A Ministry of Meetings
The Apostolic Diaries of Rudger Clawson
Edited by Stan Larson
Signature Books in association with Smith Research Associates
Salt Lake City 1993
Dedicated to my wife, Patty, for listening to my evening recitals of what I learned each day.
© 1993 by Signature Books
All rights reserved.
Signature Books is a registered trademark of Signature Books, Inc.
Printed and bound in the United States of America.
21E; Printed on acid free paper.
Library of Congress Cataloging-in-Publication Data
A ministry of meetings : the diaries of Rudger Clawson, 1898-1904 / edited by Stan Larson.
p. cm. Includes index.
1. Clawson, Rudger—Diaries. 2. Mormons—United States—Diaries. I. Larson, Stan. II. Title.
BX8695.C32A3 1993 289.3’092—dc20 [B] 92-5901
About the Editor Stan Larson received his B.A., M.A., and M.L.I.S. degrees from Brigham Young University and his Ph.D. from the University of Birmingham in England. His previous publications include Unitarianism in Utah: A Gentile Religion in Salt Lake City (coauthored with Lorille Miller) and Prisoner for Polygamy: The Memoirs and Letters of Rudger Clawson at the Utah Territorial Penitentiary, 1884-97.
He has also published in Dialogue: A Journal of Mormon Thought, Journal of Mormon History, Sunstone, BYU Studies, Ensign, and Trinity Journal. Presently he is the Utah History, Philosophy, and Religion Archivist at the Marriott Library, University of Utah. He is married to Patricia Margaret Rowsell, and they have five children—Timothy, James, Daniel, Deborah, and Melissa.
Introduction [see below]
A Rudger Clawson Chronology [see below]
Charts and Map
01 – Diary Ten: 8 October 1898 to 5 May 1899, Call to the Apostleship: “Let Others Speak”
02 – Diary Eleven: 11 May 1899 to 11 January 1900, Descendants of Jesus: “His Seed is Represented in This Body of Men”
03 – Diary Twelve: 11 January to 12 July 1900, Feasting at the Lord’s Table: “The Brethren Partook Freely”
04 – Diary Thirteen: 14 July 1900 to 17 April 1901, The Political Landscape: “We Will Have Control”
05 – Diary Fourteen: 18 April to 26 December 1901, Preaching to the World: “An Atlas was Secured”
06 – Diary Fifteen: 1 January to 31 December 1902, Setting Policy: “Confidences Held Sacred”
07 – Diary Sixteen: 4 January to 31 December 1903, Balancing the Ledger: “Twelve Percent Allowed for Handling the Tithes”
08 – Diary Seventeen: 3 January to 5 October 1904, The Burden of Plural Marriage: “Be Wise and Prudent”
[p. ix] Rudger Clawson (1857-1943) was born in Salt Lake City, Utah, the third child of Hiram B. Clawson and his second polygamous wife, Margaret Gay Judd. Born just ten years after Mormons arrived in the Salt Lake Valley, Clawson’s eighty-six years spanned almost equal periods in the nineteenth and twentieth centuries.1
[p. x] In 1879 Clawson became a folk hero when his missionary companion, Joseph Standing, was murdered at Varnell’s Station, Georgia. After returning to Salt Lake City, Clawson married his first wife, Florence Ann Dinwoodey, in 1882 and his second, Lydia Elizabeth Spencer, the next year. In 1884 Clawson again gained notoriety when he became the first polygamist Mormon to be convicted and imprisoned for violation of the Edmunds law of 1882. He served one of the longest continuous sentences of any Mormon “cohab” in the Utah Territorial Penitentiary. He was released by presidential pardon on 12 December 1887.2 Cryptic diary entries, circumstantial evidence, genealogical records, and family tradition combine to support the conclusion that Clawson married another plural wife, Pearl Udall, in August 1904—fourteen years after new polygamous marriages were ostensibly ceased by the Wilford Woodruff Manifesto of 1890.3
[p. xi] After Clawson left the penitentiary in 1887, he was appointed president of the Box Elder Stake at the suggestion of LDS apostle Lorenzo Snow with whom he had become acquainted while in prison. In 1898 Clawson was ordained an apostle by now LDS president Lorenzo Snow. Another significant event occurred in Clawson’s life in 1901 when he was chosen by Snow and sustained at the October general conference as second counselor in the First Presidency of the LDS church. President Snow said to the assembled members concerning this choice: “I have selected one (through, I believe, the manifestations of the Lord), who, I think, will be energetic and strong, will serve the people, and help me and President Joseph F. Smith along in a proper way; and I hope you will sustain and support him.”4 Snow died unexpectedly only four days later, and Clawson earned the distinction of having served in the First Presidency for the shortest period of time.5 During the last twenty-two years of his life, as president of the Quorum of Twelve Apostles, Clawson was only a heartbeat away from becoming president of the church.
Clawson’s extant diaries cover parts of the years 1884 and 1887-1905. They provide a contemporary view of his imprisonment, his assignment as Box Elder stake president, and his early years as an apostle. The first diary is a journal account covering the first month of his imprisonment from 3 November to 1 December 1884. The second diary, labeled “Book O,” is a large (9¼” x 14″) leather volume which covers events from 12 December 1887 until 2 April 1892. It was actually not begun until 1 May 1891 so the first three years are retrospective reflections centered around the various documents and letters he still had in his possession. There are nine small (4¼” x 6¾”) bound diaries, numbered 1 to 9, which cover the period from 3 April 1892 to 2 October 1898. On the front [p.xii] endpapers Clawson would occasionally list important events recorded within the diary. For example, book 9 shows “Bishop F. Durfey’s dream page 4” which refers to an announcement that the Millennium would begin thirty years later.6
When Clawson became an apostle, he marked the event by purchasing a new and larger (4¾” by 7½”) diary—known as “No. 10—and did not finish filling the pages of the previous diary. When this last holographic diary was full, Clawson changed from handwritten to typewritten diaries. The remaining diary pages, numbered Books 11 to 17, are loose, typewritten sheets (7½” x 10″) and continue the record to 21 December 1905. The present volume prints material extracted from the last eight diaries, covering a six-year period of his early apostolic career—8 October 1898 to 5 October 1904. The diaries from which the extracts have been made are as follows, with indications of Clawson’s erratic page numbers:
1. Book 10, 8 October 1898 to 7 May 1899, holograph, pagination 1-226, appendix of ordinations 227-29.
2. Book 11, 8 May 1899 to 11 January 1900, typewritten, pagination 1-18, 20-42, 42½, 43-58, 60-129, 129½, 130-31. When Clawson acquired his typewriter in April 1899, he intended to finish the handwritten diary (No. 10) and then begin keeping his diary on typed pages which he intended to have bound.7 This diary was originally referred to by Clawson as “Book A,” but he decided to continue the numbering established in his handwritten diaries—”Book A” being divided into “Book 11” and the first half of “Book 12.”
3. Book 12, 11 January (continuation in the middle of a word from the previous book) to 12 July 1900, typewritten, pagination 132-200, 1-65.
He decided to stop the numbering at exactly 200 pages,8 in the middle of the afternoon session of general conference on 7 April 1900.
[p. xiii] 4. Book 13, 13 July 1900 to 17 April 1901, typewritten (typing on both sides of a page starts at 2 August 1900), pagination 66-87, 87½, 88-90, 92-145, 147-205, 207-255.
5. Book 14, 18 April to 29 December 1901, typewritten, pagination 1-246, 250-56, 256a-256c, 257-58.
6. Book 15, 29 December 1901 to 3 January 1903, typewritten pagination 259-332, 332a, 333-72, 374, 373, 375-402, 404, 403, 405-10, 410a, 411-55, 455a, 456-536, 537-50. The numbering skips because a leaf was bound wrong-side up.
7. Book 16, 4 January to 31 December 1903, typewritten (purple carbon copies start at 29 April 1903), pagination 1-277, 478-506, .
8. Untitled diary, [Book 17], 1 January 1904 to 21 December 1905, typewritten, pagination 1-318.
On 5 October 1904 President Joseph F. Smith said that “many things were written in [the diaries of the apostles] which if they were to fall into the hands of the enemy might bring trouble upon the church. After the death of the brethren, you cannot tell what may become of their journals.” It was moved and unanimously carried that “the brethren should not write in their journals that which took place in the Council meetings.”9 That same day Clawson sent his last set of minutes recorded in his diary to Heber J. Grant, who was in England at the time, remarking that “you will see by the ‘leaves’ of today that I am debarred from writing in my journal the doings of the Council, which of necessity debars me from sending you any further ‘leaves.'”10 The material in Clawson’s diary after this date clearly lies under the shadow of this mandate by President Smith, with only terse summaries instead of the previous complete minutes of council meetings which are the focus of this compilation.11
[xiv] Because the Clawson diaries center around the various meetings he attended, they provide insights into how Mormon church gatherings were structured and what concerns arose and were discussed. There is an invaluable amount of detailed information packed into Clawson’s coverage of this six-year period, During his long service to his church, he also spoke at church gatherings of many sizes and in many places. In 1942, one year before his death, he figured he had attended 10,637 meetings and had ordained 5,802 people, fourteen of which involved the restoration of former blessings.12
In 1898 Clawson was a fresh, young apostle imbued with a desire to preserve the words and doings of his fellow apostles. In addition to weekly Thursday council meetings in the Salt Lake Temple, there were special quarterly meetings for apostles.13 Clawson provided complete information on council meetings, including those in attendance, those offering the opening prayer and serving as mouth in the prayer circle at the altar, the hymns sung,14 weekly assignments to stake conferences, the appointment and release of church officials in wards and stakes, discussion of letters received, church financial reports, and other items discussed.
Publication of the Clawson diaries provides an unequaled opportunity to look into a previously inaccessible area: the deliberations of the highest councils of the LDS church. Clawson was [p.xv] aware that others would read what he had written. At times he addressed his unseen reader: “In order that the reader may have a clear idea view through his eyes various developments during this transitional period. They are a gold mine of historical information and provide details of interest to the general reader as well as the serious researcher.
The editorial approach in the present volume follows but does not duplicate previous publications in this series.16 Regardless of the variation in the diaries, each entry heading (in bold and centered) is given in a consistent pattern of day, date, month, and year. The following are the major guidelines followed.
1. Spelling. In the interest of increased readability, improper spelling has been corrected. Those interested in Clawson’s particular spelling aberrations can examine the original diaries. Certain inconsistencies in the spelling of names have been retained when the correct spelling is not known.
2. Paragraphing. The original paragraphing has been adjusted for greater clarity and consistency. Paragraph changes were made in order to unite or separate topics. Letters quoted have been [p.xvi] indented to set them apart from the rest of the text.
3. Punctuation. Where needed for better readability, periods, commas, apostrophes, colons, semi-colons, quotation marks, and question marks have been silently introduced. Clawson’s parentheses have been retained, in which he inserted his own comments or added a question mark to distance himself from a statement he is reporting.
4. Abbreviations. Abbreviations and contractions used by Clawson have been retained where the meaning is clear from immediate context or general usage, except in the case of a few which are expanded with square brackets.
5. Symbols. The @ sign has been changed to “at.” The ampersand (&) has been expanded to “and” except in the abbreviations “&c.” and “D.&C.” Ditto marks (“) have been replaced by appropriate wording.
6. Capitalization. Capitalization has generally been altered to fit modern style. When handwriting does not make clear whether upper or lower case letters are intended Clawson’s general style is followed.
7. Manuscript corrections. Interlinear or marginal corrections by Clawson have been inserted at the appropriate place in the text without indication of the original reading. Words canceled by Clawson—either marked out or erased—have been disregarded.
8. Annotation. Footnotes have been added to the text to discuss textual problems or supply additional information.
9. Editorial Omissions. The constraint of condensing 3,665 pages of Clawson’s diaries into a one-volume edition has necessitated excluding all the material for 3 November to 1 December 1884, 12 December 1887 to 2 October 1898, and 6 October 1904 to 21 December 1905. This allowed more detailed coverage of the first six years of Clawson’s apostolic career. Even so, numerous sentences, paragraphs, and pages have been omitted. Since indicating each such deletion with the normally appropriate ellipsis would result in an unreadable text, the three-dot ellipsis is not used. Generally the following kinds of material are silently omitted: eating meals, the number attending a meeting, songs, prayers, the administration of the sacrament, traveling to and from conferences, sustaining of local and general authorities, roll calls, statistical reports, lists of people speaking, lists of ordinations, lists of [p.xvii] latter-day apostles, routine speeches, newspaper clippings, and sleeping accommodations. Clawson’s account of talks by general authorities in the April and October conferences are omitted since published Conference Reports are available. On the other hand, the unpublished general priesthood meetings and the closed meetings of general and local authorities during annual and semi-annual conferences are often included. The Thursday temple meetings of the First Presidency and the apostles, as well as the quarterly conferences of the apostles, are the only meetings which are consistently given in toto. In the interest of space the remarks of little-known ward and stake officers have usually been omitted from the report of a stake or ward conference, while the talks of general authorities of the church are generally retained. With superfluous items pruned, the resulting condensed account provides a fairly representative picture of Clawson’s daily activities and meetings. The original diaries are located in the Rudger Clawson collection, Special Collections, J. Willard Marriott Library, University of Utah, Salt Lake City.
10. Editorial additions and corrections. Words that were unintentionally repeated in the original and other similar typographical errors have been silently corrected. Square brackets in the text indicate additions of the present editor, which are made in order to clarify ambiguous statements, indicate that material is lacking in the original, restore omissions, expand initials or uncommon abbreviations, give the correct identification of proper names, fill out the implicit meaning, or insert correct information. The bracketed insertion of sic has been made to the text in a few instances to indicate that wording is exactly as given by Clawson.
Last, I have provided a map of the LDS stakes during the period 1898-1904, a chronology of events in Clawson’s life, a list of LDS general authorities and of Clawson’s families, and an index.
Special thanks are due to George D. Smith for his support. Acknowledgement is gratefully extended to Gregory C. Thompson and Nancy V. Young in Special Collections at the Marriott Library for their assistance and for making the Clawson diaries available for publication. An informal discussion with Jean Bickmore White and Jennifer Lund, editors of other volumes in this series, concerning our respective projects provided the stimulus for certain editorial decisions. The staff at Signature Books was helpful during [p.xviii] the publication process. Assistance for the appendix on Clawson’s families was received from a grandson and a granddaughter: David S. Hoopes of Vershire, Vermont, and Jerry Rich of Salt Lake City. The frontispiece photograph was supplied by another grandson, Roy Hoopes of Bethesda, Maryland. Additional documents written by Clawson were supplied by another granddaughter, Marian Bond of Salt Lake City.
1. Aspects of Clawson’s life are treated in the following studies: James B. Allen, ‘”Good Guys’ vs. ‘Good Guys’: Rudger Clawson, John Sharp, and Civil Disobedience in Nineteenth Century Utah,” Utah Historical Quarterly 48 (Spring 1980): 148-74; Andre K. Anastasiou, “Death of Rudger Clawson,” Millennial Star 105 (July 1943): 403-404; Nephi Anderson, “Rudger Clawson,” Juvenile Instructor 35 (1 Dec. 1900): 772-76, reprinted in Lives of Our Leaders: Character Sketches of Living Presidents and Apostles of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (Salt Lake City: Deseret News, 1901), 243-52; Nephi Anderson, “Rudger Clawson,” in Latter-day Saint Biographical Encyclopedia, Andrew Jenson, ed. (Salt Lake City: Andrew Jenson History Company, 1901), 1:174-78; Rudger Clawson, “In My Youthful Days,” Children’s Friend 41 (Apr. 1942): 148-49; Rudger Clawson, “Memoirs of the Life of Rudger Clawson Written by Himself,” Rudger Clawson Collection, Special Collections, Marriott Library, University of Utah, Salt Lake City; Samuel G. Clawson, “Some Impressions of My Father,” Improvement Era 40 (Mar. 1937): 142-43, 168; Ken Driggs, “‘…There is No Law in Georgia for Mormons’: The 1879 Murder of Joseph Standing and the Trial of His Killers,” Georgia Historical Quarterly 73 (Winter 1989): 745-72; John Henry Evans, “Rudger Clawson,” The Instructor 78 (Aug. 1943): 411; Richard L. Evans, “President Rudger Clawson Who has Continued Long in Good Works,” The Improvement Era 45 (Mar. 1942): 138, 189; Lawrence R. Flake, Mighty Men of Zion: General Authorities of the Last Dispensation (Salt Lake City: K. D. Butler, 1974); Bryant S. Hinckley, “Greatness in Men—President Rudger Clawson,” Improvement Era 35 (Jan. 1932): 133-37, reprinted in Millennial Star 94 (25 Feb. 1932): 113-19, 122; Bryant S. Hinckley, “The Youth and Early Manhood of Rudger Clawson,” Improvement Era 40 (Mar. 1937): 134-37; Bryant S. Hinckley, Hours with Our Leaders, M Men-Gleaner Manual 1941-42 (Salt Lake City: General Boards of the Mutual Improvement Associations of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, 1941); David S. Hoopes and Roy Hoopes, The Making of a Mormon Apostle: The Story of Rudger Clawson (Lanham, MD: Madison Books, 1989); Hugh Ireland, “With Rudger Clawson in Europe,” Improvement Era 40 (Mar. 1937): 152-53, 167; Stan Larson, “Synoptic Minutes of a Quarterly Conference of the Twelve Apostles: The Clawson and Lund Diaries of July 9-11, 1901,” Journal of Mormon History 14 (1988): 97-119; Stan Larson, ed., Prisoner for Polygamy: The Memoirs and Letters of Rudger Clawson at the Utah Territorial Penitentiary, 1884-87 (Urbana and Chicago: University of Illinois Press, 1993); S. Norman Lee, “When Box Elder ‘Imported’ Rudger Clawson,” Improvement Era 40 (Mar. 1937): 146-47, 166; Richard R. Lyman, “Rudger Clawson,” Millennial Star 99 (11 Mar. 1937): 152-53; John Nicholson, The Martyrdom of Joseph Standing: or, the Murder of a “Mormon” Missionary—A True Story. Also an Appendix, Giving a Succinct Description of the Utah Penitentiary (Salt Lake City: Deseret News Co., 1886); LeRoi C. Snow, “A Matter of History,” Improvement Era 40 (Mar. 1937): 149; Parry D. Sorensen, “Four-score Years of Devotion,” Millennial Star 99 (11 Mar. 1937): 149, 154-55; Wilburn D. Talbot, The Acts of the Modern Apostles (Salt Lake City: Randall Book Co., 1985); James H. Wallis, “Rudger Clawson,” Millennial Star 94 (25 Feb. 1932): 121; and John A. Widtsoe, “Rudger Clawson’s Service in the Council of the Twelve,” Improvement Era 40 (Mar. 1937): 140-41.
2. Clawson gave 13 December 1887 for his release instead of the correct date— 1:00 p.m., Monday, 12 December 1887. He gave this date both at the beginning of his large diary (which he began in May 1891) and at the end of his memoirs of prison life. He may have been remembering the exact length of his incarceration—three years, one month, and ten days—not the precise day of his release. That his release was on the day previous is confirmed by the front-page coverage in the Salt Lake Daily Herald of 13 December 1887 and the contemporary diaries of George C. Wood and Clawson’s half brother, Hiram B. Clawson, Jr.
3. The evidence for Clawson’s marriage to Pearl Udall is found in David S. Hoopes and Roy Hoopes, The Making of a Mormon Apostle (based on the research of D. Michael Quinn), and the letters of Elms Udall to Stan Larson, 14 Mar. and 10 Apr. 1989 and a letter of Maria S. Ellsworth to Stan Larson, 30 January 1991. For a discussion of post-Manifesto polygamy by other Mormon apostles, see D. Michael Quinn, “LDS Church Authority and New Plural Marriages, 1890-1904,” Dialogue: A Journal of Mormon Thought 18 (Spring 1985): 9-105; and Kenneth L. Cannon II, “After the Manifesto: Mormon Polygamy 1890-1906,” Sunstone 8 (Jan.-April 1983): 27-35.
5. Clawson served seven days. In the diary entry for 10 October he is referred to as “President Rudger Clawson.” The next day in a special meeting of the apostles to decide on the funeral arrangements for president Snow, the same title is used. In the minutes for the following Thursday, 17 October 1901, Clawson’s name reverts to its old position after Abraham O. Woodruff and before Reed Smoot; Joseph F. Smith had chosen John R. Winder and Anthon H. Lund as his counselors.
11. The following are some diary entries made after 5 October 1904: “On Friday I was in meeting with the Presidency and Twelve all day on a matter that it would not be wise to name in my journal” (9 Dec. 1904); “I attended the regular meeting of the brethren in the temple” (8 June 1905); “Thursday was my regular weekly meeting which I attended” (6 July 1905); “On Thursday the 27th I attended the regular meeting of the Presidency and Twelve in the temple” (27 Sept. 1905); “At 3 p.m. attended a meeting of the Presidency and Twelve at the President’s office to consider some matters of importance” (19 Oct. 1905); “On Friday at 9 a.m. I attended a meeting of the Presidency and Twelve at the temple to consider some matters of importance” (20 Oct. 1905); and “At 10 a.m. I attended a meeting of the Presidency and Twelve at the temple at which some matters of vital importance were considered; also attended a meeting of the Twelve at 3 p.m. in further consideration of said matters” (21 Oct. 1905).
13. Writing in the late 1920s or early 1930s, Clawson said that these quarterly apostolic meetings were “to unite the brethren more firmly together in the bonds of love and truth. Each brother is given opportunity to express the innermost thoughts of his soul relating to the Gospel of the Redeemer” (“Memoirs of the Life of Rudger Clawson Written by Himself,” Clawson Collection, 380).
14. For example, on 9 October 1902 the brethren sang “Sons of Michael, He Approaches,” written by Elias L. T. Harrison in 1861, which promulgates the Adam-God doctrine. See Helen H. Macare, “The Singing Saints: A Study of the Mormon Hymnal, 1835-1950,” Ph.D. diss., University of California, Los Angeles, 1961, 391, 561; and the original publication of Harrison’s poem in the Millennial Star 23 (13 Apr. 1861): 240.
15. Rudger Clawson diary, 17 Nov. 1901. Another illustration is the entry for 16 October 1900. It falls within an account of a Canadian trip not included in the present compilation: “It might be of interest to the reader to state that while at Butte, [Montana,] at about 8 p.m. I walked through a portion of the city, and discovered evidences of great wickedness. I passed as many as twelve houses of ill-fame on one block. At each window was stationed a prostitute, dressed in gaudy colors, with her face painted and powdered excessively, beckoning to the passerby in male attire to come in and pass the night with her. There were abundant indications that these fallen women were well patronized. ‘Verily the way thereof leadeth down to death.'”
16. See Scott H. Faulring, ed., An American Prophet’s Record: The Diaries and Journals of Joseph Smith (Salt Lake City: Signature Books in association with Smith Research Associates, 1987); Stanley B. Kimball, ed., On the Potter’s Wheel: The Diaries of Heber C. Kimball (Salt Lake City: Signature Books in association with Smith Research Associates, 1987); Constance L. Lieber and John Sillito, eds., Letters from Exile: The Correspondence of Martha Hughes Cannon and Angus M. Cannon, 1886-1888 (Salt Lake City: Signature Books in association with Smith Research Associates, 1989); Jean Bickmore White, ed., Church, State, and Politics: The Diaries of John Henry Smith (Salt Lake City: Sig
A Rudger Clawson Chronology
|1857, 12 Mar.||Born to Hiram Bradley Clawson and Margaret Gay Judd in Salt Lake City.|
|ca. 1870||Plays the part of a robber in a play entitled “The Robbers of the Rocky Mountains” at the Salt Lake Theatre.|
|1874-75, 1877-78||Active member of Wasatch Literary Association.|
|1875, 7 Mar.||Ordained a Seventy by his father, Hiram B. Clawson.|
|ca. 1875-77||Works as secretary to John W. Young, a railroad contractor, in both Salt Lake City and New York City.|
|early 1877||Graduates from Scott-Browne’s College of Phonography in New York City.|
|29 July||Uses shorthand to report sermon by John Taylor delivered at the Salt Lake tabernacle.|
|2 Sept.||Attends funeral service of Brigham Young; at cemetery uses shorthand to record dedicatory prayer by Wilford Woodruff.|
|9, 16, 23 Sept.||Uses shorthand to report sermons by apostles Erastus Snow and George Q. Cannon September” delivered at the Salt Lake tabernacle.|
|1879, 9 Apr.||Called as LDS missionary to Southern States Mission.|
|21 July||Witnesses murder of missionary companion, Joseph Standing, by a mob near Varnell’s Station, Georgia.|
|late July||Accompanies Standing’s body to Salt Lake City, arriving on 1 August 1879.|
|3 Aug.||Attends Standing’s funeral service in Salt Lake City.|
|16 Oct.||Attends trial in Georgia of the three men accused of Standing’s murder, resulting in verdict of not guilty.|
|ca. 1879-80||Works as a corresponding secretary for Zion’s Co-operative Mercantile Institution.|
|ca. 1882-84||Works as bookkeeper for brother, Spencer Clawson, in wholesale dry goods business.|
|1882, 12 Aug.||Marries Florence Ann Dinwoodey at the Salt Lake Endowment House. Child: Rudger Elmo.|
|1883, 29 Mar.||Marries a plural wife, Lydia Elizabeth Spencer, at the Salt Lake Endowment House. Children: Rudger Remus, Hiram Bradley, Margaret Gay, Daniel Spencer, Vera Mary, Samuel George, Lorenzo Snow, Francis Marion, and Lydia.|
|Dec.||Receives patriarchal blessing from William J. Smith.|
|1884, 25 Oct.||Convicted for polygamy and unlawful cohabitation.|
|3 Nov.||Sentenced by Judge Charles S. Zane to four years imprisonment at Utah Territorial Penitentiary and fined $800; taken to prison by Marshal Edwin Ireland.|
|1885, summer||Divorced by first wife, Florence Ann Dinwoodey.|
|1887, 12 Dec.||Pardoned by U.S. president Grover Cleveland and released from prison.|
|20 Dec.||Receives second anointing.|
|23 Dec.||Called as president of Box Elder Stake by Wilford Woodruff.|
|1888, 8 Jan.||Moves to Brigham City, Utah.|
|5 Feb.||sustained as president of Box Elder Stake at quarterly stake conference.|
|12 Feb.||Ordained a high priest and set apart as Box Elder stake president by Lorenzo Snow.|
|6 Apr.||Speaks at general conference on polygamy.|
|ca. 1888-91||Works as abstractor of about 8,000 pages of Box Elder County real estate records covering previous nineteen years.|
|1892, 17 Mar.||Attends jubilee celebration commemorating fiftieth anniversary of female Relief Society.|
|6 Apr.||Participates in hosanna shout at Salt Lake tabernacle.|
|29 Oct.||Attends Democratic rally and listens to speech of Apostle Moses Thatcher.|
|1893, 6 Apr.||Attends dedication of Salt Lake temple.|
|20 Apr.||Participates in largest prayer circle ever in celestial room of Salt Lake temple.|
|4 May||Death of son, Daniel Spencer Clawson.|
|29 Aug.||Leaves with Lydia to attend Chicago World’s Fair.|
|1894, 30 Jan.||Reports church trial of Weldon Hunsaker of Honeyville, Utah, who was accused of homosexual assault by brothers Peter and Lorenzo.|
|1896, 6 Jan.||Gives patriotic address to celebrate Utah statehood.|
|9 Feb.||Sees smoking ruins of the Brigham City tabernacle when returning from Mantua Ward.|
|26 July||Attends funeral service of Abraham H. Cannon.|
|1897, 13 Mar.||Death of daughter, Vera May Clawson, from drinking furniture cleaning fluid with carbolic acid.|
|21 March||Attends dedication of new Brigham City tabernacle.|
|1898, 19 Apr.||Death of son, Rudger Elmo Clawson.|
|22 Apr.||Attends funeral service of son, Rudger Elmo Clawson, at residence of child’s mother, Mrs. Richard Morris (born Florence Ann Dinwoodey).|
|8 Sept.||Attends funeral service of Wilford Woodruff.|
|8 Oct.||Chosen to be an apostle in temple meeting of the First Presidency and eleven apostles.|
|10 Oct.||Ordained an apostle by President Lorenzo Snow.|
|13 Oct.||Attends his first council meeting with First Presidency and Quorum of Twelve Apostles in Salt Lake temple.|
|1899, 5 Jan.||Becomes member of the newly created church auditing committee.|
|10 Jan.||Attends first quarterly conference of apostles in the Salt Lake temple.|
|12 Jan.||Partakes of the first quarterly sacrament of bread and wine with First Presidency and Quorum of Twelve Apostles.|
|27 Jan.||Arranges to buy house on Canyon Road in Salt Lake City for $1,856.|
|14 Apr.||Receives as gift from father a #5 Blickensderfer typewriter.|
|8 May||Begins using typewriter to make entries in diary.|
|2 July||Attends solemn assembly in the Salt Lake temple on subject of tithing.|
|31 July||Moves back to Salt Lake City.|
|Oct.-Nov.||Travels to Canada to investigate the canal business of Alberta Irrigation Company.|
|20 Nov.||Released as president of Box Elder Stake.|
|10 Dec.||Offers dedicatory prayer of Beaver Ward, Box Elder Stake.|
|12 Dec.||Attends funeral service of Franklin D. Richards at Ogden.|
|1900, Jan.-Feb.||Visits Arizona and Mexico.|
|27 Feb.||Visits 350-year-old Catholic church at Ciudad Juarez, Mexico.|
|2 Apr.||Attends birthday gathering for President Lorenzo Snow at Salt Lake temple annex.|
|14 July||Attends meeting at president’s office concerning liquidation of Utah Loan and Trust Company.|
|1901, 17 Apr.||Attends funeral service of Apostle George Q. Cannon.|
|28 Apr.||Death of son, Francis Marion Clawson.|
|7 May||Leaves on “Overland Flyer” train for San Francisco to inspect elevators for the Deseret News building.|
|10 July||Starts writing personal names in full instead of initials.|
|18 July||Entertains First Presidency, apostles, missionaries to Japan, and their wives at residence on Canyon Road.|
|19 Sept.||Attends memorial service in honor of U.S. president William McKinley, held in the Salt Lake tabernacle.|
|6 Oct.||Chosen by President Lorenzo Snow and sustained at general conference as second counselor in First Presidency.|
|10 Oct.||Lorenzo Snow dies; as a result Clawson is never set apart as counselor in presidency.|
|13 Oct.||Attends funeral service of Lorenzo Snow.|
|17 Oct.||Resumes position in Quorum of Twelve Apostles.|
|11 Dec.||Attends gathering in celestial room of Salt Lake temple in honor of John R. Winder.|
|1902, 24 Sept.||Attends family meeting to inspect loaf of yeastless bread mixed in machine invented by his brother, Selden Clawson.|
|24 Dec.||Begins to use the title Elder instead of Apostle.|
|1903, 4 Jan.||Attends lecture by General William P. Booth, founder of Salvation Army.|
|13 Jan.||Attends annual meeting of stockholders of Brigham City Roller Mill Company.|
|3 Feb.||Elected vice-president of the Salt Lake Knitting Factory.|
|15 Apr.||Attends funeral service of Brigham Young, Jr.|
|29 May||Attends address by U.S. president Theodore Roosevelt at Salt Lake tabernacle.|
|23 June||Takes Lydia and children to Saltair beach at the Great Salt Lake.|
|Aug.-Sept.||Visits Arizona, Mexico, and California|
|1 Oct.||Exhorted by Marriner W. Merrill to enter into post-Manifesto polygamy.|
|10 Oct.||Talks with Lydia about marrying plural wife and receives permission to do so.|
|6 Nov.||Sends important letter to unidentified person but does not explain nature of it.|
|7 Nov.||Attends family reunion with Lydia and children in honor of father’s seventy-seventh birthday.|
|11 Dec.||Attends reception by Salt Lake temple workers in honor of John R. Winder.|
|19 Dec.||Receives important letter, which makes him happy, then sends important Christmas present to unidentified “special” friend.|
|1904, 5 Jan.||Cautioned against exercising keys of sealing in plural marriage.|
|26 Mar.||Attends dedication of Bureau of Information building on Temple Square.|
|6 Apr.||President Joseph F. Smith reaffirms ban against new plural marriages.|
|June||Visits Panguitch, Kanab, St. George, and Parowan stakes.|
|23 June||Learns of death of Abraham O. Woodruff on 20 June 1904 due to smallpox at El Paso, Texas.|
|3 Aug.||Marries another plural wife, Pearl Udall.|
|18 Nov.||Death of son, Rudger Remus Clawson.|
|1905, 22 June||Accompanies Lydia on old folks’ train excursion to Brigham City, leaving from Oregon Short Line depot at 8:00 a.m. with 1,148 people.|
|6 Sept.||Leaves Moccasin, Arizona, travels to Rockville and marvels at scenery on way and grandeur of rugged cliffs around Rockville.|
|16 Oct.||Attends meeting with students of Beaver branch of Brigham Young University.|
|1910, 7 Apr.||Called to preside over European Mission.|
|17 May||Leaves for Liverpool, England, arriving on 4 June 1910.|
|1912, 15 Oct.||Reorganizes French Mission.|
|17 Nov.||Mobbed in Bristol, England.|
|1913, 15 Apr.||Released from duties in Europe and leaves England.|
|1918, 23 Nov.||Sustained as acting president of Quorum of Twelve Apostles.|
|1921, 10 Mar.||Sustained as president of Quorum of Twelve Apostles.|
|1941, 1 Feb.||Death of wife, Lydia.|
|1942, 16 Dec.||Death of son, Samuel George Clawson.|
|1943, 21 June||Dies in Salt Lake City.|