Joseph Smith’s Response to Skepticism
Robert N. Hullinger


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———. Since Cumorah. Salt Lake City: Deseret Book Co., 1967.

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———. Doctrines of the Gospel. Salt Lake City: Juvenile Instructor Office, 1884. This is a reprint of A Series of Pamphlets with some material omitted.

Pratt, Parley Parker. Key to Science of Theology. Liverpool: By the Author, 1855.

———. A Voice of Warning and Instruction to All People, or An Introduction to the Faith and Doctrine of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter Day Saints. Salt Lake City: Deseret News Steam Printing Establishment, 1874.

———. Writings of Parley Parker Pratt. Edited by Parker Pratt Robison. Salt Lake City: By the Editor, 1952.

Priest, Josiah. The Wonders of Nature and Providence. Albany: By the Author, 1825.

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Reynolds, George. A Dictionary of the Book of Mormon. Salt Lake City: Philip C. Reynolds, 1954.

Rich, Ben E. Scrap Book of Mormon Literature. 2 vols. Chicago: Henry C. Etten & Co., n.d.

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———. New Witnesses for God. 3 vols. Salt Lake City: Deseret Book Co., 1926.

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Silverberg, Robert. Mound Builders of Ancient America: The Archaeology of a Myth. Greenwich, CT: New York Graphic Society Ltd., 1968.

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[p.200] ———. The Book of Mormon. Palmyra, NY: E. B. Grandin, 1830.

———. The Book of Mormon. Kirtland, OH: Oliver Cowdery & Co., 1837.

———. The Book of Mormon. Nauvoo, IL: Joseph Smith, 1840.

———. The Book of Mormon. Salt Lake City: Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, 1921.

———. Doctrine & Covenants. Kirtland, OH: F. G. Williams & Co., 1835.

———. Doctrine & Covenants. Salt Lake City: Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, 1921.

———. History of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints. 7 vols. Salt Lake City: Deseret Book, Co., 1927.

———. Inspired Version of the Holy Scriptures: Inspired Revision of the Authorized Version. A New Corrected Edition. Independence, MO: Herald Publishing House, 1944.

———. Pearl of Great Price. Salt Lake City: Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, 1921.

Smith, Lucy Mack. Biographical Sketches of Joseph Smith, the Prophet, and His Progenitors for Many Generations. Liverpool: S. W. Richards, 1853.

Sperry, Sidney B. Book of Mormon Compendium. Salt Lake City: Bookcraft, Inc., 1968.

———. The Voice of Israel’s Prophets. Salt Lake City: Deseret Book Co., 1952.

Sprague, William. Annals of the Congregational Pulpit. Vol. 2. New York: Robert Carter & Brothers, 1869.

Stone, William L. Letters on Masonry and Anti-Masonry, Addressed to The Hon. John Quincy Adams. New York: O. Halstaad, 1832.

Sweet, William Warren· The Story of Religions in America. New York: Harper and Brothers, 1930.

Tanner, Jerald and Sandra. Joseph Smith and Money Digging. Salt Lake City: Modern Microfilm Co., 1970.

———. Joseph Smith’s 1826 Trial. Salt Lake City: Modern Microfilm Co., 1971.

———. Mormonism Like Watergate? Salt Lake City: Modern Microfilm Co., 1974.

———. Mormonism-Shadow or Reality? Rev. ed. Salt Lake City: Modern Microfilm Co., 1972

Testimony of Christ’s Second Appearing Exemplified by the Principles and Practice of the True Church of Christ. 2d ed. Albany: United Society [Shakers], 1856.

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———. The Freemason’s Monitor. Cincinnati: Applegate & Co., 1860.

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Articles, Speeches, Sermons, and Tracts

“The Aborigines,” Wayne Sentinel, 24 July 1829.

Adamson, J. W. “The Treasure of the Widow’s Son.” Mormon Miscellaneous 1 (Oct. 1975)·

Allen, James B. “The Significance of Joseph Smith’s ‘First Vision’ in Mormon Thought.” Dialogue: A Journal of Mormon Thought 3 (Winter 1966): 29-45.

Anderson, Richard L. “Martin Harris, the Honorable New York Farmer.” Improvement Era 72 (1969): 18-21·

Arbaugh, George B. “Evolution of Mormon Doctrine.” Church History 9 (1940): 157-69.

Arrington, Leonard J. “James Gordon Bennett’s 1831 Report on ‘The Mormonites.'” Brigham Young University Studies 10 (Spring 1970)[: page numbers missing].

Backman, Milton v., Jr. “Awakenings in the Burned-over District: New Light on the Historical Setting of the First Vision.” Brigham Young University Studies 9 (Spring 1969): 301-20.

Bitton, Davis. “Mormons in Texas: The Ill-Fated Lyman Wight Colony, 1844-1858.” Arizona and the West 11 (Spring 1969): 5-26.

Briggs, R. C. “Interview with William Smith.” Deseret News, 20 Jan. 1894.

Bronk, Mitchell. “The Baptist Church at Manchester.” The Chronicle: A Baptist Historical Quarterly 11 (Jan. 1948): 17-30.

Bushman, Richard L. “The First Vision Story Revived.” Dialogue: A Journal of Mormon Thought 4 (Spring 1969): 82-93.

[p.202] ———. Joseph Smith and Skepticism. Provo, UT: Brigham Young University Press, 1974.

Channing, William Allery. “Baltimore Sermon.” In Classics of Protestantism. Edited by Vergilius Ferm, 244-77.

Chase, Abner. “Revival of Religion on Ontario District.” Methodist Magazine 7 (1824): 435.

“The Converted Jew.” Western Farmer, 29 Aug. 1821.

Crowley, Ariel. “The Anthon Transcript.” Improvement Era 45 (Jan., Feb., Apr. 1942); 47 (Sept., Dec. 1944).

Davies, Charles A. “‘View of the Hebrews’ and the Book of Mormon.” Saints’ Herald, 1 Aug. 1962, 533-39.

Davis, David Brion. “The New England Origins of Mormonism.” New England Quarterly 27 (June 1953): 148-63.

De Pillis, Mario. “The Quest for Religious Authority and the Rise of Mormonism.” Dialogue: A Journal of Mormon Thought 1 (Spring 1966): 68-88.

———. “The Social Sources of Mormonism.” Church History 37 (Mar. 1968): 50-79.

“Decyphering of Hieroglyphics.” Wayne Sentinel, 1 June 1827.

DeVoto, Bernard. “The Centennial of Mormonism.” American Mercury 19 (Jan. 1930): 1-13.

Durham, Reed C., Jr. “Is There No Help for the Widow’s Son?” Mormon Miscellaneous 1 (Oct. 1975): 11-16.

“Elias Boudinot.” In Dictionary of American Biography 2:477-78.

Fuller, Andrew. “Three Queries to the Rejecters of Christianity,” Publications of the American Tract Society 14.

Gilbert, John H. “Joe Smith.” Post & Tribune (Detroit, Michigan), 3 Dec. 1877, 3.

Godfrey, Kenneth W. “A Note on the Nauvoo Library and Literary Institute.” Brigham Young University Studies 14 (Spring 1974): 286-89.

“Golden Bible.” Rochester Daily Advertiser and Telegraph, 31 Aug. 1829.

“Golden Bible.” Rochester Gem, 5 Sept. 1829.

“The Great Polemical Disputation.” Wayne Sentinel, 29 May 1829.

Hill, Marvin S. “Secular or Sectarian History? A Critique of No Man Knows My History,” Church History 42 (Mar. 1974): 78-96.

Hogan, Mervin B. “The Founding Minutes of Nauvoo Lodge.” Further Light in Masonry. Des Moines: Research Lodge No. 2, n.d.

Howard, Richard P. “Latter Day Saint Scripture and the Doctrine of Propositional Revelation.” Courage 1 (June 1971): 209-25.

Hullinger, Robert N. ‘”Joseph Smith, Defender of the Faith.” Concordia Theological Monthly 42 (Feb. 1971): 72-87.

———. “The Lost Tribes of Israel and the Book of Mormon.” Lutheran Quarterly 22 (Aug. 1970): 319-29.

Jarvis, Samuel Farmer. “Discourse on the Relations of the Indian Tribes [p.203] of North America: Delivered Before the New York Historical Society, 20 December 1819,” Collections of the New York Historical Society for the Year 1821, 183ff.

Jessee, Dean C. “The Early Accounts of Joseph Smith’s First Vision.” Brigham Young University Studies 9 (Spring 1969): 275-94.

———. “Joseph Knight’s Recollection of Early Mormon History.” Brigham Young University Studies 17 (Aug. 1976): 29-39.

Kimball, Stanley B. “The Anthon Transcript: People, Primary Sources, and Problems.” Brigham Young University Studies 10 (Spring 1970): 325-52.

Knecht, William L., and Spencer J. Palmer. “View of the Hebrews: Substitute for Inspiration?” Brigham Young University Studies 5 (Winter 1962): 105-13.

Lancaster, James E. “‘By the Gift and Power of God’: The Method of Translation of the Book of Mormon.” The Saints Herald, 15 Nov. 1962, 798-806, 817.

Lane, George. “Revival of Religion on Ontario Circuit.” Methodist Magazine 8 (1825): 158-61.

Lapham, Fayette. “The Mormons.” Historical Magazine (New Series) 7 (May 1870): 305-9.

Leslie, Charles. A Short and Easy Method with Deists, wherein the Certainty of the Christian Religion is Demonstrated by Infallible Proofs from Four Rules, in a Letter to a Friend. New American Edition. Cambridge, 1805.

“Luther Bradish.” In Dictionary of American Biography 2:567-68.

“Martin Harris, the Mormon.” Rochester Daily Democrat, 23 June 1841.

Mitchill, Samuel Lapham. “The Original Inhabitants of America Shown to Be of the Same Family with Those of Asia.” American Antiquarian Society Transactions, I (1820).

“Money Digger.” Palmyra Herald, 24 July 1822.

“Mr. Owen and Mr. Campbell.” Wayne Sentinel, 19, 16 June 1829.

Mulder, William. “Mormonism’s ‘Gathering’: An American Doctrine with a Difference.” Church History 23 (1954): 248-64.

Nibley, Hugh. “Censoring the Joseph Smith Story.” Improvement Era 64 (July-Aug., Oct.-Nov. 1961).

———. “The Comparative Method.” In the series “Mixed Voices: A Study in Book of Mormon Criticism.” Improvement Era 62 (Oct.-Nov. 1959).

———. “A New Look at the Pearl of Great Price: Part I. Challenge and Response.” Improvement Era 71 (Feb. 1968): 14-21.

———. “The Stick of Judah.” Improvement Era 56 (Jan.-June 1953).

“Noah, Mordecai Manuel.” In Dictionary of American Biography 13:534-35.

Noah, Mordecai Manuel. “Proclamation to the Jews.” Wayne Sentinel, 27 Sept. 1825.

———. “Speech at the Consecration of the Cornerstone of the City [p.204] of Ararat, Buffalo, N.Y., 15 September 1825.” Wayne Sentinel, 4, 11 Oct. 1825.

Owen, Robert. “Declaration of Mental Independence.” Wayne Sentinel, 25 Aug. 1826.

Phelps, William Wines. “Israel Will be Gathered.” The Evening and Morning Star, June 1833.

Pratt, Orson. “The Ancient Prophecies.” Journal of Discourses 2:284-98.

———. “Divine Authenticity of the Book of Mormon.” Doctrines of the Gospel. 124-314.

———. “Divine Authority, or the Question, Was Joseph Smith Sent of God?” Doctrines of the Gospel, 7-40.

———. An Interesting Account of Several Remarkable Visions and of the Late Discovery of Ancient American Records. England, 1840; New York: By the Author, 1841.

———. “Review of God’s Dealings with the Prophet Joseph.” Journal of Discourses 15:178-91.

Prince, Walter F. “Psychological Tests for the Authorship of the Book of Mormon.” American Journal of Psychology 27 (July 1917): 373-89.

Purple, W. D. “Account of Joseph Smith’s 1826 Trial at Bainbridge, N.Y., Chenago Union, 2 May 1877·” In Among the Mormons, 34-37.

Quinn, D. Michael. “The First Months of Mormonism: A Contemporary View by Rev. Diedrich Willers.” New York History 54 (July 1973): 317-31.

Red Jacket, Chief. “Speech to a White Missionary, Western New York, 1805.” In The World’s Great Speeches, edited by Lewis Copeland, 266-68. New York: Garden City Publishing Co., 1942.

“Revival of the Jewish Government.” Wayne Sentinel, 27 Sept. 1825.

Roberts, Brigham Henry. “Ethan Smith Parallels.” Rocky Mountain Mason, Jan. 1956.

“Samuel Latham Mitchill,” Dictionary of American Biography 13:69-71.

Schroeder, Theodore. “Authorship of the Book of Mormon.” American Journal of Psychology 30 (Jan. 1919): 66-72.

Shipps, Jan. “The Prophet Puzzle: Suggestions Leading Toward a More Comprehensive Interpretation of Joseph Smith.” Journal of Mormon History 1 (1974): 3-20.

Squier, E. G. “Report upon the Aboriginal Monuments of Western New York.” In Proceedings of the New York Historical Society, 44-62. New York: William Van Norden, 1849.

Tiffany, Joel. “Mormonism No. II.” Tiffany’s Monthly 5 (Aug. 1859): 163-70.

Walters, Wesley P. “Joseph Smith Among the Egyptians.” The Journal of the Evangelical Theological Society 16 (Winter 1973): 25-45.

———. “Joseph Smith’s Bainbridge, N.Y. Court Trials.” Westminster Theological Journal 36 (Winter 1974): 123-55.

[p.205] ———. “New Light on Mormon Origins from the Palmyra Revival.” Dialogue: A Journal of Mormon Thought 4 (Spring 1969): 60-81.

———. “A Reply to Dr. Bushman.” Dialogue: A Journal of Mormon Thought 4 (Spring 1969): 94-100.

———. “From Occult to Cult with Joseph Smith, Jr.” Journal of Pastoral Practice 1 (1977).

Washington, George. “Farewell Address.” In The Worlds Great Speeches, edited by Lewis Copeland, 248-59.

Whittier, John Greenleaf. “A Mormon Conventicle.” In Among the Mormons.

Wild, Asa. “Remarkable VISION and REVELATION.” Wayne Sentinel, 22 Oct. 1823.

Published Letters

Anthon, Charles to Eber D. Howe, 17 Feb. 1834. Howe, Mormonism Unvailed, 270-72.

Anthon, Charles to T. W. Coit, 3 Apr. 1841. The Church Record (1841): 231-32.

Cowdery, Oliver to W. W. Phelps, Letters I-VIII, Sept. 1834-Sept. 1835. Messenger and Advocate, Oct. 1834-Oct. 1835.

Davis, Matthew L. to his Wife, 6 Feb. 1840. Ben E. Rich, Scrap Book of Mormon Literature, 2:404.

Harris, Martin to Mr. Emerson, Smithfield, UT, 23 Nov. 1870. Saints Herald 22 (1875): 630.

Larned, Sylvester to Mr. Merrick, Pittsfield, MA, 1815 (?). Ethan Smith, View of the Hebrews, 220.

Page, Hiram to William McLellin, 30 May 1847. Ensign of Liberty, of The Church of Christ 1 (Dec. 1847).

Phelps, William Wines to Eber D. Howe, 15 Jan. 1831. Howe, Mormonism Unvailed, 234.

Red Jacket, Chief to Captain Parish, 18 Jan. 1821. Western Farmer, 4 Apr. 1821.

Smith, Joseph, Jr., to W. W. Phelps, Nov. 1832. History of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, 1:299.

Smith, Joseph, Jr., to Moses C. Nickerson, 19 Nov. 1833. History of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, 1:441-42.

Smith, Joseph III, Letter to the Editor, “Last Testimony of Sister Emma.” Saints’ Herald 26 (1 Oct. 1879): 220.

Smith, Simon to President Joseph Smith III, 30 Dec. 1880. Saints’ Herald 28 (1 Feb. 1881): 43.

Whitmer, David to Orson Pratt, 1878. Millennial Star 40 (1879): 772.

[p.206] Willers, Rev. Diedrich to Rev. L. Mayer and Rev. D. Young, 18 June 1830. In Quinn, “The First Months of Mormonism,” 317-31.

Newspapers and Periodicals—Mormon

Brigham Young University Archaeological Society Newsletter, Provo, UT. 1959-60.

Brigham Young University Studies. Provo, UT. 1960-present.

The Contributor. Salt Lake City. Oct. 1879-Oct. 1896.

Deseret News. Salt Lake City. 1850-present.

Dialogue: A Journal of Mormon Thought. 1966-present.

The Ensign of Liberty, of the Church of Christ. Kirtland, OH. 1847-49.

The Evening and Morning Star. Independence, MO; Kirtland, OH. 1832-34.

Improvement Era. Salt Lake City. 1897-1970

Latter Day Saints’ Messenger and Advocate. Kirtland, OH. 1834-37.

Millennial Star. Manchester and Liverpool. 1840-1970.

Saints’ Herald. Lamoni, IA; Independence, MO. 1860-present.

Times and Seasons. Nauvoo, IL. 1839-46.

Newspapers and Periodicals—Other

The Church Record. Flushing, NY. 1840-84.

Gospel Luminary. West Bloomfield, NY. 1825-33.

Kansas City Daily Journal. Kansas City, MO. 1881.

Methodist Magazine. New York City. 1818-40.

Ontario Phoenix. Canandaigua, NY. 1828-31.

Painesville Telegraph. Painesville, OH, 1822-present.

Palmyra Reflector. Palmyra, NY. 1829-31.

Palmyra Register. Palmyra, NY. 1817-21. Successively titled: Western Farmer. 1821-22. Palmyra Herald. 1822-23. Wayne Sentinel. 1823-60.

Rochester Daily Advertiser and Telegraph. Rochester, NY. 1826-56.

Rochester Daily Democrat. Rochester, NY. 1834-57. Rochester Gem. Rochester, NY. 1829.

Rocky Mountain Mason. Salt Lake City. 1956.

Unpublished Material

Bidamon, Emma to Sister Pilgrim, 27 Mar. 1876, Nauvoo, IL. Reorganized LDS Archives, Independence, MO.

Burnett, Stephen to Br. Johnson, 15 Apr. 1838. Joseph Smith Letter [p.207] Book, 2. Joseph Smith Papers, LDS Archives, Salt Lake City.

Cheesman, Paul R. “An Analysis of the Accounts Relating to Joseph Smith’s Early Vision.” M.A. Thesis. Brigham Young University, 1965.

Durham, Reed C., Jr. “A History of Joseph Smith’s Revision of the Bible.” Ph.D. Dissertation. Brigham Young University, 1965.

Gilbert, John H. Memorandum dated 8 Sept. 1892. Palmyra, NY. Typescript, 4, LDS Archives, Salt Lake City.

Hullinger, Robert N. “An Apologist for Jesus Christ: The Purpose and Function of Joseph Smith’s Theology.” M.A. Thesis. Pacific Lutheran Theological Seminary, Berkeley, CA, 1969.

Membership Record Book, Manchester Rental Library, Manchester, NY. Canandaigua Historical Society, Canandaigua, NY.

Porter, Lawrence Cardon. “A Study of the Origins of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints in the States of New York and Pennsylvania, 1816-1831.” Ph.D. Dissertation. Brigham Young University, 1971.

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———. E MS (manuscript of the Book of Mormon which Oliver Cowdery prepared from the D MS for the printer, 1829). Reorganized LDS Archives, Independence, MO.

———. Manuscript History, Book A-1, Frontispiece. LDS Archives, Salt Lake City.

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Willers, Rev. Diedrich to L. Mayer and D. Young, 18 June 1830. Diedrich Willers Collection, John M. Olin Library, Cornell University, Ithaca, NY.