New Approaches to the Book of Mormon
Brent Lee Metcalfe, editor
Hebraisms in the 1833 Book of Commandments
1. Construct State:
—the voice of warning (I:1) [warning voice]
—trust in the arm of flesh (I:4) [man’s strength]
—time of trouble (II:3) [troublesome times]
—the waters of life (IX:16) [living waters]
—spirit of revelation (X:11) [revelatory spirit]
—spirit of prophecy (X:11) [prophetic spirit]
—the children of men (XI:1) [mankind]
—he that thrusteth in his sickle with his might (III:1) [mightily] [p.376]
—for a wise purpose in me (IV:4) [my wise purpose]
—shall know of a surety (IV:4) [shall surely know]
—days of old (IV:5) [olden days] if they persist in the hardness of their hearts (IV:6) [if they persist hard-heartedly/being hardhearted]
—if thou art faithful in keeping my commandments (IV:11) [if you faithfully keep my commandments]
—it is wisdom in me (VIII:2) [it is my wisdom]
—things of righteousness (X:7) [righteous things]
—in faith believing in me (X:7) [faithfully believing in me]
—I speak unto you with sharpness and with power (XIII:1, 14:1) [sharply and powerfully]
—Ask the Father in my name in faith believing that you shall receive (XV:20) [faithfully believing]
—and measure unto every man according to the measure which he has measured to his fellow man (I:2)
—and by your hands I will work a marvelous work (XV:48)
4. Compound Prepositions:
—by the mouths of my disciples (I:1) [by my disciples]
—after the manner of their language (I:5) [in their language]
—from on high (I:5) [from heaven]
—Martin has desired a witness from my hand (IV:I) [from me]
—and receive a witness from my hand (IV:11) [from me]
—it shall deliver you out of the hands of your enemies (VII:2) [from your enemies]
—thou hast been baptized by the hand of my servant (XV:6) [by my servant]
—and by your hands I will work a marvelous work (XV:48) [by/through you]
—for the Lord is nigh; and the anger of the Lord is kindled, and his sword is bathed in heaven, and it shall fall upon the inhabitants of the earth; and the arm of the Lord shall be revealed; and the day cometh (I:3)
—and inasmuch as they erred, it might be made known: and inasmuch as they sought wisdom, they might be instructed; and inasmuch as they sinned, they might be chastened, that they might repent; and inasmuch as they were humble, they might be made strong; and blessed from on high, and receive knowledge from time to time (I:5)
—and also, the Lord shall have power over his saints, and shall reign in their midst, and shall come down in judgment (I:6)
—the Lord is God, and the Spirit beareth record, and the record is true, and the truth abideth forever and ever (I:7)
—The works, and the designs, and the purposes of God (II:1) [p.377]
—you should have been faithful and he would have extended his arm, and supported you against all the fiery darts of the adversary; and he would have been with you in every time of trouble (II:3)
—Therefore, repent of that which thou hast done, and he will only cause thee to be afflicted for a season, and thou art still chosen, and wilt again be called to the work; and except thou do this, thou shalt be delivered up and become as other men, and have no more gift (II:4)
—[Smith gave the manuscript to Martin Harris,] a wicked man, who has set at nought the counsels of God, and has broken the most sacred promises, which were made before God, and has depended upon his own judgment, and boasted in his own wisdom, and this is the reason that thou hast lost thy privileges for a season (II:5)
—my people, the Nephites, and the Jacobites, and the Josephites, and the Zoramites, come to the knowledge of the Lamanites, and the Lemuelites and the Ishmaelites (II:6)
—and for this very purpose are these plates preserved … that the promises of the Lord might be fulfilled …; and that the Lamanites might come to the knowledge of their fathers, and that they might know the promises of the Lord, and that they may believe the gospel and rely upon the merits of Jesus Christ, and be glorified through faith in his name; and that through their repentance they might be saved (II:6)
—and he has no power over [these things] except I grant it unto him; and he has a gift to translate the book, and I have commanded him that he shall pretend to no other gift (IV:2)
—And verily I say unto you (IV:3)
—And the testimony of three witnesses will I send forth and my word, and behold, whosoever believeth in my word, them will I visit with the manifestation of my Spirit, and they shall be born of me, and their testimony shall also go forth (IV:4)
—I will work a reformation among them, and I will put down all lyings, and deceivings, and priestcrafts, and envyings, and strifes, and idolatries, and sorceries, and all manner of iniquities, and I will establish my church (IV:5)
—Behold I speak unto you, and also to all those who have desires to bring forth and establish this work, and no one can assist in this work (XI:4)
—if you shall build up my church, and my gospel, and my rock (XV:4)
—you have my gospel before you, and my rock, and my salvation (XV:19)
—Take upon you the name of Christ, and speak the truth in soberness, and as many as repent, and are baptized in my name, which is Jesus Christ, and endure to the end, the same shall be saved (XV:23)
6. Subordinate Clauses:
—And now, after that you have received this (XV:47)
7. Relative Clauses:
—the Lamanites, and the Lemuelites and the Ishmaelites, which dwindled in unbelief (II:6) [p.378]
—and for this very purpose are these plates preserved which contain these records (II:6)
—that the promises of the Lord might be fulfilled, which he made to his people (II:6)
—I have reserved the things of which I have spoken, which I have intrusted to my servant (IV:4)
—the things that he has done, which are wrong (IV:9)
—thou shalt be saved in the kingdom of God, which is the greatest of all the gifts of God (v:5)
—there are records which contain much of my gospel, which have been kept back because of the wickedness of the people (V:12)
—assuredly as the Lord liveth, which is your God and your Redeemer (VII:1)
—the engravings of old records, which are ancient, which contain those parts of my scripture (VII:1)
—those things that you have written, which have gone out of your hands (IX:9)
8. Extrapositional Nouns and Pronouns: (n.a.)
9. Interchangeable Prepositions:
—thou has received instruction of my Spirit (V:6)
—receive admonition of him (V:8)
—it is wisdom in me (IX:11)
—until the time which is in my wisdom (X:11)
—if … you should labor in all your days (XV:17)
—the blessings which I give unto you are above all things (XV:49)
11. Naming Conventions: (n.a.)
12. Possessive Pronouns and Related Genitive Constructions:
—the voice of the Lord (I:1)
—the authority of my servants (I:2)
—the wrath of God (I:2)
—the image of his own god (I:3)
—the inhabitants of the earth (I:4)
—the weak things of the world (I:4)
—these commandments are of me (I:5)
—inhabitants of the earth (I:6)
—it is not the work of God that is frustrated, but the work of men (II:2)
—the laws of God (II:3)
—the counsels of God (II:3)
—the fiery darts of the adversary (II:3)
—the promises of the Lord (II:6)
—the merits of Jesus Christ (II:6) [p.379]
—ye that embark in the service of God (III:1)
—the glory of God (III:1)
—the inhabitants of the earth (IV:3)
—the testimony of three of my servants (IV:4)
—the hearts of the people of this generation (IV:6)
—the sword of justice (IV:6)
—the persuasions of men (IV:7)
—the cause of Zion (V:3)
—the mysteries of God (V:3)
—the keys of this gift (V:13)
—the kingdom of heaven (V:16)
—the manifestation of my Spirit (VII:1)
—this rod of nature (VII:3)
—it is the work of God (VII:3)
—the mysteries of God (VII:3)
—the mysteries of God (VII:4)
—the hands of a wicked man (IX:1)
—glory of the world (IX:3)
—the souls of men (IX:4)
—the hearts of the people (IX:7)
—the plates of Nephi (IX:10)
—reign of king Benjamin (IX:10)
—the record of Nephi (IX:10)
—the cunning of the devil (IX:10)
—the account of Nephi (IX:11)
—the plates of Nephi (IX:11)
—the engravings of Nephi (IX:11)
—the knowledge of my people (IX:13)
—the kingdom of heaven (IX:14)
—the kingdom of the devil (IX:14)
—a branch of the house of Jacob (IX:16)
—the true points of my doctrine (IX:16)
—the hearts of the people (IX:16)
—the same is not of me (IX:17)
—the kingdom of God (X:2)
—the mysteries of God (X:3)
—the sons of God (X:12)
—according to the callings and gifts of God unto men (XV:35)
—these words are not of men, nor of man, but of me (XV:37)
—they are of me, and not of man (XV:38)
—the kingdom of my Father (XV:50)
13. Words Used in Unusual Ways:
—the voice of the Lord is unto all men (I:1)
—there is none to escape (I:1)
—my Preface unto the Book of my commandments (I:2)
—unto the day when the Lord shall come (I:2) [p.380]
—if this generation do harden their hearts (IV:6)
—I foresee the lying in wait to destroy thee (IV:11)
—to the dividing asunder of both joints and marrow (V:I)
—if you will ask of me (V:2)
—thou knowest that thou hast inquired of me (V:7)
—[Indiscriminate use of second person formal and familiar in addressing Oliver Cowdery] (V:9-11)
—cast your mind upon the night that you cried unto me in your heart (V:11)
—where two or three are gathered together in my name, as touching one thing, they would slay you and bring your soul to destruction (VII:2)
—I would that you [Oliver] should (VIII:1)
—after this manner (VIII:2)
—go on unto the finishing of the remainder of the work (IX:1)
—in my wisdom (IX:10)
—it should be granted unto them according to their faith in their prayers (IX:11)
—Now this is not all, their faith in their prayers were (IX:12)
—according to their faith in their prayers (IX:13)
—whosoever … endureth of my church to the end (IX:18)
—all things whatsoever you desire of me, which is pertaining unto things of righteousness (X:7)
—I have called him unto mine own purpose, which purpose is known in me (XV:8)
—he shall be blessed unto eternal life, and his name is Joseph (XV:9)
—I speak unto you … by the way of commandment (XV:10)
—there are others which are called to declare my gospel. … Yea, even unto twelve (XV:27)
—that they may come unto repentance (XV:48)
Conditional Clauses in the 1830 Edition of the Book of Mormon,
the Book of Commandments, and Jeremiah
1. If + O
2:24; 4:32, 34; 5:4; 7:13, 15 (3); 13:37; 14:1-2, 5, 30; 15:33 (4); 17:3, 50 (3), 51; 19:6; 22:31
1:7 (3), 9, 28 (2), 29, 32; 2:11 (2), 13 (6), 22; 4:5, 6; 4:26 (2 protases); 5:32, 33; 6:12; 9:7, 8, 24, 40, 48; 11:7 (2); 18:20; 25:29; 26:30, 31; 28:6, 8, 17; 32:8; 33:10 (2), 11
2:14, 30; 5:18, 71; 6:6; 7:9, 12 [p.381]
1:14; 2:22 (2), 24, 31, 33, 41; 3:25; 4:10, 12, 24, 25, 30; 7:13, 25, 30, 31; 7:33 (2 protases); 12:12, 26, 29, 33; 13:3 (inverted), 26; 16:6, 7, 11 (2); 17:10; 18:10, 27; 23:8; 26:24, 29; 29:8 (inverted), 9, 23, 28, 29, 30
2:4; 5:26 (2 protases), 39, 41, 58, 59 (2), 60, 7:14; 9:4 (inverted), 11, 15 (inverted), 18, 24 (inverted), 28 (2); 10:19 (2 protases); 11:2; 12:25, 26, 36; 13:4, 20; 14:20, 24; 15:8; 18:21 (2), 22 (inverted); 19:5; 20:17, 18, 23; 22:3, 6 (2), 18 (2 protases); 24:13; 26:9; 27:7, 8, 10; 30:9 (3), 10 (4), 34, 55; 32:8, 18, 21, 27 (2 protases), 28, 32, 37, 40, 41; 33:2 (2), 13, 14, 21, 22; 34:29, 31; 36:5, 9, 11; 37:5, 13 (2), 22, 37, 45 (inverted), 46 (2); 38:6; 41:4; 42:5, 11, 13, 17 (inverted), 19 (2; 1 inverted), 20, 21, 22, 25; 43:11; 46:21, 22 (2 inverted); 48:25; 49:10; 54:11, 12, 13, 21; 55:32; 56:46 (inverted); 58:35; 60:11, 12, 16 (2 protases), 33, 35; 61:10 (inverted), 11 (inverted), 12 (inverted; 2 protases)
2:5; 5:12; 6:27; 8:9; 10:10; 11:14, 16; 13:11, 25, 26, 27 (2 protases); 14:13, 29; 15:11, 17
3:4, 8 (2), 21 (2); 8:2; 9:14; 10:7; 12:13, 23-24, 40; 13:14, 15, 22, 23 (2); 14:9, 10, 11; 16:15; 18:7, 11, 12, 23, 29, 31; 20:16, 28; 21:12, 22; 26:5 (2); 27:9, 22; 28:30, 33; 29:4
6:18; 7:9 (2), 10; 8:17; 9:8, 19, 24, 29, 33
1:38 (2); 2:15; 3:26; 4:10; 5:5, 6; 8:12 (inverted); 12:12, 27, 30; 13:20; 15:34 (inverted)
6:7; 7:6, 8, 11, 19, 33, 35 (2 protases), 37, 42, 44 (3), 46; 8:5, 12, 13; 9:6, 23, 24; 10:20 (2), 22, 23, 24, 25, 32
Doctrine and Covenants 1-20
2:3; 3:4, 9; 4:3; 5:35; 6:5 (2), 8, 11, 13, 14, 22, 24, 29, 30, 31, 33, 34; 7:1 (not in BoC); 7:4; 9:8, 9, 10; 10:16, 31, 49 (inverted), 53, 66; 11:5, 8, 21; 12:5 (2); 14:5, 7, 8, 11; 17:1, 8; 18:5, 8, 15, 16, 19, 25, 28, 46; 19:17
12:17; 13:17; 15:19; 18:8, 18; 22:5; 26:15; 27:18; 31:36, 37; 38:15, 21; 40:4; 42:5 (inverted), 10; 49:9 (2); 51:8 (inverted)[p.382]
Book of Mormon: 324
Doctrine and Covenants 1-20: 47
2. If + Anomalous
3:18 (behold); 15:11 (surely)
1:10 (behold); 4:6 (behold); 15:30 (behold); 17:9 (surely)
1:4 (that); 5:19 (that); 6:9 (that); 7:14 (let)
1:13 (that); 2:19 (O how); 2:21 (yet); 2:36 (that); 4:11 (even so; inverted); 4:22 (how); 5:14 (even so; inverted); 16:14 (also); 19:19 (that); 22:4 (even so); 23:36 (that); 29:7 (behold)
5:28, 38 (behold); 9:18 (that; 3 protases), 24 (that); 10:22 that; if-except); 12:23 (apodosis unmarked in 1981 ed.); 20:19 (that); 22:7 (behold); 24:16 (2; behold); 26:36 (even so); 30:47 (behold); 32:28 (behold; 3 protases); 32:32, 38 (behold); 34:11 (behold), 28 (behold; 3 protases), 35 (behold); 37:15, 16, 40 (behold); 39:6 (behold); 41:3 (that), 6 (even so); 42:28 (behold); 43:10 (that); 44:6 (but; inverted), 7 (behold), 197 (that); 46:5 (that), 27 (and even; inverted); 48:15 (that), 17 (behold); 52:37 (behold); 54:7 (yea; inverted), 22 (behold) 56:47 (that; apodosis unmarked in 1981 ed.); 57:1 (that); 58:36 (behold); 60:27 (behold; 2 protases)
7:22 (behold); 9:20 (and also; inverted); 11:16 (and now; inverted); 12:18 (behold)
4:16 (that; 2 protases); 10:6 (how; inverted); 12:1 (therefore; inverted); 13:30 (even so; inverted); 16:4 (that), 10, 13 (behold); 18:14 (therefore; inverted); 21:6 (that); 27:11 (verily), 16 (behold)
(behold; with unmarked clause)[p.383]
2:20 (behold); 8:23 (yea, even; inverted); 9:28 (even; inverted); 12:9 (wherefore; inverted), 35 (that); 14:1 (behold); 15:5 (that)
8:23 (behold; inverted); 9:24 (wherefore; inverted); 10:21 (2; neither; inverted)
Doctrine and Covenants
5:5 (verily; inverted), 19 (for; inverted), 22 (behold), 29 (behold; apodosis unmarked in 1981 ed.), 30 (behold), 32 (that); 10:17 (behold; 3 protases), 65 (For behold; inverted); 11:10 (behold; inverted); 18:3 (behold); 19:16 (For behold; inverted)
Book of Mormon: 90
Doctrine and Covenants 1-20: 11
3. If + Then
31:5 (O then)
4:9 (O then); 5:64
2:18; 4:21 (O then); 13:9 (and then; inverted); 29:13 (3 protases), 27 (2 apodoses)
10:23; 12:13 (2 protases); 22:16 (3 protases); 32:17 (2 apodoses); 33:22 (+example without apodosis marker); 34:33; 41:14; 54:18
7:8; 8:12; 9:2
18:30; 20:15-16; 26:9, 10; 27:8 (3), 10 [p.384]
6:21; 9:10, 19
7:5, 38, 39; 10:32, 33
Doctrine and Covenants
4:1 (2 protases); 7:5-7 (2 protases); 12:5 (2 protases), 16; 14:8; 15:2, 19; 17:24-25, 27; 22:4; 23:22; 25:28; 26:4-6; 33:20-21, 25-26; 38:17-18, 25-26; 42:13-16 (2 protases)
Book of Mormon: 39
Doctrine and Covenants 1-20: 2
If + And
22:17(?) (but see vv. 18, 28)
11:22 (inverted); 12:14 (inverted), 33; 20:24 (and then; then in 1981 ed.); 27:30 (inverted); 30:43 (and then)
10:8, 9 (apodoses unmarked in 1981 ed.); 12:13, 14, 16 (apodoses unmarked in 1981 ed.), 17 (and behold; behold in 1981 ed.), 19 (and behold; behold in 1981 ed.), 20, 21 (apodoses unmarked in 1981 ed.)
18:34 (inverted); 28:35 (inverted)
2:12 (inverted); 7:23 (inverted); 10:25 (inverted)
7:9 (and likewise; inverted); 10:4 (apodosis unmarked in 1981 ed.), 25 (inverted)
[p.385] Doctrine and Covenants
5:18 (inverted), 27; 6:25 (inverted); 19:33 (inverted)
5:1 (2 protases)
Book of Mormon: 23
Doctrine and Covenants 1-20: 4
Phrases About the Abominable Church from Revelation,
the Book of Mormon, and Doctrine and Covenants
And there came one of the seven angels which had the seven vials, and talked with me, saying unto me, Come hither; I will shew unto thee the judgment of the great whore that sitteth upon many waters. [Note the similar setting with an angel revealing the same information to Nephi.]
And upon her forehead was a name written, MYSTERY, BABYLON THE GREAT, THE MOTHER OF HARLOTS AND ABOMINATIONS OF THE EARTH. (6) And I saw the woman drunken with the blood of saints, and with the blood of the martyrs of Jesus: and when I saw her, I wondered with great admiration.
And he saith unto me, The waters which thou sawest, where the whore sitteth, are peoples, and multitudes, and nations, and tongues.
And the woman which thou sawest is that great city, which reigneth over the kings of the earth.
And he [another angel] cried mightily with a strong voice saying, Babylon the great is fallen, is fallen, and is become the habitation of devils, and the hold of every foul spirit and a cage of every unclean and hateful bird. (3) For all nations have drunk of the wine of the wrath of her fornication, and the kings of the earth have committed fornication with her, and the merchants of the earth are waxed rich through the abundance of her delicacies.
[p.386] Revelation 18:12-13:
The merchandise of gold, and silver, and precious stones, and of pearls, and fine linen, and purple, and silk, and scarlet, and all fine wood, and all manner vessels of ivory, and all manner vessels of most precious wood, and of brass, and iron, and marble, (13) And cinnamon, and odours, and ointments, and frankincense, and wine, and oil, and fine flour, and wheat, and beasts, and sheep, and horses, and chariots, and slaves and souls of men. [Cf. 1 Ne. 18:25, a description of the abundance of the land of promise.]
For true and righteous are his judgments: for he hath judged the great whore, which did corrupt the earth with her fornication, and hath avenged the blood of his servants at her hand.
1 Nephi 13:5-6:
And the angel said unto me: Behold the formation of a church which is most abominable above all other churches, which slayeth the saints of God, yea, and tortureth them and bindeth them down, and yoketh them with a yoke of iron, and bringeth them down into captivity. (6) And it came to pass that I beheld this great and abominable church; and I saw the devil that he was the founder of it.
1 Nephi 13:8:
And the angel spake unto me, saying: Behold the gold, and the silver, and the silks, and the scarlets, and the fine-twined linen, and the harlots, are the desires of this great and abominable church.
1 Nephi 13:26:
And after they [the prophecies and testimonies of the Bible] go forth by the hand of the twelve apostles of the Lamb, from the Jews unto the Gentiles, thou seest the formation of that great and abominable church, which is most abominable above all other churches; for behold, they have taken away from the gospel of the Lamb many parts which are plain and most precious; and also many covenants of the Lord have they taken away.
1 Nephi 13:28:
Wherefore, thou seest that after the book hath gone forth through the hands of the great and abominable church, that there are many plain and precious things taken away from the book, which is the book of the Lamb of God.
1 Nephi 14:3:
And that great pit, which hath been digged for them by that great and abominable church, which was founded by the devil and his children, that he might lead away the souls of men down to hell—yea, that great pit which hath been digged for the destruction of men shall be filled by those who digged it, unto their utter destruction, said the Lamb of God; not the [p.387] destruction of the soul, save it be the casting of it into that hell which hath no end.
1 Nephi 14:9:
And it came to pass that he said unto me: Look, and behold that great and abominable church, which is the mother of abominations, whose founder is the devil.
1 Nephi 14:10-11:
And he said unto me: Behold there are save two churches only; the one is the church of the Lamb of God, and the other is the church of the devil; wherefore, whoso belongeth not to the church of the Lamb of God belongeth to that great church, which is the mother of abominations; and she is the whore of all the earth. (11) And it came to pass that I looked and beheld the whore of all the earth, and she sat upon many waters; and she had dominion over all the earth, among all nations, kindreds, tongues, and people.
1 Nephi 14:12:
And it came to pass that I beheld the church of the Lamb of God, and its numbers were few, because of the wickedness and abominations of the whore who sat upon many waters; nevertheless, I beheld that the church of the Lamb, who were the saints of God, were also upon all the face of the earth; and their dominions upon the face of the earth were small because of the wickedness of the great whore whom I saw.
1 Nephi 14:13:
And it came to pass that I beheld that the great mother of abominations did gather together multitudes upon the face of all the earth, among all the nations of the Gentiles, to fight against the Lamb of God.
1 Nephi 14:15-16:
And it came to pass that I beheld that the wrath of God was poured out upon that great and abominable church, insomuch that there were wars and rumors of wars among all the nations and kindreds of the earth. (16) And as there began to be wars and rumors of wars among all the nations which belonged to the mother of abominations, the angel spake unto me, saying: Behold, the wrath of God is upon the mother of harlots; and behold, thou seest all these things—
1 Nephi 14:17:
And when the day cometh that the wrath of God is poured out upon the mother of harlots, which is the great and abominable church of all the earth, whose founder is the devil, then, at that day, the work of the Father shall commence, in preparing the way for the fulfilling of his covenants, which he hath made to his people who are of the house of Israel.
1 Nephi 22:13:
And the blood of that great and abominable church, which is the whore of all [p.388] the earth, shall turn upon their own heads; for they shall war among themselves, and the sword of their own hands shall fall upon their own heads, and they shall be drunken with their own blood.
1 Nephi 22:14:
And every nation which shall war against thee, O house of Israel, shall be turned one against another, and they shall fall into the pit which they digged to ensnare the people of the Lord. And all that fight against Zion shall be destroyed, and that great whore, who hath perverted the right ways of the Lord, yea, that great and abominable church, shall tumble to the dust and great shall be the fall of it.
2 Nephi 6:12:
And blessed are the Gentiles, they of whom the prophet has written; for behold, if it so be that they shall repent and fight not against Zion, and do not unite themselves to that great and abominable church, they shall be saved; for the Lord God will fulfill his covenants which he has made unto his children; and for this cause the prophet has written things.
2 Nephi 10:16:
Wherefore, he that fighteth against Zion, both Jew and Gentile, both bond and free, both male and female, shall perish; for they are they who are the whore of all the earth; for they who are not for me are against me, saith our God.
2 Nephi 28:18:
But behold, that great and abominable church, the whore of all the earth, must tumble to the earth, and great must be the fall thereof.
Doctrine and Covenants 29:21:
And the great and abominable church, which is the whore of all the earth, shall be cast down by devouring fire, according as it is spoken by the mouth of Ezekiel the prophet, who spoke of these things, which have not come to pass but surely must, as I live, for abominations shall not reign.
Doctrine and Covenants 88:94:
And another angel shall sound his trump, saying: That great church, the mother of abominations, that made all nations drink of the wine of the wrath of her fornication, that persecuteth the saints of God, that shed their blood—she who sitteth upon many waters, and upon the islands of the sea—behold, she is the tares of the earth; she is bound in bundles; her bands are made strong, no man can loose them; therefore, she is ready to be burned. And he shall sound his trump both long and loud, and all nations shall hear it. [p.389]
Albright, William F. Archaeology and the Religion of Israel. 5th ed. Garden City, NY: Doubleday and Company, Anchor Books, 1968.
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