Evil Among Us
by Ken Driggs

Sources
(Arranged Alphabetically)

• • • • •

Interviews

 [p.261] K. C. Anderson: March 18, 1996.

Richard Banks: January 5, 1996.

David Bays: April 6, 1996.

Judge Thomas Blackwell: September 11 and 15, 1995.

Joe Butler: March 1, 1996.

Jimmy Byrd: May 29, 1995.

Dr. Lance Chase: May 21, 1996.

Dr. Richard Coons: November 13, 1995.

Charlie Craig: May 25 and 29, 1995, February 26 and March 5, 1996.

David K. Darley: January 23, 1999.

Kelle Darley: January 22, 1999, and documents provided by him.

Eddie Davis: June 1, 1995.

Larry Doty: February 7, 1996.

Joe Fawden [not his real name]: Numerous times between September and November 1999.

Vera Fawden [not her real name]: Numerous times between September 1999 and June 2000.

James and Catherine Fischer: August 2, 1995, and numerous times thereafter, and documents provided by them.

Martin Fischer: July 15 and 16, 1995.

Milton Fischer: August 1, 1995.

Pat Ganne: March 18, 1996.

Paul Griffiths: October 1999.

Ed Guyon: July 6-7, 1995.

[p.262] Max Hartman: February 12 and March 1, 1996.

Norm Henk: March 1, 1996.

David Jay: July 26, 1995.

Dr. J. B. Jones: 1996.

Colon Jordan: September 18, 1995, and documents provided by him.

Marie Longley Kleasen: Numerous times in October and November 1999.

Don Lefevre: July 6, 1995.

Richard Low: March 2 and July 15, 1995.

Jerry Mack: July 12 and 16, 1995.

Frank and Norma McCullough: Numerous interviews beginning June 7, 1995, through April 2000.

Dick Murphy: Numerous interviews beginning July 28, 1995, and 1999, and documents provided by him.

Eric Neal: June 28, 1995.

Phil Nelson: 1995, and documents provided by him.

Haun Nyguen: July 26, 1995.

Richard and Lynn Odell: September 13 and 14, 1995.

Melissa Fischer Pietrzak: July 15 and 16, 1995.

Don Price: July 28, 1995.

Ruth and Bruce Smith: August 9 and 13, 1995.

Ronald C. Valentine: July 28, 1995.

Ann-Eliza Young [not her real name]: 1995.

Paul Wain: Several times between October 1999 and June 2000.

Caleb West [not his real name]: July 7-8 and August 14, 1995.

David Williams: July 28, 1995, and documents provided by him.

• • • • •

 Materials from the
Fischer and Darley Families

 Mark Fischer’s missionary journals.

Tape recording of the Fischer memorial service in the Milwaukee Stake Center on November 23, 1974. [Courtesy of James and Catherine Fischer.]

Gary Darley’s missionary journals.

• • • • •

 Trial Transcripts, Courthouse Files, and
Other Legal Documents

 [p.263] Agular v. United States, 378 U.S. 108 (1964).

Blanco County, Texas, County Court file for case nos. 131-A (felony 1970) and 716 (misdemeanor 1969). Blanco County Courthouse in Johnson City, Texas.

Erie County, New York, Probate File on Elmer Kleasen, case #68-4403. Erie County Courthouse in Buffalo, New York.

Federal Court file in Kleasen v. Frank and Mansell et al., case no. A-75-CA-65, United States District Court, Western District, Austin Division. Branch federal archives in Ft. Worth, Texas.

Jurek v. State, 522 S.W.2d 934 (Tex. Crim. App. 1975), aff’d, 428 U.S. 262 (1976).

Robert Kleasen deposition dated August 15, 1988, taken as part of Kleasen v. County of Erie.

O’Bryan v. State, 591 S.W.2d 464 (Tex. Crim. App. 1979), cert. denied, 446 U.S. 988 (1980).

Opinion in Gorski and Higgins v. Division of Parole, No. 04611/88 by Supreme Court Judge Vincent E. Doyle, dated May 19, 1988.

Texas Court of Criminal Appeals, appellate files in Kleasen v. State, case no. 56073, reported at Kleasen v. State, 560 S.W.2d 938 (Tex. Crim. App. 1977). Austin, Texas.

Transcript of January 23, 1975, Travis County, Texas, Justice of the Peace Inquest by JP Jim McMurtry.

Travis County, Texas, 167th District Court files on State v. Kleasen. Travis County Courthouse, Austin, Texas.

Wayne County, New York, Court files for case no. 71-51, People v. Kleasen. Wayne County Courthouse, Lyons, New York.

Wayne County, New York, real property records on the Brasser/ Kleasen farm. Wayne County Courthouse, Lyons, New York.

• • • • •

 Law Enforcement, Crime Lab, and Prison Files

 Austin Police, various reports by Lt. Colon Jordan, Sgt. Albert Riley, Lt. Harold Bilberry, Sgt. Doug Ferris, Sgt. A. P. Lamme, and others.

New York Parole Board Files for 1985, 1987, and 1988.

[p.264] Texas Department of Criminal Justice death row file on Robert Kleasen, inmate #527.

Texas Department of Public Safety crime lab files on their investigation.

• • • • •

 LDS Church Archival Materials

Local unit records for Milwaukee, Wisconsin, First Ward and Santa Susana, California, Third Ward.

“Material concerning homicide of Gary S. Darley and Mark Fischer, 1972-1975.” Four folders.

• • • • •

 Newspaper and Magazine Articles
(Arranged Chronologically)

 “YOUTH FIRES SHOTGUN IN MEYER, TERRIFIES NURSES AND VISITORS,” Buffalo Evening News, December 26, 1950 (“second section”), pg. 17.

“Two Missionaries Reported Missing,” Austin American-Statesman, November 4, 1974, pg. 1.

Wendell Fuqua, “Missing Missionaries’ Stripped Car Located,” Austin American-Statesman, November 5, 1974, pg. 1.

“Missionaries Missing; Foul Play Suspected,” Daily Texan, Wednesday, November 5, 1974, page number unknown.

Crispin James, “Missing Pair’s Friend Is Held,” publisher unknown, Wednesday, November 6, 1974, page number unknown, in LDS Archives.

Wendell Fuqua and Billie Veach, “Suspect to be interrogated on missionaries’ disappearance,” Austin American-Statesman, November 6, 1974, pg. 1.

“Group combs brushland for missionary clues,” Austin American-States­man, Wednesday, November 7, 1974, pg. 15.

Tim Ater, “Man Questioned In Disappearance of Missionaries,” Daily Texan, Wednesday, November 7, 1974, page numbers unknown.

“Rain May Hinder Search For Two Missionaries,” publisher unknown, Wednesday, November 7, 1974. [In LDS Archives and Texas Court of Criminal Appeals files.]

“LDS join search for missionaries,” Deseret News, Wednesday, November 7, 1974, pg. B4.

“Aerial Search Due for Two Missionaries,” publisher unknown, Wednes-[p.265]day, November 7, 1974, page numbers unknown. [In LDS Archives.]

“Mormon missionaries volunteered for service,” Austin American-­Statesman, Thursday, November 8, 1974, pg. A8.

“Pair Still Missing  One Missionary Apprehensive,” San Antonio Light, ­November 8, 1974.

“Father of Missionary Assists Search For 2 Thought in West Austin Hills,” Daily Texan, November 8, 1974.

“Rain hinders missionary search,” Austin American-Statesman, November 8, 1974, pg. A8.

“Mormons’ Tires Reported Found,” Austin American-Statesman, November 9, 1974, pg. 14.

“Hundreds of LDS hunt for evidence,” Deseret News, November 9, 1974, pg. 4A.

“Despite Continued Rain, Yearly Total Still Low,” Austin American-­Statesman, November 9, 1974, pg. 8.

“Mormons Search For Pair,” Austin American-Statesman, November 10, 1974, pg. A15.

“Volunteers Hunt Missionaries,” publisher unknown, November 10, 1974. [In LDS archives.]

“Hundreds of LDS in Texas Seek Clues, Search for 2 Missing Missionaries,” Deseret News, November 10, 1974.

“Police Search Old Settlement For Mormons,” Austin American-Statesman, November 11, 1974, pg. 7.

Robert Fulkerson, “Search Continues  No Sign of Missing Mormons,” Daily Texan, November 12, 1974, page number unknown.

“Missionary Search Data To Be Studied By Police,” Austin American-­Statesman, November 12, 1974, pg. 10.

Wendell Fuqua, “$50,000 in Counterfeit Accidently Discovered,” Austin American-Statesman, November 13, 1974, pg. 19.

Wendell Fuqua, “Slain Mormons Praised for Mission Work,” Austin ­American-Statesman, Thursday, November 14, 1974, pg. 7.

“Charges Filed In Deaths of Missionaries,” Austin Citizen, November 14, 1974, pg. 1.

Wendell Fuqua, “Man Charged in Slaying of Pair, Parts of Two Mission-[p.266]aries’ Bodies Found,” Austin American-Statesman, Thursday, November 14, 1974, pg. 1.

“Austin man charged in missionary deaths,” San Antonio Express, Thursday, November 14, 1974, pg. 20A.

“Charged in Slaying of Pair  Parts of Two Missionaries’ Bodies Found,” publisher unknown, Thursday, November 14, 1974. [In LDS Archives.]

Wendell Fuqua, “Kleasen’s Strange Odyssey,  How Suspect in Mormon Deaths Came to Austin,” Austin American-Statesman, November 15, 1974, pg. 1.

“2 Missionaries Blood, Hair Among Discoveries,” Austin American-­Statesman, Friday, November 15, 1974, pg. 13.

“2 Missionaries’ Bodies Feared Unrecoverable,” Austin American-States­man, Saturday, November 16, 1974, pg. 1A.

“Deaths and Funerals in the Milwaukee Area  Mark Fischer,” Milwaukee Journal, Sunday, November 17, 1974, pg. 11.

“The Mormon Murders: Letters From The Accused,” Texas Monthly, January 1975, pgs. 12-15.

“Trial Set May 19 In Kleasen Case,” Austin American-Statesman, March 25, 1975, pg. 8.

Robert Heard (AP), “Kleasen Says CIA to Blame for Murder Charges,” Austin American-Statesman, March 30, 1975, pg. A13, jump to pg. A14.

John Sutton, “Kleasen Innocence Reassert Lawyer Rules Out Raising Sanity Issue,” Austin American-Statesman, March 30, 1975, pg. 1.

“Jail Food Spurs Kleasen Suit,” Austin American-Statesman, April 23, 1975, pg. 1.

“Inmate Disputes Kleasen’s Food Story,” Austin American-Statesman, April 25, 1975, pg. A11.

Carol Fowler, “Kleasen Lawyers May Seek TRO,” Austin Citizen, April 25, 1975.

Robert Heard, “Motive to be factor in Monday Kleasen trial,” Austin American-Statesman, Sunday, May 18, 1975, pg. A10.

John Sutton, “Attorneys pick housewife for Kleasen trial jury,” Austin American-Statesman, Tuesday, May 20, 1975, pg. 6.

John Sutton, “Kleasen jurors now at 5,” Austin American-Statesman, [p.267] Wednesday, May 21, 1975, pg. 17.

John Sutton, “Kleasen protests county jail treatment  9 jurors selected for trial,” Austin American-Statesman, Thursday, May 22, 1975, pg. A20.

John Sutton, “Kleasen trial testimony to begin,” Austin American-States­man, Friday, May 23, 1975, pg. 1.

John Sutton, “Handful of people hold Kleasen’s fate  How long a road to ‘market place?,’” Austin American-Statesman, Sunday, May 25, 1975, pg. A9.

John Sutton, “Kleasen jurors see bloody pants,” Austin American-States­man, Tuesday, May 27, 1975 [evening edition only], pg. 1.

“Maneuver fails in Kleasen case,” Deseret News, Tuesday, May 27, 1975, pg. 14A.

John Sutton, “Kleasen trial,  Youth’s mother quotes slayer: ‘I loved Gary, too,’” Austin American-Statesman, Wednesday, May 28, 1975 [morning edition only], pg. 1.

John Sutton, “Kleasen’s death talk reported,” Austin American-Statesman, Wednesday, May 28, 1975 [evening edition only], pg. 1.

“Kleasen cried, witness said,” Deseret News, Wednesday, May 28, 1975, pg. 17A.

John Sutton, “Kleasen ‘belief’ of deaths told,” Austin American-Statesman, Thursday, May 29, 1975 [morning edition only], pg. 1.

John Sutton, “Bandsaw test,  Blood, hair, ‘human,’ jury told,” Austin American-Statesman, Thursday, May 29, 1975 [evening edition only], pg. 1.

“Texas’ star witness to tell of hair samples,” Deseret News, Thursday, May 29, 1975, pg. 4B.

John Sutton, “Bandsaw was used only on heads, witness says,” Austin American-Statesman, Friday, May 30, 1975 [morning edition], pg. 1.

John Sutton, “Kleasen prosecutors rest,” Austin American-Statesman, Friday, May 30, 1975 [evening edition only], pg. 1.

“Kleasen prosecution rests,” Deseret News, Friday, May 30, 1975, pg. D10.

John Sutton, “Final Kleasen witness due Monday,” Austin American-­Statesman, Saturday, May 31, 1975 [both editions], pg. 1.

John Sutton, “Kleasen defense nears end,” Austin American-Statesman, June 1, 1975, pg. B1.

John Sutton, “Jury declares Kleasen guilty Slayer faces either death or life [p.268] imprisonment,” Austin American-Statesman, Tuesday, June 3, 1975 [morning edition], pg. 1.

John Sutton, “Kleasen begs for life,” Austin American-Statesman, Tuesday, June 3, 1975 [evening edition], pg. 1.

“Kleasen convicted of murder, jury to decide life or death,” Deseret News, Tuesday, June 3, 1975, pg. B1.

John Sutton, “Kleasen jury decided ‘inconceivable’ case,” Austin American-Statesman, June 5, 1975, pg. 1.

John Sutton, “Kleasen thankful for ‘reprieve’,” Austin American-Statesman, Thursday, August 28, 1975 [Evening Edition], pg. A14.

Mike Cox, “Kelle Darley sure of guilt,” Austin American-Statesman, November 23, 1977.

“Murder conviction reversed; warrant invalid,” Houston Post, November 24, 1977, pg. 1.

Rosemary Beales, “Kleasen murder conviction erased,” Austin American-­Statesman, November 24, 1977, pg. 1.

“Brother Jolted: “Kleasen ‘has killed, will kill again,’” Austin American-­Statesman, November 24, 1977, pg. 1B.

“Kleasen must stand trial again,” Austin American-Statesman, February 8, 1978, pg. B2.

“No retrial in slaying of 2 missionaries,” Salt Lake Tribune, February 9, 1978.

John Sutton, “Kleasen pleads not guilty,” Austin American-Statesman, ­February 9, 1978, pg. 1.

“First verdict overturned, Court affirms death sentence,” Houston Post, ­February 9, 1978, pg. 28C.

Mark Kirkpatrick and John Sutton, “Kleasen transfer pressed,” Austin American-Statesman, February 10, 1978, pg. 1B.

Rosemary Beales, “Jury chosen for Kleasen trial,” Austin American-­Statesman, March 28, 1978, pg. B3.

Rosemary Beales, “Kleasen firearms case set to go to jury today,” Austin American-Statesman, March 29, 1978, pg. B2.

“Closing arguments begin today,  No defense offered by Kleasen in federal firearms trial,” Houston Post, March 29, 1978, pg. 11A.

Rosemary Beales, “Kleasen guilty of violating firearms laws,” Austin ­[p.269] American-Statesman, March 30, 1978, pg. 1.

Rosemary Beales, “Kleasen guilty on gun charges,” Austin American- Statesman, March 30, 1978, pg. 1.

“Jury declares Kleasen guilty on federal firearms charges,” Houston Post, March 30, 1978, pg. 1B.

Rosemary Beales, “Kleasen draws 9-year sentence in firearms case,” Austin American-Statesman, April 29, 1978, pg. A1.

Steve Crosby, “12-Woman jury picked to hear shooting case,” The Finger Lake Times (New York), June 5, 1979, pg. 8.

Warren White, “Kleasen goes on trial for shooting,” Rochester Democrat and Chronicle, June 5, 1979 [Regional Edition], pg. 1B.

Warren White, “Judge denies Kleasen mistrial over news article,” Rochester Democrat and Chronicle, June 6, 1979 [Regional Edition], pg. 1B.

Lucius Lomax, “Judge Roberts takes semiretirement status,” Austin American-Statesman, Thursday, May 1, 1980, pg. B1.

John C. Henry and Linda Anthony, “Death Watch Witnesses call O’Bryan execution quick, painless,” Austin American-Statesman, Sunday, April 1, 1984, pg. B2.

Louise Hoffman, “More Jail Time For Murderer,” The Finger Lake Times (New York), November 26, 1985.

Michael Beebe, “Convict With Record of Violence Will Spend His Parole in Buffalo,” Buffalo News, May 6, 1988, pg. 1A.

John Harris, “Man once accused of slayings freed  Parolee feared to be dangerous,” Austin American-Statesman, May 7, 1988, pg. B1.

Tom Buckham, “Parolee With Past Of Violence Settles In Secret City Site,” Buffalo News, May 7, 1988, pg. A1.

Charles Azalone, Thomas J. Dolan, and Mike Vogel, “Kleasen Committed To Psychiatric Center,” Buffalo News, May 8, 1988, pg. B1.

“Kleasen Case, Cult Film Seem Unconnected,” Buffalo News, May 8, 1988, pg. 1B.

“Feared convict apparently back in Buffalo area,” Houston Post, May 8, 1988, pg. 7A.

Susan Schulman, “Threat by Kleasen Prompts Watch on Ex-Officer’s Home,” Buffalo News, May 9, 1988, pg. 1A.

Michael Beebe and Dave Ernest, “State’s Kleasen Decision Awaits Psychi-[p.270]atric Tests,” Buffalo News, May 9, 1988, pg. 1A.

“Missionary’s Killer, ‘A Walking Time Bomb,’ Goes Free,” Salt Lake
Tribune
, May 9, 1988.

John Harris, “Parolee will remain in N.Y. hospital,” Austin American-­Statesman, May 10, 1988, pg. B1.

Michael Beebe, “Confine Kleasen, Victim’s Kin Urges,” Buffalo News, May 10, 1988, pg. A1.

Michael Beebe, “Kleasen Seeking to Gain Release,” Buffalo News, May 11, 1988, pg. A1.

Susan Schulman, “Ex-Officer Told Police Of Threat by Kleasen,” Buffalo News, May 11, 1988, pg. A6.

Gene Warner, “Rights Advocate Says Kleasen Puts Parole System to Test,” Buffalo News, May 11, 1988, pg. B1.

Matti Gryta and Barbara O’Brien, “Memo on Kleasen Saw Violent Acts in Future,” Buffalo News, May 12, 1988, pg. A1.

Barbara O’Brien, “Kleasen: I’ll Leave if I get a Job,  Says He’ll Move From City if He Can Find Work; Gorski Pursues Removal,” Buffalo News, May 12, 1988, pg. A1.

Dave Ernst, “Cuomo Kills Bill To Bring Back Death Penalty,” Buffalo News, May 13, 1988, pg. A2.

Michael Beebe and Matt Gryta, “Cook in Austin Says Kleasen Is Welcome, But Texas Barred Him,” Buffalo News, May 13, 1988, pg. C1.

“Ex-convict Kleasen wants a life without ‘monster’ image,” Austin American-Statesman, May 13, 1988, pg. B3.

Matt Gryta, “Griffin to Decide Whether to Join Effort to Force Kleasen From Area,” Buffalo News, May 15, 1988, pg. C4.

Jeff Simon, “The Robert Kleasen case is a Sweeps Week disgrace and brings to the fore choice pieces of blockheaded local TV sensationalism,” Buffalo News, TV Topics, May 15, 1988, pg. 2.

Matt Gryta, “Kleasen Suing Gorski, Sheriff Over Effort to Oust Him From Area,” Buffalo News, May 17, 1988, pg. B1.

Matt Gryta, “Doyle Promises to Rule Quickly On Plea by ‘Man Without a City’,” Buffalo News, May 18, 1988, pg. B1.

Matt Gryta, “Court Order Allows Kleasen To Remain in Buffalo Area,” Buffalo News, May 20, 1988, pg. 1A.

[p.271] “Ruling Satisfies Former Officer,” Buffalo News, May 20, 1988, pg. A6.

Dan Herbeck, “Trial begins in $2.5 million Kleasen suit against county officials,” Buffalo News, Monday, January 22, 1990, pg. 1B.

Dan Herbeck, “Hotel official has kind words for ex-inmate,  $2.5 million suit claims Kleasen was thwarted in effort to start anew,” Buffalo News, Tuesday, January 23, 1990, pg. B4.

Charles Anzalone and Dan Herbeck, “Kleasen claims he was hounded after his parole,  Tie to Texas massacre was sought, he testifies,” Buffalo News, Wednesday, January 24, 1990, pg. 1B.

Dan Herbeck and Charles Anzalone, “Kleasen’s lawsuit dismissed by court  Curtin says he didn’t prove case,” Buffalo News, Thursday, January 25, 1990, pg. 1A.

“Judge Marvin Teague dies of cardiac arrest,” Houston Chronicle, Thursday, February 21, 1991, pg. A21.

Alicia L. Locheed, “The Development of The Court of Criminal Appeals,” Texas Bar Journal, November 1992, pgs. 1052-1056.

Vern Anderson, “Trail of Missionary Killer Went Cold,” Salt Lake Tribune, Sunday, September 10, 1995, pg. A-1.

John L. Hart, “Over half LDS now outside U.S.,” Church News, March 2, 1996, pg. 3.

Hank Stuever, “99 Minutes, 30 Years Later,” Austin American-Statesman, July 29, 1996, pg. A1.

Katy Kelly, “Mormons on mission to grow,” USA Today, Tuesday, October 21, 1997, pg. 1D.

R. Scott Lloyd, “Mormons in Milwaukee,” Church News, December 5, 1998, pgs. 8-10.

Bennett J. Loudon, “Wayne convict surfaces in England,” Rochester Democrat and Chronicle, Tuesday, September 7, 1999, pg. 1-A.

Greg Burton, “Is Suspect in LDS Killings a Gun Dealer?,” Salt Lake ­Tribune, Friday, September 10, 1999, pg. A-1.

Michael Beebe, “City native’s past arouses suspicion in England,” Buffalo News, Monday, September 13, 1999, pg. B1.

Bennett J. Loudon, “Convict with Wayne ties faces counts in England,” Ro­chester Democrat and Chronicle, Saturday, October 30, 1999, pg. 1-A.

“Death Row Man In Dock,” Grimsby Evening Telegraph (England), March 17, 2000.

[p.272] “This feeble old man with a house full of guns,” Grimsby Evening Telegraph (England), March 17, 2000, pg. 1.

Lisa Bingham, “Bail for death row defendant,” Grimsby Evening Telegraph (England), March 17, 2000, pg. 5.

“Ex-wife unaware of his past,” Grimsby Evening Telegraph (England), March 17, 2000, pg. 5.

“Home turned into arsenal of weapons,” Grimsby Evening Telegraph (England), March 17, 2000, pg. 5.

“Obsessed with guns,” Grimsby Evening Telegraph (England), March 17, 2000, pg. 5.

Kevin Cantera, “Kleasen’s Violent Saga May Be Near End,” Salt Lake Tribune, March 18, 2000, pg. 1.

“Kleasen must be deported, says MP,” Grimsby Evening Telegraph (England), March 20, 2000.

“Man accused of ammunition charge,” Grimsby Evening Telegraph (England), April 11, 2000.

“Man suspected in 1974 missionary slayings tries to flee from Britain,” Orem Daily Journal, April 12, 2000.

Richard Woodward, “Kleasen case alerts Home Office to dangers Gun Law Tighter,” Grimsby Evening Telegraph (England), April 19, 2000, pg. 1.

“American may face a retrial,” Grimsby Evening Telegraph (England), April 19, 2000, pg. 1.

“Kleasen: The whole story?” Grimsby Evening Telegraph (England), April 19, 2000, pg. 3.

“Jack Straw has power of deportation,” Grimsby Evening Telegraph (England), April 19, 2000, pg. 3.

Ian London, “Essential Evidence?” Grimsby Evening Telegraph (England), April 20, 2000, pg. 1.

“Kleasen ordered into the dock,” Grimsby Evening Telegraph (England), April 20, 2000, pg. 1.

“Complaints over police conduct,” Grimsby Evening Telegraph (England), April 20, 2000, pg. 4.

“‘Ecstacy’ at ruling,” Grimsby Evening Telegraph (England), April 20, 2000, pg. 4.

“Force hits back at criticism,” Grimsby Evening Telegraph (England), April 20, 2000, pg. 4.

[p.273] Bennett J. Loudon, “Murder case gets 2nd look,” Rochester Democrat and Chronicle, April 21, 2000, pg. 1B.

Kevin Cantera, “U.S. Gun Zealot Alters U.K. Law,” Salt Lake Tribune, May 8, 2000, pg. B1.

• • • • •

 Reference Books

 Gorton Carruth, The Encyclopedia of American Facts and Dates. 10th ed. New York: Harper Collins, 1997.

Deseret News 1993-1994 Church Almanac. Salt Lake City: Deseret News, 1992.

Deseret News 1995-1996 Church Almanac. Salt Lake City: Deseret News, 1994.

Deseret News 1997-1998 Church Almanac. Salt Lake City: Deseret News, 1996.

Deseret News 1999-2000 Church Alamanac. Salt Lake City: Deseret News, 1999.

James W. Marquart, Sheldon Ekland-Olson, and Jonathan R. Sorensen, The Rope, the Chair, and the Needle. Austin: University of Texas Press, 1994.

Armand L. Mauss, The Angel and the Beehive: The Mormon Struggle with Assimilation. Urbana: University of Illinois Press, 1994.

William Mulder, Homeward to Zion: The Mormon Migration from Scandinavia. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press, 1957.

Polk’s Buffalo City Directories for 1907, 1911, 1919, 1921, 1925, 1931, 1936, 1937, 1938, 1939, 1948, 1951-52, 1953, 1955, 1959, 1963, and 1969.

Bernard Salzman, The Handbook of Psychiatric Drugs. New York: Henry Holt and Co., 1991.

Social Security Administration, “Your Payments While You Are Outside the United States,” June 1997.

• • • • •

 Selected Letters to the Author

Central Intelligence Agency Information, Privacy & Classification Review Office, letter dated August 4, 1995.

Edward Kimball, letter dated January 15, 1998, enclosing materials from the diaries of Spencer W. Kimball, and e-mails of various dates.