D&C 51
(cf. LDS D&C 28:8, 10; RLDS D&C 27:3-4)

And now, behold I say unto you, that you shall go unto the Lamanites and preach my gospel unto them; and inasmuch as they receive thy teachings, thou shalt cause my church to be established among them

•   •   •

Thou shalt not leave this place until after the conference and my servant Joseph shall be appointed to preside over the conference by the voice of it, and what he saith to thee thou shalt tell.

Commentary: Failed Mission to the Lamanites

[p.85] In September 1830, prior to the second conference of the church held at Fayette, one of the eight witnesses to the Book of Mormon, Hiram Page, a teacher in the church, claimed to receive revelations through the medium of a seer stone just as Joseph Smith had done. These revelations dealt with “the upbuilding of Zion, the order of the Church,” and other matters.63

“Finding, however, that many (especially the Whitmer family and Oliver Cowdery) were believing much in the things set forth by this stone,” Smith inquired of God concerning the matter and was told that Page’s revelations were not from heaven.64

In the same revelation, Cowdery, second elder to Smith, was called to “go unto the Lamanites [American Indians] and preach my gospel unto them, and cause my church to be established among them.”65

Peter Whitmer, Jr., was instructed to accompany Cowdery.66 In October, Parley P. Pratt and Ziba Peterson were called as well. The instructions stated that “nothing shall prevail” against them.67 This revelation was not published in the BC.

The missionaries traveled to the Cattaraugus tribe near Buffalo, New York, through the state of Ohio, to the Delaware Nation in the territory west of Missouri. But, lacking credentials, they were reduced to preaching to the white pop-ulation in Jackson and Lafayette counties, Missouri. In essence, the mission failed—the Church of Christ was not “established” among the Indians. So in the 1835 D&C the words “inasmuch as they receive thy teachings, thou shalt” were inserted to explain the failure.

It is important to give some of the known details of this adventure. The revelation for Cowdery stated: “it is not revealed, and no man knoweth where the city [New Jerusalem] shall be built, but it shall be given hereafter. Behold I say unto you, that it shall be on the borders by the Lamanites.”68 There is a question as to whether “borders by the” was an addition to the text, since it was published as “among” in the Ohio Star in December 1831. Except for this instance, other New York revelations used the word “among.”69

While there were Indians living in New York, the four elders “were appointed to go into the wilderness through the western States, and to the Indian territory.”70 The western states were those west of New York, including Ohio, Indiana, Illinois, and Missouri. The Indian country, where some of the woodland tribes had [p.86] been relocated west of the Missouri River, was at that time unorganized. On 17 October 1830 at Manchester, New York, Cowdery was further told to “go forth unto the Lamanites … to rear up a pillar as a witness where the Temple of God shall be built, in the glorious New-Jerusalem.”71 These missionaries knew the general location of where they were going prior to their departure. Their destination would be outside the states in Indian territory.

In BC 32 Peter Whitmer, Jr., was instructed to accompany Cowdery, “For I have given unto him [Cowdery] to build up my church among your brethren, the Lamanites.”72 In 1835 the wording was changed to read: “for I have given unto him power to build up my church among the Lamanites.” This one word addition weakens the promise. With the deletion of “your brethren,” the 1835 D&C accounts for the fact that no Lamanite brethren had been organized into a church.

An October 1830 revelation for Parley P. Pratt stated “he shall go with my servant Oliver and Peter into the wilderness among the Lamanites and Ziba [Peterson] also shall go with them and I myself will go with them and be in their midst and I am their advocate with the Father and nothing shall prevail.”73 Pratt said that they called on the Catteraugus Indians.74 They stayed a few hours and left two copies of the Book of Mormon.

The missionaries arrived at Kirtland, Ohio, on 29 October 1830.75 They preached and baptized seventeen people into the church on 5 November. A few days later Pratt’s former minister Sidney Rigdon was baptized. One of the converts, Frederick G. Williams, went with them on their journey. As they were preparing to depart, the Painevsille Telegraph reported, “We understand that he [Cowdery] is bound for the regions beyond the Mississippi, where he contemplates founding a ‘City of Refuge’ for his followers, and converting the Indians, under his prophetic authority.”76 The five men traveled to Sandusky, Ohio, called upon the Wyandot Indians, and spent several days there. Then they continued on to Cincinnati on the Ohio River and walked to St. Louis, Missouri. From St. Louis they continued to Independence, Jackson County, Missouri, arriving about 13 January 1831. Of their arrival Peter Whitmer, Jr. wrote:

we came to independence on the twelfth [sic; first] month on the 13 d[ay] of the month on the 14 daye of the month began to Labour with mine owne hands Brother Oliver & Parley and Frederick started to see the deleware tribe in a few dayes they came to see me & brother Ziba and they declared that the Lamanites received them with great joy my brethren started againe to the deleweres- and also to the Shayney77

[p.87] Pratt mentions that “Two of our number [Whitmer and Peterson] now commenced work as tailors in the village of Independence, while the others crossed the frontier line and commenced a mission among the Lamanites, or Indians.”78 Cowdery wrote that he

had two interviews with the Chief of the delewares[,] who is a very old & venerable looking man[.] after laying before him & eighteen or twenty of the Council of that nation the truth[,] he said that he he [sic] and they were very glad for what I their Brother had told them and they had received it in their hearts &c- But how the matter will go with this tribe to me is uncirtain [uncertain] ne[i]ther Can I at present Conclude mutch [much] about it[.]79

Cowdery, Pratt, and Frederick G. Williams started to preach and instruct the Shawnee and Delaware, but lacking a government license, they were ordered off the reservation by Indian agent Richard Cummins. They were told they could obtain a permit from Gen. William Clark, who was in charge of Indian affairs in St. Louis.

Both Pratt and Cummins wrote to Clark in St. Louis. Clark was away from 30 November 1830 through 31 March 1831, and his business was being conducted by John Ruland, sub-agent.80 Cowdery’s letter written on 14 February read: “As I have been appointed by a society of Christians in the State of New York to superintend the establishing Missions among the Indians I doubt not but I shall have the approbation of your honour and a permit for myself and all who may be recommended to me by that Society to have free intercourse with the several tribes in establishing schools for the instruction of their children and also teaching them the Christian religion without intruding or interfering with any other Mission now established.”81

Cummins’s letter to Clark of 15 February read:

A few days agoe three Men all Strangers to me went among the Indians Shawanees & Delawares, they say for the purpose of preaching to and Instructing them in Religious Matters, they say they are sent by God and must proceed, … I have refused to let them stay or, go among the Indians unless they first obtain permission from you or, some of the officers of the Genl. Government who I am bound to obey. I am informed that they intend to apply to you for permission to go among the Indians, if you refuse, then they will go to the Rocky Mountains.82

Pratt wrote in his autobiography: “Passing through the tribe of Shawnees we tarried one night with them, and the next day crossed the Kansas river and entered among the Delawares,”83 where they met Chief William Anderson.

[p.88] We continued for several days to instruct the old chief and many of his tribe. … The excitement now reached the frontier settlements in Missouri, and stirred up the jealousy and envy of the Indian agents and sectarian missionaries to that degree that we were soon ordered out of the Indian country as disturbers of the peace; and even threatened with the military in case of non-compliance. We accordingly departed from the Indian country, and came over the line, and commenced laboring in Jackson County, Missouri, among the whites. We were well received, and listened to by many; and some were baptized and added to the Church. Thus ended our first Indian Mission in which we had preached the gospel in its fulness, and distributed the record of their forefathers among three tribes, viz: the Catteraugus Indians, near Buffalo, N.Y., the Wyandots of Ohio, and the Delawares west of Missouri.84

It was agreed that Pratt should travel to St. Louis.

In a letter to Smith of 8 April, Cowdery reported the following:

we had been long looking for [a] letter from you with the hope that the news we should received wou[l]d give our friend[s] who reside in this Land joy by confirming them in the belief that we were men of truth and the Lord God of hosts has not forsaken the earth but is in very deed about to redeem his ancien[t] covenant people & lead them with the fulness of the Gentiles to springs[,] yea[,] fountain of living waters to his holy hill of Zion[.]85

Cowdery said

the principl[e] chief says he believes ev[e]ry word of the Book [of Mormon] & there are many more in the Nation who believes & we understand there are many among the Shawnees who also believe & we trust that when the Lord shall open our way we shall have glorious times … the agent for the Lamanites is very strict with us and we think some what strenuous respecting our having liberty to visit our brethren the Lamanites but we trust that when our brother Parley returns we shall have a permit from General Clark[,] who is the Superintendent of Indian affairs west of the Missi[ssi]ppi who must have a recommend or security before he can give a permit for any stranger or foreigner to go among them to teach or preach.86

While Cowdery stated that his teachings were received with gladness, there was no mention of any baptisms.

It is possible that Pratt carried Cowdery’s letter to Clark personally. Another letter from Cowdery of 16 April is not extant. On 7 May he wrote to Smith, “I have nothing particular to write as concerning the Lamanites.”87 Pratt had left St. Louis and arrived in Kirtland, Ohio, near the end of March, and from there embarked on a mission to the Shakers.

Smith’s history contains the following: “From P. P. Pratt, who had returned from the expedition of last fall, during the spring we had verbal information; and from letters from the still remaining elders we had written intelligence,” and also [p.89] that “this was the most important subject which then engrossed the attention of the saints.”88

 Two of the first converts among the white population in Jackson County were Joshua Lewis and his wife who lived in Kaw Township, west of Independence. They were baptized in early 1831.89 Peter Whitmer, Jr., stated, “then [we] resorted among the gentiles and declared the word and Babtized 7.”90

31. You Have Feared Man
From BC 31 (cf. LDS D&C 30:1-4; RLDS D&C 29:1)

Revelation received at Fayette, New York,
in [26-28] September 1830 for David Whitmer

A Revelation to David, given in Fayette, New-York, September 1830.

Behold I say unto you, David [Whitmer], that you have feared man and have not relied upon me for strength, as you ought:

But your mind has been on the things of the earth more than on the things of me, your Maker, and the ministry whereunto you have been called; and you have not given heed unto my Spirit, and to those who were set over you, but have been persuaded by those whom I have not commanded:

Wherefore you are left to inquire for yourself, at my hand, and ponder upon the things which you have received.

And your home shall be at your father’s house, until I give unto you further commandments.

And you shall attend to the ministry in the church, and before the world, and in the regions round about. Amen.

32. Give Heed unto These Things
From BC 32 (cf. LDS D&C 30:5-8; RLDS D&C 29:2)

Revelation received at Fayette, New York,
in [26-28] September 1830 for Peter Whitmer, Jr.

A Revelation to Peter, given in Fayette, New-York, September, 1830.

Behold I say unto you, Peter [Whitmer, Jr.], that you shall take your journey [p.90] with your brother Oliver [Cowdery], for the time has come, that it is expedient in me, that you shall open your mouth to declare my gospel:

Therefore, fear not but give heed unto the words and advice of your brother, which he shall give you.

And be you afflicted in all his afflictions, ever lifting up your heart unto me in prayer, and faith, for his and your deliverance:

For I have given unto him to build up my church among your brethren, the Lamanites.

And none have I appointed to be over him in the church, except it is his brother Joseph [Smith, Jr.].

Wherefore give heed unto these things and be diligent in keeping my commandments, and you shall be blessed unto eternal life. Amen.

Revision

1835 D&C 52
(cf. LDS D&C 30:6-7; RLDS D&C 29:2)

And be you afflicted in all his afflictions, ever lifting up your heart unto me in prayer, and faith, for his and your deliverance: for I have given unto him power to build up my church among the Lamanites: and none have I appointed to be his counsellor, over him, in the church, concerning church matters, except it is his brother Joseph Smith, jr.

33. Your Whole Labor Shall Be in My Zion
From BC 33 (cf. LDS D&C 30:9-11; RLDS D&C 29:3)

Revelation received at Fayette, New York,
in [26-28] September 1830 for John Whitmer

A Revelation to John, given in Fayette, New-York, September, 1830.

Behold I say unto you my servant, John [Whitmer], that thou shalt commence from this time forth to proclaim my gospel, as with the voice of a trump.

And your labor shall be at your brother Philip’s [Burroughs], and in that region round about:

Yea, wherever you can be heard, until I command you to go from hence.

And your whole labor shall be in my Zion, with all your soul, from henceforth; yea, you shall ever open your mouth in my cause not fearing what man can do, for I am with you. Amen.

34. Pray Always
From BC 34 (cf. LDS D&C 31; RLDS D&C 30)

Revelation received at Fayette, New York,
in [26-28] September 1830 for Thomas B. Marsh

[p.91] A Revelation to Thomas, given in Fayette, New-York, September, 1830.

Thomas [B. Marsh], my son, blessed are you because of your faith in my work.

Behold you have had many afflictions because of your family: nevertheless I will bless you, and your family:

Yea, your little ones, and the day cometh that they will believe and know the truth and be one with you in my church.

Lift up your heart and rejoice for the hour of your mission is come; and your tongue shall be loosed: and you shall declare glad tidings of great joy unto this generation.

You shall declare the things which have been revealed to my servant Joseph [Smith, Jr.].

You shall begin to preach from this time forth; yea, to reap in the field which is white already to be burned:

Therefore thrust in your sickle with all your soul; and your sins are forgiven you; and you shall be laden with sheaves upon your back, for the laborer is worthy of his hire.

Wherefore your family shall live.

Behold, verily I say unto you, go from them only for a little time, and declare my word, and I will prepare a place for them; yea, I will open the hearts of the people and they will receive you.

And I will establish a church by your hand; and you shall strengthen them and prepare them against the time when they shall be gathered.

Be patient in afflictions, and in sufferings, revile not against those that revile.

Govern your house in meekness, and be steadfast.

Behold I say unto you, that you shall be a physician unto the church, but not unto the world, for they will not receive you.

Go your way whithersoever I will, and it shall be given you by the Comforter what you shall do, and whither you shall go.

Pray always, lest you enter into temptation, and loose your reward.

Be faithful unto the end, and lo, I am with you.

These words are not of man nor of men, but of me, even Jesus Christ, your Redeemer, by the will of the Father. Amen.

35. Be Meek and Lowly of Heart
From KRB, 83-84 (cf. LDS D&C 32; RLDS D&C 31)

Revelation received at Manchester, New York,
in [ca. 17] October 1830 for Parley P. Pratt
and Ziba Peterson91

[p.92] Revelation to Parley Pratt to go to th[e] wilderness

And now concerning my servant Parley [P. Pratt] behold I say unto him that as I live I will that he shall declare my gospel and Learn of me and be meek and lowly of heart and that which I have appointed unto him is that he shall go with my servant Oliver [Cowdery] and Peter [Whitmer, Jr.] into the wilderness among the Lamanites and Ziba [Peterson] also shall go with them and I myself will go with them and be in their midst and I am their advocate with the Father and nothing shall prevail and they shall give heed to that which is writ[t]en and pretend to no other revelation and they shall pray always that I may unfold them to their understanding and they shall give heed [u]nto these words and trifle not and I will bless them amen.

Manchester Oct 1830

36. Be Ready at the Coming of the Bridegroom
From BC 35 (cf. LDS D&C 33; RLDS D&C 32)

Revelation received at Fayette, New York,
in [18-31] October 1830 for Ezra Thayer and Northrop Sweet92

A Revelation to Ezra, and Northrop, given in Fayette, New-York, October, 1830.

Behold I say unto you, my servants Ezra [Thayer], and Northrop [Sweet], open ye your ears and hearken to the voice of the Lord your God, whose word is quick and powerful, sharper than a two-edged sword, to the dividing asunder of the joints and marrow, soul and spirit; and is a discerner of the thoughts and intents of the heart.

For verily, verily I say unto you, that ye are called to lift up your voices as with the sound of a trump, to declare my gospel unto a crooked and a perverse generation:

[p.93] For behold the field is white already to harvest; and it is the eleventh hour, and for the last time that I shall call laborers into my vineyard. And my vineyard has become corrupted every whit: and there is none which doeth good save it be a few; and they err in many instances, because of priestcrafts, all having corrupt minds.

And verily, verily I say unto you, that this church have I established and called forth out of the wilderness:

And even so will I gather mine elect from the four quarters of the earth, even as many as will believe in me, and hearken unto my voice:

Yea, verily, verily I say unto you, that the field is white already to harvest:

Wherefore thrust in your sickles, and reap with all your might, mind, and strength.

Open your mouths and they shall be filled; and you shall become even as Nephi of old, who journeyed from Jerusalem in the wilderness:

Yea, open your mouths and spare not, and you shall be laden with sheaves upon your backs, for lo I am with you:

Yea, open your mouths and they shall be filled, saying Repent, repent and prepare ye the way of the Lord, and make his paths strait: for the kingdom of heaven is at hand:

Yea, repent and be baptized every one of you, for a remission of your sins; yea, be baptized even by water, and then cometh the baptism of fire and of the Holy Ghost.

Behold, verily, verily I say unto you, this is my gospel, and remember that they shall have faith in me, or they can in no wise be saved:

And upon this Rock I will build my church; yea, upon this Rock ye are built, and the gates of hell shall not prevail against you; and ye shall remember the church articles and covenants to keep them:

And whoso having faith you shall confirm in my church, by the laying on of the hands, and I will bestow the gift of the Holy Ghost upon them.

And the book of Mormon, and the holy scriptures, are given of me for your instruction; and the power of my Spirit quickeneth all things:

Wherefore be faithful, praying always, having your lamps trimmed and burning, and oil with you, that you may be ready at the coming of the Bridegroom; for behold, verily, verily I say unto you, that I come quickly; even so: Amen.

Revision

1835 D&C 55
(cf. LDS D&C 33:13-14; RLDS D&C 32:3)

and upon this Rock I will build my church; yea, upon this rock ye are built, and if ye continue, the gates of hell shall not prevail against you; and ye shall remember the church articles and covenants to keep them

Commentary: If Ye Continue

To BC 35 was added, after “And upon this Rock I will build my church; yea, [p.94] upon this Rock ye are built, and,” the words, “if ye continue.” This was a missionary revelation to Ezra Thayer and Northrop Sweet, given in October 1830, instructing them what to say when preaching.

It is probable that the reason for the addition “if ye continue” applied to Northrop Sweet, since he left the church in 1831 and joined with Wycom Clark who organized the Pure Church of Christ.93

37. I Come Quickly
From BC 36 (cf. LDS D&C 34; RLDS D&C 33)

Revelation received at Fayette, New York,
on 4 November 1830 for Orson Pratt94

A Revelation to Orson (P.) given in Fayette, New-York, November, 1830.

My son Orson [Pratt], hearken and hear and behold what I the Lord God shall say unto you, even Jesus Christ your Redeemer, the light and the life of the world:

A light which shineth in darkness and the darkness comprehendeth it not:

Who so loved the world that he gave his own life, that as many as would believe might become the sons of God:

Wherefore you are my son, and blessed are you because you have believed, and more blessed are you because you are called of me to preach my gospel; to lift up your voice as with the sound of a trump, both long and loud, and cry repentance unto a crooked and perverse generation; preparing the way of the Lord for his second coming: for behold, verily, verily I say unto you, the time is soon at hand, that I shall come in a cloud with power and great glory, and it shall be a great day at the time of my coming, for all nations shall tremble.

But before that great day shall come, the sun shall be darkened, and the moon be turned into blood, and the stars shall refuse their shining, and some shall fall, and great destructions await the wicked:

Wherefore lift up your voice and spare not, for the Lord God hath spoken.

Therefore prophesy and it shall be given by the power of the Holy Ghost; and if you are faithful behold I am with you until I come:

And verily, verily I say unto you, I come quickly.

I am your Lord and your Redeemer; even so: Amen.

38. Thou Shalt Preach My Gospel
From BC 37 (cf. LDS D&C 35; RLDS D&C 34)

Revelation received at Fayette, New York,
in [7-11] December 1830 for Joseph Smith, Jr.,
and Sidney Rigdon95

[p.95] A Revelation to Joseph, and Sidney, given in Fayette, New-York, December, 1830.

Listen to the voice of the Lord your God, even Alpha and Omega, the beginning and the end, whose course is one eternal round, the same today as yesterday and forever.

I am Jesus Christ, the Son of God, who was crucified for the sins of the world, even as many as will believe on my name, that they may become the sons of God, even one in me as I am in the Father, as the Father is one in me, that we may be one:

Behold, verily, verily I say unto my servant Sidney [Rigdon], I have looked upon thee and thy works.

I have heard thy prayers and prepared thee for a greater work.

Thou art blessed for thou shalt do great things.

Behold thou wast sent forth, even as John, to prepare the way before me, and before Elijah which should come, and thou knew it not.

Thou didst baptize by water unto repentance, but they received not the Holy Ghost; but now I give unto thee a commandment, that thou shalt baptize by water, and they shall receive the Holy Ghost by the laying on of hands, even as the apostles of old.

And it shall come to pass, that there shall be a great work in the land even among the Gentiles, for their folly and their abominations shall be made manifest, in the eyes of all people:

For I am God and mine arm is not shortened and I will show miracles, signs and wonders, unto all those who believe on my name.

And whoso shall ask it in my name, in faith, they shall cast out devils; they shall heal the sick; they shall cause the blind to receive their sight, and the deaf to hear, and the dumb to speak, and the lame to walk:

And the time speedily cometh, that great things are to be shown forth unto the children of men:

But without faith shall not any thing be shown forth except desolations upon Babylon, the same which has made all nations drink of the wine of the wrath of her fornication.

[p.96] And there are none that doeth good except those who are ready to receive the fullness of my gospel, which I have sent forth to this generation:

Wherefore, I have called upon the weak things of the world, those who are unlearned and despised, to thresh the nations by the power of my Spirit:

And their arm shall be mine arm, and I will be their shield and their buckler, and I will gird up their loins, and they shall fight manfully for me:

And their enemies shall be under their feet; and I will let fall the sword in their behalf; and by the fire of mine indignation will I preserve them.

And the poor and the meek shall have the gospel preached unto them, and they shall be looking forth for the time of my coming, for it is nigh at hand:

And they shall learn the parable of the fig-tree: for even now already summer is nigh, and I have sent forth the fulness of my gospel by the hand of my servant Joseph [Smith, Jr.]:

And in weakness have I blessed him, and I have given unto him the keys of the mystery of those things which have been sealed, even things which were from the foundation of the world, and the things which shall come from this time until the time of my coming, if he abide in me, and if not, another will I plant in his stead.

Wherefore watch over him that his faith fail not, and it shall be given by the Comforter, the Holy Ghost, that knoweth all things:

And a commandment I give unto thee, that thou shalt write for him:

And the scriptures shall be given even as they are in mine own bosom, to the salvation of mine own elect:96

For they will hear my voice, and shall see me, and shall not be asleep, and shall abide the day of my coming, for they shall be purified even as I am pure. And now I say unto you, tarry with him and he shall journey with you; forsake him not and surely these things shall be fulfilled.

And inasmuch as ye do not write, behold it shall be given unto him to prophesy.

And thou shalt preach my gospel, and call on the holy prophets to prove his words, as they shall be given him.

Keep all the commandments and covenants by which ye are bound, and I will cause the heavens to shake for your good:

And satan shall tremble; and Zion shall rejoice upon the hills, and flourish; and Israel shall be saved in mine own due time.

And by the keys which I have given, shall they be led and no more be confounded at all.

Lift up your hearts and be glad: your redemption draweth nigh.

Fear not little flock, the kingdom is yours until I come.

Behold I come quickly; even so: Amen.

39. I Will Suddenly Come to My Temple
From BC 38 (cf. LDS D&C 36: RLDS D&C 35)

Revelation received at Fayette, New York,
in [11-15] December 1830 for Edward Partridge97

[p.97] A Revelation to Edward, given in Fayette, New-York, December, 1830.

Thus saith the Lord God, the mighty One of Israel, behold I say unto you, my servant Edward [Partridge], that you are blessed, and your sins are forgiven you, and you are called to preach my gospel as with the voice of a trump; and I will lay my hand upon you by the hand of my servant Sidney [Rigdon], and you shall receive my Spirit, the Holy Ghost, even the Comforter, which shall teach you the peaceable things of the kingdom:

And you shall declare it with a loud voice saying, Hosanna, blessed be the name of the most high God.

And now this calling and commandment give I unto all men, that as many as shall come before my servant Sidney [Rigdon] and Joseph [Smith, Jr.], embracing this calling and commandment, shall be ordained and sent forth to preach the everlasting gospel among the nations, crying repentance, saying, Save yourselves from this untoward generation, and come forth out of the fire, hating even the garment spotted with the flesh.

And this commandment shall be given unto the elders of my church, that every man which will embrace it with singleness of heart, may be ordained and sent forth, even as I have spoken.

I am Jesus Christ, the Son of God:

Wherefore gird up your loins and I will suddenly come to my temple; even so: Amen.

40. Ye Shall Go to the [State of] Ohio
From BC 39 (cf. LDS and RLDS D&C 37)

Revelation received at Canandaigua, New York,
in [30] December 1830 for Joseph Smith, Jr., and Sidney Rigdon98

A Revelation to Joseph and Sidney, given in Canandaigua, New-York, December, 1830.

Behold I say unto you, that it is not expedient in me that ye should translate any [p.98] more until ye shall go to the Ohio;99 and this because of the enemy and for your sakes.

And again, I say unto you, that ye shall not go until ye have preached my gospel in those parts, and have strengthened up the church whithersoever it is found, and more especially in Colesville:

For behold they pray unto me in much faith.

And again a commandment I give unto the church, that it is expedient in me that they should assemble together at the Ohio, against the time that my servant Oliver [Cowdery] shall return unto them.

Behold here is wisdom, and let every man choose for himself until I come; even so: Amen.

41. Behold the Kingdom Is Yours
From BC 40 (cf. LDS and RLDS D&C 38)

Revelation received at Fayette, New York,
on 2 January 1831 for the churches in New York100

A Revelation to the churches in New-York, commanding them to remove to Ohio, given in Fayette, New-York, January, 1831.

Thus saith the Lord your God, even Jesus Christ, the Great I AM, Alpha and Omega, the beginning and the end, the same which looked upon the wide expanse of eternity, and all the seraphic hosts of heaven, before the world was made, the same which knoweth all things, for all things are present before mine eyes:

I am the same which spake and the world was made, and all things came by me:

I am the same which hath taken the Zion of Enoch into mine own bosom:101

And verily I say, even as many as have believed on my name, for I am Christ, and in mine own name, by the virtue of the blood which I have spilt, have I plead before the Father for them:

But behold the residue of the wicked have I kept in chains of darkness until the judgment of the great day, which shall come at the end of the earth, and even so will I cause the wicked to be kept, that will not hear my voice but harden their hearts, and wo, wo, wo is their doom.

But behold, verily, verily I say unto you, that mine eyes are upon you; I am in [p.99] your midst and ye cannot see me, but the day soon cometh that ye shall see me and know that I am:

For the vail of darkness shall soon be rent, and he that is not purified shall not abide the day:

Wherefore gird up your loins and be prepared.

Behold the kingdom is yours and the enemy shall not overcome.

Verily I say unto you, ye are clean but not all; and there is none else with whom I am well pleased, for all flesh is corruptible before me, and the powers of darkness prevail upon the earth, among the children of men, in the presence of all the hosts of heaven, which causeth silence to reign, and all eternity is pained, and the angels are waiting the great command, to reap down the earth, to gather the tares that they may be burned:

And behold the enemy is combined.

And now I show unto you a mystery, a thing which is had in secret chambers, to bring to pass even your destruction, in process of time, and ye knew it not, but now I tell it unto you, and ye are blessed, not because of your iniquity, neither your hearts of unbelief, for verily some of you are guilty before me; but I will be merciful unto your weakness.

Therefore, be ye strong from henceforth; fear not for the kingdom is yours:

And for your salvation I give unto you a commandment, for I have heard your prayers, and the poor have complained before me, and the rich have I made, and all flesh is mine, and I am no respecter to persons. And I have made the earth rich, and behold it is my footstool: wherefore, again I will stand upon it:

And I hold forth and deign to give unto you greater riches, even a land of promise; a land flowing with milk and honey, upon which there shall be no curse when the Lord cometh, and I will give it unto you for the land of your inheritance, if you seek it with all you hearts:

And this shall be my covenant with you, ye shall have it for the land of your inheritance, and for the inheritance of your children forever, while the earth shall stand, and ye shall possess it again in eternity, no more to pass away:

But verily I say unto you, that in time ye shall have no king nor ruler, for I will be your King and watch over you.

Wherefore, hear my voice and follow me, and you shall be a free people, and ye shall have no laws but my laws, when I come, for I am your Lawgiver, and what can stay my hand.

But verily I say unto you, teach one another according to the office wherewith I have appointed you, and let every man esteem his brother as himself, and practice virtue and holiness before me.

And again I say unto you, let every man esteem his brother as himself:

For what man among you, having twelve sons, and is no respecter to them, and they serve him obediently, and he saith unto the one, be thou clothed in robes and sit thou here; and to the other, be thou clothed in rags and sit thou there, and looketh upon his sons and saith I am just.

Behold, this I have given unto you a parable, and it is even as I am, I say unto [p.100] you, be one; and if ye are not one, ye are not mine. And again I say unto you, that the enemy in the secret chambers, seeketh your lives:

Ye hear of wars in far countries, and you say in your hearts there will soon be great wars in far countries, but ye know not the hearts of them in your own land:

I tell you these things because of your prayers:

Wherefore, treasure up wisdom in your bosoms, lest the wickedness of men reveal these things unto you, by their wickedness, in a manner which shall speak in your ears, with a voice louder than that which shall shake the earth:

But if ye are prepared, ye shall not fear.

And that ye might escape the power of the enemy, and be gathered unto me a righteous people, without spot and blameless:

Wherefore, for this cause I gave unto you the commandment, that ye should go to the Ohio: and there I will give unto you my law, and there you shall be endowed with power from on high, and from thence, whomsoever I will shall go forth among all nations, and it shall be told them what they shall do, for I have a great work laid up in store:

For Israel shall be saved, and I will lead them whithersoever I will, and no power shall stay my hand.

And now I give unto the church in these parts, a commandment, that certain men among them shall be appointed, and they shall be appointed by the voice of the church; and they shall look to the poor and the needy, and administer to their relief, that they shall not suffer; and send them forth to the place which I have commanded them; and this shall be their work, to govern the affairs of the property of this church. And they that have farms, that can not be sold, let them be left or rented as seemeth them good.

See that all things are preserved, and when men are endowed with power from on high, and are sent forth, all these things shall be gathered unto the bosom of the church.

And if ye seek the riches which it is the will of the Father to give unto you, ye shall be the richest of all people, for ye shall have the riches of eternity:

And it must needs be that the riches of the earth is mine to give:

But beware of pride, lest ye become as the Nephites of old.

And again: I say unto you, I give unto you a commandment, that every man both elder, priest, teacher and also member, go to with his might, with the labor of his hands, to prepare and accomplish the things which I have commanded.

And let your preaching be the warning voice, every man to his neighbor, in mildness and in meekness.

And go ye out from among the wicked. Save yourselves.

Be ye clean that bear the vessels of the Lord; even so: Amen.

42. The Kingdom of Heaven Is at Hand
From BC 41 (cf. LDS and RLDS D&C 39)

Revelation received at Fayette, New York,
in [5] January 1831 for James Covill102

[p.101] A Revelation to James (C.,) given in Fayette, New-York, January, 1831.

Hearken and listen to the voice of him who is from all eternity to all eternity, the Great I AM, even Jesus Christ, the light and the life of the world; a light which shineth in darkness and the darkness comprehendeth it not:

The same which came in the meridian of time unto my own, and my own received me not; but to as many as received me, gave I power to become my sons, and even so will I give unto as many as will receive me, power to become my sons.

And verily, verily I say unto you, he that receiveth my gospel, receiveth me; and he that receiveth not my gospel, receiveth not me.

And this is my gospel: Repentance and baptism by water, and then cometh the baptism of fire and the Holy Ghost, even the Comforter, which showeth all things, and teacheth the peaceable things of the kingdom.

And now behold I say unto you, my servant James [Covill], I have looked upon thy works and I know thee:

And verily I say unto thee, thine heart is now right before me at this time, and behold I have bestowed great blessing upon thy head:

Nevertheless thou hast seen great sorrow, for thou hast rejected me many times because of pride, and the cares of the world:

But behold the days of thy deliverance are come.

Arise and be baptized, and wash away your sins, calling on my name and you shall receive my Spirit, and a blessing so great as you never have known. And if thou do this, I have prepared thee for a greater work.

Thou shalt preach the fulness of my gospel which I have sent forth in these last days; the covenant which I have sent forth to recover my people, which are of the house of Israel.

And it shall come to pass that power shall rest upon thee; thou shalt have great faith and I will be with thee and go before thy face.

Thou art called to labor in my vineyard, and to build up my church, and to bring forth Zion, that it may rejoice upon the hills and flourish.

Behold, verily, verily I say unto thee, thou art not called to go into the eastern countries, but thou art called to go to the Ohio.

And inasmuch as my people shall assemble themselves to the Ohio, I have kept in store a blessing such as is not known among the children of men, and it shall be poured forth upon their heads.

And from thence men shall go forth into all nations.

Behold, verily, verily I say unto you, that the people in Ohio call upon me in [p.102] much faith, thinking I will stay my hand in judgment upon the nations, but I can not deny my word:

Wherefore lay to with your might and call faithful laborers into my vineyard, that it may be pruned for the last time.

And inasmuch as they do repent and receive the fulness of my gospel, and become sanctified, I will stay mine hand in judgment:

Wherefore go forth, crying with a loud voice, saying, The kingdom of heaven is at hand; crying Hosanna! blessed be the name of the most high God.

Go forth baptizing with water, preparing the way before my face, for the time of my coming; for the time is at hand:

The day nor the hour no man knoweth, but it surely shall come, and he that receiveth these things receiveth me; and they shall be gathered unto me in time and in eternity.

And again, it shall come to pass, that on as many as ye shall baptize with water, ye shall lay your hands, and they shall receive the gift of the Holy Ghost, and shall be looking forth for the signs of my coming, and shall know me.

Behold I come quickly; even so: Amen.

Revision

1835 D&C 59
(cf. LDS D&C 39:10; RLDS D&C 39:3)

but behold the days of thy deliverance are come, if thou wilt hearken to my voice, which saith unto thee, Arise and be baptized

Commentary: James Covill

In BC 41 a revelation was given instructing James Covill: “But behold the days of thy deliverance are come. Arise and be baptized[.]”103 BC 42 explains why Covill, who had been a Baptist minister, did not obey the revelation and join the church. While this should have settled the matter for Smith and his followers in January 1831, evidently the revision committee of 1834-35 felt that the issue was still alive. The words “if thou wilt hearken to my voice, which saith unto thee” were added without regard for the historical context.

43. His Heart Was Right Before Me
From BC 42 (cf. LDS and RLDS D&C 40)

Revelation received at Fayette, New York,
in [6] January 1831 for Joseph Smith, Jr., and Sidney Rigdon

A Revelation to Joseph, and Sidney, given in Fayette, New-York, January, 1831, explaining why James (C.,) [James Covill] obeyed not the revelation which was given unto him.

[p.103] Behold, verily I say unto you, that his heart was right before me, for he covenanted with me, that he would obey my word.

And he received the word with gladness, but straitway [straightway] satan tempted him; and the fear of persecution, and the cares of the world, caused him to reject the word:

Wherefore he broke my covenant, and it remaineth in me to do with him as seemeth me good. Amen.

Notes

1. The Church of Christ was established in the township of Manchester on 6 April 1830. See H. Michael Marquardt and Wesley P. Walters, Inventing Mormonism: Tradition and the Historical Record (San Francisco: Smith Research Associates, 1994), 153-72.

2. H. Michael Marquardt, “An Appraisal of Manchester as Location for the Organization of the Church,” Sunstone 16 (Feb. 1992): 49-57.

3. Dean C. Jessee, ed., “Joseph Knight’s Recollection of Early Mormon History,” BYU Studies 17 (Autumn 1976): 36-37. Minimal punctuation and editing have been added to clarify the account. See LDS D&C 21; RLDS D&C 19.

4. Joseph Smith, Sr., was baptized in Crooked Brook, Manchester Township, on 6 April 1830.

5. Joseph Knight, Sr., was not baptized at this time. He had not read the Book of Mormon and wanted to examine it more. See Jessee, “Joseph Knight’s Recollection,” 37.

6. This revelation gives instructions to proceed with ordaining Joseph Smith as a prophet and seer over the church.

7. The Fayette branch of the church was established on 11 April 1830. Baptisms were also performed at Fayette on 18 April 1830 (see Dean C. Jessee, ed., The Papers of Joseph Smith: Autobiographical and Historical Writings [Salt Lake City: Deseret Book Co., 1989], 1:244, 304). The BC contains the following in the introduction to this document: “Given in Fayette, New York, April, 1830, in consequence of some desiring to unite with the church without re-baptism, who had previously been baptized.” This commandment concerns itself with individuals who had been baptized in other Christian churches. These converts wanted to know if it was necessary to be baptized again in order to unite with the new church founded by Joseph Smith, Jr.

8. The first conference of the Church of Christ was held in Fayette Township, New York, on 9 June 1830. The conference minutes of that date were copied into a record book called the Far West Record. The minutes state that the “Articles and Covenants [were] read by Joseph Smith jr. and received by unanimous voice of the whole congregation” (Donald Q. Cannon and Lyndon W. Cook, eds., Far West Record: Minutes of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, 1830-1844 [Salt Lake City: Deseret Book Co., 1983], 1). Though copied in 1832, the text in the Zebedee Coltrin Journal compares favorably with three other manuscripts.

9. Joseph Smith, Jr.

10. See 1830 BOM, 576; LDS Moro. 6:1-4/RLDS 6:1-5.

11. The Telegraph, a newspaper in Painesville, Ohio, published a copy of the Articles and Covenants which was obtained from Martin Harris. The wording for this part is as follows: “And the manner of baptism & the manner of administering the sacrament are to be done as it is written in the Book of Mormon” (The Telegraph 2 [19 Apr. 1831]:4; cf. 1830 BOM, 478; LDS 3 Ne. 11:23-26/RLDS 5:24-26 and 1830 BOM, 575; LDS and RLDS Moro. chaps. 4 and 5). This portion of the Articles and Covenants of the Church of Christ should be compared with the text in Appendix F, “A commandment of God unto Oliver” written in 1829, where the baptismal and sacramental prayers are included and also the ordination prayer as written in the Book of Mormon.

12. Cannon and Cook, Far West Record, 19. At the general conference held on 3 June 1831, no deacons were listed as functioning in the church. Some scholars wonder if the office of deacon was in the original Articles and Covenants. See G. St. John Stott, “Ordination and Ministry in the Book of Mormon,” Restoration Studies III (Independence, MO: Herald Publishing House, 1986), 253n14; and Dan Vogel, Religious Seekers and the Advent of Mormonism (Salt Lake City: Signature Books, 1988), 149. What is known is that the office of deacon would have been in the June 1830 text by 19 April 1831 when a copy of the document was published in the Painesville Telegraph. All extant manuscripts mention the teacher’s duties “to be assisted always & in all his duties in the Church by the deacons” (Zebedee Coltrin Journal, LDS archives). The words “or deacon” were added once in 1835 D&C 2:15.

13. Robert J. Woodford, “The Historical Development of the Doctrine and Covenants,” Ph.D. diss., Brigham Young University, 1974, 294-95.

14. The Evening and the Morning Star 1 (June 1832): [1-2]; 2 (June 1833): [1-2; whole page nos. 97-98].

15. LDS D&C 33:14; RLDS D&C 32:3 ([18-31] Oct. 1830); LDS D&C 42:13; RLDS D&C 42:5 (9 Feb. 1831); and KRB, 10 (27 Feb. 1832).

16. See Kirtland Council Minute Book, 147-51, LDS archives; Joseph Smith et al., History of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, ed. B. H. Roberts (Salt Lake City: Deseret Book Co., 1959), 2:181-89.

17. Evening and Morning Star 1 (June 1832): 4, (Kirtland, Ohio), reprinted January 1835.

18. See William E. McLellin Journal, 25 Oct. 1831, LDS archives, in Jan Shipps and John W. Welch, eds., The Journals of William E. McLellin 1831-1836 (Provo, UT: BYU Studies, Brigham Young University; Urbana: University of Illinois Press, 1994), 45.

19. Ezra Booth wrote, “I have in my possession the ‘27th commandment to Emma my daughter in Zion’” (Booth to Rev. Ira Eddy, 2 Oct. 1831, Ohio Star 2 [20 Oct. 1831]: 3). Booth’s manuscript copy predated the BC manuscript.

20. On 14 September 1835 it was decided “that Sister Emma Smith proceed to make a selection of sacred hymns according to the revelation, and that President W. W. Phelps be appointed to revise and arrange them for printing” (Kirtland Council Minute Book, 108). Selected by Emma Smith, A Collection of Hymns for the Church of the Latter Day Saints (Kirtland, OH: Printed by F. G. Williams & Co., 1835). Though the hymnal was dated 1835, it was published in early 1836.

21. Af ter this revelation was received, Joseph Smith and Oliver Cowdery went to Colesville to confirm those baptized. They were unable to accomplish the confirmations at this time. Cowdery then went to visit the Fayette branch of the church.

22. Fayette, New York.

23. Soon after this commandment was given, Joseph Smith returned to Colesville to confirm those baptized in June who had not yet received confirmation. Afterwards he and Emma Smith went to Fayette, New York, from Harmony to live with the Whitmer family.

24. The Evening and the Morning Star 2 (Mar. 1833): [6; whole page no. 78].

25. Edward Partridge manuscript, LDS archives.

26. BC 28:6.

27. 1835 D&C 50:2.

28. Luke 1:19.

29. Cowdery to John Whitmer, 1 Jan. 1834, Oliver Cowdery Letterbook, 15, Henry E. Huntington Library, San Marino, California. See also discourse by Joseph Smith before 8 August 1839 in Andrew F. Ehat and Lyndon W. Cook, eds., The Words of Joseph Smith: The Contemporary Accounts of the Nauvoo Discourses of the Prophet Joseph (Provo, UT: Religious Stud ies Center, Brigham Young University, 1980), 8.

30. Jessee, Papers of Joseph Smith, 1:260-61, 263. Manuscript History, Book A-1:51 was taken from this draft and contains the 1835 revision of the commandment introduced as a “Revelation given at Harmony Penn, August 1830.”

31. Dean C. Jessee, ed., The Papers of Joseph Smith: Journal, 1832-1842 (Salt Lake City: Deseret Book Co., 1992), 2:326.

32. “Newel Knight’s Journal,” in Scraps of Biography. Tenth Book of the Faith-Promoting Series (Salt Lake City: Juvenile Instructor Office, 1883), 62. Newel Knight died in 1847.

33. The wording “the first four paragraphs” appears in Hi tory of the Church, 1:106.

34. The Evening and the Morning Star 1 (Mar. 1833): [6; whole page no. 78].

35. Manuscript History, Book A-1:51; Jessee, Papers of Joseph Smith, 1:321.

36. The words “or the restorer of all things” do not appear in LDS D&C 27:6.

37. Matt. 11:14; 17:10-13; Mark 9:11-13; Luke 1:17.

38. Dan. 8:16; 9:21.

39. Luke 4:25-27 (Elias) = 1 Kgs. 17:1 (Elijah the Tishbite). See also 1 Kgs. 17:9; 21:17, 28; 2 Kgs. 1:3, 8; 9:36. Known also as Elijah the prophet, see 1 Kgs. 18:36; 2 Chron. 21:12.

40. The Septuagint Version of the Old Testament, with an English Translation; and with Various Readings and Critical Notes (Grand Rapids, MI: Zonder van Publishing House, 1970), 1,130.

41. Luke 1:17.

42. Matt. 11:14, KJV. This verse was revised in 1831 by Joseph Smith as having Jesus say that he was Elias.

43. Cf. Matt. 17:11-13; Mark 9:11-13, KJV.

44. Matt. 17:9-14, JST; NT MS #1, 42, RLDS archives, cf. Matt. 17:10-13, KJV. See NT MS #2, folio 1, 32 for additional revision to this passage.

45. Document no. 69; LDS D&C 63:20-21; RLDS D&C 63:6.

46. Mark 9:4, KJV; cf. Matt. 17:3 and Luke 9:30.

47. NT MS #2, folio 2, 24, RLDS archives; Mark 9:3, JST.

48. Philip L. Barlow wrote, “A third category is ‘interpretive additions,’ of ten signaled by the phrase ‘or in other words,’ which the Prophet [Joseph Smith] appended to a passage he wished to clarify. Thus, to Jesus’ counsel to turn one’s other cheek if smitten (Luke 6:29), Smith added ‘or, in other words, it is better to offer the other [cheek], than to revile again.’ The interpretive phrase ‘or in other words’ (of ten shortened to ‘in other words’ or simply ‘or’) is common in Smith’s sermons as well as in the Book of Mormon, the Doctrine and Covenants, and the revision of the Bible” (Barlow, Mormons and the Bible: The Place of the Latter-day Saints in American Religion [New York: Oxford University Press, 1991], 51-52).

49. Compare with modern translations such as the New Revised Standard Version, New International Version, and Contemporary English Version of Mark 9:4.

50. NT MS #1, 28, RLDS archives, Matt. 11:15, JST; cf. Matt. 11:14, KJV.

51. NT MS #2, folio 1, 21, RLDS archives. Robert J. Matthews wrote, “It is evident that the Prophet [Joseph Smith] was working with an idea that he developed and then discarded. He compared and contrasted John [the Baptist] with Jesus and then decided to speak only of John. He identified Jesus as Elias and then identified John as Elias. It is, however, interest ing to note that the doctrinal ideas and identifications here introduced and then discarded were reintroduced in Matthew 17:9-14 on a partial basis and then more fully in John 1” (Matthews, “A Plainer Translation” Joseph Smith’s Translation of the Bible: A History and Commentary [Provo, UT: Brigham Young University Press, 1975], 217).

52. NT MS #2, folio 4, 106, RLDS archives, emphasis added; John 1:21-22, 26-28, JST. Cf John 1:20-21, 26-27, KJV.

53. NT MS #2, folio 4, 106, RLDS archives; John 1:21-22, 26, JST, emphasis added; cf. John 1:20-21, 25, KJV.

54. Document no. 95, LDS D&C 77:9, 14.

55. Bruce N. Westergren, ed., From Historian to Dissident: The Book of John Whitmer (Salt Lake City: Signature Books, 1995), 69; original manuscript in RLDS archives.

56. The Life of Levi Hancock (n.p., ca. 1968), 33, original in LDS archives.

57. Document no. 100; LDS D&C 84:13; RLDS D&C 83:2.

58. Biblical references to Michael are in Dan. 10:13, 21; 12:1; Jude 1:9; Rev. 12:7. On the ancient of days, see Dan. 7:9, 13, 22.

59. Brian Q. Cannon and others wrote, “In 1835 the original edition of the Doctrine and Covenants gave the first precise published account of the appear ance of Peter, James, and John to Joseph and Oliver” (“Priesthood Restoration Documents,” BYU Studies 35 [1995-96]: 167).

60. This revelation was received prior to the second conference of the church that commenced on 26 September 1830. The total membership of the church reported at the conference was sixty- two. See Cannon and Cook, Far West Record, 3.

61. The dictated manuscript (OT MS #1) relating to a vision of Moses, a revision and addition to the book of Genesis concerning the creation of the world, the garden of Eden, Adam, and the rebellion of the devil was written prior to this revelation. Similar ideas are expressed at the end of this instruction to the early church. The manuscripts of the revision and the King James Bible (that has markings on some pages) are in RLDS archives.

62. This city refers to the New Jerusalem soon to be located in Jackson County, Missouri. See 1830 BOM, 501; LDS 3 Ne. 21:23/RLDS 10:2.

63. Manuscript History of the Church, A-1:54, written in 1839; Jessee, Papers of Joseph Smith, 1:323. See also “Newel Knight’s Journal,” in Scraps of Biography, 64.

64. BC 30:11; LDS D&C 28:11; RLDS D&C 27:4.

65. BC 30:7; LDS D&C 28:8; RLDS D&C 27:3.

66. Document no. 32; LDS D&C 30:5-6; RLDS D&C 29:2.

67. Document no. 35; LDS D&C 32:3; RLDS D&C 31:1.

68. Document no. 30; LDS D&C 28:9; RLDS D&C 27:3.

69. See Document nos. 30 and 32; LDS D&C 28:8, 14; 30:6; RLDS D&C 27:3, 5; 29:2.

70. Parley P. Pratt [Jr.], ed., Autobiography of Parley P. Pratt (Salt Lake City: Deseret Book Co., 1994), 35.

71. Ohio Star 2 (8 Dec. 1831): 3, Ravenna, Ohio.

72. Document no. 32; LDS D&C 30:6; RLDS 29:2.

73. Document no. 35; LDS D&C 32:2-3; RLDS D&C 31:1.

74. “History of Parley P. Pratt,” Deseret News 8 [19 May 1858]: 53.

75. Copy of Oliver Cowdery letter, dated 12 Nov. 1830, in a Newel Knight journal currently in private possession.

76. Telegraph 2 (16 Nov. 1830): 3.

77. Statement of Peter Whitmer, Jr., 13 Dec. 1831, LDS archives. That Whitmer is in correct as to their arrival in “the twelfth month” is clear from the writings of Pratt and Cowdery. Pratt wrote that they were near St. Louis in “the beginning of 1831″ (Autobiography of Parley P. Pratt, 40). Cowdery reported on 29 January 1831” we ar[r]ived at this place a few days since” (Dean C. Jessee, ed., The Personal Writings of Joseph Smith [Salt Lake City: Deseret Book Co., 1984], 230).

78. Autobiography of Parley P. Pratt, 41.

79. Jessee, Personal Writings of Joseph Smith, 230.

80. Warren A. Jennings, “The First Mormon Mission to the Indians,” Kansas Historical Quarterly 37 (Autumn 1971): 298.

81. “U.S. Super intendency of Indian Affairs,” Vol. 6:103; William Clark Papers, MS 95, [micro film edition], Manuscript Division, Kansas State Historical Society, Topeka, Kansas.

82. Ibid., 113-14.

83. Autobiography of Parley P. Pratt, 41.

84. Ibid., 44.

85. Copy of letter in Joseph Smith Letterbook 1:10, LDS archives.

86. Ibid., 11-12.

87. Ibid., 12.

88. Times and Seasons 5 (15 Feb. 1844): 432. For a change in the manuscript history after the 1844 publication, see Jessee, Papers of Joseph Smith, 1:354, and History of the Church, 1:181-82.

89. Jessee, “Joseph Knight’s Recollection,” 39; see also Journal History of the Church, 3 Feb. 1831, LDS archives.

90. Statement of Peter Whitmer, Jr., 13 Dec. 1831, LDS archives.

91. This revelation was received in Manchester about the time that a missionary covenant was signed at the same place on 17 October 1830. (See Ohio Star 2 [8 Dec. 1831]: 1.) The missionaries to the Native Americans (Lamanites) arrived in Kirtland, Ohio, on 29 October 1830. They traveled to Independence, Missouri, arriving in January 1831. This revelation was not included in the BC.

92. Ezra Thayer and Northrop Sweet were baptized at Manchester that same month by Parley P. Pratt. See “Testimony of Brother E. Thayre [Thayer],” True Latter Day Saints’ Herald 3 (Oct. 1862): 83.

93. Lyndon W. Cook, The Revelations of the Prophet Joseph Smith: A Historical and Biographical Commentary of the Doctrine and Covenants (Provo, UT: Seventy’s Mission Bookstore, 1981), 48. See also Steven L. Shields, Divergent Paths of the Restoration: A History of the Latter Day Saint Movement, 4th ed. (Los Angeles, CA: Restoration Research, 1990), 21.

94. This revelation was originally given through a seer stone placed in a hat by Joseph Smith and recorded by John Whitmer. See James R. B. Vancleave to Joseph Smith III, 29 Sept. 1878, “Miscellaneous Letters and Papers,” RLDS archives, and John Logan Traughber to “Dear Friend,” 10 Oct. 1881, Schroeder Collection, State Historical Society of Wisconsin, Madison.

95. The date of this revelation is given as “Dec. 7th, 1830″ in the Ohio Star, 5 Jan. 1832, 3. Sidney Rigdon was baptized on 8 November 1830 in Ohio. He was thirty-seven years old. See Richard S. Van Wagoner, Sidney Rigdon: A Portrait of Religious Excess (Salt Lake City: Signature Books, 1994), 62, 66- 67n61. The date for the baptism of Edward Partridge is recorded as 11 Decem ber 1830 (Jessee, Papers of Joseph Smith, 1:348).

96. Sidney Rigdon became a scribe for Smith while he was revising Genesis. Rigdon’s handwriting commences on page 15 of the dictated manuscript of the Bible revision (manuscript in RLDS archives).

97. Edward Partridge accompanied Rigdon to see Smith. Partridge was thirty-seven years old and was ordained an elder on 15 December 1830 by Rigdon (copy of license in LDS archives).

98. This revelation is dated 30 December 1830 by William E. McLellin, in The Ensign of Liberty 1 (Mar. 1847): 2, Kirtland, Ohio.

99. The text of Joseph Smith’s revision of Genesis dictated in New York ends at Genesis 5:32 (KJV); Gen. 7:85 (JST); LDS Moses 8:12. John Whitmer’s copy of the manuscript, taken by him to Ohio in January 1831, ends at this point. Both manuscripts are in the RLDS archives. Though in the revelation this work is termed a “translation,” no ancient biblical manuscripts were used and Joseph Smith did not know Hebrew at the time. This work is better understood as an inspired correction of the Bible rather than a translation.

100. This revelation was given at the third conference of the church. See Cannon and Cook, Far West Record, 5.

101. This refers to a city built during the days of Enoch. The city was taken up into heaven, according to Smith’s addition to Genesis.

102. James Covill had been a Baptist minister (Jessee, Papers of Joseph Smith, 1:346).

103. BC 41:8-9.