Lucy’s Book
Edited by Lavina Fielding Anderson

Part 1. The Mack Family

Relationship of Lucy Mack Smith Socuments [page 218]

Coray/Pratt: 1853 Title Page[p.219]Editor’s Note: Lucy Mack Smith’s 1844-45 rough draft (not titled) is reproduced in the left-hand column (identified as Lucy: 1844-45); Orson Pratt’s 1853 published first edition is in the right-hand column (identified as Coray/Pratt: 1853). The parallel columns begin on page 221. Text from either, for which there is no counterpart in the other document, appears in a full-width column. Unless otherwise noted, the Coray 1845 fair copy (titled “The History of Lucy Smith, Mother of the Prophet”) corresponds to Coray/Pratt 1853, except for nonsubstantive changes. Substantive changes appear in the notes. Lucy’s narrative appears throughout in ragged right while notes and supplementary material are justified right and left. For named individuals, see the biographical summaries at the end of the present volume. Because of the parallel columns, a note may appear on the page after its number. Note numbers at the beginnings of paragraphs provide information about page breaks in the rough draft.


[p.220]The following pages, embracing biographical sketches and the genealogy of Joseph Smith, the Prophet, and his Progenitors, were mostly written previous to the death of the Prophet, and under his personal inspection.

Most of the historical items and occurrences related have never before been published. They will therefore be exceedingly interesting to all Saints, and sincere inquirers after the Truth, affording them the privilege of becoming more extensively acquainted with the private life and character of one of the greatest Prophets that ever lived upon the earth. Independent of this, the events which have occurred in connection with the history of this remarkable family, are, in themselves, of the most marvellous kind, and of infinite importance in their bearings upon the present and future generations.

No events that have happened since the first advent of our Saviour, are of more thrilling interest than those connected with the history of the Prophet, Joseph Smith. Every incident relating to his life, or the lives of his progenitors, will be eagerly sought after by all future generations. The geographical, mechanical, and other scientific discoveries of modern ages, sink into insignificance, compared with the importance of those discoveries made by this great man. They are designed by the Almighty to produce the greatest moral and physical revolutions which the inhabitants of this globe ever witnessed—revolutions which, through the judgments of God, will utterly overthrow and destroy all governments and kingdoms that will not become subject to Christ. Under these infinitely important considerations, the following pages are recommended to the careful and candid perusal of all nations.


Lucy: 1844-45

Having attained my 69 year,1 and being afflicted with a complication of diseases and infirmities many of which have been brought upon me by the cruelty of an ungodly and hard hearted world and do <often> times many times threaten to put a period to my Earthly existence, I feel it <a privilege as well as> my duty <to all […] candid inquirers after truth> and my priviledge to give (as my last testimony to a world from whence I must soon take my departure) an account, not <Exclusively> particularly of my own manner of life from my youth up, but after saying somewhat concerning my ancestors, as well as myself, to trace carefully up, even from the cradle to the grave The footsteps of some <the circumstances> the manner of whose life and is <death has been such> is such as <are calculated> [p.221]to excite an itenseds of it cur <iosity> in the minds of all who ever knew them personally or shall hear of them hereafter. And inasmuch as no one on earth <is so thorougholy acquainted> do know as fully as myself <with> the entire history of those of whom I speak and all these intimately connected with them I have been induced by these and other considerations to assume the task of not only tracing them during their own individual existences throug all <the windings and vicisstudes of> a life checkered with many ills, but likewise to give a sketch of their progenitors and the dealing of God with <them> also.

Lucy: 1844-45

Coray/Pratt: 1853


[p.221]I will firstly take up an old document which I have in my possesion writen by my father in the 80 year of his age and from which I shall perhaps make a […] number of extracts before I <conclude my> get through with my detail narrative My Parents2 (My Father) <Solomon Mack> writes as follows I was born in Connecticut in the town of Lime near the mouth of the Connecticut river Sept 26—1735 Parents were My Father was <a man> people of a large property, lived in good style, <&> comand<ed> ing all that respect which is ever paid to those <who> liveing <in> fine circumstances and strict habits of morality. and for some length of time, they lived in peace and plenty, [p.221]My father, Solomon Mack, was born in the town of Lyme, New London county, state of Connecticut, Sept. 26, 1735. His father, Ebenezer Mack, was a man of considerable property, and lived in good style, commanding all the attention and respect which are ever shown to those who live in fine circumstances, and habits of strict morality. For a length of time he fully enjoyed the fruits of his industry. But this state of things did not always continue, for a series of misfortunes visited my grand-parents, by which they were reduced to that extremity, that a once happy and flourishing family were compelled to disperse, and throw themselves upon the charity of a cold, unfeeling world.
[p.222]enjoing <all> the good of their labors. But at length a series of misfortunes visited them occasioned, in most instances, by the perfidy of their fellow <man>. which reduced by degrees till <11> at last they came to penury and wants to threatened that A once happy and flourishing family was compelled to disperse and throw themselves upon the charity of <a cold> an unfeeling world. [p.222]
I was bound to a farmer in the neighborhood As is too commonly the case, I was considered rather as a Slave than as a member of the family, and instead of allowing me the priviledge of common hospitality and a claim to, that kind of protection due to helpless and indigent children, I was treated by my Master as his property and not as his fellow mortal. My father was taken into the family of a neighbouring farmer, where he remained until he was nearly twenty-one years of age, about which time he enlisted in the service of his country.I have a sketch of my father’s life, written by himself, in which is detailed an account of his several campaigns, and many of his adventures, while in the army. From this I extract the following:
Soon after I left my Master, (which <was> I did at the age of 21 years) I enlisted in the services of My Country under the command of Capt. Henry; and was annexed to the regiment commanded by Col Whiting.I marched from Connecticut to fort Edwards and was in a severe battle fought at half way brook <in> 1755. “At the age of twenty-one years, I left my master. Shortly after which, I enlisted in the services of my country, under the command of Captain Henry, and was annexed to the regiment commanded by Col. Whiting.“From Connecticut, we marched to Fort Edwards, in the state of New York. We were in a severe battle, fought at Half-way Brook, in 1755. During this Expedition, I caught a heavy cold, which rendered me unfit for business until the return of warm weather. I was carried the ensuing spring to Albany.
[p.223]In the year 1757, I was in the Kings service and being one morning out on a short excursion with a friend named Webster, I was travaling along about 20 rods in <advance> of my companion When, behold! a small company of Indians sudenly, rushed <sudenly> upon my view; armed with Tomma hawks scalping knives and Guns. I had no weapon of defence, but a walking stick. However, I hit upon a stratgem that served my purpose excellently <admirably>. I Called out at the top my voice; Rush on! Rush on My boys, we’ll have the Devils, We we’ll have the Devils. My friend, appearing in sight just at that moment, they took fright, and fled for life, and I saw no more of them. [p.223]“In the year 1757, I had two teams in the King’s service, which were3 employed in carrying the General’s baggage. While thus engaged I went one morning as usual4 to yoke my team, but three of my oxen were missing. When this came to the knowledge of the officer, 5 he was very angry, and drawing his sword, threatened to run it through me. He then ordered me to get three other oxen, which I accordingly did, and proceeded with the baggage to Fort Edwards, and the next day I returned in order to find my missing oxen.“While I was performing this trip, the following circumstance occurred. About half way from Stillwater to Fort Edwards, I espied four Indians nearly thirty rods distant, coming out of the woods; they were armed with scalping knives, tomahawks, and guns. I was alone, but about twenty rods behind me was a man by the name of Webster. I saw my danger, and that there was no way to escape, unless I could do it by stratagem; so I rushed upon them, calling in the mean time at the top of my voice, Rush on! rush on, my boys! we’ll have the devils. The only weapon I had, was a walking staff, yet I ran toward them, and as the other man appeared just at that instant, it gave them a terrible fright,
[p.224] [p.224]and I saw no more of them.“I hastened to Stillwater the next day, as aforementioned, and finding my oxen soon after I arrived there, I returned the same night to Fort-Edwards, a distance of seven miles, the whole of which was a dense forest.
Soon In the year 1758, I enlisted under Maj. Spencer, went over the lakes, <&> was in a severe battle; Where Lord Howe was killed. The next day, we attempted to march to the brast works but were <compelled> to retreat of with loss of 500 men. In the engagement, a ball passed under my chin, within an inch of my neck, but I escaped unhurt. “In 1758, I enlisted under Major Spenser, and went immediately over Lake George, with a company who crossed in boats, to the western side, where we had a bloody and hot engagement with the enemy, in which Lord Howe fell at the onset of the battle. His bowels were taken out and buried, but his body was embalmed and carried to England.“The next day we marched to the breastworks, but were unsuccessful, being compelled to retreat with a loss of five hundred men killed, and as many more wounded.“In this contest I narrowly escaped— a musket-ball passed under my chin, within half an inch of my neck. The army then returned to Lake George, and, on its way thither, a large scouting party of the enemy came round by Skeenesborough, and, at the Half-way Brook, destroyed a large number of both men and teams. Upon this, one thousand of our men were detached to repair immediately to Skeenesborough in pursuit of them; but when we arrived at South Bay, the enemy were entirely out of our reach.
[p.225]The <the> enemy went to ticonderga and recruited came after us The sentiles gave word that we were surronded Maj Putnam led us out Maj Rogers brought up the rear the Indians lay in a semicircular position round us Maj Putnam led us through their ranks. they fired upon us. Took Maj Putnam who was rescued by a French Lieu. [p.225]“The enemy then marched to Ticonderoga, New York, in order to procure supplies, after which they immediately pursued us, but we eluded them by hastening to Wood-Creek, and thence to Fort Ann, where we arrived on the 13th day of the month. We had but just reached this place, when the sentry gave information that the enemy were all around us, in consequence of which we were suddenly called to arms. Major Putnam led the company, and Major Rogers brought up the rear. We marched but three quarters of a mile, when we came suddenly upon a company of Indians that were lying in ambush. Major Putnam marched his men through their ranks, whereupon the Indians fired, which threw our men into some confusion. Major Putnam was captured by them, and would have been killed by an Indian, had he not been rescued by a French lieutenant.
The enemy rose like a cloud fired a volly upon us my being in front brought me in the rear we were pursued I turned a little to the right I saw a tremenduous windfall before me which seemed insurmountable but the Tommahawks encompassed me and bullets flew round my ears like hail. I thoug<ht> I could at least make the <effort> I gave <one> a spring and cleared the whole mass the Indians hesitated I looked one side saw a man badly wounded I siezed him and got him “The enemy rose like a cloud, and fired a whole volley upon us, and, as I was in the foremost rank, the retreat of my company brought me in the rear, and the tomahawks and bullets flew around me like hail stones. As I was running, I saw not far before me a windfall,6 which was so high that it appeared to me insurmountable; however, by making great exertions, I succeeded in getting over it. Running a little farther, I observed a man who had in this last conflict been badly wounded,
[p.226]with myself into the main body of our men with out receiving any farther injury [p.226]and the Indians were close upon him; nevertheless I turned aside for the purpose of assisting him, and succeeded in getting him into the midst of our army, in safety.“In this encounter, a man named Gersham Bowley, had nine bullets shot through his clothes, but received no personal injury.7 Ensign Worcester received nine wounds, was scalped and tomahawked, notwithstanding which, he lived and finally recovered.
The battle commenced in the morning lasted till three P.M. Half of our men were killed wounded and taken we wer compelled to Send to Fort edwards for assistance to carry our wounded they being 80 in number and the distance 14 miles I was almost worne out but I went to Abany [sic] for stores and returned to the army “The above engagement commenced early in the morning, and continued until about three o’clock p.m., in which half of our men were either killed, wounded, or taken prisoners. In consequence of this tremendous slaughter we were compelled to send to Fort Edwards for men, in order to assist in carrying our wounded, which were about eighty in number.“The distance we had to carry them was nearly fourteen miles. To carry so many thus far, was truly very fatiguing, insomuch, that, when we arrived at the place of destination, my strength was about exhausted.“I proceeded immediately to Albany, for the purpose of getting supplies, and returned again to the army as soon as circumstances would admit.
[p.227]It was now fall I went home and tarried the ensueing winter” [p.227]Autumn having now arrived I went home, where I tarried the ensuing winter.
In the spring of 1759 I again enlisted for another campaign I went to crown point. About this time I became acquanted with an amiable and accomplished young woman a school Teacher by the name of Lydia Gates the daughter of Nathan8 and Lydia Gates a a man living in ease and affluance in the town of East Hadam state of Connecticut to whom I was shortly united in the bands of matrimony, and <a> most worthy <and invaluable> companion <did> she prove to for I soon discovered that she was not only pleasant and agreable by reason of the polish of Eeducation but she also possesed that inestimable jewel which in a wife and Mother of a family is truly a pearl of great price namily <a> truly pious and devotional Charecter “In the spring of 1759, the army marched to Crownpoint, where I received my discharge. In the same year I became acquainted with an accomplished young woman, a school teacher, by the name of Lydia Gates. She was the daughter of Nathan Gates, who was a man of wealth, living in the town of East Haddam, Connecticut. To this young woman I was married shortly after becoming acquainted with her.

Coray/Pratt: 1853

“Having received a large amount of money for my services in the army, and deeming it prudent to make an investment of the same in real estate, I contracted for the whole town of Granville, in the state of New York. On the execution of the deed, I paid all the money that was required in the stipulation, which stipulation also called for the building of a number of log houses. I accordingly went to work to fulfil this part of the contract, but after laboring a short time, I had the misfortune to cut my leg, which subjected me, during that season, to the care of the physician. I hired a man to do the work, and [p.228]paid him in advance, in order to fulfill my part of the contract; but he ran away with the money, without performing the labor, and the consequence was, I lost the land altogether.

Lucy: 1844-45

In the course of 2 years I was <moved> into the town of Marlow where we remained untill we had a family of 4 children9 at that time <Marlow was> a desolate wilderness. there was but 4 families in 40 Miles then it was I learned to prize the talents [words struck out] and virtues of my wife As our children were wholely deprived of the priveledge of schools she took the chargs of their education which task she performed as none but mothers can <do,> debared in their earliest years and in thier mothers first experience in some measure from intercourse with the world their mother’s percepts and example tooke deeper root in their infant minds and had a more lasting influence upon their future charecter than all the flowery eloquence of the pulpit surounded with its ordinary disadvantages could ever have done.

Coray/Pratt: 1853

“In 1761, we moved to the town of Marlow, where we remained until we had four children. When we moved there, it was no other than a desolate and dreary wilderness. Only four families resided within forty miles. Here I was thrown into a situation to appreciate more fully the talents and virtues of my excellent wife; for, as our children were deprived of schools, she assumed the charge of their education, and performed the duties of an instructress as none, save a mother, is capable of. Precepts accompanied with examples such as hers, were calculated to make impressions on the minds of the young, never to be forgotten.“She, besides instructing them in the various branches of an ordinary education, was in the habit of calling them together both morning and evening, and teaching them to pray; meanwhile urging upon them the necessity of love towards each other, as well as devotional feelings towards Him who made them.

Thus my older children became confirmed in habits of gentelness piety and reflection which were under these circumstances more easily [p.229]impressed upon the minds of those who came after them and I have often thought it would have been more difficult to have brought them into the channel in they were reared in had they not inherited much of the disposition of thier excelent mother whose prayers and alms our first son jason came up dialy before that all seeing eye that rests upon all his works. “In this manner my first children became confirmed in habits of piety, gentleness, and reflection, which afforded great assistance in [p.229]guiding those who came after them, into the same happy channel. The education of my children would have been a more difficult task, if they had not inherited much of their mother’s excellent disposition.

Coray/Pratt: 1853

“In 1776, I enlisted in the service of my country, and was for a considerable length of time in the land forces, after which, I went with my two sons, Jason and Stephen, on a privateering expedition, commanded by Captain Havens. Soon after we set sail, we were driven upon Horseneck. We succeeded, however, in getting some of our guns on shore, and bringing them to bear upon the enemy, so as to exchange many shots with them; yet they cut away our rigging, and left our vessel much shattered.

“We then hauled off, and cast anchor; but, in a short time we espied two row-gallies, two sloops, and two schooners. We quickly weighed anchor, and hauled to shore again, and had barely time to post four cannon in a position in which they could be used, before a sanguinary contest commenced. The balls from the enemy’s guns, tore up the ground, cutting asunder the saplings in every direction. One of the row-gallies went round a point of land with the view of hemming us in, but we killed forty of their men, with our small arms, which caused the enemy10 to abandon their purpose.

“My son Stephen, in company with the cabin boys, was sent to a house not far from the shore, with a wounded man. Just as they entered the house, an eighteen-pounder followed them. A woman was engaged in frying cakes, at the time, and being somewhat alarmed, she concluded to retire into the cellar, saying, as she left, that the boys might have the cakes, as she was going below.

“The boys were highly delighted at this,11 and they went to work cooking, and feasting upon the lady’s sweet cakes, while the artillery of the contending [p.230]armies was thundering in their ears, dealing out death and destruction on every hand. At the head of this party of boys, was Stephen Mack, my second son, a bold and fearless stripling of fourteen.12

“In this contest, the enemy was far superior to us in point of numbers, yet we maintained our ground, with such valour, that they thought it better to leave us, and accordingly did so. Soon after which, we hoisted sail, and made for New London.

“When hostilities had ceased, and peace and tranquillity were again restored, we freighted a vessel for Liverpool. Selling both ship and cargo in this place, we embarked on board Captain Foster’s vessel, which I afterwards purchased; but, in consequence of storms and wrecks, I was compelled to sell her, and was left completely destitute.

“I struggled a little longer to obtain property, in making adventures, then returned to my family, after an absence of four years, about pennyless. After this, I determined to follow phantoms no longer, but devote the rest of my life to the service of God, and my family.”

I shall now lay aside my father’s journal, as I have made such extracts as are adapted to my purpose, and take up the history of his children.13

Lucy: 1844-45

Coray/Pratt: 1853

The oldest <son> jason was as studious lad and manly boy and before he atained his 16th year he became what is termed a seeker a beleiver in the power of God manifest through the medium of [p.231]prayer and faith he held that there was no church in existence which held to the pure principles of the Gospel but labored incessantly to convince the people that by an exercise of prayer the blessings and privileges of the acient deciples of jesus might be obtained and eventualy would be. Jason, my oldest brother, was a studious and manly boy. Before he had attained his sixteenth year he became what was then called a Seeker, and believing that by prayer and faith the gifts of the Gospel, which were enjoyed by the ancient disciples of Christ, might be attained, he labored almost incessantly to convert others to the same faith. He was also of the opinion that God [p.231]would, at some subsequent period, manifest his power as he had anciently done—in signs and wonders.
At the age of 20 he became a minister of the gospel. Shortly after this he became enamored of a beautiful young and wealthy young woman by the name of Esther Bruce of the State of new Hamshire of whom he was passionately fond; she seemed also to have the most fervent attachment for him They were engaged to be married and every preparation was being made for their approaching nuptials when I received word <a letter> from Liverpool stating that a heavy debt that had been due me for a long time was collected and ready for me At the age of twenty he became a preacher of the Gospel. And in a short time after this he formed an acquaintance with a young woman of wealthy parentage* [*“The name of this young woman was Esther Bruce; she was from the state of New Hampshire.”] She was the pride of the place in which she resided, not so much on account of her splendid appearance, as the soundness of her mind, and her stately deportment, joined with an unaffected mildness of disposition, and a condescension of manners, which were admirably suited to the taste and principles of my brother. Jason became deeply in love with her, insomuch that his heart was completely hers, and it would have been as easy to have convinced him that he could exist without his head, as that he could live and enjoy life, without being united with her in marriage. These feelings, I believe, were mutual, and Jason and she entered into an engagement to be married, but, as they were making arrangements for the solemnization of their nuptials, my father received a letter from Liverpool, containing information that a large amount of money was collected for him, and that it was ready for his reception.
it was agreed that the marriage of my son should be deferred and he On account of this intelligence it was agreed that the marriage of my
[p.232should accompany me to liverpool he left his betrothed with a heavy heart but with this arrangement14 that he was to write to her and his sisters conjointly once in 3 months shortly after his departure or in due time a letter arrived which she received most joyfully but the it was never followed by another from him [p.232]brother, as my father desired that he should accompany him to Liverpool, should be deferred until their return. Accordingly, my brother left his affianced bride, with a heavy heart, and with this promise, that he would write to her and his sister conjointly, at least once in three months during his absence. In three months after his departure, according to agreement, a letter arrived, which indeed met with a very warm reception, but it was never followed by another from him.
A young man who kept the Office where she received her letters formed in his heart a design to thwart My sons in his intentions and obtain the hand of Esther Bruce himself he used every art to disuade her from marrying Jason at the same <meantime> time detaining his letters in order <that he might the more easily accomplish his fiendish purpose> that she might not hear from him. Unforeseen accidents <circumstances> detained us beyond the time appointed He thus <the post master> continued to importune Miss Bruce upon the subject of my sons neglect A young man who kept the post-office where she received her letters, formed in his heart a determination to thwart my brother, if possible, in his matrimonial prospects, in order to obtain the prize himself. He commenced by using the most persuasive arguments against her marrying my brother;15 but not succeeding in this, he next detained his letters, and then reproached him for neglecting her.
untill at last she received 2 or three several Epistles stating that Jason Mack was dead that she and his relatives might cease to look for his Being still unsuccessful, he forged letters purporting to be from a friend of Jason, which stated that he (Jason Mack) was dead, and his friends
[p.233]return this was 2 years after we left the shores of America. Esther gave no credence to the first message till the tale was so confirmed that she could no longer doubt [p.233]might cease to expect him. He then urged his suit again, but she still rejected him, and continued to do so until within four months of Jason’s return, when she concluded that she had wronged the young man, and that he was really more worthy than she had expected.
but still She rejected M the young <man’s> suit untill within 4 months of our arrival at home 3 year 10 months from the time we embarked from <or> Liverpool The time also which Jason was to be absent having expired without his return, she believed that the reports concerning his death must be true. So she accepted the hand of this young man, and they were united in the bonds of matrimony.
Jason went immediately to her <father’s> house She was absent with her husband. He seated himself in the same room where he wooed her and obtained her consent to be his he waited her arrival with a beating heart not knowing the perfidious game his rival had played him, untill she er entered. She was attired in a complete suit of Mourning <as she had> recently lost a brother recently by death and without this there was a bitter disapointment preying like a canke worm upon her very vitals occasioned by the suposed death of him who now stood before her. She bowed Go in Gloomy silence as she entered the splendid apartment where he sat fitted up in earlier happier days to please the of the man now doomed As soon as Jason arrived he repaired immediately to her father’s house. When he got there16 she was gone to her brother’s funeral; he went in, and seated himself in the same room where he had once paid his addresses to her. In a short time she came home; when she first saw him she did not know him, but when she got a full view of his countenance she recognized him, and instantly fainted.
[p.234]to drink the bitter cup of sorrow to the dregs She walked to the other side of the room threw of <aside> her boonnet and shawl but as she turned again to the stranger and beheld his look of distracted and enquiring look she was recalled to her recollection his immag and person without a word a she clasped her hands in agony and <with a piercing shriek> fell lifeless to the floor after My son took the <motionless> lifeless form <of her> that should have been his own and placing her on a sofa resigned her into the hands of her cowering conscience smitten husband; and left her with what those pungeant feelings <which> some few are fated to experienc, but none can tell nor immagine correctly. By the active exertions of those who attended her she at last revived to realize her lamentable <situation> more fully.
My son returned <and> having heard an explanation of (the whole <matter>) (which simply, <was> the man detained his letters gave the intelligence of his Death) he went immediately to sea From this time forward she never recovered her health, but, lingering for two years, died the victim of disappointment. Jason remained in the neighbourhood a short time, and then went to sea, but he did not follow the sea a great while. He soon left the main, and commenced preaching,17 which he continued until his death.
[p.235]But whither he has fled or what his fate has been God knows ’tis long Since he left us and I fear my Grey hairs will go down in sorrow to grave e’re I shall see his face, <but> if this happens to meet the eye of the man who has brought this heavy affliction upon my boy and us his parents I hope it may stimulate him to <penitence and> better deeds hereafter. (Esther died short time afterI shall here drop for a while at least my Fathers narative and pursue the subject of my brother [X’ed out from here to the end of the paragraph] he <lived single till his age of 50th year but> continued preaching the word by land and seas untill the year 1835 when we received from him the following letter which was the last we heard of him before his death18 We heard no more [p.235]

Lucy: 1844-45

Lovisa my oldest sister was a woman peculiar faith as well as my oldest brother and my her sister next to her Lovina, These two were singular for their devoted attachment for each other which continued steadfast till Death and even the maner of their death one might well say as did one of old <“let me die the death of the righteous and”> let my last end be like theirs I shall here relate a circumstance that my [sic] tax the credulity of such as do not bear wittness of the fact as I do which who are not a few. [cross referring to an insertion: “I shall not weary my reader with recitals of early life which though they are engraved upon my heart with a pen of Iron <never to be obliterated> might not touch the feelings of others with that interest with which I contemplate the same.”] But what I say here I say with reference to Eternity and the judgement seat of the allmighty where I shall again meet my readers as a testater of the same

but to my tale

Coray/Pratt: 1853

[p.236]The history of Lovisa and Lovina, my two oldest sisters, is so connected and interwoven that I shall not attempt to separate it.

They were one in faith, in love, in action, and in hope of eternal life. They were always together, and when they were old enough to understand the duties of a Christian, they united their voices in prayer and songs of praise to God. This sisterly affection increased with their years, and strengthened with the strength of their minds. The pathway of their lives was never clouded with a gloomy shadow until Lovisa’s marriage, and removal from home, which left Lovina very lonely.

In about two years after Lovisa’s marriage she was taken very sick, and sent for Lovina. Lovina, as might be expected, went immediately, and remained with her sister during her illness, which lasted two years, baffling the skill of the most experienced physicians; but at the expiration of this time she revived a little, and showed some symptoms of recovery.

Lucy: 1844-45

an example of he my oldest sisters faith which I shall here give was exhibeted <years> subsequent to her Marrige she was taken violently sick with a disease so singular in its nature that her attendant Phisicians not being furnished witht any precedent could give no name to Sufice it to say she was nigh unto death and sorely afflicted for the space of 2 years she revived a little about this time and showed some symptoms of recovery […] but a malignant reattack soon brought her back in intense agony upon a bed of pain and languor she grew worse and worse untill she became utterly speechless and was so for several days those who attended her were not allowed to move her

Coray/Pratt: 1853

I shall here relate a circumstance connected with her sickness, which may try the credulity of some of my readers, yet hundreds were eye witnesses, and doubtless many of them are now living, who, if they would, could testify to the fact which I am about to mention.

As before stated, after the space of two years she began to manifest signs of convalescence, but soon a violent re-attack brought her down again, and she grew worse and worse, until she became entirely speechless, and so reduced that her attendants were not allowed to even turn her in bed.

[p.237]she ate not she drank not with the exception of a mere morsel of frice water which they were enabled to pour into her mouth with a teaspon by prying her teeth apart [p.237]She took no nourishment except a very little rice water. She lay in this situation three days and two nights.
Thus she lay untill the night of the 3rd day at about 2 oclock she feebly pronnounsed the name of her sister Lovina who had hovered <indefatigueably> all the while arround her pillow night and day like an attendant angel watching every change with thrilling anxiety she now bent with deep emmotion over the emmaciated form of the invalid and said My Sister! but no more her feeling choked her uterance On the third night, about two o’clock, she feebly pronounced the name of Lovina, who had all the while watched over her pillow, like an attendant angel, observing every change19 and symptom with the deepest emotion. Startled at hearing the sound of Lovisa’s voice, Lovina now bent over the emaciated form of her sister, with thrilling interest, and said, “my sister! my sister! what will you?”
Lovisa said emphatically The Lord has healed me soul and body <raise> Take me up and give me my clothes I want to get up Lovisa then said emphatically, “the Lord has healed me, both soul and body—raise me up and give me my clothes, I wish to get up.
”Her <Husband> told those present to gratify her as this was probably a revival before death and he would not have her crossed in her last moments  Her husband told those who were watching with her, to gratify her, as in all probability it was a revival before death, and he would not have her crossed in her last moments.They did so, though with reluctance, as they supposed she might live a few moments longer, if she did not exhaust her strength too much by exerting herself in this manner.
they raised her in bed and handed her clothing to her and assisted her to dress but when she was lifted to Having raised her in bed, they assisted her to dress; and although, when they raised her to her feet,
[p.238]her feet both of her ancles were instantly dislocated by her weight resting upon them She said put me in a chair and pull my feet gently and I shall soon be sound again. She then ordered her husband to bring her nourishment [p.238]her weight dislocated both of her ancles, she would not consent to return to her bed, but insisted upon being set in a chair, and having her feet drawn gently in order to have her ancle joints replaced.
when she had taken some stimulanse20 she desired them to assist her to cross the street to her Fatherinlaw’s who was then sick He a they did so when she entered She then requested her husband to bring her some wine, saying, if he would do so she would do quite well for the present.Soon after this, by her own request, she was assisted to cross the street to her father-in-law’s, who was at that time prostrated upon a bed of sickness.
He cried out in ammazement Lovisa is dead21 and <Loe> her spirit has come to admonish me of my final exit No Father No she said God has raised me up and I come to tell you to prepare for Death she then sat down conversed with him some time and then afterwards returned home by the <help of her husband and> 3 watchers that had been sitting up with her for she had not been without <2 extra> attendants one night for one whole year When she entered the house he cried out in amazement, “Lovisa is dead, and her spirit is now come to warn me of my sudden departure from this world.” “No, father,” she exclaimed, “God has raised me up, and I have come to tell you to prepare for death.” She conversed an hour or so with him, then, with the assistance of her husband and those who attended upon her that night, she crossed the street back again to her own apartment.
<By this> time so great an excite-[p.239]ment was raised that the inhabitants began <to> gather from all quarters she told them she would meet them at the village church*22 on thursday the next day but one and tell them all they wished to know which she accordingly did by walking 1 mile with the assistance of Her husband and her sister* when she lay sick her Spirit she was carried away [*She then sang them a hymn with angelic harmony.] [Interlinear note: “told them there was nothing more than a spider’s web between her and heaven Christ that Christ bid her return and warn the people”] When this was noised abroad, a [p.239]great multitude of people came together, both to hear and see concerning the strange and marvellous circumstance which had taken place. She talked to them a short time, and then sang a hymn, after which she dismissed them, promising to meet them the next day at the village church, where she would tell them all about the strange manner in which she had been healed.

Lucy: 1844-45

She testified with boldnesss to the power of God in her behalf and continued so to do till her death which was 3 years after <when […] she was carried home>.* [dagger] She occupied the whole day had her two nurses with minister opened the meeting and gave it into her hands she sang a splendid strain of music > see last page

Coray/Pratt: 1853

The following day, according to promise, she proceeded to the church,23 and when she arrived there a large congregation had collected. Soon after she entered, the minister arose and remarked, that as many of the congregation had doubtless come to hear a recital of the strange circumstance which had taken place in the neighbourhood, and as he himself felt more interested in it than in hearing a Gospel discourse, he would open the meeting and then give place to Mrs. Tuttle.

The minister then requested her to sing a hymn;24 she accordingly did so, and [p.240]her voice was as high and clear as it had ever been. Having sung, she arose and addressed the audience as follows:—“I seemed to be borne away to the world of spirits, where I saw the Saviour, as through a veil, which appeared to me about as thick as a spider’s web, and he told me that I must return again to warn the people to prepare for death; that I must exhort them to be watchful as well as prayerful; that I must declare faithfully unto them their accountability before God, and the certainty of their being called to stand before the judgment seat of Christ; and that if I would do this, my life should be prolonged.” After which, she spoke much to the people upon the uncertainty of life.

When she sat down, her husband and sister, also those who were with her during the last night of her sickness, arose and testified to her appearance just before her sudden recovery.

Of these things she continued to speak boldly for the space of three years. At the end of which time she was seized with the consumption which terminated her earthly existence.

Lucy: 1844-45 Lovina’s character was that of a true follower of Christ and she lived as she died contemplating her final change with that peacefull serenity which <characterizes> those who fear God and walk uprightly she was taken with the consumption at 16 and languished 3 years with this fatal disease she spoke calmly of her approaching disolution and conjured her young friends to remmember that life upon this earth could not be eternal to any one therefore the necessity of looking beyond this vale of tears to a far more glorious inheritance laid up where moth doth not corrupt nor theives break through nor steal25 Coray/Pratt: 1853A short time before Lovisa was healed in the miraculous manner before stated,26 Lovina was taken with a severe cough which ended in consumption. She lingered three years. During which time she spoke with much calmness of her approaching dissolution, contemplating death with all that serenity which is characteristic of the last moments of those who fear God, and walk uprightly before him. She conjured her young friends to remember that life upon this earth cannot be eternal. Hence the necessity of looking beyond this vale of tears, to a glorious inheritance, “where moths do not corrupt, [p.241]nor thieves break through and steal.” The care of Lovina, during her illness, devolved chiefly upon myself. The task, though a melancholy one, I cheerfully performed, and, although she had much other attention, I never allowed myself to go an hour, at a time, beyond the sound of her voice while she was sick.
[p.241]Finally to be as brief as possible she called to me <one night> (who am the youngest daughter of My Father’s family) and said Lucy tell Mother and Father to come to me, when Mother came she said Mother I am going now and I wish you to call my young mates that I may speak to them again before I die while my mother was giving the necessary direction my sister bade me take her up and place her in a chair When When Mother and our associates with the family were seated she commenced speaking and finding that her strength failed her she desired Mother to prepare her some food saying tis the last you will ever get for me she took the food and after eating with seeming apetite a small quantity she <she then gave back the dish to mother and said there mother you will never get me anything to eat again> A short time before she breathed out her last moments,27 which was in the night, she awakened me, and requested that I would call father and mother, for she wished to see them, as she would soon be gone. When they came, she said, “Father and mother, now I am dying, and I wish you to call my young associates, that I may speak to them before I die.” She then requested me to place her in a chair, and as soon as the young people who were called in, were seated, she commenced speaking. After talking a short time to them, she stopped, and turning to her mother, said, “Mother, will you get me something to eat? it is the last time you will ever bring me nourishment in this world.” When my mother had complied with her request, she eat a small quantity of food, with apparent appetite, then gave back the dish, saying, “There, mother, you will never get me anything to eat again.”
[p.242]she proceeded I do not know when I received any material change of heart unless when I was ten years old God heard my prayers and forgave my sines since then I have according to my best ability endeavored to serve him continually I have called you here to give you my last warning and bid you all farewell and beseech you to endeavor to meet me where parting shall be no more Sister Lucy help me into the [p.242]After which, she turned to the company, and proceeded with her remarks, thus:—“I do not know when I received any material change of heart, unless it was when I was ten years old. God, at that time, heard my prayers, and forgave my sins; and ever since then I have endeavored to serve him according to the best of my abilities. And I have called you here to give you my last warning— to bid you all farewell, and beseech you to endeavor to meet me where parting shall be no more.”
Then Holding up her hands and looking upon them as one would <remark> a trifling thing which they had <not> observed before she said smiling see the blood is now settleing under my nails and as she contemplated the gradual change in their appearance <she> again remarked how slowly Death creeps on there she said placing the fingers of her left hand across the right tis cold to there soon this mortal flesh will be food food for worms Then turning to me now sister <Lucy> help me back to the bed Shortly after this, holding up her hands, and looking upon them as one would upon a trifling thing unobserved before, she said, with a smile upon her countenance, “See, the blood is settling under my nails.” Then, placing the fingers of her left hand across her right, she continued thus, “’Tis cold to there—soon this mortal flesh will be food for worms.” Then, turning to me, she said, “Now, sister Lucy, will you help me into bed.”
I did as she desired but as I moved my hand from beneath her side, <she started and saying I did as I was directed, carrying her in my arms just as I would a child. Although I was but thirteen
[p.243]“Sister that hurts me> she moaned plaintively which gave me awful feelings <sensations> feellings that I could utter for too well I knew that it was the last sad office I should ever perform for <my> only surviving sister and it wounded me to think that in laying her upon her death bed I should cause her pain [p.243]years old,28 she was so emaciated that I could carry her with considerable ease.As I was carrying her to bed, my hand slipped. At this she cried out, “Oh! Sister, that hurt me.” This, indeed, gave me bitter feelings. I was well assured, that this was the last sad office I should ever perform for my sister, and the thought that I had caused her pain in laying her on her death bed, wounded me much.
My sister now laid her <self> calmly back upon her pillow and said father Mother brothers29 sisters and dear companions all farewell I am going to rest prepare to follow me for death “tis30 a Melancholly thought to those who have no God [Note: “lovina placed her fingers on her nose and said my nose is now quite cold”] after repeating this hymn she <and> placed her hands together across her breast and closed her eyes to open them no more in this world| the hymn was the <very> last of all. Soon after this, she passed her hand over her face, and again remarked, “my nose is now quite cold.” Then, slightly turning and straightening herself in bed, she continued, “Father, mother, brother, sister, and dear companions, all farewell, I am going to rest—prepare to follow me; for

Coray/Pratt: 1853

“Death! ’tis a melancholy day
To those that have no God,
When the poor soul is forced away
To seek her last abode.
“In vain to heaven she lifts her eyes;
[p.244]But guilt, a heavy chain,
Still drags her downwards from the skies,
To darkness, fire, and pain.
“Awake and mourn, ye heirs of hell,
Let stubborn sinners fear;
You must be driven from earth, and dwell
A long FOR EVER there!
“See how the pit gapes wide for you,
And flashes in your face;
And thou, my soul, look downward too,
And sing recovering grace.
“He is a God of sov’reign love,
Who promised heaven to me,
And taught my thoughts to soar above,
Where happy spirits be.
“Prepare me, Lord, for thy right hand,
Then come the joyful day;
Come, death, and some celestial band,
To bear my soul away.”

After repeating this hymn, she folded her hands across her breast, and then closed her eyes for ever.
Having led my readers to the close of Lovina’s life, I shall return to Lovisa, of whom there only remains the closing scene of her earthly career.

Lucy: 1844-45

[This paragraph begins at the top of a full page but occurs after the lengthy note about Daniel’s rescue of three men and is preceded by a dagger:] She prached to a croweded house after this her house was always crowded for 3 years when she took sick sent for father to come and see her she was affraid she should die before he got there —he [p.245]went in a carriage she would go back with him, he prepared a bed laid her thereon She then told him the now father if I die before I get home I wish you to bury me in gilsum <beside my sister lovina>

Coray/Pratt: 1853

In the course of a few months subsequent to the death of sister Lovina, my father received a letter from South Hadley, stating that Lovisa was very low of the consumption, and that she earnestly desired him to come and see her as soon as possible, as she expected to live but a short time.My father set out immediately, [p.245]and when he arrived there, he found her in rather better health than he expected. In a few days after he got there, she resolved in her heart to return with him at all hazards. To this her father unwillingly consented, and, after making the requisite preparations, they started for Gilsum.

traveled 4 miles put up at Mr. Taffe’s31 asked her if she would be placed in a chair and rest a little she said she would and after she was taken out into the parlor while father went to the bar for some spirits she expired in her chair—father then did all that was poss could be done by way of decent dress and suitable equpage of every kind it was 50 miles from there to Gilsum kept her 3 days then buried her as her request was They travelled about four miles, and came to an inn kept by a man by the name of Taff. Here her father halted, and asked her if she did not wish to tarry a short time to rest herself. She replied in the affirmative. By the assistance of the landlord, she was presently seated in an easy chair. My father then stepped into the next room to procure a little water and wine for her. He was absent but a moment; however, when he returned it was too late, her spirit had fled from its earthly tabernacle to return no more, until recalled by the trump of the Archangel.
father took the precaution of writing to mother almost overcome went 15 miles for a minister to preach—I was then in tunbridge with brother S Mack My father immediately addressed a letter to mother, informing her of Lovisa’s death, lest the shock of seeing the corpse unexpectedly should overcome her. And as soon as he could get a coffin, he proceeded on his journey for Gilsum, a distance of fifty miles.She was buried by the side of her sister Lovina, according to her own request.
[p.246]she made some verses just before she started [p.246]The following is part of a hymn composed by herself, a few days previous to her decease:
Oh Lord wilt thou return to meIn Mercy Lod Lord before I dieO may I Now return to thee
And lift my heavy soul on high
Oh for mercy I implore and lift my heavy
And never sin no more soul above —and fill
My soul with heavenly love
“Lord, may my thoughts be turned to thee;Lift thou my heavy soul on high;Wilt thou, O, Lord, return to me
In mercy, Father, ere I die!
My soaring thoughts now rise above—
Oh fill my soul with heavenly love.
Farewell my Father and my Mother DearFarewell My Husband of my lifeFarewell my brothers and sisters here
and farewell all the joys of life
For whilst with you on earth I stay
I beg your prayers both night and day
“Father and mother, now farewell;And husband, partner of my life,Go to my father’s children, tell
That lives no more on earth thy wife;
That while she dwelt in cumbrous clay,
For them she prayed both night and day.
Farewell O world I bid adieuThe Lord he calls and I must goSo I must and soon be gone
My time on Earth will not be long
Farewell Farewell in heaven I shall
I hope in to meet you all
“My friends, I bid you all adieu;The Lord hath called, and I must go—And all the joys of this vain earth,
Are now to me of little worth;
’Twill be the same with you as me,
When brought as near eternity.”
Thus I have disposed of My oldest brother and 2 sisters Thus closes this mournful recital, and when I pass with my readers into the next chapter, with them probably may end the sympathy aroused32 by this rehearsal, but with me it must last while life endures.

Lucy: 1844-45

[p.247]next comes stephen Mack33 who volunteered to in the last war at 14 and Fought by land and sea and travelled throug cold the hunger fatigue and endured every species of hardship that human nature could endure for 3 years in which time he recieved an office of honor in the army [blot] returned to his Father at 17 an At 21 he commenced business for himself in Gilsum where he entered upon merchandise He removed from thence to Tunbrige where he was very successful He built here a store a very large tavern and improve cultivated an extensive farm. soon he was enabled to open 2 wholesale and retail establishments <in the city of detroit>

Coray/Pratt: 1853

My brother Stephen, who was next in age to Jason, was born in the town of Marlow, June 15, 1766.

I shall pass his childhood in silence, and say nothing about him until he attained the age of fourteen, at which time he enlisted in the army, the circumstances of which were as follows:—

A recruiting officer came into the neighbourhood to draft soldiers for the revolutionary war, and he called out a company of militia to which my brother belonged, in order to take therefrom such as were best qualified to do military duty. My brother, being very anxious to go into the army at this time, was so fearful that he would be passed by on account of his age, that the sweat stood in large drops on his face, and he shook like an aspen leaf. Fortunately,34 the officer made choice of him among others, and he entered the army, and continued in the service of his country until he was seventeen. During this time he was in many battles, both on land and sea, and several times narrowly escaped death by famine; but, according to his own account, whenever he was brought into a situation to fully realize his entire dependence upon God, the hand of Providence was always manifested in his deliverance.

[p.248]Not long since, I met with an intimate acquaintance of my brother Stephen, and requested him to furnish me such facts as were in his possession in relation to him; and he wrote the following brief, yet comprehensive account, for the gratification of my readers:

“I, Horace Stanly,35 was born in Tunbridge, Orange county, Vermont, August 21, 1798. I have been personally acquainted with Maj.36 Mack and his family ever since I can remember, as I lived in the same township, within one mile and a half of the Major’s farm, and two miles from his store,37 and eight miles from Chelsea, the county seat of Orange county; where he conducted the mercantile and tinning business.

“My eldest brother went to learn the tinning business of the Major’s workmen. The Major being a man of great enterprize, energetic in business, and possessed of a high degree of patriotism, launched forth on the frontiers at38 Detroit, in the year 1800 (if I recollect rightly), where he immediately commenced trading with the Indians.

“He left his family in Tunbridge, on his farm, and while he was engaged in business at Detroit he visited them—sometimes once in a year, in eighteen months, or in two years, just as it happened.

“I visited Detroit, November 1, 1820, where I found the Major merchandising upon quite an extensive scale, having six clerks in one store; besides this, he had many other stores in the territory of Michigan, as well as in various parts of Ohio.

“His business at Pontiac was principally farming and building, but in order to facilitate these two branches of business, he set in operation a saw and flour mill, and afterwards added different branches of mechanism. He made the turnpike road from Detroit to Pontiac at his own expense. He also did considerable other public work, for the purpose of giving employment to the poor.

“He never encouraged idleness, or the man above his business. In 1828, having been absent from Detroit a short time, I returned. The Major was then a member of the Council of the territory, and had acted a very conspicuous part in enhancing its prosperity and enlarging its settlement; and it was a common saying, that he had done much more for the Territory than any other individual.

[p.249]”In short, the Major was a man of talents of the first order. He was energetic and untiring. He always encouraged industry, and was very cautious how he applied his acts of charity.

Respectfully, by

Lucy: 1844-45

whilst at this place was made a captain of a company by [blank] Hull although he had been for some [“some” has been written over “long”] time <previous> a Colonel at Tunbrige. Hull at this time commanded his men to surrender Col. Mack broke his sword accross his knee and trew it into the lake39

Coray/Pratt: 1853

My brother was in the city of Detroit in 1812, the year in which Hull surrendered the territory to the British Crown. My brother, being somewhat celebrated for his prowess, was selected by General Hull to take the command of a company, as Captain. After a short service in this office, he was ordered to surrender. At this his indignation was roused to the highest pitch. He broke his sword across his knee; and, throwing it into the lake, exclaimed that he would never submit to such a disgraceful compromise while the blood of an American continued to run through his veins.

His stores would have been robbed by the French both of money and goods had it not been been for an old woman who washed for him she went into the stores and took out the money and hid it and by this means [p.250]he was seen doing at his stores Goods however were all taken but the money the old woman saved for him enabled him to recomence merchandize again This drew the especial vengeance of the army upon his head; and his property, doubtless, would have been sacrificed to their resentment, had they known the situation of his affairs. But this they did not know, [p.250]as his housekeeper deceived them by a stratagem, related by Mr. Stanly, as follows:

Coray/Pratt: 1853

“At the surrender of Detroit, not having as yet moved his family hither, Major Mack had an elderly lady, by the name of Trotwine, keeping house for him. The old lady took in some of the most distinguished British officers as boarders. She justified them in their course of conduct towards the Yankees, and, by her shrewdness and tact, she gained the esteem of the officers, and thus secured through them the good will of the soldiery, so far as to prevent their burning (what they supposed to be) her store and dwelling, both of which were splendid buildings.

“The Major never forgot this service done him by the old lady, for he ever afterwards supported her handsomely.”

Thus was a great amount of goods and money saved from the hands of his enemies. But this is not all: the news came to her ears that they were about to burn another trading establishment belonging to the Major, and, without waiting to consult him, she went immediately to the store, and took from the counting-room several thousand dollars, which she secreted until the British left the city. The building and goods were burned.

Lucy: 1844-45

[…] when he had done so he brought his family from tunbridge to Detroit but soon removed them a [blot] business again He shortly extended buisness to Pontiac where he <afterward set up busness and> built a Grist Mill Cotton factory and purchased 2 farms <after this he went> thence to Rochester and built a Grist Mill and saw Mill40

Coray/Pratt: 1853

As soon as the English left the territory, he recommenced business, and removed his family from Tunbridge to Detroit. Here they remained but a short time, when he took them to Pontiac; and, as soon as they were well established or settled in this place, he himself went to the city of Rochester, where he built a saw-mill.

[p.251]Near this time he undertook <[…]> to settle up his affairs but was taken very sick and after 4 days illness died lammented by all who knew him particularly the poor many of whom looked to for assistance day by day. so though he had added house to house and field41 yet in the midst of his Glory he was called to leave all that he had and try the realities of another state of existence without one moments warning for* not one of his family suposed him to be dangerous intill they [….] discovered that disolution was taking place [An “X” is drawn here, but there is no corresponding footnote or insertion.] [p.251]But, in the midst of his prosperity, he was called away to experience another state of existence, with barely a moment’s warning, for he was sick only four days from the time he was first taken ill until he died; and even on the fourth day, and in the last hour of his illness, it was not supposed to be at all dangerous, until his son, who sat by his bed side, discovered that42 he was dying.
He left his family with legsy of $50 000 clear of incumbrances. He was a Moral man a man of buisness and a man of the most intrepid courage which last was shown in the defence of his country which was ever the interest that lay nearest to his heart— But I will not tresspass unnecesarily upon the readers patience He left his family with an estate of fifty thousand dollars, clear of encumbrance.43



Lydia Daniel and Soloman remain of the family besides myself of [p.252]these I shall speak somewhat briefly Of my sister Lydia I shall say but little; not [p.252]that I loved her less, or that she was less deserving of honourable mention; but she seemed to float more with the stream of common events than those who have occupied the foregoing pages: hence fewer incidents of a striking character are furnished for the mind to dwell upon.
Lydia sought riches and obtained them and but in the day of prosperity she remmembered the poor for she dealt out her substance to the needy with a liberal hand through life and died the object of their affection and as she was beloved in life so she was bewailed in death— She sought riches and obtained them; yet in the day of prosperity she remembered the poor, for she dealt out her substance to the needy, with a liberal hand, to the end of her days, and died the object of their affection. As she was beloved in life, so she was bewailed in death.



Daniel was a man of the world with but one peculiarity he was as many can testify the in many scenes of danger where lives were exposed when he was always the first to the rescue and thus was the means of saving many a helpless victim from the jaws of Death the particulars of <one of those which I have not here <will circumstances> relate least I should exhaust the patience of my readers one circumstance of this kind <took place in>*44 in Montague <(suposed to be in New Hampshire)> in Miller’s River [p.253]Daniel saved the lives of 3 men a great many men spoke of swiming Daniel advised them not to do so on account of danger, but 3 of them presisted and came near drowning no one would do anything for them Daniel went in they were clinched to some vines that grew in the bottom of the river Daniel tore up the vines and brought the men one by one to the ropes when he brought out the first he ordered the by standers to prepare some barrels to roll the men on in order to fetch them too he then had a bed prepared for each of them and when they were warmly wrapped in bed he gave up his time to attending upon them untill they were quite restored could speak Daniel comes next in order. He was rather worldly minded, yet he was not vicious; and if he had any peculiar trait of character, it was this— he possessed a very daring and philanthropic spirit, which led him to reach forth his hand to the assistance of those whose lives were exposed to danger, even to the hazard of his own life. For instance; he, in company with several others, was once standing on the bank of Miller’s River, in the town of Montague, when one of the number proposed taking a swim. Daniel ob-[p.253]jected, saying it was a dangerous place to swim in, yet they were determined, and three went in; but, going out into the stream rather too far, they were overpowered by the current, and a kind of eddy which they fell into, and they sunk immediately.At this, Daniel said, “Now, gentlemen, these men are drowning: who will assist them at the risk of his life?” No one answered. At this, he sprang into the water, and diving to the bottom, found one of them fastened to some small roots. Daniel took hold of him, and tore up the roots to which he was clinging, and brought him out, and then told the bystanders to get a barrel, for the purpose of rolling him on it, in order to make him disgorge the water which he had taken. He then went in again, and found the other two in the same situation as the first, and saved them in like manner.
when they their speech returned they fixed their eyes on my brother and said Mr Mack We look upon you as a savior for you have been the means of rescuing us from a a watery tomb and and one said Oh that we could always live near you for we are now assured that you have not only wisdom to counsil but when Men have spurned your best advice you have still a greatness of soul which will stimulate you to risk even your own life to save an erring fellow man and I will never lave you as long as I live for I want to dwell [p.254]with you and convince you that I remmember you and will never slight your councill again— After rolling them a short time on barrels, he took them to a house, and gave them every possible attention, until they had so far recovered as to be able to speak. As soon as they could talk, one of them, fixing his eyes upon Daniel, said, “Mr. Mack, we have reason to look upon you as our saviour, for you have delivered us from a watery tomb; and I would that I could always live near you. We are now assured that you have not only wisdom to counsel, but, when men have spurned your advice, you have still that greatness [p.254]of soul which leads you to risk your own life to save your fellow man. No, I will never leave you as long as I live, for I wish to convince you that I ever remember you, and that I will never slight your counsel again.”
in this they all concured and they did carry out their purpose in very deed and truth He was always a liberal in life which caused him to be greatly mourned in death Died in tunbridge here is to be left to be filled when referance can be had to Mr covey45 In this they were all agreed, and they carried out the same in their future lives.



46Solomon the youngest son of My father was born and reared brought up Married and still lives in the town of Gilsom and although 64 <70> years old47 he has never traveled farther than Boston Where his Buisness leads him twice a year to purchase goods. He has gathered to himself in that rocky Region Fields Flocks and herds that multiply and increase upon the Mountains48 He has been known these 20 yeas as captain Solomon Mack of Gilsom [p.255]and as he lives to speak for hi himself and I have chiefly to do withe the dead I will leave him by hoping that as he has lived peacibly withe all men so he may die happily. My youngest brother, Solomon, was born and married in the town of Gilsum, state of New Hampshire, where he is still living; and although he is now very aged, he has never travelled farther than Boston, to which place his business leads him twice a year.He has gathered to himself in this49 rocky region, fields, flocks, and herds, which multiply and increase upon the mountains. He has been known at least twenty years, as [p.255]Captain Solomon Mack, of Gilsum; but, as he lives to speak for himself, and as I have to do chiefly with the dead, and not with the living, I shall leave him, hoping that, as he has lived peaceably with all men, he may die happily.

Coray/Pratt: 1853

I have now given a brief account of all my father’s family, save myself; and what I have written has been done with the view of discharging an obligation which I considered resting upon me, inasmuch as they have all passed off this stage of action, except myself and youngest brother. And seldom do I meet with an individual with whom I was even acquainted in my early years, and I am constrained to exclaim— “The friends of my youth! where are they?” The tomb replies, “Here are they!” But, through my instrumentality,

“Safely truth to urge her claims, presumes
On names now found alone on books and tombs.”50

Lucy: 1844-45

Coray/Pratt: 1853


[p.257]51Now my dear readers I shall introduce myself to your <attention>52 having given a slight sketch of each individual of my Fathers household preceeding me I take up myself in order I was born in Gilsun <State of New Hampshire> July 8th 1776 [p.257]I shall now introduce the history of my own life. I was born in the town of Gilsum, Cheshire county, New Hampshire, on the 8th of July, 1776.53

Lucy: 1844-45

[p.256]Of the friends of my youth with School mates with <me> in childhood (who will probably recognize in the author their old associate) there remains the chidren of one Mr Harmon John Toriah Martha called patty by her mates also the daughters of Colonel <ebenezer> Bill (whose brother Married my sister Lydia) These were <Rachel> Mahettable Anne From Gilsum Father moved to Montegue here I became acquainted with the Family of Captain Gun, Thankful Unice Abel <&> Martin <also> Mr. Harvey’s chidren I mention these as I shall also others as I pass along In hopes that this may reach them for and by this means I shall be able to make myself known to them 2 <years> befor sister Lovina’s dath I visited sister tuttle who was then sick at south Hadley <here lived one> where C<olonel> Woodbridge <who> bought a large Church bell about this time which was hung while I was there and I understand remains till this day day a company of young folks went to see it when it was first hung I was one of the number and was the first who ever rang the Bell this Colonel W afterwards built a large Establishment for the education of poor children54

Coray/Pratt: 1853

When I arrived at the age of eight years, my mother had a severe fit of sickness. She was so low that she, as well as her friends, entirely despaired of her recovery. During this sickness she called her children around her bed, and, after exhorting them always to remember the instructions which she had given them—to fear God and walk uprightly before Him, she gave me to my brother Stephen, requesting him to take care of me and bring me up as his own child, then bade each of us farewell.

This my brother promised to do; but, as my mother shortly recovered, it was not necessary, and I consequently remained at my father’s house until my sister Lovisa was married. Some time after this event I went to South Hadley to pay Lovisa, who was living there, a visit.55

Lucy: 1844-45 Coray/Pratt: 1853
before I returned home My Father moved back to Gilsom56 where I continued with my parents untill my youngest sisters death I returned home to my parents in about six months, and remained with them in Gilsum until the death of Lovina.
shortly after this my Brother Colonel <[right?] Stephen> Mack <came from tunbridge on a visit> persuaded my parents to let him take me with him to tunbridge in order to divert my mind from the death of my sister as the Grief it occasioned was preying upon my <health> and was likly to bee a serious injury to me The For months after this <I> did not feel as though life was worth seeking after Soon after which my Brother Stephen, who was living at Tunbridge, Vermont, came to my father’s on a visit; and he insisted so earnestly on my accompanying him home, that my parents consented. The grief occasioned by the death of Lovina was preying upon my health, and threatened my constitution with serious injury, and they hoped that to accompany my brother home might serve to divert my mind, and thus prove a benefit to me. For I was pensive and melancholy, and often in my reflections I thought that life was not worth possessing.
and in my reflections I determined to endeaver to obtain that which was spoken of so frequently from the pulpit namely a change of heart In the midst of this anxiety of mind, I determined to obtain that which I had heard spoken of so much from57 the pulpit—a change of heart.
In order to this I perused the Bible and prayed incessantly but one thought interposed itself into all my meditations If I remain out of any church all religious people will say that I am of the world <if> I join any one church the rest will all declare [p.258]that I am in the wrong no church will say I am right unless I join <unite with> them and this makes them witnesses against each other how shall I decide inasmuch as the Church of Christ was not like any of them To accomplish this I spent much of my time in reading the Bible, and praying; but, notwithstanding my great anxiety to experience a change of heart, another matter [p.258]would always interpose in all my meditations:—If I remain a member of no church, all religious people will say I am of the world; and, if I join some one of the different denominations, all the rest will say I am in error. No church will admit that I am right, except the one with which I am associated. This makes them witnesses against each other; and how can I decide in such a case as this, seeing they are all unlike the Church of Christ, as it existed in former days!
My Brother Fr frequently spoke to me of one Mr. Asael Smith an intimate acquantance of his Whose family I afterwards became acquainted with their names were Jesse and Joseph Asael <John> Samuel Silas & Stephen Prisca Mary Susan <&> Sarah <a> worthy respectable amiable and intelligent Family Here I became Made the acquaintance of It was the second son of this Family to whom I was afterwards Married While I remained at Tunbridge, I became acquainted with a young man by the name of Joseph Smith, to whom I was subsequently married.
I remained with my brother 1 year after which I made a visit to My Parents in Gilsom and My Uncles and Aunts at in Marlow then my brother came and upon his urgent request I went again to tunbridge and was with him untill the ensueing January when I was married by Colonel Austin esquire— I continued with my brother one year, then went home. I was at home but a short time, when my brother came after me again, and insisted so hard upon my returning with him, that I concluded to do so. And this time I remained with him until I was married, which took place the next January.58
59(It would be my wish to give an entire history of my husband from his infancy untill We were married but I have not a correct sufficient knowledge of the same to be able to do so otherwise I sould [sic] be most happy to gratify my readers by this wa by narrating such things as might be interesting concerning himself and his family—But I can supply this deficiency measurably by giving in this place a transcript from the record of the family of Smiths as which I shall throw into the shortest and most comprehensive form possible But thoughMy instrumentality—60[p.260]safely Truth to urge her claims,
On names now found alone in
books and tombs
Here, I would like to give the early history of my husband, for many facts might be mentioned, that doubtless would be highly interesting; but, as I am not capable of giving them62 in order, I shall decline making the attempt, and in the place thereof shall insert a transcript from the record of his family, beginning with Samuel Smith, who was the son of Robert and Mary Smith, who came from England.

Coray/Pratt: 1853

The above Samuel Smith, was born Jan. 26, 1666, in Topsfield, Essex county, Massachusetts; and was married to Rebecca Curtis, daughter of John Curtis, Jan. 25, 1707.63

Phebe, b. Jan. 8, 1708; m. to Steph. Averel, March 27th 1733.64
1st. Mary, b. Aug. 14, 1711; m. to Amos Towne, May 29th 1732.64 66 d. Nov. 14, 1785.
Rebecca,67 b. Oct. 1, 1715; m. to John Batch, 68 June 17th 1740.
Elizabeth, b. July 8, 1718; m. to Elizer Gould;69 d. March, 1753.
Hephzibah, b. May 12, 1722; m. to Wm. Gallop,70 July 11, 1745; d. Nov. 15, 1774.
Robert, b. Apr. 25, 1724.71
[p.261]Susanna, b. May 2, 1726;72 d. May 5, 1741.
Hannah, b. Apr. 5, 1729; m. to John Peabody; d. Aug. 17, 1764.
1st. Samuel Smith died July 12, 1748. His wife, Rebecca Smith, March 2, 1753.

Priscilla, b. Sept. 26, 1735; m. to Jacob Kimball, Sept. 15, 175573
3rd. Samuel, b. Oct. 28,74 1737; m. to Rebec.75 Towne, Jan. 2, 1760.
Vasta/Vashti,76 b. Oct. 5, 1739; m. to Solomon Curtis, Sept. 15, 1763, m. to Jacob Hobbs, 1767,77—her second consort
Susanna, b. Jan. 24, 1742; m. to Isaac Hobbs, in 176778
1st. Asael, b. Mar. 1, 1744; m. to Mary Duty, Feb. 12, 1761/1767;79 d. Oct. 31, 1830; Mary Duty d. May 27, 1836 in Kirtland.

2nd Samuel Smith was married to Priscilla the daughter of Zaccheus Gould May 27, 1734.80

1st. Jesse, b. Apr. 20, 1768; m. to Hanh. Peabody, Jan. 20, 1792.
Priscilla, b. Oct. 27/21st, 1769;81 m. to John C. Waller, Aug. 24, 1796.
1st. Joseph, b. July 12, 1771; m. to Lucy Mack, Jan. 24, 1796; d. Sep. 14, 1840.
2nd. Asael, b. May 21, 1773; m. to Betsy Schillinger/Schellenger,82 Mar. 21, 1802; d. July 21, 1848.
Mary, b. June 4, 1775; m. to Israel Pearce/Isaac Pierce, Dec 22nd 1796.83
4th. Samuel, b. Sept. 15, 1777; m. to Frances Wilcox; d. April 1, 1830.84
1st. Silas, b. Oct. 1, 1779; m. to Ruth Stevens, Jan. 29, 1805,85 the second time to Mary Atkins, Aikins second wife, March 4, 1828.86
1st. John, b. July87 16, 1781; m. to Clarissa Lyman, [p.263]Sep. 11, 1815.88
3rd. Susanna, b. May 18, 1783.
Stephen, b. Apr. 17/23,89 1785; d. July 25, 1802.
Sarah, b. May 17/16,90 1789; m. to Joseph Sanford, Oct. 15, 1809; d. May 27, 1824.91

Benjamin G.,92 b. May 2, 1793; P., n.d.;
Eliza, b. Mar. 9, 1795;
Ira, b. Jan. 30, 1797;
Harvy,93 b. Apr. 1, 1799;
Harriet, b. Apr. 8, 1801; Stephen, b. May 2, 1803; Mary, b. May 4, 1805;
Catherine, b. July 13, 1807;
Royal, b. July 2, 1809;
Sarah. b. Dec. 16, 1810/1812.

Calvin C., b. June 6, 1797;
Dolly,94 b. Oct. 16, 1799, d. June 20, 1800;
Marshall, b. March 18, 1801;
Royal H.,95 b. Nov. 29, 1802;
Dudley C., b. Sept. 29, 1804;
Bushrod W.,96 b. Oct. 18, 1806;
Silas B.,97 b. Jan. 1, 1809;
Sally P.,98 b. Oct. 31, 1810;
John H.,99 b. Sept. 9, 1812, d. Nov 5, 1812.100

First child not named.101
Alvin, b. Feb. 11, 1799;102 d. Nov. 19, 1824.103
[p.265]Hyrum, b. Feb. 9, 1800, Tunbridge, Vermont; m. to Jerusha Barden, Nov. 2, 1826, Manchester, N.Y., m. to Mary Fielding, 1837; murdered by a mob, June 27, 1844, in Carthage Jail, Hancock Co., Illinois, while under the protection of Gov. Thos. Ford.
Sophronia, b. May 18/16,104 1803, Tunbridge, Vermont; m. to Calvin Stoddard, Dec. 2, 1827,105 Palmyra, N.Y.
2d Joseph, b. Dec. 23, 1805, Sharon, Windsor Co., Vermont; m. to Emma Hale, daughter of Isaac Hale, in South Bainbridge, Chenango county, N. York, Jan. 18106 1827; murdered by a mob, June 27, 1844, in Carthage Jail, Hancock co. Illinois, while under the protection of Gov. Thos. Ford.107
5th. Samuel Harrison, b. Mar. 13, 1808, Tunbridge, Vermont; m. to Mary Bailey, Aug. 13, 1834, m. to Levira Clark, April 29, 1842/May 30, 1841, born 1815 July 30, da. of Garoms [Garous?] & Delecta;108 d. July 30, 1844, of a fever, occasioned by over exertion in getting away from a mob, when his brothers were killed.
Ephraim, b. Mar. 13, 1810; d. Mar. 24, 1810.
William, b. Mar. 13, 1811, [p.266]Royalton, Vermont; m. to Caroline Grant,109 daughter of Joshua Grant, Feb. 14, 1833.
Catherine, b. July 8/28,110 1812111, Lebanon, New Hampshire; m. to Wilkins J. Salisbury, Jan./June 8, 1831.112
Don Carlos, b. Mar. 25, 1816; m. to Agnes Coolbrith, July 30, 1835, Kirtland, Ohio; d. Aug. 7. 1841.112
Lucy, b. July 18, 1821; m. to Arth. Milikin, June 4, 1840, Nauvoo. 113

Elias,115 b. Sept. 6, 1804;
Emily, b. Sept. 1, 1806;
2nd. Jesse J., b. Oct. 6, 1808, d. July 1, 1834;
Esther, b. Sept. 20, 1810, d. Oct 30 1856;
Mary J., b. Apri 28/29, 1813;
Julia P., b. March 4/6, 1815;
[p.267]Martha, b. June 9, 1817;
a2nd. Silas, b. June 5/6 1822.

Eunice, b. April 29, 1799;
Miranda, b. June 17, 1803;
Horace, b. June 8, 1805;
John S., b. March 6, 1807;
Susan, b. June 20, 1809;
Mary, b. April 25, 1811;
Laura, b. Feb. 8, 1814;
Eliza A., b. Sep. 2, 1817.

Charles, b. Nov. 11, 1806, d. May 7, 1809;
Charity,118 b. Apri 1, 1808;
Curtis S., b. Oct. 29, 1809;
6th. Samuel, b. Oct. 3, 1811, d. March 7, 1826;
Stephen, b. Jan./June [Coray] 8, 1815;
Susan, b. Oct. 19, 1817;
3rd. Asael/Asahel, [p.268]b. Oct. 12, 1819.

Silas L. S.,120 b. Oct. 20/26 1830;
John A., b. July 6, 1832;
Nathaniel J. [Jesse Nathaniel], b. Dec. 2, 1834.

George, b. June 26, 1817;
Albert,122 n.d.;
Caroline, b. June 6, 1820;
2nd. John, b. Nov. 17, 1823/1828;
Lyman, n.d.

Lovina, b. Sept. 16, 1827;123
Mary, b. June 27, 1829, d. May 29, 1832;
John, b. Sept. 22, 1832;
2nd Hyrum, b. April 27, 1834, d. Sep. 21, 1841;
Jerusha, b. Jan. 13, 1836;
[p.269]Sarah, b. Oct. 2, 1837.

4th. Joseph F.,124 b. Nov. 13, 1838;
Martha Ann, b. May 14, 1841.

Smith,126 adopted daughter;
3d. Joseph, b. Nov. 6, 1832;
Frederick G. W., b. June 20, 1836;
Alexander, b. June 2, 1838;
Don Carlos, b. June 13, 1840;
David Hyrum, b. Nov. 18, 1844.

Susanna B., b. Oct. 27, 1835;
Mary B., b. March 27, 1837;
Samuel H. B.,129 b. Aug. 1, 1838;
[p.270]Lucy B., b. Jan. 31, 1841.
Mary Smith died Jan. 25, 1841.

Lovisa C., b. Aug. 28, 1843;
Lucy J. C., b. Aug. 20, 1844.

Mary Jane, b. Jan. 1835;
Caroline L., b. Aug. 1836.

Agnes C., b. Aug. 1, 1836;132
Sophronia C., b. 1838;133
Josephine D., b. March 10, 1841.

Eunice, b. March 22, 1830;
[p.271]Maria, b. Apri 12, 1832.

Elizabeth, b. April 9, 1832;136
Lucy, b. Oct. 3, 1834;
Solomon J., b. Sept. 18, 1835;
Alvin, b. June 7, 1838;
Don C., b. Oct. 25, 1841;
Emma C., b. March 25, 1844.

Don Carlos, b. Oct 13th 1843.

CHILDREN OF GEORGE A. AND BATHSHEBA SMITH. Names and birth of their Children:138
George Albert,139 b. July 7, 1842;
Bathsheba W., b. Aug. 14, 1844.

Having now given all the names belonging to the family of Smith, I shall take up another lineage, namely, that of the Mack family, commencing with my grandfather, Ebenezer Mack.140 Ebenezer Mack had three sons: Elisha, Samuel, and Solomon; and one daughter, named Hypsebeth.141 His son Solo-[p.272]mon was born in the town of Lyme, state of Connecticut, Sept. 26, 1735; was married to a young woman by the name of Lydia Gates, in the year 1759. This Lydia Gates was born in East Haddam, state of Connecticut, September 3, 1735.


Jason Mack,
Stephen Mack,
Daniel Mack,
2nd. Solomon Mack,
Lovisa Mack,
Lovina Mack,
Lydia Mack,
Lucy Mack.142


Calvin, b. Nov. 28, 1797;
Orlando, b. Sept. 23, 1799;
Chilon, b. July 26, 1802;
3rd. Solomon, b. May 23, 1805;
Amos, b. May 1, 1807;
Dennis, b. Oct. 18, 1809;
Merrill,144 b. Sept. 14, 1812;
Esther, b. April 2, 1815;
Rizpah, b. June 5, 1818.


1. Lucy thought she turned sixty-nine on 8 July 1845, but “69 year” suggests that she means she is in her sixty-ninth year. See Biographical Summaries.

2. While most of the military events that Lucy includes appear in her father’s narrative, almost no information about his marriage, wife, and children does, and the military tales themselves differ substantially in detail and wording from the original. Such rewriting is not characteristic of how Martha Jane copied other quoted material (e.g., Times and Seasons). Richard L. Anderson, New England, 165n29, suggests that Lucy “had a manuscript draft with certain incidents not in Solomon’s published pamplet.”

3. Improvement Era (1901-03), hereafter IE, and Preston Nibley (1945): “which was employed …” See Introduction, pp. 164-65.

4. IE and Nibley: “one morning to yoke …”

5. IE and Nibley: “When this knowledge came to the officer …”

6. George A. Smith (hereafter GAS) on Coray: “windfall (fallen timber) … ” See Introduction, pp. 164-65.

7. Coray: “but received no personal injury …” See Introduction, pp. 164-65.

8. This name does not appear in Solomon Mack’s Narraitve [sic], and is, in fact, mistaken. Lydia’s father’s name was Daniel. See Biographical Summaries. The entire passage which follows, describing Lydia, also does not appear in the Narraitve.

9. Solomon Mack’s Narraitve does not mention a move to Marlow or the births of these four children.

10. Coray: “caused them to abandon…”

11. Coray: “The boys at this were highly delighted …”

12. The story of this engagement appears in Mack’s Narraitve but not this paragraph.

13. Lucy thus omits her father’s quite remarkable conversion to Christianity late in life. (See discussion in “The Domestic Spirituality of Lucy Mack Smith.”) She later told an unnamed traveler in Nauvoo that “her father kept for several years the tavern in Montague, known afterwards as the ‘Gun tavern,’ and afterwards kept a public house in Keen, N.H.” (“The City”).

14. Coray: “and with this understanding …”

15. Coray: “He commenced by using the most dissuasive arguments against her marrying him …”

16. IE and Nibley: “When he arrived there … ”

17. GAS on Coray: “and again commenced …”

18. Lucy’s rough draft includes Jason’s letter at this point; but in the Coray 1845 manuscript, it appears in Chapter 12, as it does in Coray/Pratt 1853. I have shifted it to that location.

19. Coray: “all the while hovered over her pillow, like an attendant angel, watching every change …”

20. Coray: “Having raised her in bed they assisted her to dress; but, when they raised her to her feet, her weight dislocated both of her ancles; she would not consent to return to her bed, but insisted upon being set in a chair and having her feet drawn gently in order to replace her ancle joints. She then requested her husband to bring her wine sling, saying, if he would do so she would do quite well for the present.” As this paragraph with its numerous small changes demonstrates, most of the discrepancies between the Lucy and Pratt documents were created, not by Pratt but by Coray.

21. Here is hand-drawn a small arrangement of parallel lines surmounted by a diagonal with a rough circle. It does not seem to be an illustration and it does not mark a footnote.

22. At the foot of this sheet are two notes preceded by an asterisk and one preceded by a comma. Only two asterisks appear in the text, so the location of the three notes is conjectural.

23. Coray, IE, and Nibley: “she proceeded to the meeting house …”

24. The Narraitve written by her father, Solomon Mack, says that when she first sat up in bed, pronouncing herself well, she asked for her Bible and read the “second part” of Psalm 30, then “the 116th, first part.” He also adds that the hymn she sang in church at the minister’s request on the following Thursday was “the 116th Psalm, first part … and on the last singing she turned to the 116th Psalm, second part.” Richard L. Anderson identifies these hymns as Isaac Watts’s versification: “My God hath sav’d my soul from death / And dry’d my falling tears. / Now to his praise I’ll spend my breath, / And my remaining years. // I love the Lord: he heard my cries / And pity’d every groan. / Long as I live, when troubles rise, / I’ll hasten to his throne. // The Lord beheld me sore distress’t; / He bid my pains remove. / Return, my soul, to God thy rest, / For thou hast known his love” (New England, 72, 76, 80-81).

25. See Matthew 6:20: “Lay up for yourselves treasures in heaven, where neither moth nor rust doth corrupt, and where thieves do not break through nor steal.” (See also Luke 12:33.)

26. Coray: “manner as above stated”; RLDS: “manner above stated”

27. RLDS: “she breathed her last …”

28. Richard L. Anderson, New England, 19-25, dating Lovisa’s death in 1794, gives Lucy’s age as sixteen through nineteen during this final illness, not thirteen.

29. Coray, Pratt, IE, and Nibley: “brother”

30. A stylized symbol like a diagonal # appears here designating an addition. The note appears in a section of endnotes four pages away from the paragraph containing Lovisa’s dying hymn.

31. Solomon Mack’s Narraitve gives this name as “landlord S______.” Richard L. Anderson, New England, 64, 84-85, 182n96, cites a 1794 map of Montague that lists both a “Taft’s Tavern” and a “Severance’s Tavern” about two miles apart. The 1790 Montague census lists a Moses Severance and Lyman Taft. Taft was also a proprietor with Elisha Mack, Solomon’s brother, for the Connecticut River toll bridge.

32. Coray: “probably will end the momentary sympathy aroused by this rehearsal …”

33. Lucy’s rough draft has an extremely abbreviated summary of the youth and military career of Stephen Mack. The 1853 version is not an expansion but a new draft, containing not only a completely new story about his enlistment but also the Stanley letter, neither of which appears in the 1844-45 version. The Pratt 1853 edition does not differ substantially from the Coray 1845 manuscript, except as noted.

34. Coray: “As luck would have it …”

35. RLDS: “I, Horace Stanley …”

36. GAS on Coray: “Col.” He makes this change the next three times the title occurs, but not the following (and final) three.

37. Coray: “At a place called [blank] which is eight miles …”

38. Coray and Pratt: “at”; IE and Nibley: “of”

39. Joseph Smith obviously knew this family story and shared his uncle’s sentiment about Hull. In a letter to Emma on 4 November 1838, he said George Hinkle, who he felt had engineered his surrender at Far West, “proved to be a trator, to the Church, he is worse than a hull who betraid the army at detroit” (qtd. in LeSueur, 187). B. H. Roberts quotes another historian on this episode during the War of 1812: “Without firing a gun or waiting for a gun to be fired by the enemy, Hull hoisted the signal of surrender—a white table-cloth—and gave up the fort and town, and with them the control of the territory of Michigan, to the enemy. This act filled the whole country with indignation. Hull was declared to be another Benedict Arnold; he was tried by court-martial, convicted of cowardice, sentenced to be shot. The President, however, pardoned him on account of his services during the Revolution” (CHC 1:21).

40. Coray: “where he built a saw-mill.”

41. See Isaiah 5:8: “Woe unto them that join house to house, that lay field to field, till there be no place, that they may be placed alone in the midst of the earth!”

42. IE and Nibley: “discovered he was dying …”

43. Coray adds another sentence: “He was a moral man and a man of business; besides he was a man of great courage and resolution, which he fully manifested in the defence of his Country.”

44. A lengthy footnote begins on this page and carries over to the next, recounting Daniel’s rescue of the three men. The rough draft here continues with Solomon Mack’s biographical sketch.

45. At this point, a line is drawn across the page, and this text is written: “Notes continued after oliver got to printing he went to penn and commenced building and preaching—went home after he settled the affair with eli Cole Sectarians held another meeting said that the smith family could not pay the printer had who stopped work and we had <to> send to Joseph he came up”. (See Chap. 33.)

46. In Lucy’s rough draft, this sketch of Solomon appears three pages earlier, before the story about Daniel’s rescue.

47. Coray: “My youngest brother, Solomon, was born, bred and married in the town of Gilsum and State of New Hampshire; where he is still living. And, although he is now 71 years old …” This passage was written before late January 1845, when Solomon turned seventy-two.

48. Probably an allusion to Psalms 50:10: “… and the cattle upon a thousand hills.”

49. GAS on Coray: “that”

50. This couplet appears in Lucy’s rough draft on the bottom of the page that begins with the seventh vision of Joseph Sr. and has an intervening paragraph explaining that she is unable to provide biographical information about her husband between his birth and their marriage. In the rough draft, it reads: “But though My instrumentality / safely Truth to urge her claims, presume /.” (See page 260.)

51. “B-2” is written at the upper left margin.

52. Coray: “I shall now introduce to the attention of my readers the history of my own life:”

53. Lucy’s recollection of her birth year is incorrect; according to the town records, she was born in 1775. On 21 October 1844, Wilford Woodruff visited Gilsum where he preached in the evening and spent the night with Lucy’s seventy-one-year-old brother Solomon, whom he tried unsuccessfully to convert. The next morning, he “rode to the old homestead of Mother Smith. Saw the place whare she was born on the side of a high hill & the brook … It is truly a rural place” (2:476).

54. Coray: “In this last named place, lived one Col. Woodbridge, who purchased a large church bell, which was suspended while I was visiting with my sister: immediately after it was hung myself in company with a number of my young associates, went to see the bell, and it so happened that I was the first person who rang it. This Col. Woodbridge afterwards built a large establishment for the education of poor children.”

55. An unnamed traveler through Nauvoo reported conversing with Lucy about this portion of her life. “When she found that I was familiar with the places where she had lived half a century ago, she expressed great satisfaction, and made many inquiries about persons, some of whom are now living. I became so engaged that she was unwilling to suspend her conversation when it became time to retire for the night” (“The City”).

56. Coray: “After visiting about six months with Lovisa I returned home to my parents …”

57. Coray: “spoken so much of from …”

58. Nibley note: “The marriage of Joseph and Lucy Smith took place at Tunbridge, Vermont, January 24, 1796. Lucy at the time was nineteen [actually twenty] years of age.”

59. This material is written on the bottom of the page that begins with the seventh vision of Joseph Sr.

60. This couplet ends Lucy’s peroration about her childhood friends (chap. 7). It is followed by three lines written on the sheet turned upside down: “[ad]vocate with the father and a meditator between God and man I now was made quite whole and the door was opened and I entered upon entering I awoke—” This passage is the end of Joseph Smith Sr.’s sixth dream; see chap. 17.

61. Chapter 9, from the 1853 published version has no counterpart in the rough draft except for the introductory paragraph above, although it exists in the Coray 1845 fair copy. Two separate editors have made corrections on the Coray fair copy—George A. Smith in his usual blunt pencil and another writer who has added material in brown ink (the original is written in blue ink) in a fine hand. I assume this second individual is Robert Lang Campbell. I have indicated the insertions of both in this version in bold. I do not distinguish between GAS corrections on Coray and GAS corrections on the 1853 Pratt published version at BYU. I have standardized the format, giving the name, birth, marriage, and death on the same line for each entry. Although the corrections of dates and spellings are genealogically significant, the most important item is the birth of Joseph Sr. and Lucy’s first child, preceding Alvin, gender and name unspecified.

This entry is in Campbell’s hand. Preston Nibley omits this chapter from his edition but includes a version in a two-part appendix (347-55): “Children of Joseph Smith, Sr., and Lucy Mack Smith, by Preston Nibley” and “Genealogy of the Smith and Mack Families as Given by Lucy Mack Smith.” The first appendix consists of short biographical sketches of each of the Smith children with the exception of the unnamed first child who died at birth. Nibley has silently made some of the changes inserted by GAS and Campbell but not all; more (but again, not all) of Nibley’s changes come from Bennett’s two-part article on Joseph Smith’s genealogy. See notes. The chapter numbers in Nibley’s edition from this point on are different from the chapters in the Pratt and Improvement Era versions. That is, Pratt’s Chapter 10 is Nibley’s Chapter 9, and so forth.

62. IE and Nibley: “not able to give them…”

63. This paragraph is written into the Coray 1845 fair copy in a different (not GAS’s) hand. In it, “Rebecca” is spelled “Rebeca”; in Nibley “Curtis” appears as “Chrtis.”

64. Not in Nibley.

65. Not in Nibley.

66. Bennett (16) adds a marriage date (27 May 1734), plus information on a second marriage (“md. 2nd, 8 Oct. 1845, Priscilla Gould, cousin to his first wife”).

67. Included in Nibley with birth date; husband’s name given as “John Balch” but without a marriage date.

68. IE and Nibley: “Balch”; Bennett (16): “Balch”

69. IE, Bennett (16), and Nibley give the husband’s first name as Eliezer and provide a specific death date of 15 March 1753. Bennett (16) adds a marriage date of 17 April 1740 and a death day of 27 March.

70. Not in Nibley.

71. Bennett (16) adds: “md. 28 Feb. 1744, Susanna Gould.”

72. Bennett (16) adds: “d. 5 May 1741.”

73. Bennett (15): “died 7 Dec. 1792.”

74. Bennett gives the birth day as “2.”

75. Bennett (16) and Nibley give this name as “Rebecca,” Coray as “Rebecia.”

76. Coray, IE, and Nibley also give this name as “Vashti”; the next line is Coray’s.

77. Bennett (15) adds a marriage day: “13 July.” Coray: “Jacob Hobbs in 1767—her second consort”

78. Bennett (15) adds a marriage day: “13 May.”

79. GAS gives Asael’s birth day as 18 March and the wedding year as 1767. IE and Nibley give Asael’s birth date as 8 March and the wedding year as 1767. They add the death information in the next column to the heading just below, after the names of Asael and Mary respectively. This death information is not in Coray. Bennett gives the birth date as 7 March 1744.

80. Not in Coray, IE, or Nibley.

81. Pratt gives this birthday as 27 October; Coray, IE, and Nibley as 21 October.

82. Nibley gives this surname as Schellenger but adds rather confusingly: “March 21, 1802.

1809, St. Larrence [sic] Co., N.Y.” It is not clear what the 1809 date refers to. He does not include death information. Bennett (14): “Elizabeth Schellenger.” Elias Smith, who was Asael’s and Betsy’s son, noted in his journal when a daughter was born on 24 January 1855 to his wife Lucy that he named the child Lucy Elizabeth because Elizabeth was his mother’s name, “tho in the family records, she is called Betsey which was in truth but a nick name and ought not to have been used in the record.”

83. Coray gives this name as “Israel Pearce”; IE and Nibley follow GAS on this name and date.

84. Coray adds a marriage date: Feb. 1816. Nibley follows GAS’s additions and corrections.

85. GAS, IE, and Nibley have 1806.

86. IE and Nibley spell Mary’s surname as “Aikens.” Bennett (14) adds a death date: “13 Sept. 1839.”

87. IE and Nibley give this month as June.

88. Bennett adds a birthplace, the first on the list: “Derryfield (Manchester), Rockingham Co., N.H.,” and a death date: “23 May 1854.”

89. Coray omits the death date, suggesting that it was copied from Lucy’s (Pratt’s) fair copy.

90. IE and Nibley give the birth date as “16 May.”

91. At this point, IE and Nibley (but not Coray) add a list of the children of fourth Samuel and Frances Wilcox, all born at Potsdam, St. Lawrence County, New York (no birthdates): Charles, Laura, Horace Jay, Elizabeth, and Sarah.

92. IE and Nibley retain the “G.”

93. Nibley: “Harvey”

94. Nibley gives this name as “Polly” and includes GAS’s death information.

95. IE and Nibley add this initial but include a death date that GAS does not: “29 September 1866.”

96. IE and Nibley include this initial.

97. IE and Nibley add a death date: “12 June 1866.”

98. IE and Nibley add a death date: “15 August 1874.”

99. IE and Nibley add a death date: “5 November 1812.”

100. Nibley includes this death date.

101. GAS on Coray: “First child not named.” According to the LDS Ancestral File, this child was a daughter, born 1797 in Tunbridge. Johansen (1) and McGavin (84) also refer to this child as a daughter, but without citations. Lucy, speaking at a general conference in October 1845, told the Saints that “she was the mother of eleven children, seven of whom were boys” (Clayton and Bullock, 1013). She had seven named sons—Alvin, Hyrum, Joseph, William, Samuel, Ephraim, and Don Carlos—and three named daughters—Katharine, Sophronia, and Lucy. This leaves one child unaccounted for. Since she says she had seven sons, the other child must have been a daughter. The Smith Family Genealogy Record assembled by Asael Smith and Don Carlos Smith states only: “There first child Died Soon after it was Born and was not named amongst the Living.” However, Joseph Sr. recalls this child as a son. At a family blessing meeting on 9 December 1834, he said: “The Lord, in his just providence has taken from me, at an untimely birth, a son: this has been a matter of affliction; … My next son, Alvin, as you all are aware, was taken from us … Another has been taken in his infancy” (Vogel 1:469). This sequence makes it clear that the first unnamed son is different from the third son, who was Ephraim (born and died in 1810). Underscoring beyond doubt that there had been a first son, Joseph Sr., in his blessing to Hyrum on this occasion, began with a commemoration of his dead children: “Hyrum, thou art my oldest son whom the Lord has spared unto me: my eldest [the unnamed son] was taken at an untimely age, but thy next brother [Alvin], whom thou didst love, … has been taken in the vigor of youth …” (Vogel 1:469).

102. Bennett (10) gives the birth year as 1798. Alvin was born 11 February 1798, two years after the marriage, according to the town records (Porter, “A Study,” 14).

103. Both Coray and Pratt give this year as 1824; however, Alvin’s tombstone clearly reads 19 November 1823. Furthermore, on 29 September 1824, Joseph Sr. published for the first time an advertisement in the Wayne Sentinel that ran for six weeks about exhuming Alvin’s body to put to rest rumors that it had been mutilated. The advertisement, published less than a year later, makes it clear that Alvin’s death could not have been in November 1824.

104. IE, Bennett (10), and Nibley give this date as 16 May.

105. Coray: “Dec. 30.” Bennett (10) and Nibley give this date as 2 December 1827. Nibley adds: “died in Hancock County, Illinois. Date of death not known.”

106. Coray: “June”; Pratt and Bennett (11): “Jan.”

107. Coray gives this information as: “asassinated by a mob, June 27, 1844, while relying upon the faith of the State pledged by the Gov. for their safety, in Carthage jail, Hancock Co. and the State of Illinois.”

108. Coray: “Mary Baily”; IE, Bennett (11), and Nibley add “Harrison” to Samuel’s name, give Mary’s surname as “Bailey,” and do not give any birth or parentage information for Levira. They also omit the marriage date and replace it with “later.” Since 29 April 1842 is the birth date of Samuel and Levira’s oldest daughter, Lucy’s memory of the wedding date seems mistaken.

109. Coray does not include her father’s name. Nibley adds a death date: “13 November 1894.”

110. Bennett (11) and Nibley give the birth day as “28 July,” the marriage month as “Jan.,” and a death date: “1 February 1900.”

111. Katharine’s birth year is recorded both as 1812 (in Pratt’s 1853 book, in a genealogical note by Joseph F. Smith made in 1865, in Don Carlos’s family record, and on Katharine’s tombstone) and 1813 (in the earliest family genealogy of 1834 and on an affidavit Katharine signed in 1881) (Vogel 1:517). Although her name is spelled many different ways, it is given as “Katharine” on her tombstone and affidavit.

112. IE and Nibley add a death date for Katharine: “1 February 1900.”

113. RLDS: “Arth. Millikin”; Nibley adds a death date of “9 December 1882.”

114. IE and Nibley add a death date of “21 July 1844.”

115. In addition to the death date for Jesse J. which GAS adds, IE and Nibley also include the following death dates: Elias (24 June 1888), Emily (11 August 1893), Esther (31 October 1856; “30” in Coray), Mary J. (1 March 1878), and “Second Silas” (6 June 1892). Nibley follows GAS’s corrections on the birth days of Mary, Julia, and Silas.

116. Nibley agrees with GAS that the husband’s first name is “Isaac” but spells the surname as “Pierce.”

117. IE and Nibley add the death dates of Silas and Ruth as “13 September 1839” and “14 March 1826” respectively after their names.

118. IE and Nibley provide the following death dates: Charity (2 June 1888); Curtis (23 September 1861); Sixth Samuel (7 March 1826), Stephen (20 February 1891), Susan ([no day] November 1846), Third Asael (15 May 1834)

119. IE and Nibley add Mary’s birth name, “Aikens,” and death date “27 April 1877.”

120. IE and Nibley give this initial as “S,” supply a death date for John A. (27 November 1834), and give the third child’s name as “Jesse Nathaniel.”

121. IE and Nibley add death dates: “23 May 1854” and “14 February 1854” for John and Clarissa respectively.

122. IE and Nibley do not include GAS’s addition to his name or to John’s below but add GAS’s death date of “1 September 1875.” Coray adds “Smith” to the first two names.

123. IE and Nibley add death dates for Lovina (8 October 1876), for Mary and Hyrum as given by GAS, and for Sarah (6 November 1876).

124. Nibley follows GAS’s corrections on these two names.

125. Lucy’s listing omits Joseph’s and Emma’s firstborn child, a stillborn son. According to the Smith family Bible, he was named Alvin, although “Alva” is also given in other sources. Another son, stillborn in 1842, was not named (Quinn, Early, 420n103, 104).

126. IE and Nibley follow GAS’s language on Julia’s name (but include “Smith” on no other names), add a death year only of 1862 for Frederick, add “H.” to Alexander’s and “H.” only (not “Hyrum”) to David’s names, and give a death date of August 1841 for Don Carlos. Coray adds “Smith” as the surname of all the children.

127. Coray does not include “his first wife.”

128. GAS on Pratt has written a marginal note horizontally spanning this section of Samuel and Mary’s children, including the heading: “A Mistake.” His meaning is unclear.

129. Coray does not include “B.”

130. Coray: “Lovina”

131. Coray: “Levira C.”; this text gives her birth day as “30 April.” It adds a surname for Lucy, but not for the other children. It adds surnames for William’s and Sophronia’s children (spelled “Stodard”) but not for Don Carlos’s (“Don C.”) and Lucy Millikin’s.

132. Coray gives this day as “7.”

133. Coray gives a more specific birth date of “25 April 1838.”

134. IE and Nibley spell this name “Stoddard.”

135. Coray gives the husband’s name as “Wilkin,” IE as “Wilkins;” RLDS gives the wife’s name as “Catherine.”

136. Nibley gives this birth day as “12 April.”

137. Pratt (no heading): “Arthur and Lucy Milikin have one son, named Don Carlos Milikin.” Coray adds the birth date of 13 October 1843 and a second child, “Sarah,” with no birth date.

138. Coray inserts at this point: “George A. Smith, son of <1st.> John & Clarissa Smith, was married to Bathsheba W. Bigler, July 25, 1841.” Pratt has no separate heading.

139. Coray adds “Smith” for both children. IE and Nibley add his death date: “2 November 1860.”

140. Coray: “To the foregoing record, I shall subjoin the names of my grandfather,s family, also the children of my brother Solmon Mack:—”

141. Coray: Hephsebeth. Coray does not include the next sentence or the list of children.

142. It is not clear why Lucy did not include her siblings’ birth dates. According to Richard L. Anderson’s research, New England, all of them were born at Marlow, Cheshire County, New Hampshire, except for Lucy herself. Bennett (51), though differing on the birth dates of the older children, adds some additional dates and marriage information: Jason, 1760; Lovisa, 1761; Lovina, 1762; Lydia, 1764, md. 26 Jan. 1786 to Samuel Bill, d. 8 Jan. 1826; Stephen, 15 June 1766, md. Temperance Bond; Daniel Gates, 1770; Solomon [Jr.] 28 January 1773, md. first in 1797, Esther Hayward, md. 2nd Mrs. Huldah Hayward Whipple, md. 3rd 4 June 1845 to Mrs. Betsey Way Alexander; and Lucy, 8 July 1775, at Gilsum, Cheshire County.

143. This heading in Coray reads: “Children of my brother Solomon Mack.” Coray adds surnames for all of the children.

144. RLDS: “Merril”