Edited by Lavina Fielding Anderson
Lucy Mack Smith Chronology
[p.167]15 Sept. 1732: Solomon Mack is born at Lyme, Connecticut.
4 Jan. 1759: Solomon Mack and Lydia Gates marry at the Second Congregational Church, East Haddam, Connecticut.
ca. 1760: Jason Mack, Lucy’s oldest brother, and the first of the seven children, is born.
ca. 1761: Lovisa Mack, Lucy’s oldest sister, is born.
ca. 1762: Lovina Mack, Lucy’s second sister, is born.
ca. 1764: Lydia Mack, Lucy’s third sister, is born.
15 June 1766: Stephen Mack, Lucy’s brother, is born.
1770: Daniel Gates Mack, Lucy’s brother, is born.
12 July 1771: Joseph Smith Sr. is born at Topsfield, Massachusetts.
28 Jan. 1773: Solomon Mack Jr., Lucy’s brother, is born.
8 July 1775: Lucy Mack is born at Gilsum, New Hampshire. She gives her own birth year as 1776, making her a year younger than her actual age.
ca. 1779: Solomon and Lydia Mack move their family from Gilsum, New Hampshire, to Montague, Massachusetts, where they remain until about 1788.
31 Jan. 1780: Lovisa Mack marries Joseph Tuttle at Gilsum, New Hampshire.
26 Jan. 1786: Lydia Mack marries Samuel Bill at Gilsum, New Hampshire.
ca. 1789-91: Lovisa Mack Tuttle suffers a serious two-year illness (consumption), is miraculously healed, and enjoys three years of good health (ca. 1791-94).
ca. 1792: For about six months, Lucy visits sister Lovisa at South Hadley where she rings the newly hung bell.
1794: Lovina Mack, unmarried, dies of consumption after a three-year illness through which Lucy nurses her. Lucy is approximately sixteen through nineteen (rather than thirteen as she says). Thirty-three-year-old Lovisa Mack Tuttle dies en route from South Hadley to Gilsum with her father. She leaves no children and is buried next to Lovina.
[p.168]1794-95: Lucy lives with her brother, Stephen, at Tunbridge, Vermont, for about a year.
1795: Lucy returns to her parents’ house briefly, then returns to Stephen’s.
24 Jan. 1796: Lucy Mack and Joseph Smith are married in Tunbridge, Vermont, by Seth Austin.
6 Dec. 1797: Joseph Sr., brother Jesse, and father Asael Smith help found a Universalist society in Tunbridge.
ca. 1797: Lucy and Joseph’s first child dies at birth. (See chap. 9 notes for a discussion of this child’s gender.)
11 Feb. 1798: Alvin Smith is born at Tunbridge, Vermont.
9 Feb. 1800: Hyrum Smith is born at Tunbridge, Vermont.
1 June 1801: Brigham Young is born at Whitingham, Vermont; he is four years older than Joseph Jr.
ca. 1802: The Smiths move to Randolph, Orange County, Vermont, seven miles away, where Joseph Smith Sr. opens a store that proves unsuccessful. Lucy becomes very ill and is healed during a conversion experience. Joseph Sr. is defrauded in his ginseng venture and moves the family back to Tunbridge.
17 May 1803: Sophronia Smith is born at Tunbridge, Vermont. Jason Mack, Lucy’s oldest brother, visits them between about May 1803 and May 1804. Lucy has a comforting dream that Joseph Sr. will become a believer in due time.
10 July 1804: Emma Hale is born at Harmony, Pennsylvania.
27 Aug. 1804: Solomon Mack buys land at Sharon, Windsor County, Vermont, and rents it to Joseph and Lucy. Joseph farms in the summers and teaches school in the winters.
23 Dec. 1805: Joseph Smith Jr. is born at Sharon, Vermont.
15 Mar. 1806: Joseph Sr. recommends Polly Beckwith as his replacement as a teacher at Sharon.1
3 May 1806: Joseph Smith Sr. witnesses a land transaction between Solomon Mack and his son Daniel G. Mack at Sharon.
21 Mar. 1807: Solomon Mack, pressed with financial worries, mortgages his land in Vermont, perhaps precipitating Joseph’s and Lucy’s move to Tunbridge.
[p.169]15 Oct. 1807: Joseph Smith Sr., Jesse Smith, and other Tunbridge residents petition the legislature for relief from providing their own military equipment for their mandatory militia service.
13 Mar. 1808: Samuel Harrison Smith is born at Tunbridge, Vermont.
1808-10: The Smith family moves to Royalton, Windsor County, Vermont. Joseph Jr. possibly attends school on Dewey Hill, taught by Deacon Jonathan Rinney. Joseph Sr. appears on tax rolls for 1809, 1810, and 1811.
13 Mar. 1810: Ephraim is born at Royalton and dies 24 March 1810.
13 Mar. 1811: William Smith is born at Royalton, Windsor County, Vermont, the eighth child and sixth living son of Joseph Sr. and Lucy Smith. Joseph Sr. reports the first of seven visions, five of which Lucy records.
after May 1812: Family moves to Lebanon, New Hampshire, approximately twenty miles away. Soon afterward, Joseph Sr. reports a second vision of a beautiful tree with delicious fruit that he calls his family to partake of.
Winter 1812-13: Typhoid fever strikes the family. By fervent prayer, Lucy and Joseph Sr. receive an assurance that the dying Sophronia will live. Joseph turns seven in December 1812. After an aggressive operation for osteomyelitis, Joseph recuperates at Salem, Massachusetts, with Jesse Smith, his brother’s uncle. He is still walking on crutches in 1816.
8 July 1813: Katharine is born at Lebanon, New Hampshire. (See discussion about her birth year in chap. 9 notes.)
by May 1815: The Smith family is no longer listed on the Lebanon tax rolls and has probably moved to Norwich, Vermont. The seasons of 1814, 1815, and 1816, unnaturally cold because of volcanic dust, cause crop failure.
15 Mar. 1816: Norwich town authorities formally “warn out” the Joseph Smith family, a device for moving indigent arrivals into another jurisdiction; these writs had to be issued within a year of a family’s arrival. For dating problems caused by this document, see Vogel 1:222-68. Joseph Smith Sr. reports his third vision: images in a garden bowing to him.
25 Mar. 1816: Don Carlos is born at Norwich, Vermont, the tenth child and seventh (or eighth) son of Joseph Sr. and Lucy Mack Smith.
Fall 1816: Joseph Sr. moves to Palmyra, Ontario (now Wayne) County, New York.
[p.170]Jan. 1817: Lucy and the children follow Joseph Sr. to Palmyra. They live in a small house on Main Street.
Apr. 1817: Joseph Smith Sr.’s name appears on a Palmyra road list.
6 May 1817: Howard Coray is born in Stueben County, New York, to Silas Coray and Mary Stephens Coray.
26 June 1817: George A. Smith is born to John Smith and Clarissa Lyman Smith. He is eleven and a half years younger than Joseph Jr.
May 1818: Joseph Smith Sr. reports his sixth vision—being locked out of the building on the day of judgement.
1819: Joseph Sr. reports his seventh vision—of the peddler who will tell him what one thing he lacks for salvation.
Apr. 1819-Apr. 1820: The Smiths live in a small cabin on Samuel Jennings’s property just north of the Palmyra/Manchester township line.
1820: Traditional date of a revival in the Palmyra area and Joseph Smith’s first vision.
3 June 1821: Martha Jane Knowlton is born at Covington, Boone County, Kentucky.
July 1821: Joseph Sr. and Alvin contract for their land in Manchester.
18 July 1821: The Smiths’ youngest child, Lucy, is born at Palmyra.
1822: The Smiths build their cabin on the Manchester farm and move into it before July 1823 when their tax assessment increases markedly.
2 July 1822: Zachariah Seymour, the Evertson land agent, dies.
July 1823: The Smiths mark their third harvest since contracting for their farm.
21 Sept. 1823: Moroni visits Joseph Jr. three times the same night.
22 Sept. 1823: As Joseph Jr. leaves the field where he has been working with his father and brothers, Moroni repeats the message and tells him to inform his father. Joseph recounts his experience to the entire family. He makes his first visit to the Hill Cumorah. Moroni tells him to return with Alvin the next year.2
[p.171]19 Nov. 1823: Alvin dies of an overdose of calomel soon after beginning work on the new frame house.
20 Nov. 1823: Dr. Gain C. Robinson, owner of Palmyra’s first drug store, notes receiving a $3.00 fee for “Joseph Smith visit.”
17 May 1824: A new land agent, John Greenwood, is given power of attorney in Canandaigua.
22 Sept. 1824: Joseph Jr. makes his second visit to the Hill Cumorah without Alvin. Quinn suggests that Lucy’s details—about the plates’ disappearance when he puts them on the ground—actually happened during the first visit.
29 Sept. 1824: Joseph Smith Sr. publishes a paid advertisement in the Wayne Sentinel for six weeks, announcing that he dug up Alvin’s body on 25 September, disproving rumors that someone had mutilated or dismembered the body. The advertisement also runs on 6, 13, 20, 27 October and 3 November 1824.
Fall 1824-Spring 1825: Baptists and Presbyterians collaborate in a lengthy and effective revival. Lucy, in an X’d out passage, talks about the “great revival” after Alvin’s death, then the effort to effect an interdenominational union (chap. 21). Lucy, Sophronia, Hyrum, and Samuel become Presbyterian.
22 Sept. 1825: Joseph Jr. makes his third visit to the Hill Cumorah. Either he was alone or, Quinn suggests, he may have taken Samuel Lawrence with him and Moroni refused to appear.
Oct. 1825: Josiah Stowell/Stoal, of Chenango County, New York, hires Joseph Jr. to look for a Spanish treasure mine in Pennsylvania. Joseph boards at the home of Isaac Hale at Harmony and meets Emma.
Oct.-Nov. 1825: The frame house begun by Alvin is completed and the family moves in.
1 Nov. 1825: Joseph Sr., Joseph Jr., and seven others sign “Articles of Agreement” for a treasure-seeking company in Harmony, Pennsylvania.
17 Nov. 1825: The company disbands. Joseph Jr. lives with Josiah Stowell during the winter of 1825-26, probably doing farm work in exchange for his board, and attending school.
Dec. 1825: John Greenwood sells the Smith farm to a group of three men because the family’s payments are in arrears. The new titleholders agree on 15 December to let Hyrum try to raise $1,000.
[p.172]20 Dec. 1825: Quaker Lemuel Durfee Sr. takes over ownership of the farm and house and allows the family to live there until the spring of 1828 in exchange for Samuel’s labor.
20 Mar. 1826: Joseph Jr. is summoned to a judicial hearing at South Bainbridge, New York. Peter G. Bridgeman, Josiah Stowell’s nephew, charges him with being a “disorderly” person. Joseph Sr. is a witness.
22 Sept. 1826: Joseph Jr. makes his fourth visit to the Hill Cumorah. Moroni tells him that if he meets the Lord’s requirement he can have the plates next year. From his seer stone, Joseph learns that he should bring Emma Hale with him.
Fall 1826: Joseph Jr. and Samuel Lawrence go to Pennsylvania where Joseph proposes to Emma Hale and is rebuffed by Isaac Hale.
2 Nov. 1826: Hyrum Smith marries Jerusha Barden.
Nov. 1826: Joseph farms for Joseph Knight Sr. of Colesville and becomes close friends with Newel Knight.
18 Jan. 1827: Joseph Jr. and Emma are married by “Squire Tarbill” [Zachariah Tarbell] at South Bainbridge without her father’s permission. They go to Manchester and work on the family farm for the next spring and summer.
16 Apr. 1827: Lemuel Durfee notes that Samuel H. Smith begins working seven months to pay him for the Smith family’s continued residence on their farm.
Aug. 1827: Joseph gets Emma’s possessions from Harmony.
20 Sept. 1827: Josiah Stowell and Joseph Knight Sr. visit the Smith family, perhaps in anticipation of Joseph Jr.’s receiving the plates on the 22nd.
16 Sept. 1827: Lovina Smith, Hyrum and Jerusha’s oldest daughter, is born.
22 Sept. 1827: Soon after midnight, Joseph Jr. and Emma take Joseph Knight’s wagon to the Hill Cumorah where Joseph receives the plates while Emma prays.
Oct.-Nov. 1827: The family exerts considerable ingenuity to keep the plates from the mob.
Dec. 1827: Alva Hale arrives from Harmony and takes Joseph and Emma back with him, carrying the plates concealed in a barrel of beans. Martin Harris remembers the date of the move as the last of October or first of November; Joseph Knight recalls it as November.
30 Dec. 1827: Sophronia marries Calvin Stoddard at Palmyra
[p.173]Dec. 1827-Feb. 1828: Emma and Reuben Hale act as scribes. Joseph refuses to show Isaac Hale the plates. Joseph and Emma move into a small house behind the Hale farm.
ca. Jan. 1828: Martin Harris and Hyrum go to Harmony to visit Joseph Jr. and get a transcript of some Book of Mormon characters. Mrs. Lucy (“Dolly”) Harris, enraged that Martin went without her, arranges for her future son-in-law, Flanders Dykes, to copy Martin’s transcript.
ca. Feb. 1828: Martin and Dolly Harris visit Joseph Jr. in Harmony for about two weeks. Martin takes Mrs. Harris home, then returns.
Feb. 1828: Martin Harris takes a transcript of Book of Mormon characters to New York City and shows them to Professor Charles Anthon, Columbia University.
12 Apr. 1828: Martin Harris acts as scribe for Joseph and completes 116 pages.
14 June 1828: Martin Harris persuades Joseph to let him show the 116 pages to his family.
15 June 1828: Alvin, firstborn of Joseph and Emma, dies a few hours after birth.
ca. 7 July 1828: Joseph goes to Manchester and learns that Martin Harris has lost the 116 transcribed pages. The Urim and Thummim are taken from him but returned a few days later. Joseph receives two chastising revelations (D&C 3 and D&C 10; the latter is dated as late summer 1828 in HC and as May 1829 in the Book of Commandments).
11 Sept. 1828: Dr. Gain Robinson notes medicine and consultation “for Boy Harrison.” Hyrum has been caring for the younger children.
after 22 Sept. 1828: Joseph Sr. and Lucy visit Joseph Jr. and Emma at Harmony and have a cordial visit with the Hales. They return home to find that Sophronia and Samuel have been very ill.
22 Sept. 1828: Joseph Jr. begins translating again using either the Urim and Thummim or (more probably) his seer stone.
ca. Oct. 1828: Oliver Cowdery is hired to teach school at Manchester and boards with the Smith family.
Feb. 1829: Joseph Sr. and Samuel Smith visit Joseph and Emma at Harmony; Samuel may have acted as scribe during this visit. Joseph Jr. receives a revelation for his father, now D&C 4.
Apr. 1829: The Smith family moves from the frame house into their for-[p.174]mer cabin, now occupied by Hyrum and Jerusha Smith. Their daughter Lovina is now about eighteen months old and Jerusha is pregnant with Mary, who will be born in June. Lemuel Durfee Sr.’s daughter, Mary Durfee Nichols, and her husband Roswell move into the frame house.
1 Apr. 1829: Oliver Cowdery and Samuel Smith leave the Smith home in Manchester on foot and reach Joseph’s and Emma’s home in Harmony, Pennsylvania, on 5 April.
6 Apr. 1829: Joseph buys 13.5 acres from Isaac Hale, securing title on 25/26 August 1830.
7 Apr. 1829: Oliver Cowdery begins his work as Joseph’s scribe.
15 May 1829: Joseph and Oliver, in response to revelation, baptize each other, then Samuel. This is the traditional date of John the Baptist’s restoration of the Aaronic priesthood. Samuel’s baptism date is also given as 25 May (HC 1:44) during a second visit. He returns home and reports Joseph’s “success.”
25 May 1829: Hyrum visits Joseph Jr. and Emma in Harmony, followed by Joseph Knight Sr., who brings them provisions, plus a pair of shoes, lined paper, and $3. About this time, Lucy Harris initiates a hearing before the magistrate at Lyons, county seat of Wayne County (organized in 1823). Lucy Smith remembers this event as after August 1829 with Oliver still acting as Joseph’s scribe and when Joseph was on the point of moving to the Whitmer home; however, the move came about 1 June 1829 and the translation was finished before August. Martin Harris dates this legal hearing in March.
1 June 1829: David Whitmer arrives to take Joseph and Oliver to his father’s house in Fayette township, New York.
3 June 1829: The translation of the Book of Mormon recommences and is finished by the month’s end.
11 June 1829: Joseph Jr. copyrights the Book of Mormon.
late June 1829: Oliver Cowdery baptizes Hyrum Smith in Seneca Lake. David and Peter Whitmer are baptized.
21/28 June 1829: Oliver Cowdery, David Whitmer (who remembered that it was a Sunday), and Martin Harris become, at their request, the Three Witnesses.
22/23 June or 29/30 June 1829: The Eight Witnesses sign their statement that they have seen and “hefted” the plates. Joseph Jr. returns the plates to Moroni at Manchester.
[p.175]27 June 1829: Mary, the second child and second daughter of Hyrum and Jerusha Smith, is born.
ca. late June 1829: Traditional date for the restoration of the Melchizedek priesthood by Peter, James, and John.
17 June 1829: Jesse Smith, answering a letter from his nephew Hyrum Smith, violently repudiates Mormonism’s claims and calls “a fool story” the report that Joseph Sr. has a “wand or rod” like the Egyptian magicians.
29 June 1829: Lucy recalls this Monday as the day on which Joseph Jr., Oliver Cowdery, Martin Harris, and possibly others contracted with E. B. Grandin to publish the Book of Mormon.
30 June 1829: All of the Whitmer party except Peter Whitmer return to Wayne County.
1 July 1829: Alexander McIntyre warns Joseph Jr. that a mob is waiting to waylay him on his way to Palmyra to sign the contract. Joseph disarms them by his polite greeting.
July 1829: Oliver Cowdery begins making an entire second copy.
ca. 15 Aug. 1829: John H. Gilbert begins typesetting the Book of Mormon with the assistance of John H. Bortles on the press.
25 Aug. 1829: E. B. Grandin, after once refusing to print Book of Mormon, agrees when Martin Harris mortgages his farm for the full amount of $3,000 for 5,000 copies. Grandin buys more type that winter.
Summer 1829: Solomon Chamberlain takes sixty-four printed but unbound pages and goes on a mission of 800 miles through Canada.
1 Oct. 1829: Samuel leaves on a mission to Livonia, New York.
4 Oct. 1829: Joseph Jr. arrives back at Harmony, Pennsylvania, from Manchester.
6 Nov. 1829: Oliver Cowdery at Manchester writes to Joseph Jr. at Harmony, reporting that he has copied the Book of Mormon manuscript up to Alma 36 and that the printing is continuing slowly.
9 Dec. 1829: Abner Cole, using the name Obediah Dogberry, announces in his new weekly Palmyra Reflector (first issued on 2 September), that he will publish sections of the Book of Mormon. Extracts appear on 2, 11, 13, and 22 January 1830.
28 Dec. 1829: A letter from Oliver Cowdery to Joseph Jr. says that Joseph Sr. is coming immediately to get Joseph Jr. to stop the pirating.
[p.176]late Jan. 1830: Joseph Jr. returns to Manchester to force Cole to stop publishing extracts from the Book of Mormon.
10 Mar. 1830: A Presbyterian committee calls on Lucy, Hyrum, and Samuel about their eighteen months of nonattendance. Lucy apparently misremembers this visit as occurring the previous fall.
19 Mar. 1830: The completed Book of Mormon is advertised for sale in this and the next three issues of the Wayne Sentinel: 2, 9, and 26 March. The complete run of 5,000 copies is not finished until the summer of 1831.
22 Mar. 1830: Eunice Stoddard, the first child of Sophronia Smith Stoddard and Calvin Stoddard, is born at Palmyra and dies in infancy.
29 Mar. 1830: Lucy, Hyrum, and Samuel H. Smith are suspended from the Presbyterian church for nonattendance.
6 Apr. 1830: Joseph Smith organizes the “Church of Christ”; the traditional site is the Peter Whitmer Sr. home in Fayette township, but other evidence suggests Manchester as the site. Joseph Sr. and possibly Lucy are baptized on this date.
9 June 1830: The first church conference is held at the Whitmer home in Fayette with about thirty present; eleven are baptized, including three of Joseph’s siblings and Jerusha Barden Smith. Joseph Sr., Hyrum, and Samuel Smith are ordained.
27-28 June 1830: Joseph Jr. visits the Knights at Colesville. A mob gathers and prevents baptisms. Early on the 28th, they baptize thirteen, including Emma.
ca. 30 June 1830: Joseph Jr. is arrested at Colesville after performing some Knight family baptisms and taken before the Chenango County justice for disorderly conduct on 1 July. He is defended by James Davidson and John Reid and acquitted at midnight, immediately rearrested by a constable from Broome County, taken fifteen miles to another trial, and again acquitted.
30 June 1830: Samuel goes on another mission to Livonia, New York, where Alva Beman and Joseph Noble live.
1 July 1830: Samuel Smith leaves a Book of Mormon with Rhoda Young Greene, wife of minister John P. Greene and sister of Brigham Young.
early July 1830: Joseph Jr. and Oliver Cowdery return to Colesville to complete the confirmations but have to flee from a mob through an exhausting and frightening night in the woods. Some [p.177]scholars identify the next morning as the time they received the Melchizedek priesthood from Peter, James, and John.
Aug. 1830: Oliver Cowdery at the Whitmer home in Fayette commands Joseph Jr. to change D&C 20:37; Joseph persuades the members that he is right.
16 Aug. 1830: Joseph Sr. appears before Justice Nathan Pierce representing Hyrum, who is charged with an outstanding debt by Levi Daggett.
late Aug. 1830: Joseph Sr. and Don Carlos visit Joseph Sr.’s relatives in Potsdam and Stockholm, New York, for a week, taking Joseph’s father Asael Sr. a copy of the Book of Mormon.
31 Aug. 1830: Hyrum arrives in Fayette, bringing with him Parley P. Pratt, who has been converted by a borrowed Book of Mormon.
Sept. 1830: Joseph and Emma move from Harmony to the Whitmer home at Fayette with Newel Knight’s help.
1 Sept. 1830: Oliver Cowdery baptizes Parley P. Pratt.
19 Sept. 1830: Parley P. Pratt baptizes his brother Orson at Canaan, New York; it is Orson’s nineteenth birthday.
26-28 Sept. 1830: The second conference meets at Fayette with sixty-two members. After much disagreement about Hiram Page’s revelations received through a seer stone, Joseph Jr. receives D&C 28 designating him as the only person to receive revelation for the church.
late Sept. 1830: Joseph Sr. and Don Carlos return from their visit to Asael Smith and other relatives.
late Sept. 1830: Joseph Jr. and Emma visit Joseph Sr. and Lucy at Manchester; Joseph receives a revelation for Hyrum to move his family to Colesville and for Joseph Sr. to prepare a place at Waterloo for his own family.
28 Sept. 1830: Levi Daggett swears out a warrant for Hyrum’s arrest for a debt of $21.07; it is returned on 26 October stating that neither Hyrum nor any of his property can be found. This may be the nighttime invasion that Lucy describes in which William routs the intruders.
7 Oct. 1830: Joseph Sr. is arrested for debt and jailed for thirty days.
10 Oct. 1830: Sunday, Samuel Smith is able to visit Joseph Sr. in prison but cannot effect his release to the jail yard.
14 Oct. 1830: Hyrum has moved to Colesville by this date.
[p.178]ca. 17 Oct. 1830: Joseph Jr., in Waterloo, receives D&C 32, instructing Parley P. Pratt, Ziba Peterson, Oliver Cowdery, and Peter Whitmer to go on a mission to Native Americans on the Missouri frontier. Before the month’s end, they are preaching at Kirtland, Ohio, with notable success. Soon after the missionaries’ departure, Samuel moves Lucy and the younger children (Joseph Sr. is still in jail) to Waterloo, New York.
21 Oct. 1830: Joseph Jr., in Fayette, dictates Moses 5:43-51 (PGP).
26 Oct. 1830: A writ against Hyrum for a debt owed to Alexander McIntyre is returned; the officer failed to find either Hyrum or any attachable property.
ca. Oct.-Nov. 1830: Emma, who is pregnant with twins, exhausts herself in helping to prepare the missionaries’ clothing and is ill for four weeks.
4 Nov. 1830: Orson Pratt comes to Fayette to meet Joseph (D&C 34).
7 Dec. 1830: Joseph Jr. and Emma come to Waterloo for a preaching meeting at Lucy’s home.
10 Dec. 1830: Sidney Rigdon and Edward Partridge come from Ohio to Waterloo to meet Joseph Jr. (Vogel gives the date as about 7 December.)
11 Dec. 1830: Joseph baptizes Edward Partridge.
14 Dec. 1830: Joseph Sr., released from prison, joins his family at Waterloo. (If he was arrested in early October, he should have been released in early November after serving a thirty-day sentence. Either Lucy has misremembered the date of the arrest, the term of imprisonment, or the date of his release.)
Dec. 1830: At a conference Joseph Jr. announces a revelation that the church must move to Kirtland (D&C 36:3).
6 Jan. 1831: Lucy writes from Waterloo to her brother, Solomon Mack, and his wife, explaining the Book of Mormon and the Mormon restoration.
8 Jan. 1831: According to Lucy’s date (chap. 9), Katharine Smith marries Wilkins Jenkins Salisbury, probably at Waterloo. (George A. Smith dates the marriage as 8 June, making the probable location Kirtland.) by 15 Jan. 1831 John Whitmer arrives at Kirtland to preside over the branch there.
[p.179]24 Jan. 1831: Joseph and Emma with Sidney Rigdon, Edward Partridge, and Joseph (not Newel) Knight Sr. leave for Ohio, arriving 1 February.
4 Feb. 1831: Joseph Jr. advises Isaac Morley to abandon his “common stock” farm, calls Partridge to be the first bishop.
9 Feb. 1831: Joseph Jr. introduces the law of consecration (D&C 42).
21 Feb. 1831: Martin Harris’s note to Grandin to pay for printing the Book of Mormon falls due.
3 Mar. 1831: Joseph tells Hyrum in Colesville to bring the Saints to Kirtland. Hyrum, Joseph Sr., and others move to Ohio, leaving Newel Knight to organize the Colesville Saints and Lucy to lead the Fayette Saints.
1/7 Apr. 1831: Martin Harris sells his 151-acre farm to Thomas Lakey for $3,000 to cover the Book of Mormon debt. By the end of the month, he settles some property upon his wife, from whom he separates, and leads several other families to Kirtland. Hyrum Smith leads the Colesville branch to Kirtland, departing from New York before the end of April.
30 Apr. 1831: Emma gives birth to twins (Thaddeus and Louisa) in Kirtland. They die within three hours. She adopts John and Julia Murdock’s twins, born the same day—Joseph and Julia—when the mother dies in childbirth.
ca. 1 May 1831: Lucy leaves Waterloo with a group of about eighty Saints, bound for Kirtland. Icebound at Buffalo, they see the passage miraculously open before them. They arrive at Fairport/Kirtland about 14 May.
ca. 1 June 1831: Joseph Sr., Lucy, and their families move to a farm a little outside Kirtland (current site of the temple).
Winter/Spring 1831: Ezra Booth (Methodist minister), John Johnson and Mary Musselman Johnson and family, visit Joseph. Joseph heals Mary’s lame arm.
Apr./May 1831: A Mormon girl prophecies earthquakes in China.
June 1831: Simonds Ryder joins the church because of the Chinese prophecy. Luke S. Johnson, Robert Raftburn, and Sidney Rigdon go on missions throughout Ohio.
3-6 June 1831: At the fourth general conference of the church, held at Kirtland, about 200 attend. Among the mission assignments, Hyrum is commanded to go to Missouri by way of Detroit. Samuel Smith and Reynolds Cahoon are instructed to be companions.
[p.180]19 June 1831: Joseph Jr., Sidney Rigdon, Martin Harris, Edward Partridge, W. W. Phelps, Joseph Coe, and A. S. Gilbert go to Missouri. About this time, Lucy and Almira Mack accompany Hyrum, Lyman Wight, John Corrill, and John Murdock north to Pontiac and Detroit, Michigan, on their way to Missouri.
28 June-25 July 1831: The Colesville Saints leave Thompson, Ohio, and arrive at Kaw Township, Missouri.
late July 1831: Lucy returns to Kirtland.
3 Aug. 1831: Sidney Rigdon dedicates the temple site at Independence, Missouri.
9 Aug. 1831: Joseph Jr. and ten others leave Independence to return to Kirtland. About this time, Samuel and Reynolds Cahoon return from their mission to Missouri.
27 Aug. 1831: Joseph Jr. and his party reach Kirtland.
12 Sept. 1831: Joseph Jr. and family move into the John Johnson home in Hiram, Ohio (about thirty miles southeast of Kirtland), where he and Sidney Rigdon work on translating the Bible. A conference authorizes W. W. Phelps to buy a press and type for the Evening and the Morning Star, to be published at Independence.
29 Oct. 1831: Joseph Jr. receives a revelation at Hiram, Ohio, for Samuel Smith and William E. McLellin to serve a mission.
31 Oct. 1831: Orson Hyde is baptized at Kirtland, Ohio, by Sidney Rigdon.
1-12 Nov. 1831: Four special conferences are held. The conference at Hiram, Ohio, votes to publish 10,000 copies of the Book of Commandments.
20 Nov. 1831: Oliver Cowdery and John Whitmer take the revelations to Missouri for printing.
3 Dec. 1831: Sidney Rigdon and Joseph Jr. preach throughout Ohio until 10 January 1832 to counteract Ezra Booth’s anti-Mormon articles.
27 Dec. 1831: Samuel and William McLellin return from their mission.
25 Jan. 1832: Joseph Jr. receives a revelation at Amherst, Ohio, instructing Samuel Smith and Orson Hyde to serve a mission to the East.
8 Mar. 1832: Jesse Gause and Sidney Rigdon are ordained counselors in the presidency of the high priesthood.
24-25 Mar. 1832: Joseph Jr. is tarred by a dozen men who break his tooth and [p.181]John Johnson Sr.’s collar bone. Sidney Rigdon is beaten, dragged outside, and left in the cold. He is concussed and delirious.
29 Mar. 1832: Joseph Murdock Smith dies of complications from exposure during mobbing.
2 Apr. 1832: Joseph leaves Hiram, Ohio, for Missouri with Newel K. Whitney, Peter Whitmer, and Jesse Gause. Emma, turned away by Elizabeth Ann Whitney’s aunt, finds herself with no place to stay.
9 Apr. 1832: Brigham Young is baptized, confirmed, and ordained an elder at Mendon, New York, followed by Joseph Young and Heber C. Kimball.
9/12 Apr. 1832: Elizabeth Salisbury, the oldest child of Katharine Smith Salisbury and Wilkins J. Salisbury, is born at Lebanon, Madison County, New York.
12 Apr. 1832: Maria Stoddard, the second and last child of Sophronia Smith Stoddard and Calvin Stoddard, is born at Kirtland.
24 Apr. 1832: Joseph Jr. arrives at Independence, Missouri.
1 May 1832: A council at Independence authorizes W. W. Phelps to publish 3,000 copies of the Book of Commandments and Emma’s hymnal.
May 6-June 1832: Joseph, Sidney Rigdon, and Newel K. Whitney take the stage from Independence. When Whitney’s leg is broken, Joseph stays with him in Greenville, Indiana, for four weeks.
29 May 1832: Mary, daughter of Hyrum and Jerusha Smith, dies a month before her third birthday.
June 1832: Joseph reaches Kirtland; he spends most of the summer at Hiram translating the Bible, completing the New Testament in July.
5 July 1832: Sidney Rigdon claims that the “keys of the kingdom” have departed unless the Saints build him a house. Joseph explains that he holds the keys irrevocably, and a court delivers Sidney to the buffetings of Satan. Lucy places this event about three months too early.
20 July 1832: Frederick G. Williams works as Joseph’s scribe until January 1836.
1 Aug. 1832: Jesse Gause and Zebedee Coltrin take a mission for the East. Coltrin, ill, returns on 19 August. Gause disappears; his name is replaced in church records by Frederick G. Williams.
[p.182]22 Sept. 1832: John, third child and first son of Hyrum and Jerusha Smith, is born. He later becomes a long-serving patriarch to the church.
Oct. 1832: Joseph Jr., Emma (eight months pregnant with Joseph III), and Julia move into the upper floor of the Whitney and Gilbert store. Joseph leaves for New York.
6 Nov. 1832: Joseph III is born at Kirtland the day after Joseph Jr.’s return.
8 Nov. 1832: Brigham Young, Joseph Young, and Heber C. Kimball arrive at Kirtland from Mendon, New York.
Nov. 1832: Joseph begins writing his personal history. This first six-page draft contains the earliest account of the first vision.
1833: Brigham Young, Joseph Young, and Heber C. Kimball go on a mission to Kingston, Ontario, Canada, where they organize three branches.
Jan. 1833: Jared Carter goes on a mission to Michigan where he baptizes many of the people whom Lucy taught in the summer of 1831. (This may be a second mission since David Dort’s record shows that he was baptized in 1831; however, Samuel Bent, the Presbyterian deacon, was baptized in January 1833.)
22-23 Jan. 1833: At a conference of elders, Joseph Jr. speaks in tongues and institutes the ordinance of washing feet. Joseph Sr. gives him a blessing. Lucy describes a private family meeting about this time at which Joseph Jr. washes his brothers’ feet; they speak in tongues and send a messenger for Lucy. She abandons her bread unbaked to join them.
24 Jan. 1833: The School of the Prophets begins.
2 Feb. 1833: Joseph starts on his revision of the Old Testament.
27 Feb. 1833: Joseph receives the Word of Wisdom.
14 Feb. 1833: William Smith marries Caroline Grant. They have two daughters, birth dates not known to me: Mary Jane and Caroline L.
8 Mar. 1833: Sidney Rigdon and Frederick G. Williams are ordained as counselors in the First Presidency in a meeting of the School of the Prophets.
18 Apr. 1833: About 300 old settlers in Independence plan to eject the Mormons. There had been acts of violence as early as the spring of 1832.
[p.183]1 May 1833: John Smith (brother of Joseph Sr.) and family, including son George A., depart from Potsdam, New York, and arrive at Kirtland on 25 May.
1 June 1833: Joseph announces the construction of the Kirtland temple.
5 June 1833: George A. Smith hauls the first load of stone while others dig the temple foundation.
June 1833: Doctor Philastus Hurlbut is excommunicated for adultery and begins collecting affidavits about the Smith family in New York that are published with additions by Eber D. Howe in 1834 as Mormonism Unvailed.
Summer 1833: Sophronia Smith Stoddard becomes deathly ill in Kirtland but is healed by faith through the administration of Jared Carter.
16 July 1833: The Evening and Morning Star publishes an editorial on “free people of color,” then retracts it when it outrages the “old settlers.”
20 July 1833: A mob in Independence destroys the printing press, tears down Phelps’s house, destroys the Book of Commandments, and tars and feathers Edward Partridge and Charles Allen.
23 July 1833: During a second mob attack on Independence, the Mormons agree that half will leave by 1 January 1834 and the rest in April 1834.
11 Sept. 1833: The Kirtland conference agrees to print the Latter Day Saint Messenger and Advocate there and also to transfer the Star to Kirtland with Oliver Cowdery as editor.
26 Sept. 1833: Joseph Jr. writes a lengthy doctrinal letter to his uncle, Silas Smith, on the need for continuous revelation.
1 Oct. 1833: Oliver Cowdery and Newel Whitney go to New York to buy a printing press.
5 Oct. 1833: Joseph Jr., Sidney Rigdon, and Freeman Nickerson leave Kirtland on a mission to Upper Canada.
19 Oct. 1833: Governor Dunklin of Missouri rejects a petition from Orson Hyde and W. W. Phelps.
31 Oct.-7 Nov. 1833: Mobs attack Mormon settlements in Jackson County; 1,200 flee into Clay, Ray, Van Buren, and Lafayette counties.
4 Nov. 1833: Joseph Jr. and party return from their Canadian mission. Probably during the fall or early winter, Joseph Jr. has his parents move into his and Emma’s Kirtland home. Lucy falls, [p.184]suffers from inflammation of the eyes, and is healed by her faith and the administration of the elders.
22 Nov. 1833: Don Carlos Smith comes to live with Joseph at Kirtland to learn printing.
25 Nov. 1833: Orson Hyde and John Gould arrive from Missouri to report to Joseph at Kirtland.
1 Dec. 1833: Oliver Cowdery and Newel Whitney return from New York with a printing press.
13 Dec. 1833: The first issue of the Evening and Morning Star is printed by Oliver Cowdery.
18 Dec. 1833: Joseph Smith Sr. is ordained patriarch to the church by the First Presidency in an emotional meeting, the minutes of which, kept by Oliver Cowdery, include his account of the restoration of the Aaronic priesthood.
29 Dec. 1833: Wilford Woodruff is converted the first time he hears Zera Pulsipher and Elijah Cheney preach at Richland, New York.
8 Jan. 1834: Enemies in Kirtland fire thirteen rounds from a cannon at 1:00 A.M. Work on temple continues.
12 Feb. 1834: Martin Harris is tried before the Kirtland high priests/elders council for accusing Joseph “of not understanding the Book of Mormon, of wrestling too much, and of drinking when he was translating the Book of Mormon.” Martin says Joseph did these things before the book was translated; he is forgiven.
17 Feb. 1834: Joseph organizes the first high council at Kirtland.
22 Feb. 1834: Parley P. Pratt and Lyman Wight arrive at Kirtland, destitute, having traveled all 800 miles on foot from Missouri to report conditions there.
24 Feb. 1834: Joseph Jr. receives a revelation (D&C 103) ordering the organization of Zion’s Camp.
26 Feb.-28 Mar. 1834: Joseph Jr. and Parley P. Pratt go east to obtain volunteers for Zion’s Camp.
9 Apr. 1834: Doctor Philastus Hurlbut is found guilty of threatening Joseph Jr. and is placed under a peace bond by a court in Chardon, Ohio.
18-22 Apr. 1834: Joseph Jr. attends conferences at New Portage and Norton, Ohio.
[p.185]27 Apr. 1834: Hyrum, fourth child and second son of Hyrum and Jerusha Smith, is born.
4 May 1834: Joseph Jr. preaches in the new (unfinished) schoolhouse west of the temple.
5 May 1834: Zion’s Camp, with a maximum of 204 men, leaves Kirtland. It reaches Missouri, about 900 miles away, on 3 July. The men are attacked by cholera on 24 June, and Joseph Jr. disbands the camp on 25 June. Fourteen die before the outbreak ends on 28 June, including Lucy’s nephew Jesse Johnson Smith, son of Asael Smith Jr., who dies 1 July 1834.
9 July 1834: Joseph Jr. and Hyrum start for Kirtland with Frederick G. Williams and others.
13 Aug. 1834: Samuel Harrison Smith marries Mary Bailey.
1 Sept. 1834: Joseph works as the foreman in the temple’s stone quarry.
Oct. 1834: Eber D. Howe, with affidavits by Philastus Hurlburt, publishes Mormonism Unvailed.
3 Oct. 1834: Lucy Salisbury, the second child and second daughter of Katharine Smith Salisbury and Wilkins J. Salisbury, is born at Willoughby, Lake County, Ohio (or at Lebanon, Madison County, New York).
16-20 Oct. 1834: Joseph Jr., Lucy, Joseph Sr., Hyrum, David Whitmer, Frederick G. Williams, Oliver Cowdery, Roger Orton, and possibly Martin Harris visit the Pontiac Branch of the church.
1 Dec. 1834: The School of the Elders begins studying the Lectures on Faith. It closes during the last week in March 1835.
9 Dec. 1834: At a family blessing meeting, Joseph Sr. refers to his and Lucy’s firstborn dead son (Lucy later remembered this child as a daughter) and at least one occasion when he had been intoxicated. He pronounces patriarchal blessings on members of the family, recorded by Oliver Cowdery.
14 Feb. 1835: Twelve apostles are chosen by Three Witnesses, all from Zion’s Camp: Lyman E. Johnson, Brigham Young, Heber C. Kimball, Orson Hyde, David W. Patten, Luke S. Johnson, William E. McLellin, John F. Boynton, Orson Pratt, William Smith, Thomas B. Marsh, and Parley P. Pratt.
28 Feb. 1835: The Seventy are chosen from those who went on Zion’s Camp. Joseph Young, Hazen Aldrich, Levi W. Hancock, [p.186]Sylvester Smith, Leonard Rich, Zebedee Coltrin, and Lyman Sherton are the seven presidents.
26 Apr. 1835: Orson Pratt and Thomas B. Marsh arrive at Kirtland and are ordained members of the Twelve.
4 May 1835: The Twelve leave on missions for Pennsylvania and New York.
[p.186]mid-May 1835: John Whitmer replaces Oliver Cowdery as editor of the Messenger and Advocate; Phelps lives with Joseph Jr. and helps him compile the Doctrine and Covenants.
3-5 July 1835: Michael Chandler sells Joseph Jr. four Egyptian mummies and two rolls of papyrus. Joseph identifies them as the writings of Abraham.
30 July 1835: Don Carlos Smith marries Agnes Coolbrith at Kirtland.
17 Aug. 1835: The general assembly approves the Doctrine and Covenants and also an Article on Marriage while Joseph Jr. is in Michigan.
14 Sept. 1835: The Kirtland High Council authorizes Joseph Smith Sr. $10 per week for his expenses as a patriarch and the same to Frederick G. Williams as scribe; Oliver Cowdery is appointed recorder.
mid-Sept. 1835: The Doctrine and Covenants is published.
18 Sept. 1835: Solomon Jenkins Salisbury, the third child and first son of Katharine Smith Salisbury and Wilkins J. Salisbury, is born at Kirtland, Geauga County, Ohio.
26 Sept. 1835: The Twelve return from their missions.
5 Oct. 1835: The second footwashing session is held. A third follows on 12 November.
7-11 Oct. 1835: Joseph Sr. becomes very ill with a fever. Joseph Jr. administers mild herbs; when they have no effect, Joseph Jr. administers to him with David Whitmer, rebuking the disease. Joseph Sr. “arose, dressed himself, shouted, and praised the Lord.” They wake up William to sing “songs of praise” with them (HC 2:289).
26 Oct. 1835: Samuel is charged in Chardon with avoiding military duty, is fined $20, and sells a cow to pay the fine.
27 Oct. 1835: Samuel’s wife, Mary Bailey Smith, almost dies giving birth to Susanna Bailey Smith, their first child. Frederick G. Williams helps her. Joseph prays.
[p.187]29 Oct. 1835: Joseph Jr. and William disagree over the case of the Elliots whipping their fifteen-year-old daughter; Joseph defends the parents. When Lucy attempts to testify, Joseph objects because the matter is settled. William accuses him of doubting their mother’s testimony, and the two brothers almost come to blows before Joseph Sr. and Lucy intervene.
30 Oct. 1835: The high council censures William.
31 Oct. 1835: Hyrum tries to reconcile Joseph and William. Joseph agrees to confess if William will. William starts spreading stories about Joseph, convinces Samuel. Lucy does not mention this episode.
8 Nov. 1835: Joseph chastises Emma for leaving a meeting before the sacrament. She weeps but says nothing.
24 Nov. 1835: Joseph performs his first marriage: Newel Knight and Lydia Goldthwaite.
12 Dec. 1835: Joseph attends a debate at William Smith’s home.
15 Dec. 1835; Orson Hyde complains to Joseph that the temple committee store extended more lenient credit to William Smith than to him.
16 Dec. 1835: Joseph attends a second debate at William’s and wants to end the school because the debates are too heated. William, angry, assaults Joseph.
17 Dec. 1835: Lucy and Joseph Sr. visit Joseph Jr. to discuss the estrangement between him and William.
18 Dec. 1835: William writes to Hyrum asking forgiveness for fighting with Joseph and asking to be released from his apostleship. Joseph Jr. encourages him to keep the apostleship, to control his temper, and not to judge him.
29 Dec. 1835: William is charged with speaking disrespectfully of Joseph and assaulting him. Joseph Smith Sr. gives fifteen patriarchal blessings.
1 Jan. 1836: The Smith family meets with Martin Harris to help reconcile the differences between Joseph and William. Joseph Sr. offers a powerful prayer. William confesses his faults and the two brothers ask each other’s forgiveness. Lucy and Emma are brought in as witnesses.
2 Jan. 1836: William confesses his faults to a church court and is forgiven.
4 Jan. 1836: Hebrew school begins.
[p.188]6 Jan. 1836: William McLellin hires Joshua Seixas to teach Hebrew for seven weeks for $320. He begins teaching 19 January.
13 Jan. 1836: Jerusha, fifth child and third daughter of Hyrum and Jerusha Smith, is born.
21 Jan. 1836: Washings and anointings begin. The First Presidency anoints Joseph Sr. with oil and blesses him as patriarch; he blesses each member; Joseph Jr. reports receiving a vision of the celestial kingdom. Anointing meetings continue through 28 January. Between 21 January and 1 May 1836, Saints see heavenly beings, hear heavenly choirs, and have other spiritual manifestations.
Jan/Feb. 1836: A Collection of Sacred Hymns, for the Church of the Latter Day Saints, selected by Emma, is published by Frederick G. Williams, dated 1835.
27-31 Mar. 1836: The Kirtland temple is dedicated with 1,000 men present for meetings that begin at 9:00 A.M. and end at 4:00 P.M. during which many spiritual manifestations occur.
17 May 1836: Ninety-two-year-old Mary Duty Smith, wife of Asael Smith, makes the 500-mile trip from Stockholm, New York, to Kirtland with her sons and grandchildren. Satisfied that Joseph Jr. is a prophet, she declares her intention of being baptized but dies 27 May.
20 June 1836: Frederick Granger Williams Smith, the fifth biological child and third son of Joseph Jr. and Emma, is born.
22 June 1836: Joseph Sr. and his brother John go on a mission to the East to give patriarchal blessings where they are spitefully treated by their oldest brother, Jesse.
29 June 1836: A mass meeting of citizens at Liberty, Missouri, mandates the peaceful departure of the Saints from Clay County. The Mormons accept this decision and begin moving into Ray County, incorporated as Caldwell County in December 1836.
25 July 1836: Joseph Jr., Sidney Rigdon, Hyrum, and Oliver Cowdery and companions go to Salem, Massachusetts, via Buffalo, New York City, and Boston, searching for treasure in a basement.
7 Aug. 1836: Agnes Charlotte Smith, the first child of Don Carlos Smith and Agnes Coolbrith Smith, is born at Kirtland.
[p.189]7 Sept. 1836. Calvin Stoddard dies at Kirtland. Sophronia marries William McCleary on 11 February 1838.
Sept. 1836: Joseph Jr. and his party return to Kirtland “some time in September.”
early Oct. 1836: Joseph Sr. and John Smith return to Kirtland after their 2,400-mile trip in the East where they had visited relatives and preached.
2 Nov. 1836: The articles are drawn up for the Kirtland Safety Society. About this time Joseph Jr. and Martin Harris go to New York, visiting Calvin Stoddard’s father, Silas, at Palmyra. Joseph reports a vision of apostasy at Kirtland.
ca. Dec. 1836: Joseph Jr. warns that a spirit of apostasy is affecting a third of the Saints. David Whitmer and Wilford Woodruff also warn the Saints to humble themselves.
22 Dec. 1836: The gathering to Kirtland is stopped because of the Saints’ poverty.
29 Dec. 1836: Missouri’s governor Lilburn Boggs signs a compromise bill creating Caldwell County exclusively for Mormons.
Winter 1836-37: Joseph Sr. conducts weekly public prayer meetings each Thursday evening in the temple.
2 Jan. 1837: The first meeting of stockholders of the Kirtland Safety Society Anti-Banking Company is held to reorganize it from a banking society. Lucy and Joseph Sr. are among the stockholders.
6 Jan. 1837: The first Kirtland Safety Society banknotes begin circulating; redemption in specie stops 23 January. By 1 February the notes are discounted at one bit (12.5 cents) on the dollar.
Jan.-Mar. 1837: The second edition (5,000 copies) of the Book of Mormon is published at Kirtland.
27 Mar. 1837: Mary Bailey Smith, the second child and second daughter of Samuel and Mary Bailey Smith, is born.
3-5 Apr. 1837: W. W. Phelps and John Whitmer are accused of buying Missouri land with church funds, then selling them to church members at a profit; witnesses include David W. Patten and Thomas B. Marsh.
May 1837: The Panic of 1837 begins in New York; banks stop payments in Ohio by 17 May.
27 May 1837: Parley P. Pratt, greatly disillusioned by economic problems, [p.190]writes a harshly critical letter to Joseph Smith for which he later apologizes.
29 May 1837: Frederick G. Williams, David Whitmer, Parley P. Pratt, Lyman E. Johnson, and Warren Parrish are called to a church court, but it closes in confusion when Rigdon, Cowdery, and Williams leave. Johnson and Orson Pratt charge Joseph Jr. with misrepresentation and extortion. Dissidents meet in temple, declare that Joseph Jr. is a fallen prophet, and want to replace him with Whitmer.
1 June 1837: Joseph sets Heber C. Kimball apart as president of the British Mission; seven of the Twelve leave from New York 1 July. Perhaps about this time, Joseph Jr. accuses Parrish of stealing $25,000. When Frederick G. Williams, as justice of the peace, refuses to give him a search warrant, Joseph drops him from the First Presidency.
4 June 1837: Perhaps on this date, at a meeting in the temple, Warren Parrish tries to drag Joseph Sr. from the stand, while John Boynton threatens to stab William Smith. Lucy says Joseph is in Cleveland; no trip to Cleveland is recorded in his history.
12-14 June 1837: Joseph Jr. is bedfast with an unspecified illness.
by 7 July 1837: Joseph Jr. resigns from the Kirtland Safety Society, leaving its management to Warren Parrish and Frederick G. Williams.
27 July 1837: Joseph leaves for Canada, is stopped at Painesville by writs and lawsuits, then leaves by night on 28 July.
late Aug. 1837: Joseph Jr. returns to Kirtland.
Aug. 1837: The Messenger and Advocate stops publication with this issue but contains a prospectus for the Elders’ Journal.
3 Sept. 1837: At a conference at Kirtland, Frederick G. Williams is not sustained as counselor. Oliver Cowdery, Joseph Smith Sr., Hyrum, and Uncle John Smith are introduced as assistant counselors and unanimously sustained. Not sustained as apostles are Luke S. Johnson, Lyman E. Johnson, and John F. Boynton.
10 Sept. 1837: At a meeting in the Kirtland temple, Luke and Lyman Johnson, John Boynton, and John P. Greene confess and are returned to their offices.
17 Sept. 1837: 109 missionaries are called from Kirtland.
27 Sept. 1837: Joseph, Sidney Rigdon, William Smith, and Vinson Knight [p.191]leave for Missouri, arriving at Far West about 1 November 1837.
Oct. 1837: The Elders’ Journal prints its first issue, is suspended when the press is burned in December 1837, and resumes publication in Far West in July 1838.
2 Oct. 1837: Sarah, sixth child and fourth daughter of Hyrum and Jerusha Smith, is born.
13 Oct. 1837: Jerusha Barden Smith dies at Kirtland.
7 Nov. 1837: At a Far West conference where Joseph Jr. presides, Frederick G. Williams is replaced by Hyrum. David Whitmer is reluctantly accepted as stake president, while John Whitmer and William Phelps are sustained after confession.
10 Nov. 1837: Joseph Jr. leaves Far West for Kirtland.
10 Dec. 1837: Joseph Jr. arrives at Kirtland. The dissident movement, calling itself the “old standard” and organized as the “Church of Christ,” is at its height in Kirtland. Public declarations against Joseph are made by Oliver Cowdery, John Whitmer, David Whitmer, John Boynton, and Warren Parrish.
24 Dec. 1837: Hyrum Smith marries Mary Fielding Smith.
5 Jan. 1838: At a conference in Far West, the Saints reject David Whitmer, John Whitmer, and W. W. Phelps as the local presidency; then the high council excommunicates Phelps and John Whitmer.
11 Jan. 1838: At a meeting in the home of Joseph Sr. and Lucy, Joseph Jr. gives instructions to the brethren, then assures them that his life is safe for five more years (1843).
12 Jan. 1838: A warrant is issued for Joseph Jr. for fraud. He flees toward Missouri with Sidney Rigdon by night. They wait at Norton, Ohio, for their families.
13 Jan. 1838: Luke Johnson arrests Joseph Sr. for performing a marriage without proper authority but also helps him escape. Joseph Sr. hides at Oliver Snow’s for two or three weeks.
16 Jan. 1838: In Dublin, Indiana, Joseph Jr. stays nine days with Brigham Young, who had fled from Kirtland on 22 December. They chop wood to earn money.
5 Feb. 1838: A general assembly at Far West rejects David Whitmer, John Whitmer, and W. W. Phelps for Word of Wisdom violations and for profiteering from land sales.
[p.192]ca. 7 Feb. 1838: Joseph Sr. continues his underground existence at Brother Taylor’s at New Portage, Ohio, then with Edwin D. Woolley.
11 Feb. 1838: Sophronia Smith Stoddard marries William McCleary at Kirtland.
14 Mar. 1838: Joseph Jr. and Emma arrive at Far West.
17 Mar. 1838: Samuel Smith and his family arrive at Far West. Mary is four and a half months pregnant.
4 Apr. 1838: Sidney Rigdon and his family arrive at Far West.
11-12 Apr. 1838: Oliver Cowdery is excommunicated by the Far West high council.
13 Apr. 1838: Charges are brought against David Whitmer, but he withdraws from the church. Luke and Lyman Johnson are excommunicated.
20 Apr. 1838: Heber C. Kimball and Orson Hyde leave Liverpool after baptizing about 1,500 in nine months.
22 Apr. 1838: Sophronia Coolbrith Smith, second of Don Carlos Smith and Agnes Coolbrith Smith’s three daughters, is born at Norton, Ohio.
7 May 1838: Lucy, Joseph Sr., and their family leave for Missouri with sixteen-year-old Lucy and accompanied by three of their married children: (1) twenty-two-year-old Don Carlos, his twenty-nine-year-old wife Agnes, and their two daughters: Agnes Charlotte, who would turn two in August, and threeweek-old Sophronia; (2) thirty-five-year-old Sophronia, her six-year-old daughter Maria by Calvin Stoddard, and her second husband, forty-four-year-old William McCleary; and (3) twenty-four-year-old Katharine, who is eight months pregnant, her twenty-eight-year-old husband, Wilkins Jenkins Salisbury, and their three children: six-year-old Elizabeth, three-year-old Lucy, and two-year-old Solomon Jenkins. Joseph Jr., Hyrum, and Samuel are already in Missouri. William and Caroline apparently did not travel with the family but had apparently reached Missouri by the time they got there.
11 May 1838: William E. McLellin is tried at Far West; no verdict is recorded, but he is considered excommunicated from this time.
18 May 1838: Joseph Jr. and his party choose the site of Adam-ondi-Ahman on the Grand River.
1 June 1838: Joseph Jr. returns to Far West.
[p.193]2 June 1838: Emma gives birth to Alexander Hale Smith at Far West. He is her sixth biological child and fifth son.
4 June 1838: Joseph, Hyrum, and Sidney Rigdon leave Far West for Adam-ondi-Ahman.
7 June 1838: Alvin Salisbury, the fourth child and second son of Katharine Smith Salisbury and Wilkins J. Salisbury, is born en route to Missouri, about thirty-five miles from Huntsville. Lucy becomes very ill from exposure.
17/19 June 1838: Sidney Rigdon’s “salt sermon” intensifies hostilities. The Danites are organized around this time.
ca. 19 June 1838: Through her faith Lucy’s strength is restored. Her family is reunited at Huntsville, Missouri. They reach Far West a few days later.
1 July 1838: About this time Joseph Jr. arranges for Joseph Sr. and Lucy to manage a large tavern he bought from Sidney Gilbert.
6 July 1838: Over 500 Kirtland Saints set out for Missouri; only 260 are left by the time they reach Springfield, Illinois, about the half-way point. About this time, William and Caroline Smith, both dangerously ill, are brought to Joseph Sr.’s and Lucy’s home for nursing.
1 Aug. 1838: Samuel Harrison Bailey Smith, the third child and only son of Samuel Harrison Smith and Mary Bailey Smith, is born.
6 Aug. 1838: A fight between Mormons and non-Mormons at the Gallatin election near Adam-ondi-Ahman sets the scene for armed conflict. Joseph Jr. is in Far West.
8 Aug. 1838: Joseph Jr., Hyrum, and a large party call on Judge Adam Black in Daviess County. He writes a statement that he will support the Constitution, which he later says was extorted under duress.
11 Aug. 1838: Joseph leaves Far West for the Grand River to welcome a colony of Canadian Saints settling at Adam-ondi-Ahman.
ca. 20 Aug. 1838: While Samuel is at Far West, Mary Bailey Smith is sent to Far West in a wagon during a drenching rainstorm with her newborn son and two daughters, ages one and two, by neighbors who report the prospect of mob violence. (George A. Smith dates her evacuation at about this time; Lucy recalls it as three days after the birth.) Lucy nurses her slowly back to health.
30 Aug. 1838: Governor Boggs orders Major General David Rice Atchison [p.194]to call out the militia. About this time Neil Gillum/Gillium, a militia captain, begins beating, plundering, and burning out the Saints at Hunters Mills.
Fall 1838: Two militia companies of Mormons are organized under Alexander Doniphan in Caldwell County and Hiram G. Parks in Daviess County.
25 Sept. 1838: Don Carlos Smith and George A. Smith leave on a mission to Kentucky and Tennessee to raise funds for the struggling Saints in Missouri.
2 Oct. 1838: The Kirtland Company arrives at Far West and, on 4 October, reaches Adam-ondi-Ahman.
11 Oct. 1838: The Saints surrender De Witt County and evacuate to Far West. About this time, Agnes Coolbrith Smith is forced from her home by a mob, walks three miles through three inches of snow, and wades the Grand River carrying her two daughters. She takes refuge at Lyman Wight’s home at Adam-ondi-Ahman.
25 Oct. 1838: At the Battle of Crooked River, between forces led by David W. Patten and Samuel L. Bogart, three Mormons and one non-Missourian are killed. It is reported to Boggs as a massacre.
27 Oct. 1838: Boggs issues an order that the Saints must leave the state or be exterminated.
30 Oct. 1838: The Haun’s Mill Massacre leaves about eighteen Mormons dead and fifteen wounded. The militia, under General Samuel Lucas, reinforced by Neil Gillum with about 150 men, reaches Far West a little after sunrise. Samuel Bogart then joins Lucas’s army.
31 Oct. 1838: Joseph, Sidney Rigdon, Parley P. Pratt, Lyman Wight, and George W. Robinson are delivered by George Hinkle, the Far West militia colonel, to General Lucas. Given Bogart’s known enmity for those who fought against him at Crooked River, Samuel Smith and several others slip out under cover of night and make their way with much hardship to Quincy, Illinois.
1 Nov. 1838: Hyrum and Amasa M. Lyman are arrested and put with the other prisoners.
2 Nov. 1838: Lucas orders Alexander W. Doniphan to execute Joseph and Hyrum. Doniphan refuses. Lucy and her daughter Lucy bid goodbye to Joseph and Hyrum at Far West, and they are [p.195]driven to Independence. Joseph Sr. collapses with grief and anxiety.
9 Nov. 1838: Joseph Jr., Hyrum, and the five other prisoners are taken to Richmond, Ray County, where they are held in chains.
13 Nov. 1838: Joseph F. Smith, first child of Hyrum and Mary Fielding Smith, is born at Far West; he is Hyrum’s seventh child.
23-28 Nov. 1838: At the Richmond judicial proceeding, presided over by Judge Austin A. King, of the eighty arrested by General John B. Clark at Far West, fifty-three are taken to court. Joseph, Hyrum, Lyman Wight, Caleb Baldwin, Alexander McRae, and Sidney Rigdon are sent to Liberty Jail; Parley P. Pratt, Morris Phelps, Luman Gibbs, Darwin Chase, and Norman Shearer are jailed at Richmond. The others are released.
1 Dec. 1838: Imprisonment at Liberty Jail begins.
25 Dec. 1838: Don Carlos Smith and George A. Smith return to Missouri from their mission, traveling the last hundred miles on foot and partly at night to avoid a mob.
21 Jan. 1839: Emma takes Hyrum’s wife Mary and her baby, Joseph F., to visit Joseph Jr. and Hyrum at Liberty Jail. It is Emma’s third visit. Mercy Fielding Thompson (Mary Fielding Smith’s sister), Mercy’s own eight-month-old baby, and Joseph III also were in the group.
5 Feb. 1839: Sidney Rigdon, who was ordered discharged from jail, leaves by night. Phebe, after accompanying him on the first leg of the journey, returns to Far West for the children, meeting Sidney at Tinney’s Grove a few days later.
7 Feb. 1839: With the aid of Stephen Markham, Emma starts from Far West with her four children. She reaches Quincy, Illinois, on 15 February.
15 Feb. 1839: Lucy and her family—apparently the same family group that had come to Missouri—leave Far West for Illinois.
21 Feb. 1839: Lucy and her family reach the swampy banks of the Mississippi in continual storms of snow, sleet, and rain. Samuel and Seymour Brunson take them across the river to Quincy on 22 February. Back in Far West, a committee is appointed to sell Joseph’s and Lucy’s tavern to a buyer from Clay County.
ca. 28 Feb. 1839: Samuel moves his family from the crowded dwelling where Joseph Sr., Lucy, and his sisters are living. About this time, Lucy’s and Joseph’s daughter Lucy becomes very sick. Mother Lucy, while nursing daughter Lucy, becomes pain-[p.196]fully ill with cholera but is cured through the herbal remedies of a botanic physician.
17 Mar. 1839: Brigham Young presides at a conference at Quincy, Illinois. George Hinkle, Sampson Avard, John Corrill, Reed Peck, W. W. Phelps, Frederick G. Williams, Thomas B. Marsh, Burr Riggs, and others are excommunicated.
25 Mar. 1839: Howard Coray and other members of his family are baptized in Pike County, Illinois.
6 Apr. 1839: Joseph, Hyrum, Lyman Wight, Alexander McRae, and Caleb Baldwin are transferred to Gallatin Jail.
9-11 Apr. 1839: At Gallatin, Daviess County, in a grand jury hearing presided over by Thomas Birch, the prisoners are ordered transferred to Boone County.
11 Apr. 1839: In a letter to Joseph Jr. and Hyrum, Don Carlos reports that his mother and sister Lucy are on the mend.
15 Apr. 1839: Joseph, Hyrum, Lyman Wight, Alexander McRae, and Caleb Baldwin begin their journey to Boone County. They are allowed to escape that night.
21 Apr. 1839: Lucy receives spiritual assurance that Joseph and Hyrum will reach Quincy the next day and prophesies as much to Edward Partridge. That night she sees them in a vision, sleeping on the prairie without blankets or food.
22 Apr. 1839: Joseph, Hyrum, and the three other escapees reach Quincy, Illinois.
25 Apr. 1839: Joseph chooses Commerce and Montrose as the future gathering places for the Saints.
26 Apr. 1839: Members of the Twelve (Brigham Young, Heber C. Kimball, Orson Pratt, John E. Page, and John Taylor) meet in Far West, lay the cornerstone of the temple, and ordain Wilford Woodruff and George A. Smith apostles.
1 May 1839: The Saints purchase their first land in Commerce, a 135-acre farm, from Hugh White for $5,000, plus forty-seven “unimproved” acres from Isaac Galland. Later, additional hundreds of acres are purchased from Daniel H. Wells, Hiram Kimball, Davidson Hibbard, and the firm of Horace R. Hotchkiss.
10 May 1839: Joseph Jr., Emma, and their four children move into the Homestead, a two-story, four-room log cabin purchased from [p.197]Hugh White about a mile south of Commerce. Joseph Sr. and Lucy live in a lean-to built on this cabin.
16 May 1839: By this date, Don Carlos and Samuel (and presumably Jenkins Salisbury) have moved to the George Miller property near Macombe, McDonough County, Illinois.
June 1839: Don Carlos Smith, using the printing press that W. W. Phelps had employed in Missouri, begins to set up the Times and Seasons.
July 1839: Joseph Smith Sr. is sick all summer. Joseph Jr. also becomes ill but is healed by Emma’s herbal remedies.
mid-July 1839: Great numbers of the Saints become ill, with new cases occurring daily. About this time, William takes Hyrum’s daughter Lovina, who is ill, home to Plymouth with him. Lucy and her daughter Lucy go to nurse her in mid-summer. Daughter Lucy becomes ill again.
22 July 1839: Joseph Jr., rising from his sickbed, begins administering to the sick; he and other elders heal many.
8 Aug. 1839: The Twelve are called to another mission in England and leave as they are able over the next six weeks.
13 Sept. 1839: Silas Smith, brother of Joseph Sr., dies.
13-14 Sept. 1839: Joseph Jr. visits William Smith at Plymouth. His sister Lucy is healed at the sound of his voice downstairs.
29 Oct. 1839: Joseph Jr., Sidney Rigdon, Elias Higbee, and Orrin Porter Rockwell leave for Washington, D.C.
15 Nov. 1839: The first issue of the Times and Seasons is published at Nauvoo.
21 Dec. 1839: Joseph Jr. reaches Philadelphia and preaches there for a week; then he and Orson Pratt go to New Jersey, return to Philadelphia on 9 January 1840, then return to Washington on 5 February for a short time. Joseph Sr. is bedfast and terminally ill. Lucy assures him by the Spirit that he will not die without his children around him.
Jan. 1840: Martha Jane Knowlton, a Campbellite, becomes the first member of her family to be baptized Mormon, John E. Page officiating.
21 Jan. 1840: Martha Jane Knowlton receives her patriarchal blessing at Nauvoo from Joseph Smith Sr., in Lucy’s presence.
4 Mar. 1840; Joseph Jr. returns to Nauvoo.
[p.198]15-16 Apr. 1840 A general conference at Preston, England, for 1,686 members authorizes the publication of a hymnbook and the Latter-day Saints Millennial Star edited by Parley P. Pratt.
Apr. 1840: Howard Coray begins clerking for Joseph Smith Jr.
May 1840: Don Carlos Smith and Robert Thompson serve a mission to Philadelphia.
June 1840: Joseph Jr. breaks Howard Coray’s leg in a playful scuffle and promises him that he will find a suitable companion.
4 June 1840: Lucy Smith (daughter) marries Arthur Millikin.
13 June 1840: Emma gives birth to Don Carlos Smith at Nauvoo. He is her seventh biological child and sixth son.
July 1840: Howard Coray sees Martha Jane Knowlton at a preaching service in Nauvoo and makes her acquaintance.
25 July 1840: Dr. John C. Bennett writes to Joseph expressing interest in Mormonism, the first of three letters written by 30 July.
14 Sept. 1840: Joseph Sr. dies after ordaining Hyrum patriarch to the church and giving his children blessings.
15 Sept. 1840: Robert B. Thompson preaches Joseph Sr.’s funeral sermon.
Oct. 1840: Orson Pratt in Scotland prints Joseph Smith’s first vision.
3 Oct. 1840: A conference at Nauvoo decides to build a temple, each Saint tithing his tenth-day’s labor to the project.
15 Dec. 1840: William Smith publishes a letter in the Times and Seasons defending himself for refusing to serve further missions.
16 Dec. 1840: Governor Thomas Carlin signs the Nauvoo Charter, effective 1 February 1841. It was written by Joseph Jr., John C. Bennett, and Robert B. Thompson; Bennett pushes it through the legislature in twenty-one days.
“early winter” 1840: Lucy, visiting the Knowlton family on Bear Creek, Hancock County, sprains her knee, then becomes ill with a respiratory ailment that lasts six weeks.
21/24 Jan. 1841: Hyrum is called as assistant president in the First Presidency replacing Oliver Cowdery, while William Law replaces Hyrum as second counselor. Hyrum’s ordination as Patriarch to the Church is confirmed.
25 Jan. 1841: Lucy Bailey Smith, the fourth child and third daughter of Samuel Harrison Smith and Mary Bailey Smith, is born about this time; Mary dies on this date.
[p.199]30 Jan. 1841: Joseph is elected sole trustee-in-trust for the church, a lifetime appointment.
1 Feb. 1841: The Nauvoo Charter takes effect. John C. Bennett is elected mayor with aldermen Samuel H. Smith, Daniel H. Wells, and Newel K. Whitney. The city council consists of Joseph, Hyrum, and Don Carlos Smith, Sidney Rigdon, Charles C. Rich, John T. Barnett, Wilson Law, John P. Greene, and Vinson Knight.
6 Feb. 1841: Martha Jane Knowlton and Howard Coray are married by Robert B. Thompson.
1 Mar. 1841: Work on Nauvoo temple begins.
10 Mar. 1841: Josephine Donna Smith, third daughter of Don Carlos Smith and Agnes Coolbrith Smith, is born at Nauvoo.
5 Apr. 1841: Louisa Beaman becomes Joseph Jr.’s first acknowledged plural wife. (Joseph may have married Fanny Alger in 1833 and Lucinda Pendleton Morgan Harris in 1838.)
6 Apr. 1841: The cornerstone of the Nauvoo temple is laid with much ceremony.
29 Apr. 1841: Samuel Harrison Smith marries Levira Clark. Some sources also give the marriage date as 3/30 May 1841. Lucy mistakenly gives the marriage date as 29 April 1842. That was the date of their first daughter’s birth.
14 May 1841: Martha Ann Smith, second child and first daughter of Mary Fielding Smith and Hyrum Smith, is born at Nauvoo; she is Hyrum’s eighth child.
1 June 1841: Hyrum and William Law leave on a mission to the East. From Pittsburgh, they report that John C. Bennett has abandoned his wife and child. Bennett takes poison in an apparent suicide attempt dramatizing his remorse but recovers and is allowed to retain his positions.
5 June 1841: Joseph is arrested at Bear Creek for extradition to Missouri, obtains a writ of habeas corpus at Quincy, and has a hearing before Judge Stephen A. Douglas at Monmouth, Warren County (9 June), at which he is released.
1 July 1841: Joseph Jr. teaches plural marriage to Brigham Young, Heber Kimball, and John Taylor, who have returned from their mission.
25 July 1841: Don Carlos Smith performs the marriage ceremony of George A. Smith and Bathsheba W. Bigler.
[p.200]7 Aug. 1841: Don Carlos Smith dies at age twenty-six.
15 Aug. 1841: Joseph’s and Emma’s fourteen-month-old son Don Carlos dies at Nauvoo.
25 Sept. 1841: Hyrum Jr., son of Hyrum and Jerusha Smith, dies at Nauvoo at age seven.
2 Oct. 1841: Construction begins on the Mansion House.
15 Oct. 1841: Grandmaster Jonas gives George Miller permission to open a lodge of Freemasons in Nauvoo.
22/25 Oct. 1841: Don Carlos Salisbury, the fifth child and third son of Katharine Smith Salisbury and Wilkins J. Salisbury, is born at Plymouth/Fountain Green, Hancock County, Illinois.
30 Dec. 1841: Applying for membership at the second meeting of Nauvoo’s Masonic lodge are Joseph, Willard Richards, Brigham Young, Sidney Rigdon, Wilford Woodruff, John Taylor, and others. They are admitted formally on 15 March 1842.
Feb. 1842: Joseph becomes editor of the Times and Seasons, with John Taylor as assistant editor.
6 Feb. 1842: Emma gives birth to a stillborn son, her eighth biological child and seventh son. He is not named.
1 Mar. 1842: Facsimile No. 1 from the Book of Abraham is published in the Times and Seasons along with the Wentworth letter.
17 Mar. 1842: The all-female Relief Society is organized with eighteen women. Emma is appointed president with counselors Elizabeth Ann Whitney and Sarah M. Cleveland, and with Eliza R. Snow as secretary. Membership reaches 1,142 by September 1842.
24 March 1842: Lucy attends the second meeting of the Relief Society and is received as a member by vote. She participates in the next several meetings.
16 Apr. 1842: William Smith begins publishing The Wasp, a miscellaneous weekly in Nauvoo.
18 Apr. 1842: Joseph and Hyrum file bankruptcy petitions, as do Sidney Rigdon, Elias Higbee, Reynolds Cahoon, John P. Greene, George Morey, Jared Carter, Hiram Kimball, and others. By December petitions have still not been approved.
19 Apr. 1842: Lucy attends Relief Society and is among those who give impromptu “exhortation, admonition, encouragement &c. &c.” to the sisters.
[p.201]29 Apr. 1842: Levira Annette Clark, the first child of Samuel and Levira Smith, is born at Nauvoo. She is Samuel’s fifth child.
4 May 1842: Joseph teaches the endowment ceremony for the first time to James Adams, Hyrum Smith, Newel K. Whitney, William Law, William Marks, George Miller, Brigham Young, Heber C. Kimball, and Willard Richards.
6 May 1842: Lilburn Boggs is shot in the head but recovers; he suspects Joseph of having ordered Orrin Porter Rockwell to perform the assassination. Rockwell is arrested.
16 May 1842: John C. Bennett resigns as mayor, is disfellowshipped on 25 May, and expelled as a Mason by 16 June. An order of excommunication is drawn up on 11 May but not published until 23 June.
17 May 1842: Joseph Smith replaces Bennett as mayor. He has been acting mayor since February. Hyrum Smith is elected vice-mayor.
ca. June 1842: Joseph and Emma set out with their family to visit Emma’s sister, Elizabeth Hale Wasson, at Inlet Grove near Amboy, Illinois. They return home before reaching Amboy because Frederick breaks his leg.
8 July 1842: John C. Bennett publishes exposés in the Sangamon Journal over the next three months, then compiles them in a book.
17 July 1842: Orson Pratt becomes disaffected when his wife tells him that Joseph Smith proposed plural marriage to her while Orson was on a mission. Three members of the Twelve “excommunicate” him on 20 August. Orson disappears and is feared suicidal on 29 August. He is reinstated on 20 January 1843, when Joseph declares the apostles’ earlier action illegal.
29 July 1842: Eliza R. Snow becomes a plural wife of Joseph Smith.
8 Aug. 1842: Joseph refuses an extradition order from Missouri and goes into intermittent hiding for the next four months. At this point, he has married thirteen plural wives, eleven of them within the last eight months.
14 Aug. 1842: Eliza R. Snow moves into Joseph’s and Emma’s home and teaches in their family school.
2 Oct. 1842: The Nauvoo Freemason lodge is suspended for membership and advancement irregularities.
7 Oct. 1842: Joseph promises John Taylor, who is ill with a fever, that he will recover if he accompanies Joseph to another hiding place. This prediction is fulfilled.
[p.202]10 Oct. 1842: Frederick G. Williams dies in Quincy, Illinois.
15 Oct. 1842: A new hymnbook and new edition of Book of Mormon are published.
20 Oct. 1842: Joseph returns to Nauvoo.
2 Nov. 1842: The Mansion House is sufficiently finished that Joseph can transfer his office into it from the red brick store.
8 Dec. 1842: Thomas Ford is inaugurated as governor of Illinois.
10 Dec. 1842: William Smith resigns as editor of The Wasp. He is elected Hancock County representative.
26 Dec. 1842: On advice from Governor Ford, Joseph gives himself up on the Missouri charges of attempting to assassinate Boggs and goes to Springfield, Illinois. He is released because he cannot be tried in Missouri for a crime (ordering a murder) committed in Illinois.
6 Feb. 1843: Joseph is unanimously elected mayor of Nauvoo.
11 Feb. 1843: Eliza moves out of Joseph’s and Emma’s house and Lucy moves in. The Smiths are still living in the Homestead with their four children. After a six-month hiatus in marrying plural wives, Joseph marries his fifteenth plural wife. By November 1843, he has married sixteen more women, but then marries no more before his death.
ca. 25 Feb. 1843: Lucy becomes ill “with inflammation of the lungs” and Joseph nurses her himself for the next three days.
2 Mar. 1843: The Illinois House of Representatives considers and passes a bill to repeal part of the Nauvoo city charter, despite William Smith’s opposition. The measure fails in the Senate on 4 March.
10 Apr. 1843: One hundred fifteen missionaries are called at a special conference.
19 Apr. 1843: Joseph calls most of the Twelve on missions to the East.
3 May 1843: John Taylor and Wilford Woodruff issue the first number of the new Nauvoo Neighbor.
23 May 1843: Emma gives permission for Joseph to be sealed to Emily and Eliza Partridge, not knowing that they are already his plural wives.
28 May 1843: Emma is sealed to Joseph and admitted to the prayer circle. She is endowed sometime before autumn.
8 June 1843: Joseph and Emma again set out to visit Emma’s sister, Eliza-[p.203]beth Hale Wasson, near Dixon, Lee County, over 150 miles northeast of Nauvoo. A sheriff from Missouri, in association with the sheriff of Hancock County, follow him there.
16 June 1843: Lucy makes a compassionate call on a sister in need, then reports on it at Relief Society.
18 June 1843: Eliza R. Snow writes “a letter for Mother Smith,” presumably because of her arthritis.
23 June 1843: Joseph Reynolds, sheriff of Jackson County, Missouri, and Harmon T. Wilson, sheriff of Hancock County, Illinois, arrest Joseph Smith while he and his family are at Dixon, Illinois after visiting the Wassons. After considerable legal wrangling, the Nauvoo municipal court determines to hear the case.
1 July 1843: Hyrum Smith gives an affidavit of his Missouri experiences before Nauvoo’s municipal court to supply reasons why Joseph should not be returned to Missouri. Parley P. Pratt (who was arrested at the same time as Joseph and Hyrum but was imprisoned at Richmond, rather than at Liberty), fellow prisoners Sidney Rigdon and Lyman Wight, and two who were not arrested (Brigham Young and George W. Pitkin) also make affidavits on the Missouri situation. Joseph is discharged.
12 July 1843: Hyrum reads the revelation on plural marriage, which Joseph has dictated from memory, to Emma. She reacts angrily.
22 July 1843: Hyrum Smith takes Martha Jane and Howard Coray in a buggy out on the prairie, teaches them the principle of celestial marriage, then seals them at their request.
11 Aug. 1843: Hyrum Smith is sealed to Mercy Fielding Thompson (his sister-in-law and first plural wife) and Catherine Phillips.
12 Aug. 1843: The high council and Nauvoo Stake presidency hear and accept the revelation on plural marriage.
28 Aug. 1843: Lovisa Clark Smith, the second daughter of Samuel H. Smith and Levira Clark Smith, is born in Nauvoo. She is Samuel’s sixth child.
31 Aug. 1843: Joseph and Emma move into the Mansion House from the Homestead, occupying six of its twenty-two rooms.
2 Sept. 1843: The residents of Hancock County issue a “Notice of Expulsion.”
early Sept. 1843: Lucy becomes very ill. After five days of nonstop nursing, [p.204]Emma collapses and remains more or less unwell nearly the entire fall. Joseph takes over nursing Lucy.
11 Sept. 1843: Joseph and his associates pray for Emma’s health.
15 Sept. 1843: Joseph announces that the Mansion House will operate as a hotel. The Relief Society prays that Emma’s life will be spared.
28 Sept. 1843: Emma receives her second anointing, thus becoming part of the elite “Quorum of the Anointed,” consisting of couples in Joseph’s inner circle.
8 Oct. 1843: Lucy is anointed and endowed.
ca. 8 Oct. 1843: Sophronia C. Smith, daughter of Don Carlos and Agnes Smith, dies at Nauvoo.
2 Nov. 1843: Joseph has Brigham Young seal him to Brigham’s fifty-six-year-old twice-widowed sister, Fanny Young Carr Murray. She is the stepmother of Heber C. Kimball’s wife Vilate and apparently Joseph’s last-married plural wife.
4 Nov. 1843: Joseph writes to presidential candidates John C. Calhoun, Henry Clay, Martin Van Buren, Richard M. Johnson, and Lewis Cass asking for their view on justice for Mormons in Missouri.
5 Nov. 1843: Joseph is attacked by violent nausea at dinner and vomits fresh blood. He accuses Emma of poisoning him. Other attacks—possibly of ulcers or gallstones—occur on 21 January and 2 and 28 April 1844.
Nov. 1843: Lucy and Joseph Sr. (proxy) are given their second anointings.
2 Dec. 1843: The first endowments for women and more for men are conducted. During this month, there are several hostile incidents: Missourians kidnap a Mormon on a four-year-old horse-stealing charge and take him across the state line. A Mormon living on the prairie is stabbed and robbed. A Mormon’s house is burned near Ramus.
25 Dec. 1843: Orrin Porter Rockwell, released from prison in Missouri but still threatened by mobs, reaches Nauvoo. He interrupts a Christmas party at Joseph’s and Emma’s, haggard, unshaven, ragged, and dirty.
29 Dec. 1843: Joseph says his life is in danger from a Brutus, a “doughhead.” William Law takes the comment as a personal threat.
[p.205]3 Jan. 1844: William Law and Joseph Smith are reconciled after a lengthy meeting.
10 Jan. 1844: Joseph ordains Uncle John Smith a patriarch.
29 Jan. 1844: At a convention in Nauvoo, Willard Richards moves that Joseph become an independent candidate for president.
Feb. 1844: Emma becomes pregnant with David Hyrum, her last child.
11 Mar. 1844: The Council of Fifty is organized at Nauvoo.
16 Mar. 1844: The Relief Society holds its last meeting with a membership of 1,341. At this and the preceding meeting, Emma had strongly preached adherence to Joseph’s publicly articulated standards of sexual virtue—a stand that amounted to a repudiation of “private” teachings—and had the sisters vote by uplifted hand to sustain Joseph Smith’s “Voice of Innocence.”
24 Mar. 1844: Joseph accuses Dr. Robert Foster, Joseph H. Jackson, William and Wilson Law, and Chauncey L. Higbee of conspiring against him.
25 Mar. 1844: Emma C. Salisbury, sixth child and third daughter of Katharine Smith Salisbury and Wilkins J. Salisbury, is born at Fountain Green, Hancock County, Illinois.
18 Apr. 1844: After a series of minor lawsuits against Joseph by the Higbees and Fosters, from 1-13 April, Robert Foster is excommunicated, along with Wilson and William Law, Jane (William’s wife), and Howard Smith.
21 April 1844: William and Wilson Law and other dissenters organize a new church with William as president but not prophet.
26 Apr. 1844: Augustine Spencer assaults his brother, Orson Spencer, and resists arrest. Marshal John P. Greene asks for help from Chauncy L. Higbee and Charles and Robert Foster, who refuse, leading to their own arrests and an attempted assault on Joseph.
28 Apr. 1844: The dissidents’ church appoints Austin Cowles and Wilson Law as counselors to William Law. They have about 200 followers. Wilson is court-martialed as major general of the Nauvoo Legion.
9 May 1844: The Twelve are called on missions in Joseph’s presidential campaign.
17 May 1844: At a “state convention” in Nauvoo, Joseph’s candidacy is again affirmed by men representing the various states.
[p.206]18 May 1844: James Blakesley, Francis M. Higbee, and Austin Cowles are excommunicated.
23 May 1844: William Law accuses Joseph of adultery/polygamy. Joseph H. Jackson and Robert Foster swear a writ against Joseph on 24 May for false swearing. For the next few weeks, Joseph and Hyrum Smith engage in a flurry of accusations and counteraccusations with William and Wilson Law, charging each other with counterfeiting, sexual immorality, and other illegal acts, including alleged attempts by both Joseph and William to hire Joseph H. Jackson to kill the other.
26 May 1844: In a public discourse, “Joseph Smith denied specific rumors [about polygamy] but did not deny that he had had a revelation on plural marriage and had begun that practice. Afterward the Expositor published details of the revelation, but again the Prophet said nothing publicly to refute it” (R. L. Anderson, “Joseph Smith’s Final,” 331n12).
7 June 1844: Robert Foster calls on Joseph, but Joseph refuses to talk to him privately. The first issue of the Nauvoo Expositor appears.
8 June 1844 Saturday: Joseph and the city council meet (also Monday, the 10th), pass an ordinance against libel, declare the Expositor a nuisance, and order Marshal John P. Greene to destroy the press and scatter the type. He does so by 8:00 P.M. Monday. There is an immediate outcry.
16 June 1844: Joseph Smith gives his last public discourse, on “the doctrine of multiple gods and … his authority as a latter-day prophet.” Richard L. Anderson points out that this was one of the two main points on which the Expositor had launched its editorial attack on 7 June, the other one being “the plurality of wives, for ‘time and eternity.’ For the second doctrine, the Prophet chose calculated silence” (“Final,” 322).
18 June 1844: Joseph proclaims martial law.
20 June 1844: At least by this date, William is in the East with his wife, Caroline, who is slowly dying of kidney failure (dropsy).
22 June 1844: Joseph and Hyrum Smith and Willard Richards flee into Iowa.
23 June 1844: Hyrum returns to Nauvoo for the marriage of his daughter Lovina to Lorin Walker.
24 June 1844: Joseph and Hyrum ride to Carthage, arriving late that evening. They stay at the Hamilton House.
25 June 1844: Joseph and Hyrum give themselves up to the civil authorities at 8:00 A.M. and are jailed.
[p.207]27 June 1844: A mob with painted faces rushes the jail in the late afternoon. Joseph and Hyrum are killed, John Taylor is wounded, and Willard Richards is unscathed. Samuel Smith, eluding armed pursuers, reaches the city just after the mob has dispersed.
28 June 1844: Willard Richards, Samuel H. Smith, Artois Hamilton, and his two sons return the bodies to Nauvoo.
30 July 1844: Samuel Harrison Smith dies at Nauvoo of complications brought on by exertion on the day of his brothers’ deaths.
8 Aug. 1844: At a confrontation between Sidney Rigdon and Brigham Young, a majority of the congregation votes to sustain Young and the Twelve.
20 Aug. 1844: Lucy J. Clark Smith, the third daughter of Samuel Smith and Levira Clark Smith, is born. She is Samuel’s seventh child.
24 Aug. 1844: William Smith writes to Brigham Young, saying he wants to be a “spiritual father” to the church, like Hyrum.
Sept. 1844: Probably because Emma Smith is due to deliver David Hyrum in two months, Lucy moves in with Arthur Millikin and Lucy Smith Millikin.
28 Sept. 1844: Brigham Young affirms to William that the patriarchal right “rests upon your head” although he suggests “you can bestow it upon Uncle John or Uncle Asael.”
6 Oct. 1844: Brigham Young is sustained as president of the Twelve.
10 Nov. 1844: William Smith, writing from New Jersey, asks W. W. Phelps to visit Lucy and give her “a word of consolation from me” and also to visit his sisters.
17 Nov. 1844: Emma gives birth to David Hyrum Smith at Nauvoo, her ninth biological child and eighth son. late 1844-early 1845 Lucy begins dictating her memoirs to Martha Jane Knowlton Coray.
25 Dec. 1844: W. W. Phelps reports that Lucy, to whom he read William’s letter, “cried for joy” and “blessed” him in the name of the Lord.
23 Jan. 1845: Lucy dictates a letter to William explaining that she is writing her memoirs and asking him to raise the funds necessary to publish it. She also tells William that the Twelve and church are “waiting to receive you with open arms.”
23 Feb. 1845: At a meeting at “Bishop Hale’s,” Lucy “gave a recital of the persecutions endured by her family.”
[p.208]22 Mar. 1845: Lucy and Martha Jane reach the point in the manuscript at which E. B. Grandin agrees to publish the Book of Mormon (chap. 31).
4 May 1845: William and Caroline Smith return to Nauvoo.
May 1845: Eliza R. Snow writes a poetic tribute to Lucy.
22 May 1845: Caroline Grant Smith dies, leaving two daughters.
23 May 1845: William Clayton’s journal says that William Smith opposes the Twelve and has been named patriarch in a church organized by George J. Adams in Augusta, Iowa Territory, with Joseph III for president. William allegedly claims to have performed polygamous sealings and that he is not accountable to the Twelve.
24 May 1845: William Smith is ordained and set apart as Patriarch to the Church, even though a meeting of the Twelve the previous day (to which William was not invited) had discussed his “improper course” and characterized him as “the greatest danger.”
29 May 1845: Brigham Young, at a meeting of the Twelve, “prayed that the Lord would overrule the movements of William Smith who is endeavoring to ride the Twelve down.”
30 May 1845: Lucy addresses a meeting of the Twelve, calling them “her children.” Brigham Young promises that the Twelve “would do all that we could for them” [the Smiths].
ca. 1 June 1845: William, in an issue of the Times and Seasons dated 15 May (it appeared late), reviews the sufferings of the Smith family in founding the church and asks for the support of the community; he gives qualified endorsement to the Twelve.
17 June 1845: John Taylor visits Lucy and reads part of her finished manuscript.
22 June 1845: William Smith marries Mary Jane Rollins. He also marries Mary Ann Sheffield polygamously (for him) and polyandrously (for her). Mary Jane leaves him in August. Mary Ann considers the marriage at an end when he leaves Nauvoo later that year.
23 June 1845: John Taylor writes an editorial which is published shortly thereafter in the Times and Seasons bearing the date 1 June designating William as Patriarch to the Church rather than Patriarch over the Church.
27 June 1845: In a family meeting, Lucy describes a three-part vision she [p.209]has had the night before, showing William Smith as head of the church but surrounded by men who seek his life.
30 June 1845: Most of the Twelve, including Brigham Young and Orson Pratt, meet with Lucy and her family. William, offended by heavy-handed persuasion from John Smith and George A. Smith, refuses to attend but sends a letter affirming that he wants only his inheritance as church patriarch. The matter is smoothed over.
8 July 1845: Lucy’s birthday; she thinks she is sixty-nine (actually seventy). She dictates Chapter 44 and the preface after that date.
9 July 1845: At a banquet for about fifty members of the Smith family, Lucy “addressed her kindred and the audience in a feeling and pathetic manner.”
18 July 1845: Lucy copyrights her manuscript.
2 Aug. 1845: Brigham Young takes Lucy out to choose a lot for herself. She also requests the carriage and a house. He loans her the carriage.
17 Aug. 1845: William Smith gives a sermon in which he declares his “belief in the doctrine of a plurality of wives” and soon leaves Nauvoo.
1 Oct. 1845: The Twelve negotiate an agreement with Governor Thomas Ford that they will leave Nauvoo in the spring.
6 Oct. 1845: William Smith is not sustained, either as an apostle or as church patriarch by the conference, during the first day of a three-day conference.
8 Oct. 1845: Lucy speaks at her own request on the third day of the conference, telling stories from her book and expressing a desire to see it printed.
12/19 Oct. 1845: William Smith is excommunicated.
29 Oct. 1845: William Smith publishes a lengthy “Proclamation” in the Warsaw Gazette accusing Brigham Young of usurpation and painting a pitiable picture of Lucy’s age and poverty.
10 Nov. 1845: Brigham Young and several apostles discuss buying Lucy’s copyright; they decide instead to have Howard Coray make a copy.
10 Dec. 1845: Lucy is endowed again with Elizabeth Ann Whitney, Agnes Coolbrith Smith, Mary Fielding Smith, and Mercy Fielding Thompson but refuses Brigham Young’s January offer to [p.210]have her sealing to Joseph Sr. and second anointing reconfirmed.
14 Jan. 1846: Howard Coray is paid $200 for “compiling” Lucy’s history and $35 for transcribing it. Martha is not mentioned.
Jan. 1846: Howard and Martha Jane Coray are endowed, then leave Nauvoo.
1 Mar. 1846: William Smith writes James J. Strang a letter of support from the Smith family signed by “Lucy Smith, Mother in Israel,” Arthur and Nancy [sic] Milliken, Jenkins and Catherine Salisbury, and Sophronia McLerie. Katharine later denied signing the letter.
10 Mar. 1846: Almon Babbitt and Joseph Heywood refuse to give Lucy the deed to her house unless she either promises not to let William enter it or promises to make him support the Twelve. She writes them a scorching letter of rebuke.
11 Mar. 1846: William writes again to Strang, describing Lucy as a mother in Israel abandoned by her children and hinting that he would like to attend the Strangite conference if he had funds.
8 Apr. 1846: At a public meeting in Nauvoo, Babbitt and Heywood discuss the problem of the deed and imply that Lucy, Emma, and the other Smiths will eventually come west.
Apr. 1846: The church deeds Lucy the Joseph Noble home. She lives here with eight-year-old granddaughter Mary Bailey Smith, Samuel’s daughter.
11 May 1846: William and Lucy both write letters to Reuben Hedlock in England assuring him that Strang is Joseph’s rightful successor.
11 June 1846: William Smith goes to Voree where his apostolic ordination is accepted and where he is ordained Patriarch of the church. He plans to build a house for Lucy on a contributed lot. He writes again, saying God has confirmed Strang’s position by revelation.
Fall 1846: Lucy moves with Arthur and Lucy Millikin to Knoxville, Illinois, to avoid the battle of Nauvoo, taking Mary with her. William joins them there for the winter.
19 Oct. 1846: A ways and means committee is appointed to move Lucy to Voree.
4 Apr. 1847: On the eve of the pioneer camp’s departure for the Rocky [p.211]Mountains, Brigham Young signs a letter “to mother Smith, to let her know that her children in the Gospel have not forgotten her.”
6 Apr. 1847: Strang’s general conference raises funds to bring John E. Page and Lucy to Voree, Wisconsin. William is back in Voree at this point, and Lucy and the Millikins have moved back to Nauvoo.
18/19 May 1847: William Smith marries Caroline’s younger sister, Roxie Ann Grant. After the births of two children, Thalia and Hyrum Wallace, they separate.
7 Oct. 1847: William is excommunicated from Strang’s church for adultery and apostasy.
23 Dec. 1847: Emma Hale Smith marries Major Lewis C. Bidamon at Nauvoo on Joseph’s birthday.
21 Aug. 1848: Lyman Wight, who has just received a letter from William Smith about Lucy’s poverty, writes indignantly from Zodiac, Texas, offering her “liberal support” in either Zodiac or Nauvoo.
4 Jan. 1849: Lucy writes to William from Nauvoo.
1849: Some time this year, Loren Salisbury, seventh child and fourth son of Katharine Smith Salisbury and Wilkins J. Salisbury, is born at Fountain Green, Hancock County, Illinois.
10 Sept. 1849: John M. Bernhisel visits Lucy in Nauvoo.
14 Nov. 1849: After reading the Wight correspondence (published by Isaac Sheen), Orson Hyde, editor of the Frontier Guardian, scaldingly accuses William of being a neglectful son.
Fall 1849: Lucy, Mary, and the Millikins apparently move to Webster, Hancock County, Illinois.
27 Jan. 1850: Frederick Salisbury, eighth child and fifth son of Katharine Smith Salisbury and Wilkins J. Salisbury, is born at Fountain Green, Hancock County, Illinois.
1851: Lucy, Mary, and the Millikins move to Fountain Green, Illinois.
Fall 1851: Howard and Martha Jane and their children arrive in Utah.
Spring 1852: Lucy and Mary Bailey Smith move into the Mansion House with Emma and Lewis Bidamon and the four Smith sons. Emma runs the Mansion House as a boarding house. (This move may have been made as early as January 1851.)
[p.212]21 Sept. 1852: Mary Fielding Smith, Hyrum’s widow, dies at Salt Lake City.
Nov. 1852: Orson Pratt is sent on a mission to Washington, D.C. Here he issues the first number of The Seer on 1 January 1853.
29-30 Nov. 1852: Lucy, in Nauvoo with Emma, enjoys a visit from Perrigrine Sessions.
11 Feb. 1853: Almon W. Babbitt tells Horace S. Eldredge, president of the St. Louis branch, that he had just acquired Lucy’s fair copy and is on his way to Washington, D.C.
19 Mar. 1853: Babbitt again passes through St. Louis, en route to Salt Lake City, having sold the manuscript to Orson Pratt.
early May 1853: Orson Pratt sails for England to do genealogical research, taking Lucy’s manuscript with him. He arranges for Samuel W. Richards, who publishes the Millennial Star, to print it.
12 May 1853: A notice appears in the Star about the forthcoming publication.
12 May 1853: British convert Hannah Tapfield King visits Lucy in Nauvoo and finds her bedfast but alert. Lucy pronounces a mother’s blessing on Hannah.
Spring 1853: Frederick Piercy also visits Lucy in Nauvoo. Her portrait appears in his Route from Liverpool …
Summer 1853: Brigham Young informs Pratt that The Seer contains unsound doctrine.
23 July 1853: Horace S. Eldredge visits Lucy in Nauvoo. Her memory is still keen about “things that had transpired several years since.”
15 Oct. 1853: A second notice appears in the Star about the publication of Biographical Sketches.
28 Oct. 1853: Orson Pratt writes to Lucy from Washington, D.C., asking permission to publish the work in the United States. (No permission was needed in Great Britain.)
16 Jan. 1854: Orson Pratt sends Lucy some copies of the printed work and the promise of a $100 “present.”
4 Feb. 1854: Lucy dictates a letter to her grandson Joseph III, giving Orson Pratt permission to publish her manuscript in the United States.
Summer 1854: Orson Pratt returns to Utah.
Nov. 1854: The first shipment of Biographical Sketches reaches Utah from [p.213]Great Britain. The Deseret News publishes a short commendatory notice on 16 November.
1854-55: William Smith writes Brigham Young letters for two years begging/demanding that his apostleship be restored. His own attempt to organize a church has failed.
31 Jan. 1855: Brigham Young writes to the Millennial Star requesting that it stop reprinting articles from The Seer because of its “erroneous doctrine.” He also notes that Biographical Sketches contains “many mistakes.” This notice is printed in the 12 May 1855 issue.
1855: An inventory of materials in the Historian’s Office includes “Mother Smith’s history in manuscripts.”
21 Mar. 1855: In the Deseret News, Pratt publishes an apology and a retraction of his claim in the preface that Joseph Smith had been personally involved in at least part of Biographical Sketches.
22 Nov. 1855: Enoch Tripp visits Lucy in Nauvoo. She kisses him and sends her love to Brigham Young, Heber C. Kimball, and other friends.
14 May 1856: Lucy dies on the Smith farm just outside Nauvoo.
5 July 1856: George A. Smith writes an obituary of Lucy for The Mormon, then being published in New York City, in which he praises Lucy and criticizes her book as inaccurate.
1856: Orson Pratt serves as president of the British Mission until called back by the outbreak of the Utah War.
by 1858: William Smith marries Eliza Elise Sanborn. They have three or four children: William Jr., Enoch (according to some sources, both of these names were for one child: William Enoch), Edson Don Carlos, and Louise May.
16 Feb. 1858: George A. Smith expresses skepticism to Brigham Young about David Whitmer’s ability to do two days’ worth of harrowing in one. George A. writes letters to David Whitmer, Solomon Mack, and John Bear by 23 February inquiring about the accuracy of some points. He hears only from Bear, who confirms inaccuracy.
13 Feb. 1859: Wilford Woodruff records a conversation with Brigham Young ordering him to revise and correct Biographical Sketches with George A. and Elias Smith. Young takes particular exception to Lucy’s statement that William had a vision in Missouri.
29 Jan. 1860: Orson Pratt is chastised for doctrinal errors at a Quorum of [p.214]the Twelve meeting. He capitulates and apologizes on Sunday, 30 January, then apologizes personally to Brigham Young on Monday, 31 January.
early 1860: William Smith is rebaptized LDS but soon withdraws.
6 Apr. 1860: Twenty-seven-year-old Joseph Smith III accepts the presidency of the Reorganized Church of Jesus Christ of Latter Day Saints at Amboy, Illinois. Emma Smith Bidamon accompanies him to the conference and also affiliates with the new church, as do Alexander Hale and David Hyrum. (Frederick dies in 1862 without joining the RLDS Church.)
Aug. 1863: The first RLDS missionaries come to Utah. Alexander, David, and Joseph III make periodic preaching tours between 1866 and 1876. Brigham Young responds with slurs about them and their mother. RLDS proselyting efforts in Utah stop in 1890; at that point, 3,000 have been baptized.
8 May 1865: Brigham Young speaks at Wellsville, Cache County, ordering members to send him their copies of Biographical Sketches, which he terms “a tissue of lies,” so they can be destroyed.
13 June 1865: Martha Jane Coray writes to Brigham Young at his request explaining her role in Lucy’s project.
21 June 1865: Brigham Young in Salt Lake City gives a slightly modified version of his Wellsville sermon against Biographical Sketches.
23 July 1865: The First Presidency and Twelve issue a statement condemning Biographical Sketches “for its inaccuracy.”
23 Aug. 1865: The First Presidency and Twelve issue Brigham Young’s address; as a signed epistle, it is published in the Deseret News. The Millennial Star reprints it on 21 October 1865; and Brigham Young Jr., British Mission president, orders a roundup of the book.
17 Sept. 1865: Wilford Woodruff in a sermon announces that all of Joseph Smith’s family died as martyrs, then, remembering that William was still alive, pronounced him not “fit to live or die.”
22 Apr. 1866: Brigham Young again instructs Wilford Woodruff to have George A. and Elias Smith correct Lucy’s history.
30 Apr. 1866: Elias Smith meets with George A. Smith and Brigham Young in Young’s office.
2 May 1866: Elias Smith meets with George A. Smith in the Church Historian’s office for the first of several sessions on revising Lucy’s history. These sessions end on May 29.
[p.215]11 Sept. 1866: Elias and George A. Smith have the first of five more meetings (the last is 21 September) revising Lucy’s history. Apparently no more work is done after this point.
18 Aug. 1867: Daniel H. Wells in a sermon in the tabernacle calls William “a poor, miserable hypocrite.”
1 Sept. 1875: George A. Smith dies at Salt Lake City.
28 Aug. 1876: Sophronia Smith Stoddard McCleary dies, leaving no descendants, near Colchester, Illinois.
26 Dec. 1876: Agnes Coolbrith Smith, wife of Don Carlos Smith, dies at Oakland, California.
29 Aug. 1877: Brigham Young dies at Salt Lake City.
Feb. 1878: The RLDS Publication Board appoints W. W. Blair, Joseph Smith III, and H. A. Stebbins as a committee to prepare an edition of Biographical Sketches.
1878: William Smith is received in the Reorganized Church as a high priest on the basis of his original baptism and ordination.
1880: The first RLDS edition of Biographical Sketches is printed at Plano, Illinois.
14 Dec. 1881: Martha Jane Coray, mother of twelve and BYU’s first woman regent, dies at Provo.
21 Dec. 1889: William Smith marries Rosanna/Rosa Jewitt Surprise. (According to some sources, the marriage year is 1891.)
1892: William Smith testifies on behalf of the RLDS church in the Temple Lot suit.
13 Nov. 1893: William Smith dies at Osterdock, Clayton County, Iowa, age eighty-two.
1 Feb. 1900: Katharine Smith Salisbury dies.
early 1901: The MIA general boards propose Lucy’s history as a course of study. Church president Lorenzo Snow approves.
1901-03: Lucy’s history is published in installments in the Improvement Era. It consists of the 1853 edition with most of George A. Smith’s corrections and others, plus an introduction by current church president Joseph F. Smith. The Improvement Era also publishes the history in one volume in 1902.
16 Jan. 1908: Howard Coray dies at the home of a daughter.
1912: The RLDS church issues another edition of Biographical Sketches with additional notes by Heman C. Smith.
[p.216]1945: Assistant Church Historian Preston Nibley republishes the Improvement Era history with additional editing: he omits profanity, indelicate, or sensitive matter and adds some footnotes. Reprints follow in 1954, 1957, 1958, 1965, 1975, and 1979.
1958: Roy W. Doxey writes a Study Guide for Special Interests (Salt Lake City: General Boards of the MIA, 1958).
1965: Jerald and Sandra Tanner produce the first photomechanical reproduction of the 1853 text under the title, Joseph Smith’s History: The Book Brigham Young Tried to Destroy, by His Mother.
1969: With the recommendation of Edwin S. Gaustad and Leonard J. Arrington, Arno Press issues Biographical Sketches in its Religion in America facsimile reprint series.
1969: The RLDS church reprints its 1912 edition of Biographical Sketches.
1990: The RLDS church reissues its 1912/1969 edition of Biographical Sketches.
1995: Lyndon Cook’s Grandin Press in Orem, Utah, issues the third photomechanical reproduction of the 1853 edition with the type enlarged to 140 percent of the original.
1996: Scott Facer Proctor and Maurine Jensen Proctor publish The Revised and Enhanced History of Joseph Smith by His Mother with Bookcraft, including illustrations, maps, notes, and index. It silently restores 1844-45 rough draft language and omits problematic passages.
1996: The first parallel-column edition through the fourth paragraph of Chapter 39 is published in Early Mormon Documents, Vol. 1, compiled and edited by Dan Vogel (Salt Lake City: Signature Books, 1996). It maintains scholarly standards in its presentation of the text and includes a bibliography, an index, and extensive source, biographical, and contextual footnotes.
2001: Lucy’s Book: A Critical Edition of Lucy Mack Smith’s Family Memoir, edited by Lavina Fielding Anderson, with an introduction by Irene M. Bates, is published in Salt Lake City by Signature Books. It features the entire texts of the 1844-45 rough draft and the 1853 English edition arranged in parallel columns, with references to differences in other editions noted in footnotes.
2. D. Michael Quinn has made the most thorough effort of which I am aware to reconstruct what happened at each of Joseph Jr.’s visits to the Hill Cumorah between 1823 and 1827. (See Early, 160-67.) This chronology follows his reconstruction for the four visits, echoing all of his warnings about its tentativeness, because it is most useful in explaining what Lucy does (and especially does not) say. She apparently did not know about all of these annual visits.