About the editor: Jean Bickmoe White has a long-standing interest in Utah political history. She holds an M.A. degree from the University of California at Los Angeles and a Ph.D. degree from the University of Utah, both in political science. While writing her dissertation on Utah politics in the 1890s, she first read John Henry Smith’s extensive journals and letters and recognized their importance in understanding the politics of that period in Uah history. A professor of political science at Weber State University since 1969, she has published articles and book reviews in the Utah Historical Quarterly, Dialogue: A Journal of Mormon Thought, Weber Studies, the Journal of the Mormon History, and thje Charles Redd Center Monograph Series. She is a member of the American Political Science Association, and is a member and former council member of the Western Political Science Association. She also serves on the advisory board of the Charles Redd Center for Western Studies at Brigham Young University. She lives in Farmington, Utah, with her husband, John Stephen White.
Church, State, and Politics
The Diaries of John Henry Smith
Edited by Jean Bickmore White
in association with
Smith Research Associates
Dedication: To my mother Lettie Chritchlow Bickmore who was born in the Time of Trials
© 1990 by Signature Books, Inc.
All rights reserved.
Signature Books is a registered trademark of Signature Books, Inc.
Printed in the United States of America
Printed on acid free paper.
Diaries and other documents used by permission of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints and Western Americana, Marriot Library, University of Utah, Salt Lake City, Utah
Library of Congress Cataloging-in-Publication Data
Smith, John Henry, 1848-1911.
Church, state, and politics: the diaries of John Henry Smith / edited by Jean Bickmore White.
1. Smith, John Henry, 1848-1911– Diaries. 2. Mormons – Utah-Diaries. 3. Politicians – Utah – Diaries. 4. Church and state – United States – History – Sources. 5. Utah – Politics and government.
I. White, Jean Bickmore. II. Title.
289.3´092 – dc20 89-27212 [B] CIP
Introduction [see below]
A John Henry Smith Chronology [see below]
Prominent Characters [see below]
The John Henry Smith Family [see below]
Missionary Years: 1874 – 1875
Missionary Years continued: 1875 – 1883
Missionary Years continued: 1883 – 1885
Time of Trials: 1885 -1888
Time of Trials continued: 1888 – 1890
Time of Trials continued: 1890 – 1892
Gaining Statehood: 1892 – 1894
Gaining Statehood continued: 1895 – 1896
Early Statehood Years: 1896 – 1898
Early Statehood Years continued: 1899 -1900
Early Statehood Years continued: 1901
Early Statehood Years continued: 1902 -1903
Challenges for Church and State: 1904 – 1906
Challenges for Church and State continued: 1907 – 1908
Challenges for Church and State continued: 1909 – 1911
(Web edition note: When reformatting this book for the internet, we found that the chapters were too large to place onto a single webpage and we were forced to break up each chapter into smaller segments. We are sorry for any confusion caused by this different formatting.)
[p.ix]When John Henry Smith died on October 13, 1911, the Salt Lake Tribune described him as “prominent in all matters that concerned development of the West” and at “front rank in Utah affairs.” Second counselor to his cousin Joseph F. Smith in the First Presidency of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, president of the Utah Constitutional Convention in 1895, co-founder of the Utah Republican Party, and an active participant in a dozen business enterprises, John Henry Smith had played an important role in church, state, and politics for nearly forty years.
The Tribune, which during this period had little good to say about any Mormon church leader, captured best the essence of John Henry’s contribution to his church and his state in a front-page obituary the day of his death:
By nature and training he was admirably equipped for public duties. He had a thorough knowledge of human nature and an extensive acquaintance with prominent men not only in Utah but in the whole country as well. These qualifications, together with his faculty for making and holding friends, fitted him admirably for the positions and labors that fell to him to perform.
His easy, natural and unassuming manner were the outward signs of his straightforward character, and bespoke the possession of courage of the highest type.
As a public speaker, Apostle Smith was convincing, forceful and eloquent, with the eloquence that comes from sincere earnestness. In his private conversation he exhibited the same force and was always an interesting and entertaining talker.
When the history of the rise and development of Utah shall [p.x]be written, his name will stand high in the ranks of the men who have accomplished great deeds and who have built up a commonwealth from a desert.
In an editorial on October 14, 1911, the Tribune again paid tribute to John Henry Smith, while continuing its condemnation of his ecclesiastical colleagues: “In general it may be said that Apostle Smith belonged to that branch of the church which reached out for a new departure, a turning away from the bigotries, the intolerances, and the exclusiveness of the past, and for getting into touch with American life and American institutions.”
According to the Tribune editorial, it was unfortunate for the people of Utah to lose such a man as John Henry Smith: “There are too few with his way of thinking left in the church; and his influence in modifying the hard-line combativeness of the old order had been much needed. “The Salt Lake Herald-Republican, reporting on his funeral on October 18, 1911, observed: “Not in the history of Salt Lake, perhaps never in the West before, has there been such a gathering of people of all creeds and classes as that which filled the great Mormon Tabernacle to pay last tribute and honor to President John Henry Smith yesterday noon.”
In its report of the funeral on October 18 the Tribune noted the presence of many non-Mormons at the service. This proved, it stated, “that John Henry Smith was held in highest esteem outside of his church as well as in it.” The inclusion of Rabbi Charles J. Freund as a speaker also helped to make the point that John Henry was unique for his time in his ability to reach across religious lines to the entire community.
Throughout his adult life John Henry was deeply involved in church and community affairs. In 1872, at the age of twenty-four, he began his public service as an assistant clerk in the territorial legislature. He would later serve as a member of the legislature and as a Salt Lake City Council member. In 1874 he went to England as a Mormon missionary, beginning an active career in the LDS church that he would continue as European Mission president, apostle, and finally counselor in the First Presidency.
He loved politics and brought to the political arena a magnetic personality, unusual oratorical skills, considerable organizing ability, and a talent for making peace among factions. The latter was put to the test in 1891. In anticipation of statehood he helped to bring non-Mormons from the Liberal Party and Mormons from the church-dominated People’s Party together in the new Utah Republican Party. In the Republican cause he tirelessly campaigned throughout the western states and built strong ties to national Republican leaders, who could help Utah gain statehood. Because of his ability to make friends among national leaders, he was sent to Washington, D.C., on several trips when state or church interests were threatened.
His business interests were many and varied. Over the years he served as a director or officer of Zion’s Cooperative Mercantile Institution; Home Furniture Company; Mexican Colonization and Agricultural Company; Heber J. Grant and Company; Cooperative (later Consolidated) [p.xi] Wagon and Machine Company; Lehi, Utah, and Idaho Sugar companies; Kanab Cattle Company; Groesbeck Company; Utah National Bank; Ogden Standard newspaper; Utah Mexican Rubber Company; Salt Lake Theatre Company; Salt Lake and Garfield Railway; Saltair Company; Nevada Land and Cattle Company; Intermountain Cement and Brick Company; Beneficial Life; and Emigration Canyon Railroad Company. He was also active for many years in the Trans-Mississippi Commmercial Congress, serving as president of that regional promotion and development organization.
John Henry was born to Apostle George A. Smith and Sarah Libbey Smith on September 18, 1848, at Carbunca (later Council Bluffs), Iowa. His grandfather, Patriarch John Smith, was a brother to Joseph Smith, Sr., father of the founder of the LDS church. With his family John Henry moved to Salt Lake City as an infant but was taken to Provo after the death of his mother in 1851. There he was cared for by two of his father’s wives, Hannah Libbey Smith (generally referred to in his diaries as “mother”) and Lucy Messerye Smith (Aunt Lucy). As a young man John Henry was employed in building railroads and as a telegraph operator before being called on a church mission in 1874.
He was married twice, first to Sarah Farr, daughter of Ogden pioneer Lorin Farr, in 1866. In 1877 he married Josephine Groesbeck, daughter of prominent businessman Nicholas Groesbeck.1 Sarah gave birth to eleven children, three of whom died in infancy. Josephine had eight children. A devoted husband and father, John Henry kept up a brisk correspondence with his wives and children wherever he traveled. Never well-to-do, he found that obligations to two families and to church duties often left him in difficult financial circumstances.
Fortunately, there is a large amount of written material on the life of John Henry Smith. He left thirty-six volumes of holographic personal diaries, as well as a small diary written in 1874 as he prepared for a mission and traveled to England. The originals of these materials were deposited for safekeeping with the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints. Photocopies of the thirty-six volumes were donated to the Manuscripts Division of the Special Collections Department, University of Utah Marriott Library. It is these photocopies that were used in preparing this volume. The 1874 diary is in the historical department of the LDS church and is used with permission. The diaries cover the periods 1874-75 and October 1880 until John Henry’s death in 1911.
In addition to photocopies of the original diaries, the John Henry Smith Papers in the Marriott Library include five boxes of correspondence and five volumes of letterpress books (two on microfilm only), documenting [p.xii] his political activities on the regional and national level as well as his interest in the lives of his children. There are also scrapbooks and miscellaneous personal papers, which augment the diaries. Fortunately, these were saved by a granddaughter, Emily Smith Stewart. Unfortunately, only a fraction of this material could be used in this volume; the diaries have been abridged to fit the restraints of a one-volume compilation, and only a small amount of explanatory material from the letters and papers could be used.2
Every editor has certain decisions to make regarding style.
My objective was to change as little as possible but to make the original diary entries clear and readable. Some changes were necessary.
1. Spelling. Spelling in the originals has been preserved except for proper names and place names. These have been checked whenever possible with sources available and corrected.
2. Paragraphing. Since the diaries do not follow rules of conventional paragraphing, it was frequently necessary to split paragraphs. Parts of paragraphs are omitted without use of ellipses, but ellipses are used to indicate deletions within sentences or within a topic.
3. Punctuation. Sentences are ended with periods; commas and colons are inserted where necessary to clarify the text.
4. Capitalization. The first word in sentences was capitalized. Generally, I have tried to follow the text, although sometimes it is not clear whether a capital or a lower case letter was intended.
5. Illegible, missing, and undecipherable passages. Since I worked largely [p.xiii] from photocopies, some entries were difficult to read, and some impossible to decipher. Passages that were not legible are noted; words that I could not decipher are indicated by a bracketed question mark [?]. Some inadvertently repeated words were silently removed. Occasionally passages crossed out in the original are noted if this seems important.
6. Annotation. There is no end to the possibilities for annotation if an editor is determined to explain every unclear entry. I decided to keep annotation to a minimum. However, in some cases the use of letters, newspaper accounts, or comments in the diaries of John Henry’s colleagues seemed appropriate to clarify his version of events. To avoid annotation and interruption of the narrative, sometimes brief phrases are entered in brackets in the text.
7. Dates and places. At the beginning of each day’s entry, the date entered by John Henry is shown, followed by the name of the place where most of the action of the day occurred. The place names are not always the same as those in the diary because he usually noted the place where he started the day—while the events took place elsewhere. County and state names are included only where they seem necessary to identify a location. There is some confusion in the diaries as to just what took place on what days. He occasionally mentions catching up on writing his diaries, indicating that he did not always write on a daily basis. Among his papers are small books with memoranda on meetings, which he later entered into his diaries. This time lag in making diary entries probably accounts for inconsistent dating of entries, which I have tried to correct.
Finally, there is a large element of judgment in what to include when thirty-six volumes must be abridged into one. The conflicts naturally make the most interesting reading, but the times of peace and harmony with family and friends must be included to give a true history of his life. A large part of John Henry’s time as an apostle was spent traveling to LDS stake conferences, where he meticulously recorded lists of officers and minutes of meetings. Only a fraction of these could be included; some are included when they show trends in church policy changes or reflect emphasis on particular church doctrines.
An undertaking of several years involves assistance from a great many individuals. I acknowledge with gratitude the patience of Gary J. Bergera and the staff of Signature Books. I appreciate the encouragement and tolerance of my husband, John Stephen White, for a project that sometimes seemed to devour my every free moment. Gregory Thompson and Nancy Young of the special collections department at the University of Utah Marriott Library provided every assistance possible in making the diaries and other materials available to meet my needs. Current staff members in the department also went many extra miles to help. I thank all of them, along with Everett Cooley and Ruth Yeaman, who first encouraged me to use the John Henry Smith papers more than twenty years ago. I also appreciate the assistance of the staff at the LDS church historical department. Permission to use the diaries was granted by the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints. However, [p.xiv] the contents of this volume were selected by the editor; the LDS church did not influence, guide, or approve the final selection of material.
My daughter, Barbara White Gingery, read the entire manuscript and offered valuable suggestions. Many others have offered encouragement and assistance in various ways, and I thank them all. The end product is, of course, my own responsibility. I hope it does justice to John Henry Smith.
1. In addition to his plural wives, John Henry Smith notes in his diary that he was sealed to three other women in the Salt Lake Temple for eternity: Jane Topham on September 3, 1896; Philomela Callister on April 8, 1897; and Emma Louise Robbins Riggs on January 2, 1901. Sealings took place after the death of these women.
2. There is little published material on John Henry Smith. Merlo J. Pusey’s Builders of the Kingdom (Provo, UT: Brigham Young University Press, 1981) chronicles the lives of Apostle George A. Smith (his father), John Henry Smith, and George Albert Smith (his son), who was later president of the LDS church. My account of John Henry’s public life, “The Making of the Convention President: The Political Education of John Henry Smith,” was published in the Utah Historical Quarterly 39 (Fall 1971): 350-69. Brief biographical sketches are found in numerous biographical volumes. Lengthy accounts of his life and tributes to him are found in all the Salt Lake City newspapers following his death on October 13, 1911.
I have assumed that readers have some knowledge of the organization and hierarchy of the LDS church. Since John Henry Smith’s life spanned years of rapid change and adaptation in church organization and practices, some recent books would be helpful in providing context and further explanation for events covered in the diaries. Richard S. Van Wagoner’s Mormon Polygamy: A History (Salt Lake City: Signature Books, 1986) is a well documented account of plural marriage, including the difficulties encountered in the 1890s and early 1900s. In Mormonism in Transition: A History of the Latter-day Saints, 1890-1930 (Urbana: University of Illinois Press, 1986), Thomas G. Alexander explains many changes in the church and its practices over this crucial period. John Henry’s frequent involvement in legal matters affecting the church and the federal government can be better understood by reading Edwin B. Firmage and Richard Collin Mangrum’s Zion in the Courts: A Legal History of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, 1830-1900 (Urbana: University of Illinois Press, 1988).
Since the struggle for statehood forms a large part of the public life of John Henry Smith, an understanding of the behind-the-scenes work of LDS leaders in this struggle is useful. An excellent account is given by Edward Leo Lyman in Political Deliverance: The Mormon Quest for Utah Statehood (Urbana: University of Illinois Press, 1986).
A John Henry Smith Chronology
September 18 Born at Carbunca (now Council Bluffs), Iowa.
October Moves to Salt Lake City.
June 12 Mother, Sarah Libbey Smith, dies in Salt Lake City. “Aunt” Hannah Libbey Smith, his mother’s sister and also polygamous wife of his father George A. Smith, takes over his care.
July Moves to Provo with Hannah and “Aunt” Lucy, another polygamous wife of George A. Smith.
September 18 Baptized a member of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (Mormon).
October 20 Marries Sarah Farr, daughter of Lorin Farr, Ogden church and civic leader.
Assistant clerk of territorial legislature and of constitutional convention.
June 26 Set apart for mission to Great Britain by church president John Taylor. July 24 Arrives in Liverpool to start mission.[p.xvi]
May-June Tours Europe with mission president Joseph F. Smith, his cousin. August Returns to Salt Lake City because of his father’s illness. September 1 Father dies at age fifty-eight.
Serves as bishop of Seventeenth Ward in Salt Lake City.
Member of Salt Lake City Council.
April 4 Marries Josephine Groesbeck as a plural wife, daughter of prominent businessman Nicholas Groesbeck.
October 27 Ordained an apostle in the Quorum of the Twelve.
August 1 Elected to territorial legislature.
March Goes to Washington, D.C., to work against passage of the Edmunds Bill by the House of Representatives.
October 28 Leaves Salt Lake City to preside over the European Mission.
July-August Tours European Mission, including Denmark, Sweden, Germany, Switzerland, and France. 1884-85
December- Tours Switzerland and Italy, visiting mission
January leaders and dealing with problems in Switzerland.
April 1 Returns to Salt Lake City.
July 2 Arrested for illegal cohabitation but is discharged.
May 1 Moves Josephine to Manassa, Colorado.
October 1 Votes to endorse church president Wilford Woodruffs manifesto banning plural marriages.
May 20 Helps organize the Republican Party of Utah, followed by dubs in other cities. [p.xvii]
September Sent to Arizona to perform marriages and to meet with Arizona Republican leaders.
February 5 Goes to Washington, D.C., to try to defeat the Democratic Party-sponsored “Home Rule” bill and promote statehood.
February-March Visits Mexico on church business and tooversee affairs of the Mexican Colonization and Agricultural Company.
October 2 Nominated a Republican delegate to the constitutional convention.
November 7 Elected a delegate to the constitutional convention of 1895.
March 6 After fighting challenges to election, takes seat in convention and is elected president. Presides until its conclusion in May.
January Goes to Washington, D.C., to oppose an anti-polygamy amendment to the U.S. Constitution.
May-June Travels to Mexico and meets with Mexican President Porfirio Diaz regarding the Mormon colonies in Mexico.
July 4 Elected president of Trans-Mississippi Commercial Congress.
March Goes to Washington, D.C., with Ben E. Rich to use influence against anti-polygamy amendment to Constitution.
September Visits Nauvoo, Illinois, and other early church sites.
December 17, Testifies before U.S. Senate Committee on 19, 20 Privileges and Elections regarding the seating of Utah senator-elect Read Smoot.
February-March Visits Utah Mexican Rubber Company lands in Mexico.
December With other members of Smith family visits [p.xviii] church sites and old family homes in Vermont, New York, Massachusetts, and Ohio.
February-March Goes to Washington, D.C., to work for Reed Smoot’s seating in Senate.
September 21 Hannah Maria Libbey Smith, the “aunt” who reared him, dies in Provo at age seventy-eight.
April 7 Set apart as second counselor to church president Joseph F. Smith.
June Goes East with other members of the Utah Capitol Commission to visit a number of state government buildings to get ideas for the new Utah capitol building.
October 13 Dies at home of Josephine in Salt Lake City at the age of sixty-three.
BARTCH, G. M.: Probate judge of Salt Lake County; associate justice of territorial supreme court; elected to Utah State Supreme Court and served as chief justice until 1906.
BENNETT, CHARLES W.: Lawyer; Republican politician who came to Salt Lake City in 1871.
BROWN, ARTHUR: Republican; non-Mormon United States senator from Utah, 1896-97.
CAINE, JOHN T.: Democrat; Utah’s fourth delegate to Congress, 1883-93.
CANNON, ABRAHAM H.: Son of George Q. Cannon; one of seven presidents of seventy, 1882-89; LDS apostle, 1889-96; implicated in post-1890 Manifesto polygamy.
CANNON, ANGUS M.: Brother of George Q. Cannon; businessman; president of Salt Lake Stake, 1876-1904.
CANNON, FRANK J.: Son of George Q. Cannon; Republican delegate to Congress, 1895; United States senator, 1896-99; Democratic state chair, 1902-1904; established Ogden Standard in 1888 and Utah State Journal in 1903; moved to Colorado in 1909.
CANNON, GEORGE Q.: LDS apostle, 1860-77; first counselor to John Taylor, 1880-87; first counselor to Wilford Woodruff, 1889-98; first counselor to Lorenzo Snow, 1898-1901; delegate to Congress from Utah territory, 1873-81; served often as liaison between church leaders and prominent national leaders in politics and business.
CARRINGTON, ALBERT: LDS apostle, 1870; counselor to Brigham Young, 1873-77; excommunicated for immorality, 1885; rebaptized, 1887; died, 1889.
CLAWSON, RUDGER: Prominent prisoner for polygamy; LDS apostle, 1898-1943; second counselor to Lorenzo Snow, 1901.
COWLEY, MATTHIAS F.: LDS apostle, 1897; resigned from Quorum of Twelve Apostles because of his practice of polygamy, 1905; priesthood suspended, 1911; restored to full membership, 1936; died, 1940.
CROSBY, JESSE W.: Southern Utah colonizer and cattleman; president of Panguitch Stake, 1882-1900; called in 1900 to help settle Big Horn country in Wyoming.
CUTLER, JOHN C.: Business leader and banker; governor of Utah, 1905-1908.
CUTLER, THOMAS R.: Businessman, organizer of sugar companies.
DUBOIS, FRED T.: United States senator from Idaho, 1891-97, 1901-1907.
ECCLES, DAVID: Utah industrialist, banker, and railroad builder.
FARR, LORIN: Ogden settler, 1850; first mayor of Ogden and prominent railroad builder; father of Sarah Farr Smith, wife of John Henry Smith.
GIBBS, GEORGE: Church reporter and secretary to the First Presidency of the LDS church, beginning in 1876.
GOODWIN, C. C.: Editor of the Salt Lake Tribune, 1880-1901; noted for harsh editorial criticism of LDS church and its leaders.
GRANT, HEBER J.: Prominent Utah businessman and entrepreneur; LDS apostle, 1882; president of LDS church, 1918-45.
GROESBECK, NICHOLAS: Business entrepreneur; father of Josephine Groesbeck Smith, wife of John Henry Smith.
HANNA, M. A. (Mark): Leading Republican and chair of Republican national committee, 1896; United States senator from Ohio, 1897-1904.
HARDY, LEONARD G.: LDS bishop; collector for Salt Lake County.
IVINS, ANTHONY W.: Early setter of St. George; moved to Mexico with family in 1895 to become president of Juarez Stake; LDS apostle, 1907; second counselor to Heber J. Grant, 1921-25; first counselor to Heber J. Grant, 1925-34.
JACK, JAMES: Chief clerk and treasurer to the First Presidency.
KEARNS, THOMAS: Mine developer and owner; owner of the Salt Lake Tribune since 1901; United States senator from, Utah 1901-1905.
LANNAN, PATRICK H.: Owner of Salt Lake Tribune, 1883-1901, during period of strong anti-Mormon editorial campaign.
LAYTON, CHRISTOPHER: Davis County colonizer; called as president of St. Joseph Stake (Arizona), 1883-98.
LUND, ANTHON H.: LDS apostle, 1889; second counselor to Joseph F. Smith, 1901-10; first counselor to Joseph F. Smith, 1910-18; first counselor to Heber J. Grant, 1918-21.
LYMAN, FRANCIS M.: LDS apostle, 1880-1916.
McCORNICK, W. S.: Banker, mining magnate, and railroad builder; member of Salt Lake City Council.
McKAY, DAVID O.: LDS apostle, 1906; second counselor to Heber J. Grant, 1934-45; second counselor to George Albert Smith, 1945- 51; president of church, 1951-70.
MERRILL, MARRINER W.: Prominent Cache Valley businessman; LDS apostle, 1889-1906.
MORGAN, JOHN H.: Member, First Council of Seventy, 1884-94; president of Southern States Mission; married Helen Malvina Groesbeck, sister of Josephine Groesbeck Smith.
NIBLEY, CHARLES W.: Prominent businessman; presiding bishop of LDS church, 1907-25; LDS apostle and second counselor to Heber J. Grant, 1925-31.
NUTTALL, L. JOHN: Private secretary to LDS president John Taylor and his successors until 1892.
PENROSE, CHARLES W.: Editor of Deseret News; LDS apostle, 1904; second counselor to Joseph F. Smith, 1911-18; second counselor to Heber J. Grant, 1918-21; first counselor to Heber J. Grant, 1921-25.
PETERSON, CANUTE: President of Sanpete and South Sanpete stakes; Scandinavian Mission president.
PRESTON, WILLIAM B.: Presiding bishop of LDS church, 1884-1907.
RAWLINS, JOSEPH L.: Utah territorial delegate to Congress, 1893-95; elected to United States Senate, 1897-1903.
REYNOLDS, GEORGE: Secretary to Brigham Young; defendant in test case in which United States Supreme Court upheld anti-polygamy laws; one of seven presidents of Seventy, 1890-1909.
RICH, BEN E.: Son of LDS apostle Charles C. Rich; president of Southern States Mission and Eastern States Mission; married Diana Farr, sister of Sarah Fart Smith.
RICH, CHARLES C.: LDS apostle, 1849-83; prominent in settlement of southern Idaho.
RICHARDS, FRANKLIN D.: LDS apostle, 1849-99; probate and county judge for Weber County; LDS church historian and general recorder, 1889.
RICHARDS, FRANKLIN S.: Son of Franklin D. Richards; member of three Utah constitutional conventions; general counsel for the LDS church for thirty years.
RICHARDS, GEORGE F.: LDS apostle, 1906-50; acting patriarch to the church, 1937-43; president of the Quorum of the Twelve Apostles, 1945-50.
ROBERTS, BRIGHAM H.: Noted journalist, theologian, orator, and historian; member, First Council of Seventy, 1888-1933; elected as Democrat to United States Congress in 1898 but not seated because of his practice of polygamy.
SHURTLEFF, LEWIS W.: President of Weber Stake; probate judge and county commissioner in Weber County.
SMITH, HYRUM MACK: Son of Joseph F. Smith; LDS apostle, 1901-18.
SMITH, JESSE N.: Early settler in Parowan, Utah; moved to Snowflake, Arizona; helped obtain land for settlement in Mexico; served in both Utah and Arizona legislatures.
SMITH, JOHN: Son of Hyrum Smith; LDS church patriarch, 1855-1911.
SMITH, JOSEPH F.: 1880-87; second counselor to Wilford Woodruff, 1889 98; second counselor to Lorenzo Snow, 1898-1901; first counselor to Lorenzo Snow, 1901; president of LDS church, 1901-18; implicated in post-1890 Manifesto polygamy; issued 1904) “Second Manifesto” on polygamy.
SMITH, JOSEPH FIELDING: Son of Joseph F. Smith; LDS apostle, 1910-51; counselor in the First Presidency, 1965-70; president of church, 1907-72.
SMITH, SILAS SANFORD: Settled Paragonah, Utah; member of Utah territorial legislature; later moved to Manassa, Colorado; president of San Luis (Colorado) Stake, 1883-92; moved to Layton, Utah, in 1901 [p.xxiv]
SMOOT, ABRAHAM O.: Mayor of Salt Lake City for ten years; mayor of Provo for fourteen years; president of Utah Stake (Provo); businessman.
SMOOT, REED: Son of Abraham O. Smoot; prominent businessman and politician; LDS apostle, 1900-41; object of lengthy United States Senate inquiry regarding qualifications to serve as Utah’s United States senator; served 1903-33; co-author of Smoot-Hawley Tarriff Act.
SNOW, ERASTUS: LDS apostle, 1849-88.
SNOW, LORENZO: LDS apostle, 1849; counselor to Brigham Young, 1873-77; president of LDS church, 1893-1901.
TALMAGE, JAMES E.: Noted Utah scientist, geologist, theologian, and writer; LDS apostle, 1911-33.
TAYLOR, JOHN: LDS apostle, 1838-77; president of LDS church, 1880-87; ardent defender of polygamy; died in hiding during the United States government’s crusade against polygamists in 1887.
TAYLOR, JOHN W.: Son of John Taylor; LDS apostle, 1884; resigned from Quorum of Twelve Apostles because of his practice of polygamy, 1905; excommunicated, 1911; died, 1918.
TEASDALE, GEORGE: LDS apostle, 1882-1907.
TELLER, HENRY M.: United States Senator from Colorado, first as Republican and Silver Republican in 1870s and 1880s, later as Democrat 1903-1909.
TRUMBO, ISAAC (Col.): Wealthy and influential California mining entrepreneur; assisted LDS leaders in statehood fight, 1887-94; moved to Salt Lake City after statehood and back to California after failing to become a United States senator from Utah.
UDALL, DAVID K.: Called to settle Arizona in 1889; president of St. Johns (Arizona) stake.
VAN COTT, WALDEMAR: Democrat and lawyer; served as counsel to the LDS church in the Reed Smoot hearings.
VARIAN, CHARLES S.: United States attorney for Utah prosecuting polygamists in 1884-86, 1889-93; member of 1895 Constitutional Convention and elected to legislature; prominent Republican until split over silver issue in 1896.
WARREN, FRANCIS E.: Governor of Wyoming; later United States senator, 1890-93 and 1895-1929.
WELLS, DANIEL H.: Apostle and second counselor to President Brigham Young until Young’s death in 1877; counselor to Quorum of Twelve Apostles; mayor of Salt Lake City.
WELLS, HEBER M.: Banker and first governor of Utah, 1896-1903.
Whitney, Orson F.: Noted Utah historian, writer, and poet; LDS apostle, 1906-31.
WINDER, JOHN R.: First counselor to Joseph F. Smith, 1901-10.
WOODRUFF, ABRAHAM O.: Son of Wilford Woodruff; LDS apostle, 1897-1904.
WOODRUFF, WILFORD: LDS apostle, 1839-89; president of LDS church, 1889-98; issued 1890 Manifesto banning plural marriages.
YOUNG, BRIGHAM: Leader of Mormon trek west and colonization of Utah territory; LDS apostle, 1835-47; president of the church, 1847-77.
YOUNG, BRIGHAM, Jr.: LDS apostle, 1868-1903; counselor to Brigham Young, 1873; assistant counselor, 1874.
YOUNG, JOHN W.: Son of and assistant counselor to Brigham Young; counselor to the Quorum of Twelve Apostles; involved in promotion of railroads and other business enterprises.
YOUNG, LeGRAND: Son of Joseph Young; lawyer and counsel for the LDS church.
ZANE, CHARLES S.: Chief justice of Utah Territorial Supreme Court; elected to Utah supreme court after statehood, serving until 1899; prominent Republican.
XXXX The John Henry Smith Family (forthcoming) XXXX