Chapter 2. (part C)

[p.241][Wednesday, Oct. 1, 1890 – Salt Lake City] At 10 a.m. Lorenzo Snow, Franklin D. Richards, Moses Thatcher, Francis M. Lyman, John Henry Smith, Heber J. Grant, John W. Taylor, Abraham H. Cannon and Anton H. Lund [met]. I spoke upon the manifesto, was not fully clear upon it. Heber J. Grant, Anton H. Lund, and Abraham H. Cannon spoke in regard to the Manifesto and endorsed it. During the day all of the brethren expressed their views upon various subjects.

I related to the brethren an answer made to me by Presid[e]nt Brigham Young to the Question “In case of your death to whom should I look to lead the Church[?”]

His answer was. To any one of the Council of the Apostles in the order of ordination, baring Orson Hyde and Orson Pratt, who had forfeited their right.18 This was in the spring of 1874. My father, George A. Smith, Bathsheba W. Smith and Amelia Folsom Young were also present and I think Erastus Snow, but am not posative.

[p.242][Thursday, Oct. 2, 1890 – Salt Lake City] At 12 noon Presidents Wilford Woodruff, George Q. Cannon, Joseph F. Smith, Lorenzo Snow, Moses Thatcher, Francis W. Lyman, Heber J. Grant, John W. Taylor, Anton H. Lund, Abraham H. Cannon and myself met in Council. We by vote endorsed President Woodruffs Manifesto.

The directors of the Mexican Colonization and Agricultural Board met. Present: Moses Thatcher, A. F. McDonald, John Morgan, Silas S. Smith, Wm. B. Preston and John H. Smith.

We voted to pay A. F. McDonald $125.00 per month Mexican money for his services.

[Sunday, Oct. 5, 1890 – Salt Lake City] [general conference] Presidents W. Woodruff, George Q. Cannon, Lorenzo Snow, Franklin D. Richards, Moses Thatcher, Francis M. Lyman, John Henry Smith, Heber J. Grant, John W. Taylor, M. W. Merrill, Anthon H. Lund and Abraham H. Cannon met in Council. We agreed to favor John T. Caine for Congress.

[Monday, Oct. 6, 1890 – Salt Lake City] Conference at 10 a.m. Prayer by A. O. Smoot.

Authoraties sustained by unanimous vote. Articles of Faith adopted by vote.

President W. Woodruff had his Manifesto read. It announced to the world the Plural marriages were not being solemnized and that the statement of the Utah Commission that forty had occured since last June was not true. The people voted that he had the right to make this manifesto and that it was authoratative.

Presidents W. Woodruff and Geo. Q. Cannon spoke on the Manifesto.

2 p.m. Prayer by C. W. Penrose.

Heber J. Grant, John W. Taylor, Marriner W. Merrill, Abraham H. Cannon and President Wilford Woodruff [spoke].

Benediction by President W. Woodruff. He blest the people.

[Tuesday, Oct. 7, 1890 – Salt Lake City] At 10 a.m. the Presidents of stakes met. Politics and treatment of [plural] families were the subjects, also the raising of funds.

[Thursday, Oct. 9, 1890 – Salt Lake City] The Directors of the Groesbeck Co. met and discussed their business concerns.

I had some of my teeth pulled out today.

Bro. Lyman called on me after the regular meeting. The Church draws out of the sugar company.

[p.243][Friday, Oct. 10, 1890 – Salt Lake City] T. C. Layton, F. A. Hammond and I called upon Presidents Wilford Woodruff and G. Q. Cannon and the Presidency told Mr. Layton they would make an effort to organize a company in February to b[u]y the North Zapato Ranch.

At 2 p.m. W. B. Preston, A. F. McDonald of the Mexican Land and Agricultural Co. called upon the Presidency and had a long talk over Mexican Matters.

A. F. McDonald was instructed to get another concession from the Mexican Government. Twenty-five hundred dollars was voted to Bro. A. F. McDonald.

We unitedly entered our protest against the purchase of any more land in the Zone Prohibita.

[Monday, Oct. 13, 1890 – Salt Lake City] I got a letter from Josephine today saying Nicholas had broken his arm. The Directors of the Groesbeck Co. met and received the quarterly report. Some warm talk was had in regard to payments made to William. Samuel talked very strong.

[Tuesday, Oct. 14, 1890 – Salt Lake City] Presidents Wilford Woodruff, G. Q. Cannon, Joseph F. Smith, Abraham H. Cannon and myself [met] and President G. Q. Cannon reported a conversation he had had with C. S. Varian, District Attorney. Varian favors the introduction of a law into Congress doing away with a law against Mormons.

[Wednesday, Oct. 15, 1890 – Salt Lake City] I borrowed fifty dollars at the Zions saving bank.

The Directors of the Home Fire Insurance Co. met and talked over the propriety of declaring a stock dividend and also of making a dividend of the Theatre stock and assigning each stockholder his interest in that property. We adjourned without agreeing until tomorrow.

The Directors of the Coop. W. & M. Co. met and the monthly reports were read. The business is doing nicely.

I took train for Manassa this evening.

[Friday, Oct. 17, 1890 – Manassa, Colorado] I found my family well at Manassa except Nicholas, whose arm has been broken. It seems to be doing nicely but I am fearfull it will be crooked.19

[p.244][Monday, Oct. 20, 1890 – Manassa] I spent the day reading and working. I wrote to my wife Sarah to whom I was married 24 years ago.

[Wednesday, Oct. 22, 1890 – Manassa] My Daughter Sarah Ann was twelve years old today.

[Friday, Oct. 24, 1890 – Manassa] The Ladies of this stake of Zion held a fair today in the stake meeting house. It was a very good exhibit. I spent most of the day in fixing up my stable.

[Saturday, Oct. 25, 1890 – Manassa] I helped my wife in cleaning house. I went to Priesthood meeting and spoke and set apart two Elders for Missions to the South.

I invited some of the brethren to go and work on Bro. Edward Dalton’s house. A number volunteered.

[Monday, Oct. 27, 1890 – Manassa] Some fourteen of the brethren worked all day on Bro. Dalton’s house, I among the number.

In the evening a large party made a surprise on Uncle Silas S. Smith, who was 60 years old yesterday. He is the father of 20 children and has 28 grandchildren. Their was a grand spread and all went as merry as a marriage bell.

[Thursday, Oct. 30, 1890 – Manassa] In the evening President S. S. Smith and wife and myself and wife went to Sanford, where we held a political meeting and we both spoke and enjoyed fair liberty. A good attendance.

[Sunday, Nov. 2, 1890 – Manassa] My Aunt Caroline Callister, Clara Lyman and her children, M. Thatcher, wife and child, Mrs. Emily Grant and two children and Miss Kate Wells, S. S. Smith and I spent a few hours at our house.

[Monday, Nov. 3, 1890 – Manassa] We see by the Papers that Joseph S. Groesbeck, son of Jos. S. and Sarah A. Groesbeck, was killed on Thursday. Thrown from a wagon.

[Tuesday, Nov. 4, 1890 – Manassa] I wrote to Sarah A. Groesbeck a letter of Condolence over the killing of her son.

I voted today for the first time in eight or nine years and voted a Republican Ticket straight except the state Treasurer, who is a Democrat.

[p.245][Thursday, Nov. 6, 1890 – Manassa] I spent the day at home. The Republicans have carried the state in most of the offices.

[Friday, Nov. 7, 1890 – Manassa] My daughter received a letter from Aunt Lucy saying my son Don Car]os had typhoid fever. I went to LaJara in the evening. It was very dark and stormy. I telegraphed to my son George: Has Don typhoid, also how is he. Answer immediately.

[Saturday, Nov. 8, 1890 – Manassa] I received a telegram from George saying “Don has typhoid, doing nicely. Others well.”

[Tuesday, Nov. 11, 1890 – on train to Utah] I took up a collection on the train for a woman who claimed to be in distress. I got $5.50 for her.

[Wednesday, Nov. 12, 1890 – Salt Lake City] My son Don is sick but doing nicely. I spent the day at home.

[Saturday, Nov. 15, 1890 – Salt Lake City] I signed a note for $5,500.00 at Deseret bank today for six months, interest at 10 percent per annum.

[Thursday, Nov. 20, 1890 – Salt Lake City] N. Harmon Groesbeck, William Groesbeck, John A. Groesbeck, Hyrum Groesbeck, Samuel Groesbeck, John Morgan, and myself met and talked over the ability of the Groesbeck Co. to pay its way and pay our present taxes. We came to no conclusion.

[Saturday, Nov. 22, 1890 – Salt Lake City] I paid mother ten dollars in interest on note.

My son Don who has been sick for some days came downstairs for the first time today.

[Monday, Nov. 24, 1890 – Salt Lake City] Doctor Joseph S. Richards cut from my back today a tumor about the size of a hickory nut. Dr. Charles Wilcox assisted him. Don Carlos is OK.

[Wednesday, Nov. 26, 1890 – Salt Lake City] I had my back dressed and it seems to be doing very nicely.

[Thursday, Nov. 27, 1890 – Salt Lake City] It is Thanksgiving day and we had a nice turkey. Lucy Woodruff and Hannah Conklin had dinner with us. The day passed very pleasantly.

[p.246][Thursday, Dec. 4, 1890 – Salt Lake City] Presidents W. Woodruff, G. Q. Cannon & Joseph F. Smith, Apostles L. Snow, F. D. Richards, Moses Thatcher, F. M. Lyman, Heber J. Grant, M. W. Merrill, A. H. Lund, Abraham H. Cannon, and I met in Counsel. We had a pleasant time together. The twelve were made a Committee to collect money for the Sugar Works.

[Sunday, Dec. 7, 1890 – Ogden] Cold. Father Farr has built a ten thousand dollar home.

[Thursday, Dec. 11, 1890 – Salt Lake City] President W. Woodruff, F. M. Lyman, H. J. Grant, Abraham H. Cannon, and I met and had prayers. We talked over the sugar business.

[Tuesday, Dec. 16, 1890 – Salt Lake City] I was busy about the city most of the day. In the evening Sister Wells and I took train for Colorado.

[Friday, Dec. 20, 1890 – Manassa, Colorado] I spent the day reading in Bancroft’s works.

[Thursday, Dec. 25, 1890 – Manassa] We had a great day with our children and they were happy. We went to the McGregor’s hall to a dance.

[Monday, Dec. 29, 90 – Salt Lake City] I reached home at 2 p.m. Found all well.

[Thursday, Jan. 8, 1891 – Salt Lake City] Presidents W. Woodruff, G. Q. Cannon and Joseph F. Smith, J. W. Taylor, Abraham H. Cannon and myself met and had prayer. Their was some talk about the Deseret News Co. I sent Josephine $50.00. Paid G.T.O. $100.00.

[Monday, Jan. 12, 1891 – Salt Lake City] The Groesbeck Co. Directors met at 10 a.m., President Will Groesbeck presiding. Present of stockholders: W. Groesbeck, John A. Groesbeck, Hyrum Groesbeck, Samuel S. Groesbeck, John Morgan and myself. We had the Quarterly report read. We elected the old board of Directors and John A. Groesbeck was elected President and Samuel Groesbeck Vice President.

We were busy most of the day.

[Tuesday, Jan. 13, 1891 – Salt Lake City] The Directors of the Home Fire met and agreed to pay their Quarterly dividend. Part of the Hooper and Eldredge block burned down today [p.247]and the Coop. Furn. Co. were burned out. Loss about $25,000.00. Barton and Co. and a number of others were also burned out.

Coop. Furnature Co. Directors met and decided to go on with their business. They will ask for time on their bills.

[Friday, Jan. 16, 1891 – Salt Lake City] At 4 p.m.F.M. Lyman and I went to Railway station and took train for Nephi. I stopped over night with Bro. McCune.

[Saturday, Jan. 17, 1891- Nephi] 2 p.m. I spoke at some length on the business situation and the sugar molasses. Bro. F. M. Lyman followed on the same subject. A good spirit prevailed.

We spoke on the suggar business but got no subscriptions to the stock.

[Monday, Jan. 19, 1891 – Salt Lake City] The Directors of the Groesbeck Co. met and adopted the yearly statement. They voted to commence paying a monthly dividend. I spent the evening at home. I wrote to Josephine and sent $5.00.

[Monday, Jan. 26, 1891 – Franklin, Idaho] [stake conference]

Conference continued during the day. S. H. Hale and A. H. Cannon spoke. Also M. H. Cowley, G. C. Parkinson and myself. The Authoraties general and local were sustained.

Bro. A. H. Cannon and I went in a sleigh to Preston with Bro. Hawkes to see the stake academy building. It is going to be a very fine one. We had supper with Bro. S. H. Hale, blest a baby for Bp. Parkinson and administered to Sister Cowley. We returned to Franklin and went to a dancing party.

[Tuesday, Jan. 27, 1891 – Ogden] I returned to Ogden and found my wife, Sarah, and sons Don & George. We spent the day visiting. Mother Farr is 68 years old today. In the evening 40-od[d] persons came in and gave her a surprise. Her children presented her a nice chair. We had a pleasant time.

[Wednesday, Jan. 28, 1891 – Salt Lake City] Presidents W. Woodruff, G. Q. Cannon, J. F. Smith, L. Snow, F. D. Richards, M. Thatcher, F. M. Lyman, H. J. Grant, J. W. Taylor, A. H. Cannon, George Reynolds, and myself met in Council. We started to talk about the suggar business. Bro. L. Snow said he felt their were some feelings among the brethren and wanted them settled first, so at it we went. Bros. G. [p.248]Q. Cannon and Thatcher poured out what was in them and agreed to forgive each other. The day was spent in good talk.20

[Thursday, Jan. 29, 1891 – Salt Lake City] We met in Council again today, Bro. A. H. Lund being with us. We fasted and partook of the sacrament after we had voted to forgive each other’s trespasses.

[Friday, Jan. 30, 1891 – Salt Lake City] Presidents W. Woodruff, G. Q. Cannon, J. F. Smith, L. Snow, F. D. Richards, M. Thatcher, F. M. Lyman, H. J. Grant, J. W. Taylor, A. H. Lund, Abram H. Cannon, George Reynolds and myself met in Council. We deliberated the whole day over the suggar business and finally agreed to make the best effort we could to put the thing through. Bro. H. J. Grant to go East and me with him to see what can be done in the interest of gaining time for our payments on machinery.

[Thursday, Feb. 5, 1891 – Salt Lake City] Presidents W. Woodruff, G. Q. Cannon, Jos. F. Smith, F. M. Lyman, J. W. Taylor, Abraham H. Cannon and myself met and had prayers.

[Went to Colorado, February 8-March 10.]

[Monday, Feb. 9, 1891 – Manassa, Colorado] It was the coldest day of the year at this point, being 22 below zero. I found my family all well.

[Sunday, Feb. 15, 1891 – Manassa] It is quite lonesome. No meetings of any kind, owing to the small pox scare.

[Monday, Feb. 23, 1891 – Manassa] F. M. Lyman, H. J. Grant, Edward Dalton, Joseph F. Thomas, and I met as a court. Jos. Haney claimed that S.S. Smith and Downey were his partners in business. After heating the evidence, we decided President S. Smith was morally a partner but not legally.

[Tuesday, Feb. 24, 1891 – Manassa] We were busy most of the day with the Downey and Haney case in making up our decision.

[p.249][Wednesday, Feb. 25, 1891 – Manassa] The day was spent in listening to the complaint of father Elage against S. S. Smith, Sr.

[Thursday, Feb. 26, 1891 – Manassa] We got together and decided that the final receipt presented by President S. S. Smith from Bro. Ellage closed the whole business out. We heard Wm. Christiansen make some complaints of no moment whatever. He and President Smith agreed to forgive each other.

[Sunday, March 1, 1891 – Manassa] Meeting was held today for the first time in some weeks. F. M. Lyman and H. J. Grant spoke.

We had a priesthood meeting in the evening. Several of the brethren complained bitterly against President S.S. Smith, but as they sought to explain themselves they had little on which to base a complaint. Bro. H. J. Grant spoke and condemned the feeling that had been exhibited.

When a vote was taken as to whether they would sustain President Smith, five voted against, forty-seven for, and seven did not vote.

Bro. Eccles said he believed President S. S. Smith had appropriated 34 dollars of his money dishonestly. I offered him a $1,000.00 dollars if he would establish that, but he said he could not.

[Monday, March 2, 1891 – Manassa] We met at the school house and took up the Scott case and spent the entire day listening to him talk. He had no evedence to present.

[Tuesday, March 3, 1891 – Manassa] We spent the day considering the Scott matter. We finally concluded the matter would have to be adjusted by the courts. Bro. E. Dalton dissented for a time but finally agreed with the rest of us.

[Thursday, March 5, 1891 – Manassa] Thor Petersen came with a complaint against President S. S. Smith in regard to the Tithing. We looked into the matter and tried to explain to him but could not make him see it.

The presidency had tried before but failed to make the matter clear to his mind.

[Friday, March 6, 1891 – Manassa] The Presidency of the stake, Bp. John Dalton and his Counselors, and Holt talked over their troubles and agreed to quit and be friends.

[Saturday, March 7, 1891 – Manassa] [stake conference] 6 p.m. Priesthood meeting. The report on land matters was read [p.250] and explained. All hands voted to sustain President S. S. Smith except Thor Petersen.

[Friday, March 13, 1891 – Salt Lake City] In company with Hyrum Groesbeck, I went out to see N.H. Groesbeck at the pen. We found him well.

J. F. Smith is reported to be very sick.

[Monday, March 16, 1891 – Salt Lake City] I have had the Dentist working on my mouth.

[Thursday, March 19, 1891 – Salt Lake City] The Presidency, some of the Twelve, and some of the seven Presidents of the seventies met and talked over the Political situation.

I got my upper teeth.

[Friday, March 20, 1891 – Salt Lake City and Deseret Millard County] Bros. F. M. Lyman, Abraham H. Cannon, A. H. Lund, and I went to Deseret by train. Bp. Jas. T. Black was on the train. In the evening F. M. Lyman, A. H. Lund, Abraham H. Cannon, I. W. Hinckley, David Stevens, B. Stringham, Christian Anderson, Jas. S. Black, and myself [met]. After some deliberation Bp. Black made up his mind to resign. We all approved his determination.

[Saturday, March 21, 1891 – Deseret] I wrote to Josephine and sent her a hundred dollar draft. We had a Priesthood meeting at 10 a.m. and Bp. Joseph S. Black resigned with an honorable release.

[Tuesday, March 24, 1891 – Salt Lake City] I was in Council with the Presidency. President Daniel H. Wells died today at 1 p.m.

[Thursday, March 26, 1891] Presidents W. Woodruff, G. Q. Cannon, F. M. Lyman, H. J. Grant, J. W. Taylor, Abraham H. Cannon and I met and had prayers. We talked over Mexican matters and as to who should preside. No conclusion reached.

[Sunday, March 29, 1891 Salt Lake City] Bro. A. H. Lund came in last evening to attend the funeral of Bro. D. H. Wells.

[Wednesday, April 1, 1891 – Salt Lake City] The following named brethren met in Council: Lorenzo Snow, F. D. Richards, F. M. Lyman, H. J. Grant, J. w. Taylor, M. W. Merrill, A. [p.251]H. Lund, Abraham H. Cannon, and myself. The time was spent in reading some notes made by Bro. F. D. Richards on the early history of the Twelve.

After meeting the Presidency was with us and I asked the brethren what they thought of my being elected a Director and President of the Ogden Standard Co. and becoming active in Politics. The matter was delayed until the morrow.

[Thursday, April 2, 1891 – Salt Lake City] Presidents W. Woodruff, George Q. Cannon, Joseph F. Smith, Lorenzo Snow, Franklin D. Richards, Moses Thatcher, F. M. Lyman, Heber J. Grant, John W. Taylor, M. W. Merrill, A. H. Lurid, Abraham H. Cannon, and myself met in Council. The Ogden Standard matter was talked over and spoke upon it. It was concluded I better not enter the Political field. We Partook of the Sacrament and were all joyous and happy under the influence of the holy spirit.

N. H. Groesbeck came out of the Penetentiary today, having been pardoned by President Harrison.

[Friday, April 3, 1891 – Salt Lake City] Josephine and three of the children came in from Colorado.

The Home Life Insurance Co. Directors met and declared a dividend of 10 percent for the year. Presidents Woodruff, Cannon and Smith asked me to go to Ogden and Qualify for a Director and President of the Standard Publishing & Printing Co. I did so and will resign the Presidency at once and remain a Director.

[General conference, April 4-6.]

[Tuesday, April 7, 1891 – Salt Lake City] The Presidency, Twelve, Presiding Bishops, presidents of Stakes and Bishops met at 10 a.m. and the tithing matters were explained. The people are using localy about three quarters of tithing collected. Bro. Penrose spoke in regard to the Political situation.

[Thursday, April 9, 1891 – Salt Lake City] I renewed a loan of $1,500.00 and paid $30.00 interest on the matured note.

I paid $75.00 tithing. I also paid a note of $50.00 at Zions Savings Bank.

[Friday, April 10, 1891 – Salt Lake City] I paid my mother three hundred dollars. We set apart 31 Elders for missions.

My Josephine is very sick, as also my daughter Lucy.

[p.252][Sunday, April 12, 1891 – Salt Lake City] George Q. Cannon and I spoke at the tabernacle. Josephine is better today.

[Monday, April 13, 1891 – Salt Lake City] The Directors of the Groesbeck Co. met at 11 a.m. and were together most of the day. H[elen] J. Morgan resigned and John Morgan was appointed in her place.

[Tuesday, April 14, 1891 – Salt Lake City] The Directors of the Home Fire Insurance Co. met at H. J. Grant’s office. The regular quarterly dividend was deraired.

[Wednesday, April 15, 1891 – Salt Lake City] T. W. Jennings resigned his position as Director of Z.C.M.I. and I was appointed in his place.

I drew dividends from H. J. Grant & Co. $16.00, Coop. W. & M. Co. $90.00, Home Fire Insurance Co. $150.00.

[Monday, April 20, 1891 – Ogden] I bot a horse of N. Farr, price $200.00.

[Thursday, April 23, 1891 Salt Lake City] William Groesbeck, David James, and [I] Went out to Tintic to visit the Red Rose mine. I am much pleased with it. I went down the shaft 225 feet and feel sure the[y] have struck a fine Vain of Silver ore.

[Friday, April 24, 1891 – Salt Lake City] I am quite lame with sciatica.

[Sunday, April 26, 1891 – Salt Lake City] I was at home until evening when I drove to the hot springs and took a bath. It releived me of my pain.

[Friday, May 1, 1891 – Salt Lake City] I drove out to the springs a couple of times. We were all at Wm. Groesbeck’s in the evening to the wedding reception of Mr. Fred Clawson and Miss Tessie Groesbeck. There were three hundred people present. It was a grand affair.

[Saturday, May 2, 1891 – Salt Lake City] I went out to the springs and spent the time reading when not driving back and fourth. Herman C. and Fredrick Smith called upon me in the evening.

[p.253][Tuesday, May 5, 1891 – Salt Lake City] Presidents Woodruff, G. Q. Cannon and others met and talked over the visit of President [Benjamin] Harrison and party. I was appointed to go to Utah Co[unty] and set [?] about some words of Counsel and to ask the people to make a showing as the President passed through.

I drove H. C. and Frederick Smith out about the City.

[Wednesday, May 6, 1891 – Provo] I went to Provo and made arrangements with Prest. A. O. Smoot about doing honor to the President as he passed along through the County.

[Thursday, May 7, 1891 – Provo] I went to my land and rented it for the season for 50 cents an acre.

[Saturday, May 9, 1891 – Salt Lake City] Benjamin Harrison and party reached this City during the night. The day was spent in visiting the objects of interest. Many people thronged the Streets. It was a beautiful day. The President made several short speaches.

The party left for the east at 12 noon.

[Tuesday, May 12, 1891 – Salt Lake City] I spent part of the day at the Office of the President. Political parties are in somwhat of a flury just at the present time.

[Wednesday, May 13, 1891 – Salt Lake City] I had a visit with Judge Zane. He favors the Republican party organizing at once. I also met McCormick, Arthur Pratt and Dooley.

[Thursday, May 14, 1891 – Salt Lake City] W. S. McCormick, Col. Shaughnessy & Arthur Pratt called at President W. Woodruffs Office and Presidents Woodruff, G. Q. Cannon and I talked over the political situation and it was thought best to go ahead and organize the Republican party. President Woodruff said he was a Republican and I said I was.

[Friday, May 15, 1891 – Salt Lake City] I spent most of the day button holing men to find out what their politics were if they had any.

President W. Woodruff told me to select such men as I wanted to go with me in that work.

[Saturday, May 16, 1891 – Salt Lake City] I met [Col. Isaac] Trumbo and ex-Congressman Connors of Ill. at the Templeton. I was much pleased with him.

[p.254][Monday, May 18, 1891 – Salt Lake City] An attempt to organize a Republican club was broken up tonight by some liberals [Liberal Party members]. A call was made today by a number of Republicans to organize the Republican party in Utah, to meet in Mass meeting at the Theatre on Wednesday night.

[Tuesday, May 19, 1891 – Salt Lake City] I was busy about the City talking with parties in regard to Politics.

Some of the parties favoring organization met and agreed on their course.

[Wednesday, May 20, 1891 – Salt Lake City] I was busy all day. At 8 p.m. a large crowd got together at the Theatre. A large number of liberals had come in with the design of breaking up the meeting but they failed to do this. C. W. Bennett was made chairman and speaches were made both for and against organization. W. H. Dixon spoke against and I for. The vote for organization carried. I never felt better in my life in talking.21

[Thursday, May 21, 1891 – Salt Lake City] Everybody is excited over yesterday’s meeting and it is the Town’s Talk.

[Friday, May 22, 1891 – Salt Lake City] The chairman of the Mass meeting has appointed a Territorial and County committee to organize the clubs and put the Territory in order for political work. We met in the evening, C. W. Bennett presiding.

[Tuesday, May 26, 1891 – Salt Lake City] The Republican Committee met and adopted an address to the people. Myself, John M. Zane, and Geo. M. Cannon arc to go about organizing the Counties into clubs. John M. Zane and I took the Document to the Herald and Tribune.

[Thursday, May 28, 1891 – Salt Lake City] John M. Zane, George M. Cannon and myself went to Provo, and in the evening did organize a Republican club of 15 members.

[Friday, May 29, 1891 – Provo and Nephi] We went to Nephi and organized a Club of some 22 members.

[p.255][Monday, June 1, 1891 – Salt Lake City] I attended my club meeting this evening. There were 87 members enroled.

[Tuesday, June 2, 1891 – Salt Lake City and Ogden] Judge C. W. Bennett and I went to Ogden and held a Council with the Ogden Republican committee. The result of our Consultation was the Ogden Club will make a call for a league meeting of all Republicans.

[Wednesday, June 3, 1891 – Salt Lake City] F. S. Richards, C. W. Penrose, and W. H. King are getting concerned about my labors in making converts to the Republican cause.

[Tuesday, June 10, 1891 – Salt Lake City] I was at the President’s office during the day and I went with James Sharp, John M. Zane, John Morgan and others to Spanish Fork to hold political meetings.

[Went to Colorado, June 11-20, to visit Josephine and for meetings of the Mexican Agricultural and Colonization Company.]

[Thursday, June 18, 1891 – Manassa, Colorado] M. Thatcher and John Morgan arrived today and a stockholders meeting was held of the Mexican Land and Colonization Co. M. Thatcher, F. M. Lyman, George Teasdale, A. F. McDonald, John Morgan, W. B. Preston, and I were elected Directors.

[Saturday, June 20, 1891 – Denver] I had a nice visit with U.S. Senators H. M. Teller and Wolcott. They both treated me nicely and held out lots of hope.

[Monday, June 22, 1891 – Payson] In company with John M. Zane and James Sharp, I went to Payson and held a political meeting.

[Went on several other trips to outlying cities to organize political clubs. ]

[Monday, June 29, 1891 – Salt Lake City] Presidents W. Wooodruff, Geo. Q. Cannon, Jos. F. Smith, F. D. Richards, M. Thatcher, H. J. Grant, M. W. Merrill, A. H. Lund, F. M. Lyman, A. H. Cannon, and I met in Council and talked over the political situation.22

[p.256][Monday, July 6, 1891 – Ogden] I went to Ogden Valley in company with two other gentlemen and had a political meeting in the evening. We had a large attendance.

[Wednesday, July 8, 1891 – Salt Lake City] I returned to the City and attended the Republican Convention. We had a nice day.

In the convention today, L. G. Hardy, Miller and Ashton and Kimball were nominated for County Offices.

[Friday, July 10, 1891 – Ogden] In company with quite a crowd of men with a band I went to Ogden to attend a meeting of the Republican clubs. We had a good day.

[Saturday, July 11, 1891 – Ogden] We spent the day in Ogden. Our Convention brought its labors to a close by organizing a league of clubs. The member of Congress from Nevada spoke to us in the afternoon and made a fine speach.

[Monday, July 13, 1891 – Salt Lake City] I met the Presidency and we talked over the Church Examiner business.

I went to Smithfield in Cache Valley and spoke to a political meeting.

[Tuesday, July 14, 1891 – Logan] I drove to Logan and there learned that the Republicans had won the school Elections.

[Monday, July 20, 1891 – Salt Lake City] I was busy most of the day at the office of the Groesbeck Co. In the evening I attended a primary meeting in the 16th ward school house to elect Delegates to a convention to be held at the federal court house on Wednesday.

[Tuesday, July 21, 1891 – Salt Lake City] I was busy over the Groesbeck Co. business all day. I met Joseph F. Smith and he put in my hands his petition for amnesty to President B. F. Harrison. James Sharp and I placed it in the hands of Robert Harkness.

Some 25 Republicans met and talked over matters.

[Wednesday, July 22, 1891 – Salt Lake City] The Republican County Convention met and elected John T. Lynch Chairman. A Ticket for the Legislature was gotten up.

[p.257][Went to political meetings in Scipio, Holden, Fillmore, Meadow, Kanosh, and Deseret, Millard County, July 27-August 1.]

[Wednesday, July 29, 1891 – Fillmore] We went to Fillmore and was met by the band and received a warm Welcome. I spoke two hours and a half in the evening.

[Monday, Aug. 3, 1891 – Salt Lake City] It is Ellection day and I was at Republican headquarters most of the day.

The Republicans were somewhat disgruntled at the result of the ellection.

[Tuesday, Aug. 4, 1891 – Salt Lake City] I met several outside Republicans and they are feeling better then they were last night. A party of us met and concluded we would go on with the fight.

[Wednesday, Aug. 5, 1891 – Salt Lake City] Some twenty Republicans met and increased our working committee and decided to hold a Territorial convention, and the date of Sept. 2nd was agreed upon. We all felt first class.

[Went to Manassa, Colorado, to attend stake conference and visit Josephine, August 18-23. Also visited some ranches in the area.]

[Thursday, Aug. 20, 1891 – Mcintyre Ranch, Conejas County, Colorado] The day was spent in fishing with very good luck to all hands.

President S. S. Smith brought me the following telegram from President W. Woodruff[:] It is important you be here as soon as possible.

It was concluded I could not reach the City in time so I waited over.

[Wednesday, Aug. 26, 1891 – Salt Lake City] The Republican [County] Convention met at 2 p.m. and we selected 59 delegates to the Territorial Convention. I was among the number.

[Tuesday, Sept. 1, 1891 – Salt Lake City] I baptised my Son Nathaniel Libbey. He was Eight years old on the 19th of June.

I met with Judges C. S. Zane and Bartch, C. W. Bennett, W. Balderston & Mr. Brown and agreed on our platform.

[Wednesday, Sept. 2, 1891 – Salt Lake City] A number of young men were set apart for their missions to the Improvement Associations of the Church, my son George among the number.

[p.258]The Territorial Republican convention met at 11 a.m. Arthur Brown called them to order. J. F. Lynch was made Temporary chairman. The attendance of delegates was large.

Mr. Bodinski was made permanent Chairman. The Platform was adopted. Speaches were made. C. W. Bennett was made chairman of the Territorial Committee.

[Saturday, Sept. 5, 1891 – Provo] I paid my Sister Grace 12 dollars toward Sarah’s board and $17.75 to apply on her Tuition. I did some talking on politics.

[Monday, Sept. 7, 1891 – Salt Lake City] It is announced from Cape May that Jos. F. Smith is amnestied by the President.

[Saturday, Sept. 19, 1891 – Salt Lake City] Judge M. M. Estee gave me letters of introduction to Republicans in Arizona.

[Monday, Sept. 21, 1891 – Salt Lake City] I was blest and set apart by Bro. G. Q. Cannon. Bro. J. F. Smith blest Bro. John Morgan. I have a letter of appointment to seal people in Arizona and to attend to all business that comes under my notice.

Judges C. S. Zane, C. W. Bennett, and G. M. Bartch gave me letters of introduction to leading Republicans of Arizona.

I got two hundred dollars for expenses.

U.S. Marshal Parson gave me a letter of introduction to the U.S. Marshall of Arizona.

[Text of letter from President Wilford Woodruff.]

Elder John Henry Smith
One of the Twelve Apostles

Dear Brother,

The condition of many of the saints in Arizona in Connection with their marriages has been brought to the attention of the First Presidency. We understand that there are many couples in that Territory who are prevented by poverty and other circumstances from going to the Temple to have their sealing and that many of the children are being born out of the Covenant [to parents who have not been sealed for time and eternity] because of this.

We feel to take some action upon this, as it is a great deprivation for Latter-day Saints to not have the privilege of marrying and bearing children in the Covenant. In view of this, we have decided to authorize you, as one of the Apostles, to dedicate rooms which are now used for prayer according to the holy order [of the temple ceremonies], and in those rooms solemnize marriages such as are properly recommended, and which are of the class [p.259]referred to, that is, marriages of those who are unable through poverty or some other various impediment, to go to the Temple of the Lord to be sealed for time and for eternity. The authority is hereby conferred upon you during this present visit to Arizona to attend to cases of this kind and perform the sealing ordinances for time and eternity. In doing this, we desire you to be very carefull and make a proper record of all such sealings, that every case may be reported here; and in order that this may be done, we furnish you a book in which you will have entry made of all these sealings.

Praying the Lord to bless you upon this mission and in the exercise of this authority,

I remain your brother

Wilford Woodruff

Form of Marriage

Brother, you take Sister — by the right hand and receive her unto yourself to be your lawfull wedded wife, for time and for all eternity. With the Covenant and promise that you will observe and keep all the laws, rites and ordinances appertaining to this holy order of matrimony in the new and everlasting Covenant [of eternal marriage]. This you do in the presence of God, angels and these witnesses, of your own free will and choice. Do you? Yes! [Repeated for woman.]

By virtue of the holy Priesthood and Authority invested in me, I pronounce you legally and lawfully husband and wife, for time and all eternity.

I seal upon you the blessings of the holy resurrection with power to come forth in the morning of the first resurrection clothed with glory, immortality and eternal lives. And I seal upon you the blessings of Kingdoms, thrones, principalities, powers dominions and exaltations with the blessings of Abraham, Isaac and Jacob. And I say unto you, be fruitfull and multiply and replenish the earth that you may have joy and rejoicing in your posterity in the day of the Lord Jesus Christ.

All these blessings, together with all appertaining to the new and everlasting covenant, I seal upon your heads, through your faithfullness by virtue of the holy priesthood and in the name of the Father and of the Son and of the Holy Ghost, Amen.

Kiss each other.

[Letter from First Presidency to John Henry Smith and John Morgan included in diary. Excerpts follow.]

Dear Brethren:

We desire you to take a short mission to Arizona for the purpose of meeting with the Presidency and Priesthood of each of the Stakes, and also the Saints and setting everything in order that may need to be regulated. The [p.260]Saints in that land are surrounded by peculiar circumstances and we think it important that they should receive a visit from some of the general authoraties of the Church, and we have selected you for this purpose. . . . We desire you, under the influence of the spirit of the Lord to Counsel the brethren and Saints there as you may be led, in keeping with all we have communicated to you. It is important that the officers and the members should act prudently and wisely and with great circumspection, at the present time, for much depends upon their taking a right course.

We pray God the eternal Father to fill you with His Holy Spirit . . . that great good may result from your labors.

We are your brethren

Wilford Woodruff
Geo. Q. Cannon
Jos. F. Smith

[Letter] from Judge G. S. Zane, Chief Justice of Utah

To whom it may Concern.

The bearer of this letter, Hon. John Henry Smith, should meet and receive recognition as an earnest, constant and zealous Republican in the organization of the Republican party in Utah Territory. He has done more than any other man to gain for Republicanism a strong following. I cordially endorse and recommend him to all Republicans as worthy of their friendship and confidence.

Very Respectfully C. S. Zane

From Judge G. M. Bartch

To whom it May Concern:

This is to certify that I am well acquainted with the bearer, John Henry Smith, and that I regard him as a gentleman of Culture, honor, and integrity, having the esteem and confidence of the community….

G. M. Bartch

From Office of the U.S. Marshall to the U.S. Marshall of Arizona

Dear Sir:

This will introduce to you Mr. John Henry Smith, one of Utah’s solid and enterprising men; any courtesies shown him will be duly appreciated. Yours Very Truly

E. H. Parsons

Permit me to say further that Mr. Smith is a staunch Republican and a man of influence with the men of Mormon proclivities. You can rely on him in every way.

E. H. Parsons

[p.261]Letter from Republican Territorial Committee

To All Republicans:

This will introduce to you Mr. John Henry Smith, a leading Republican of Utah Territory, and a member of the Republican Territorial Committee, The executive Committee of our Territory and an active worker in the cause of Republicanism.

Mr. Smith is traveling in the Western States and Territories, and wishes to meet Republicans wherever he visits.

We acredit him to all as a thoroughly reliable gentleman, personally and politically.

Respectfully, C. W. Bennett
Rep. Territorial Com.

[Wednesday, Sept. 23, 1891 – San Francisco] We put up at the Palace hotel. After we ate our breakfast We called upon Gov. Zulech and talked over the political situation in Arizona.

[Saturday, Sept. 26, 1891 – Mesa, Arizona] We met with the High Council and talked over the situation with them and agreed to hold ourselves aloof from the political parties until we saw who would be our friends.

[Monday, Sept. 28, 1891 – Mesa] There is some drunken tramp here who claims he has papers for my arest.

[Wednesday, Sept. 30, 1891 – Mesa and Phoenix] Bp. Hunsaker, President C. R. Hakes, Bro. J. Morgan, myself and other brethren went by team to Phoenix. We paid a visit to the State [Constitutional] Convention and was introduced to the members and were invited to a seat near the President’s Chair. We met a number of the leading men of both parties and was treated very nicely.23

[Thursday, Oct. 1, 1891 – Phoenix] We met Judge Stewart, Col. Christie, Col. Hering, Mr. Wolfly of the Republican, Gove [?] Murphy and the Editor of the Herald. We had a pleasant day and was well treated by everybody. Col. Hering gave letters of introduction to some leading men in Graham Co.

[p.262][Monday, Oct. 5, 1891 – Thatcher] We held a Priesthood meeting at 10 a.m. We talked over the Political situation.

[Tuesday, Oct. 6, 1891 – Thatcher] Today we spent in performing sealings. Some 35 couples came to us. All felt well.

[Wednesday, Oct. 14, 1891 – St. Johns] We made a few calls upon leading outsiders who reside here. They received us very pleasantly.

I am under a heavy load of cold and malaria.

[Monday, Oct. 19, 1891 – Snowflake] I sealed some 15 couples today.

[Tuesday, Oct. 20, 1891 – Holbrook] We drove to Holbrook and I met Messrs. Beauman and Barns and we had some talk with them over the political situation.

[Wednesday, Oct. 21, 1891 – Santa Fe, New Mexico] I received an answer to my telegram. A girl baby [born to Sarah]. J[osephine]. gone home.

[Thursday, Oct. 22, 1891 – Santa Fe and Manassa] I went by train Sun Flower and Austin Smith met me and took me home. I found all well.

[Monday, Oct. 26, 1891 – Manassa, Colorado] Still in the house nursing myself.

[Thursday, Oct. 29, 1891 – Manassa] I read the papers and visited with my wife and children. I had one of my regular shakes.

[Saturday, Oct. 31, 1891 – Manassa] The brethren met in a Priesthood. I talked to them over the political situation. J. Morgan and I talked at a political meeting in the evening.

[Tuesday, Nov. 3, 1891 – Manassa] It is election day and the Australian system [of secret ballots] is being tried. It worked well.

[Thursday, Nov. 5, 1891 – Salt Lake City] I found my wife Sarah and baby doing nicely.

[p.263][Tuesday, Nov. 10, 1891 – Provo and Salt Lake City] I paid my taxes here $11.20. I paid my sister Grace $15.00 for five weeks board for Sarah to the 7th of this month.

Judge Bartch, Mr. Brown, and John Morgan and self met and talked over the political situation.

[Wednesday, Nov. 11, 1891 – Salt Lake City] It has been agreed that J. Morgan and I should go to Washington. I called upon Judge Zane and others. They favored the movement.

[Monday, Nov. 16, 1891 – Salt Lake City] The Directors of Z.C.M.I. met at the Gardo house and had the reports of the Secretary read for the month of October. The Directors of the Groesbeck Co. met in the evening and talked over the situation.

[Wednesday, Nov. 18, 1891 – Salt Lake City] I have been considering the question of putting a heavier Mortgage on the [Groesbeck Company] Wasatch property and I don’t favor the idea.

[Thursday, Nov. 19, 1891 – Salt Lake City] Our daughter Elsie Louise is one month old today. She was blest by her grandfather while she was eight days old.

[Monday, Nov. 25, 1891 – Richfield] During the noon hour I had a number of the brethren together and spoke at some length on political matters and read the circular sent out by the Presidency in regard to the Salt Lake Temple.

[Friday, Nov. 27, 1891 – Salt Lake City] A meeting of the Directors of the K[anab] herd met and accepted the yearly report and declaired a dividend of 20 percent for the year. Myself, L. C. Marigor & Geo. A. Smith were present.

[Went south to Richfield, Kanab, Orderville, Panguitch, November 30-December 14, for conferences and political meetings.]

[Wednesday, Dec. 16, 1891 – Salt Lake City] I was busy about the City. John A. Groesbeck has gone to California to see if he can cancel the Goldberg note of $65,000 and secure another loan from other parties of $125,000.00.

[Thursday, Dec. 17, 1891 – Salt Lake City] A petitition is being prepared to send to President Harrison asking for amnesty for the Saints.

[p.264][Friday, Dec. 18, 1891 – Salt Lake City] I find that money is very Scarce and many people are complaining of hard times.

Bro. Francis Armstrong had a talk with Judge C. S. Zane in regard to Amnesty, and made an appointment to meet G. Q. Cannon, Jos. F. Smith, Governor A. L. Thomas and myself and talk over the matter.

[Saturday, Dec. 19, 1891 – Salt Lake City] I met with Governor A. L. Thomas and made an arrangement to meet with him, Judge C. S. Zane, G. Q. Cannon, Jos. F. Smith at the Governor’s Residence in the evening at 7 p.m. We met at the hour appointed and the following Document was discussed:

To the President.

We, the First Presidency and Apostles of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day saints beg respectfully to represent to your Excellency the following facts:

[Petition gives a history of polygamy as a church doctrine and the hardships endured by following the doctrine.]

Following this conviction, hundreds endured arrest, trial, fine and imprisonment, and immeasurable suffering borne by the faithfull people no language can describe. That suffering in abated form still continues.

[Petition describes Manifesto of 1890 and determination of church members to live by it.]

This being the true situation, and believing that the object of the Government was simply the vindication of its own authority and to compel obedience to its laws, and that it takes no pleasure in persecution, we respectfully pray that full amnesty may be extended to all who are under disabilities because of the operation of the so called Edmund and Edmund-Tucker laws. Our people are scattered; homes are made desolate; many are still imprisoned; others are banished or in hiding.

Our hearts bleed for these. In the past they followed our Counsels and while they are thus afflicted our souls are in sackcloth and ashes.

We believe there are nowhere in the Union a more loyal people than the Latter-day Saints. They know no other country than this; they expect to live and die on this soil.

When the men of the South who were in rebellion against the government in 1865 threw down their arms and asked recognition along the old lines of Citizenship the government hastened to grant their prayer.

To be at peace with the government and in harmony with their fellow citizens who are not of their faith, and to share in the confidence of the Government and people, our people have voluntarily put aside something which all their lives have believed to be a sacred principle.

[p.265]Have they not the right to ask for such clemency as comes when the claims of both law and justice have been fully liquidated.

As shepards of a patient and suffering people, We ask amnesty for them and pledge our faith and honor for the future. And your petitioners will ever pray.

[signed by First Presidency and ten apostles]

After Governor A. L. Thomas, Judge C. S. Zane, George Q. Cannon, Jos. F. Smith and myself had talked over this matter, the Governor and Judge agreed to endorse the Petition and we separated.

[Sunday, Dec. 20, 1891 – Salt Lake City] It is a very stormy day. General P. E. Connor was buried from the Walker house. A large body of Citizens followed the remains to the cemetery.

[Monday, Dec. 21, 1891 – Salt Lake City] I received from Governor A. L. Thomas and Judge C. S. Zane the following Communications

Salt Lake City, Dec. 21 ’91

To the President:

We have the honor to forward herewith a petition signed by the President and most influential members of the Mormon Church. We have no doubt of its sincerity and no doubt it is tendered in absolute good faith. The signers include some who were most determined in adhering to their religious faith while polygamy either mandatory or permissive was one of its tenets and they are men who would not lightly pledge their faith and honor to the Government, or subscribe to such a Document without having fully resolved to make their words good in letter and spirit.

We warmly recommend a favorable consideration of this petition and if your Excellency shall find it consistent with your public duties to grant the relief asked. We believe it would be graciously received by the Mormon people and tend to evince to them what has always been asserted, that the Government is benificent in its laws and desires all law abiding Citizens to enjoy all the benefits and privileges of Citizenship. We believe it will be better for the future if the Mormon people should now receive this mark of confidence.

As to the form and scope of a reprieve or pardon granted in the exercise of your constitutional prerogative, we make no suggestions.

You and your law advisers will best know how to grant what you may think should be granted.

We are very respectfully
signed
Arthur L. Thomas
Governor of Utah
[p.266]signed
Charles S. Zane
Chief Justice of Utah

 

A Personal letter

Salt Lake City Dec. 21, 1891

To the President:

Our endorsement of the enclosed petition states that we do not presume to advise you as to the form or scope of a reprieve or pardon, but we beg to respectfully suggest that were full atonesty granted to date that date would be coupled with your name and in the future the Mormon people would turn to them as does the Colored race to Abraham Lincoln and the day of Jan. 2nd 1863; and if, as we believe the promise made by your petitioners will be fully kept it will associate with your administration the final end of the Work to which the republican party was solemnly pledged by its first national Convention which assembled in Philadelphia in 1856.

We are very respectfully

Arthur L. Thomas
Charles S. Zane

I had some little discussion in regard to the scope of the proposed amnesty. Both the Governor and the judge acceeded to my wish.

A number of Republicans met at the office of Arthur Pratt and discussed the proposition to establish a newspaper. Six thousand dollars of additional stock was subscribed. There were present O. J. Salisbury, C. W. Bennett, Jos. F. Smith, W. H. Rowe, Judge Baxtch, Arthur and Harmel Pratt, John Morgan, Sam Hill, Bowman Cannon, James Devine, J. T. Lynch and others.

[Tuesday, Dec. 22, 1891 – Salt Lake City] These papers were put into the hands of Frank Armstrong and from him went into the hands of C. C. Goodwin, Editor of the Salt Lake Tribune and he sent them east to a friend of President Harrison’s. I was busy about the city looking after my own afairs.

[Wednesday, Dec. 23, 1891 – Salt Lake City] Their was a meeting of a number of gentlemen to talk over the propriety of establishing [a] Republican Newspaper. It seemed to strike everyone that it was the proper thing to do.

[Thursday, Dec. 24, 1891 – Salt Lake City] A few of the leading brethren met and talked over the present situation. I reported my labors with Judge Zane and Coy. A. L. Thomas. We had progress.

[p.267][Friday, Dec. 25, 1891 – Salt Lake City] I spent the day at home visiting with my family and eating roast Turkey.

[Monday, Dec. 28, 1891 – Salt Lake City] Today G. Q. Cannon, Jos. F. Smith, Heber J. Grant, Elias Morris, W. H. Rowe, T. R. Cutler, Abram H. Cannon, L. G. Hardy, Elias A. Smith, G. M. Cannon, Myself and others completed the organization of the partnership of Cannon Grant & Co.

Some talk was had with the members of the Groesbeck Co. in regard to how we should pay our dividends. I got $500.00 from the Groesbeck Co. and paid a note of that amount to the Church.

I asked Judge Zane if pardon was granted men who had been in the pen if they could vote. He said they could.

[Tuesday, Dec. 29, 1891 – Salt Lake City] W. H. Rowe and I spent most of the day getting subscribers to the stock of the new Republican daily paper.

[Went to Manassa, Colorado, December 30, 1891-January 10, 1892.]

[Saturday, Jan. 2, 1892 – Manassa] I was reading in the Conquest of Mexico by Prescott.

[Tuesday, Jan. 5, 1892 – Manassa] We commenced to read Scott’s Novel of Ivanhoe.

[Monday, Jan. 11, 1892 – Salt Lake City] Mr. [E. B.] Critchlow and John Morgan have gone east to secure harmony in the ranks of the Republicans by asking for the removal of Gov. Thomas and Mr. Varian. I telegraphed Morgan to hold up and C. W. Bennett did the same to Critchlow. It was determined today that John M. Zane and F. J. Cannon go East and ask for the admission of Utah into the union as a state. Judges C. S. Zane, C. E. Goodwin, C. W. Bennett, Gov. A. L. Thomas and others among the leading out side[rs] favor this.

[Tuesday, Jan. 12, 1892 – Salt Lake City] John M. Zane left this morning for Washington.

L. Snow, F. D. Richards, M. Thatcher, F. M. Lyman, J. W. Taylor, M. W. Merrill, A. H. Lund, A. H. Cannon and I met and We talked over my case and the political situation. Bro. F. D. Richards and Bro. M. Thatcher got some light. I felt somewhat hurt at what they said but we all parted feeling first rate.24

[p.268][Wednesday, Jan. 13, 1892 – Salt Lake City] L. Snow, F. D. Richards, M. Thatcher, F. M. Lyman, John W. Taylor, M. W. Merrill, A. H. Lund, A. H. Cannon and I met, had a splendid day, and Presidents G. Q. Cannon, J. F. Smith joined us and we broke bread together.

It was a splendid day. Bro. Moses had to leave on account of sickness. The feeling was I was to go on in my political work.

J. F. Smith, F. M. Lyman and I attended Republican meeting in 3 district and all spoke.

[Wednesday, Jan. 20, 1892 – Salt Lake City] Matters seem to be culminating very fast. Some gentlemen now among the Liberal party feel they will soon withdraw. Mr. C. C. Goodwin in his paper the Tribune has come out for statehood. He feels considerably worked up over the situation.

[Monday, Jan. 25, 1892 – Provo and Salt Lake City] I saw Bro. George Brimhall about [daughter] Sarah. He said she is doing very well indeed and advised me to keep her on.

I returned to the City and was busy at the Wasatch and other places during the day. The feeling among Republicans is growing that I should go to Washington in regard to the statehood matter.

F. J. Cannon arrived from Washington and we called upon Judges Zane and Bennett. He reported lots of Work must be done to accomplish the wish of the party.

[Tuesday, Jan. 26, 1892 – Salt Lake City] The business interests in this Territory are very much in debt. George and I went to the Republican meeting.

[Saturday, Jan. 30, 1892 – Salt Lake City] I returned to Salt Lake City. Bros. G. Q. Cannon, J. F. Smith, Wm. Budge, F. M. Lyman and self talked over the political situation in Idaho.

Judge C. S. Zane, John M. Zane, C. W. Bennett, Judge Harkness, Jos. F. Smith, Jas. Sharp, Geohegan and Cose [?] Donellan met and talked [p.269]over the situation and our Candidate for Mayor. I had an interview with Gov. A. L. Thomas about the Condition of Affairs and the appointment of Officers.

I went down to Provo and attended the Republican Rally. George Sutherland, Reed Smoot, John E. Booth, J. N. Whitecotton and I spoke.

[Monday, Feb. 1, 1892 – Salt Lake City] Today the Republican convention met and nominated H. M. Wells for Mayor. The Republican ticket throughout was a good one. The Territorial Committee wants me to go on to Washington.

[Wednesday, Feb. 3, 1892 – Salt Lake City] The day was spent in doing a little of everything that presented itself. It is determined that Judge C. W. Bennett and I should go to Washington in regard to this statehood matter.25

[Thursday, Feb. 4, 1892 – Salt Lake City] I received the following from Coy. A. L. Thomas

Salt Lake City, Feby. 4, 92
Hon. M. S. Quay
Senate Chamber
Washington D.C.

My Dear Senator:

This will be handed you by Hon. John H. Smith, a Citizen of this City. I have known Mr. Smith for nearly thirteen years, and [know] him as an able and honest man and one in whom I have full Confidence. He is my friend, and any kindness or courtesy which you may show to him will always be remembered by yours truly.

Arthur L. Thomas

Salt Lake City, Utah Feby. 4, 1892
Hon. Attorney General
Washington, D.C.

Dear Sir:

This will be handed to you by the Hon. John Henry Smith; he is a Utah born and raised and always a member of the Mormon church; he is one who has excellent standing and great influence among the Mormon people, and is greatly respected and esteemed by all good citizens; a republican from his childhood, whose republicanism was fixed by a conversation with [p.270]Hon. Wm. H. Seward, during his visit to this Territory in the 60’s. He is one of our trusted able workers, and one from whom we expect great results among the Mormon people, as well as among thinking men of all classes. He visits Washington on business, and desired to look into your face, and to become acquainted with you. I take pleasure in introducing him, and I believe the acquaintance will be mutually pleasant and I hope profitable.

Very respectifully,
E. H. Parsons
U. S. Marshall

Salt Lake City Feb. 4 91
Hon. Henry L. Daws
U.S. Senate Washington D.C.

Dear Sir,

Knowing your interest in Western affairs generally, and of those pertaining to Indian work particularly, I take great pleasure in introducing to you Hon John Henry Smith, a resident of this Territory from his childhood. Mr. Smith is one of the best republicans we have, and visits Washington in the interests of the Republican party; he wants especially to meet you, and I am going to the liberty to ask that you introduce him to your colleague Senator Hoar, and Senator Platt of Conn. as he desires to meet both gentlemen, and I think the introductions would be much better from you than from myself, as my [blank] with both of them is limited . . . Any Courtesy you are able to extend to Mr. Smith will be duly appreciated. . . .

Very respectfully,
E. H. Parsons
U. S. Marshall

[Friday, Feb. 5, 1892] The day was spent in considering the public interest. Last evening Bros. G. Q. Cannon, Jos. F. Smith and F. M. Lyman blest me. C. W. Bennett left for the east this morning. I left on the evening train.

[Wednesday, Feb. 10, 1892 – Washington, D.C.] I put up at the Hotel Arlington. Met Judge M. M. Estee and Col. Isaac Trumbo. I called upon Senators R. Proctor, H. M. Teller, Stewart of Nevada and other gentlemen. I received the following

To Hon. James G. Blaine
Secretary of State

My Dear Uncle,

Allow me to present Mr. John Henry Smith a prominent Mormon who is also a staunch Republican. He desires to meet and talk with you about the political situation in Utah. We shall appreciate the favor if you will grant him an interview.

[p.271]Affectionately yours,
Margaret B. M. Salisbury

Today the Utah contingent of the Democratic party made some talk before the Committee on Territories of the house. Mr. H. W. Smith did the talking. Also Judge Judd spoke.

[Thursday, Feb. 11, 1892 – Washington, D.C.] The Senate Committee on Territories met at 10 a.m. and Mr. H. W. Smith presented his argument in favor of home rule. I had a visit with Senators [Orville H.] Platt of Conn. and Senator [Joseph] Carey of Wyoming. By telegram from home last evening I learned that my son D. C. Smith had met with a severe accident.

[Friday, Feb. 12, 1892 – Washington, D.C.] The committee on Territories met and further Arguments were made by C. C. Richards, Judge Judd and F. S. Richards. Some feeling was raised by some questions raised by Senator Jones of Arkansas in regard to Exo Senator Ramsay and Senators Padock when on the Utah Commission as to certain rulings which were overturned by the U.S. Supreme Court.

[Saturday, Feb. 13, 1892 – Washington, D.C.] The Committee met at 10 a.m. F.S. Richards and J. S. Rawlings made their talks. The latter did not make a good impression.

[Monday, Feb. 15, 1892 – Washington, D.C.] I have spent the day about the Capital.

I called upon Senator Dubois in the evening and talked over Idaho Politics. Mr. C. W. Bennett is still in his cups.

The house committee on Territories heard speaches by the democrats. Judge M. M. Estee got back from New York.

[Tuesday, Feb. 16, 1892 – Washington, D.C.] Judge Anderson, Ex-Marshall Dyer and J. S. Rawlings made speaches on Home Rule before the house committee on Territories. I spent the evening with Representative Bartine of Nevada.

[Wednesday, Feb. 17, 1892 – Washington, D.C.] Mr. O. W. Powers made a speach against home Rule bill before the house Committee on Territories. He told several hard stories and then went after H. W. Smith in rattling shape and had telegrams by the yard denying Smith’s statements. I called upon Senator Cullom. Col. I. Trumbo got back this morning from New York. I called upon J. G. Blaine and had a nice chat with him.

[Thursday, Feb. 18, 1892 – Washington, D.C.] At 10 a.m. today [C. E.] Allen and O. W. Powers made their talks [p.272]before the Senate Committee. Allen was very bitter quoting largely from old time discourses.

[Friday, Feb. 19, 1892 – Washington, D.C.] The Liberals and Home Rule people had the day with the Senate and House too.

[Saturday, Feb. 20, 1892 – Washington, D.C.] Coy. West was heard before the Senate today He made a long talk in favor of home Rule. I went by train to New York.

[Sunday, Feb. 21, 1892 – New York City] Met H. B. Clawson, Spencer Clawson, J. F. Wells, G. Q. Cannon & Col. I Trumbo.

[Monday, Feb. 22, 1892 – Washington, D.C.] I returned to Washington and found Mr. C. W. Bennett intoxicated. The people of this City celebrated Washington’s birthday. I received a telegram from W. H. Rowe. See Caine’s Cypher. Salisbury says in addition to Clarkson’s influence get personal friends of Russell B. Harrison to get him to telegraph Governor urging appointment mentioned in my letter of ninteenth.

[Tuesday, Feb. 23, 1892 – Washington, D.C.] I received the following: You get ready and make a statement avoiding home Rule. C. M. Bennett and  went to Senate. He spoke and made a vicious attack upon home Rule and spoke in favor of statehood. I followed for just a few moments and answered some questions and said I prefered the present Condition to home Rule. I telegraphed to Trumbo: Home Rule badly antagonized.

[Wednesday, Feb. 24, 1892 – New York City] I met Bros. G. Q. Cannon, H. B. Clawson and Col. Isaac Trumbo. We talked over the situation and concluded to let the matter remain. We visited the dog show and saw many dogs valued at $5,000.00 to $10,000.00 each.

[Thursday, Feb. 25, 1892 – Washington, D.C.] I bid my friends goodby and went to the B. & O. station and took train for Washington. Upon my arrival I was requested to appear before the House Committee on Territories.

[Friday, Feb. 16, 1892 – Washington, D.C.] I went before the house Committee on Territories and talked about three quarters of an hour. They treated me with great Kindness.

[Saturday, Feb. 27, 1892 – Washington, D.C.] I spent most of the day at the Capital. I read and revised my speach [p.273]of the day before. I had a short visit with Delegate Caine. At 8:15 p.m. I book B. & O. train for the West.

[Visited uncle at Oshkosh, Wisconsin, and went to Manassa, Colorado, before reaching Salt Lake City on March 10.]

[Tuesday, March 15, 1892 – Salt Lake City] I returned to the City and attended the Directors meeting of Z.C.M.I. We had long sitting and a rather warm one. Bro. M. Thatcher was badly keyed up. He made a proposition to buy the surplus Z.C.M.I. stock which was taken under advisement. He proposed to resign and it was accepted but he back[ed] out.

[Wednesday, March 16, 1892 – Salt Lake City] A large Democratic Committee waited on the Presidency of the Church and made complaints over the Logan election and read letters and affidavits showing that George F. Gibbs had used his influence in favor of the Republicans. Some one in this business has done wrong.

[Went to Cedar City for church and political meetings, March 18-22.]

[Saturday, March 26, 1892 – Salt Lake City] The Republican County convention was held today to elect Delegates to the Territorial Convention at Provo on the first.

[Monday, March 28, 1892 – Salt Lake City] H. J. Grant came home from California. Cannon, Grant & Co. met and agreed to endorse for the Sugar Co. to the tune of $100,000.00. I paid Life Insurance Co. $260.40.

[Friday, April 1, 1892 – Salt Lake City] The Republican Territorial Convention met in the opera House at Provo. O. J. Salisbury and F. J. Cannon were chosen as delegates to the National Convention at Minneapolis in June. James Sharp and George Sutherland were chosen as Alternates.

[Monday, April 4, 1892 – Salt Lake City] [general conference] My son George Albert is 22 years old today. Fifteen years ago today I married my wife Josephine. By letter from her received today she says she has never regreted the step she then took and neither have I, but still rejoice over it .

10 a.m. Conference.

The Church voted to establish a Church University.

[Wednesday, April 6, 1892 – Salt Lake City] Conference at 10 a.m. Prests. George Q. Cannon & W. Woodruff spoke. The Conference moved from the building to the south of the Temple, [p.274]where the services of placing the Capstone was attended to. Prayer by Joseph F. Smith. Music and Singing.

At 12:30 President W. Woodruff touched an electric button and the stone droped into place. I believe that sixty thousand people witnessed the ceremony.

Bro. Lorenzo Snow led the Hozana shout and the waving of handkerchiefs. It was indeed a grand sight.

[Thursday, April 7, 1892 – Salt Lake City] I got a loan for the Standard, forever, I guess, of $6,800.00.

Thirteen members of Cannon, Grant & Co. met and agreed to endorse the Sugar Co. note for $100,000.00.

[Friday, April 8, 1892 – Salt Lake City] I got in cash from a friend $6,300.00 and I went to Ogden and put it into the hands of another friend.

[Tuesday, April 19, Salt Lake City] I turned over to Cannon, Grant & Co. Five thousand dollars in State bank stock and it was received for $5,500.00, also Z[ions] Saving bank stock which is worth $5,000.00. I secured a five thousand note at the Savings bank with $4,634.00 K. stock and $1,000.00 Home life stock.

The owners of the Home life agreed to disolve the Co.

[Monday, April 25, 1892 – Manassa, Colorado] I spent most of the day reading in Prescott’s Conquest of Mexico.

[Thursday, April 28, 1892 – Manassa] I finished reading the Conquest of Mexico. I sealed Horace M. Mortensen and Matilda M. Funk at my house today.

[Friday, April 29, 1892 – Manassa] I sealed John D. Westbrook and Leander E. Kelley at my house. I wrote Sarah and mailed two licences to W. H. Russell, Conejas.

[Sunday, May 1, 1892 – Manassa] Today is to be observed by the whole church as a day of fasting and prayer. Myself and family went to meeting; there was a large attendance. About 20 persons spoke.

[Friday, May 6, 1892 – Salt Lake City] I borrowed today at the Deseret bank $7,000.00 and am to pay 8 percent per annum. The note is dated tomorrow. I put up 60 shares of Z.C.M.I. and 25 shares of Coop. W. & M. Co. stock. I exchanged at the Company office some old stock for the new.

[p.275][Monday, May 9, 1892 – Spanish Fork] I met with the board of Directors of the Spanish Fork Coop and we talked over the business and agreed to pay a dividend of $3.00 to the share, part in stock and part in m[erchandise].

[Tuesday, May 10, 1892 – Salt Lake City] I returned home and attended a meeting of the Groesbeck Co. at 10:30 a.m. and we agreed to pay a dividend of $225.00 to each interest. The Directors of the Home Fire met and the Territorial Republican Committee met and talked over the candidate for the Committeeman for Utah of the National Committee.

Considerable feeling is being manifested over the matter.

[Thursday, May 12, 1892 – Salt Lake City] Mr. Arthur Brown told me today that every Mormon was a traitor. I just smiled at him.

[Friday, May 13, 1892 – Salt Lake City] I received the following letter from the Presidency:

To the members of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints

Dear Brethren and Sisters,

Elder John Henry Smith, one of the Twelve apostles of the Lord Jesus Christ, has been Authorized by us to pay a visit to the various stakes of Zion, for the comfort and edification of the Saints, to direct, Counsel and advise in all matters relating to their duties and to set in order the churches, as the wisdom of the spirit of God in him may inspire. And we heartily commend Elder Smith to the Officers and Members of the church as a man of God sent to them to guide them in the ways of truth and eternal life. And we invite all men to give heed to his teachings and Counsel, and accept them as the word and will of the Lord for their guidance and salvation.

We remain your brethren

Wilford Woodruff
Geo. Q. Cannon
Jos. F. Smith

[Tuesday, May 17, 1892 – Salt Lake City] I returned to the City [from Rock Springs, Wyoming] and talked over with the Presidency the Democratic Convention and Bro. M. Thatcher’s great speach and the satanic part of it.26

[p.276][Thursday, May 19, 1892 – Salt Lake City] I went to Ogden and had a talk with Bro. F.J. Cannon, and he is to write a reply to Bro. M. Thatcher’s speach.

[Friday, May 20, 1892 – Salt Lake City] F. J. Cannon came to the City and read what he had written in reply to Bro. M. Thatcher. It was regarded as quite able.

[Monday, May 23, 1892 – Salt Lake City and Ogden] I called at the Standard Office and had a visit with F. J. Cannon. I ordered a letter signed by Jos. F. Smith and myself printed in the Standard and returned to Salt Lake City.

[Wednesday, May 25, 1892 – Manti] We all went through the Temple, all but Lucy E. Woodruff getting endowments for the dead.

I sealed Lucy Emily Woodruff to my son George Albert Smith.

[Thursday, May 26, 1892 – Salt Lake City] We returned to the City and with over a hundred others attended the reception held at Uncle Elias Smith’s. Presidents W. Woodruff, G. Q. Cannon and Jos. F. Smith were present.

We had a magnificent supper.

[Friday, May 27, 1892 – Salt Lake City] I was busy about the City most of the day. I called upon Judge Bennett. Several of us agreed to pay a hundred dollars each to help some friends to go to Minneapolis.

[Monday, May 30, 1892 – Salt Lake City] I bought and paid for a sleeper ticket to Minneapolis in the sleeping Car.

[Tuesday, May 31, 1892 – Salt Lake City] About 30 persons have reported to go in our Car. I bought a suit of clothes and some shoes. I got a Ticket from Columbus to Minneapolis.

[Left June 1 on special train for Republican National Convention in Minneapolis. ]

[p.277][Friday, June 3, 1892 – Minneapolis] Judge C. W. Bennett and Wife had preceeded us and he had secured Rooms for head Quarters in the Lumber Exchange building, but few people have arrived as yet.

[Sunday, June 5, 1892 – Minneapolis] All of us put in the day visiting delegations and obtained promises that they would stand by us.

[Monday, June 6, 1892 – Minneapolis] People began to pour into the City and we made every effort we could to see leading men and all hands received us in a friendly way. My Uncle D. L. Libbey and wife came in from Oshkosh, Wisconsin.

[Tuesday, June 7, 1892 – Minneapolis] The National Committee unanimously voted to seat our Delegates in the Convention.

[Thursday, June 9, 1892 – Minneapolis] The Convention met at noon. The committee on Credentials asked further time. It was granted. After some talk the meeting adjourned.

8 p.m. met again. The Committee on Credentials made a verbal report. The majority recommended the seating of both delegations from Utah, the Minority reported against it. Much filebustering was done as it was regarded as a test of the strength of Blaine and Harrison.  The result showed that Blaine had 423 votes, Harrison 463 3/4 votes, a victory for the President.27

[Friday, June 10, 1892 – Minneapolis] The Convention met at 11 a.m.  Their was lots of skirmishing all along the line.  Senator Wolcott of colorado nominated in a flowing speach J. G. Blaine.  it was seconded by speakers from various states.

Chauncey Depew nominated Benjamin Harrison, which was also seconded by many.  The voting showed that Blaine’s followers were demoralized, some for McKinley and some for Tom Reed.

Harrison got the requisite number and the Chairman declaired him the nominee of the Republican party.

While Tom Reed of New York was nominated by acclamation for Vice President.  A good Platform was adopted.

Blaine’s name excited the enthusiasm but the President had the votes.

[p.278][Thursday, June 16, 1892 – Manassa, Colorado] I got of the train at LaJara and hired a carriage to take me to Manassa.  I found all well.

[Saturday, June 18, 1892 – Manassa] I spent the day visiting with my family.  Bro. f. M. Lyman went East today.

[Wednesday, June 22, 1892 – Salt Lake City] I reached home at 12 midnight and found all well.  I called at the office to see President Jos. F. Smitlh and he set my son George apart for his mission.

[Thursday, June 23, 1892 – Salt Lake City] My son George Albert left for his mission to the Southern States this morning.  I went to Ogden with him.

[Wednesday, June 29, 1892 – Salt Lake City] I was at home most of the day reading [Orson F.] Whitney’s History of Utah.

 

Notes:

18.  In the late 1830 and early 1840s, apostles Orson Hyde and Orson Pratt had been dropped from their positions in the Quorum of the Twelve for a period of time.  According to Brigham Young, both men consequently lost their seniority and hence the possibility of their succeeding to the presidency of the church.

19.  Despite the provisions and interpretation of the Manifesto, most plural husbands continued to live with their plural wives.

20.  The problem of financing the sugar industry was discussed at length by the apostles on January 28, 29, and 30.  The immediate solution was to raise $50,000, which was done through loans from the State Bank and Z. C. M. I.  It was decided that Heber J. Grant should go East to try to obtain $100,000 or $50,000 and that the church would subscribe for $50,000 of the stock and use its credit and influence to assure the success of the industry.  See Abraham H. Cannon diary, January 28, 29, 30, 1891.

21.  The pivotal role played by John Henry in the meeting is described in Edward Leo Lyman, Political Deliverance:  The Mormon Quest for Utah Statehood (Urbana:  Univeristy of Illinois Press, 1986), 159-60.

22.  Abraham H. Cannon noted in his diary of June 19, 1891:  “The political situation was discussed and it was deemed advisable for us to do our utmost to keep the two political parties about evenly divided in this Territory.  It was also thought best for our [p.256]people to refrain from accepting nominations, except where they are thrust upon them, and to rather seek for honorable Gentiles [non-Mormons] to fill the various positions.”

23.  Part of John Henry’s religious-political mission to Arizona was to block the inclusion of an anti-Mormon test oath in the Arizona constitution.  He was also to try to get the Mormons to divide between and court the favor of both political parties rather than aligning themselves—as seemed likely—with the Democrats.

24.  A more revealing account of this meeting is given by Abraham H. Cannon in his diary, January 12, 1892.  The quorum, he wrote, was asked to discuss whether or not to [p.268]approve of John Henry’s political activities.  After an explanation by John Henry of what he had been doing, he “then spoke of the principles of his party in such a partisan spirit that it caused several interruptions from Bro. [Moses] Thatcher who is as strong a Democrat as John is a Republican.  Bro. [Lorenzo] Snow had to interfere and check the Spirit which was starting.”  Franklin D. Richards (a Democrat) objected to some of John Henry’s “calling those who did not believe as he did some pretty hard names,” and “gave Bro. Smith a rather severe rebuke.”  A motion to approve of John Henry’s political activities was not put to a vote.

25.  Democratic delegate to Congress John T. Caine, at the urging of other Democrats, had sponsored a “Home Rule” bill that would have allowed autonomy in certain matters to Utah but would not have gone as far as statehood.  This was opposed by Republicans, and John Henry was sent to Washington, D. C., to oppose it.

26.  At the Democratic territorial convention on 14 May, Moses Thatcher, in a lengthy speech, praised democracy as a better way of governing than centralization, obviously aligning the Democratic Party with democracy and the Republican Party with central-[p.276]ization.  The speech was construed to connect Jesus Christ with the Democrats and Lucifer with the Republicans, and evidently upset many Republicans.  See Ogden Standard, May 24, 1892, for a longer account with rebuttal comments by Frank J. Cannon, Republican editor of the Standard.

27.  Two separate Utah delegations were sent to the Republican national convention in Minneapolis:  one composed of the Liberal Party Republicans, the other of Mormons and others from the Republican party organized in May 1891.  The latter group was seated by the convention (Ogden Standard, June 7, 1892).