The Joseph Smith Revelations
by H. Michael Marquardt

Chapter 5.
Publishing the Revelations, 
October 1831-April 1832

71. Blessed Are You for Receiving Mine Everlasting Covenant
From the William E. McLellin Journal, LDS archives
(cf. LDS and RLDS D&C 66)

Revelation received at Hiram, Ohio, on 29 October 1831
for William E. McLellin1

[p.163] Behold thus saith the Lord unto you my servant Wm. [William E. McLellin] blessed are you, in as much as you have turned away from your iniquities and have received my truths, saith the Lord, your Redeemer, The Saviour of the world; even of as many as believe on my name.

Verily I say unto you, blessed are you for receiving mine everlasting Covenant, even the fulness of my Gospel sint [sent] forth unto the children of men, that they might have life, and be made partakers of the glories which are to be revealed in the last days as it was written by the Prophets & Apostles in days of old.

Verily I say unto you my servant William [E. McLellin] that you are clean but not all. Repent therefore of those things which are not pleasing in my sight Saith the Lord; for the Lord will show them unto you. And now, verily I the Lord will show unto you what I will concerning you: or what is my will concerning you.

Behold verily I say unto you that it is my will that you should proclaim my Gospel from land to land, and from city to city: Yea in those regions round about where it hath not been proclaimed Tarry not many days in this place. Go not up unto the land of Zion, as yet. But in as much as you can send; Send otherwise think not of thy property Go unto Eastern lands. Bear testimony in every place, unto every people and in their sinagogues [synagogues]:2 reasoning with the people.

Let my servant Samuel [H. Smith] go with you; and forsake him not, and give [p.164] him thine instructions: and he that is faithful shall be made strong in every place. And I the Lord will go with you. Lay your hands upon the sick and they shall recover. Return not until I the Lord shall send you. Be patient in afflictions. Ask and ye shall receive. Knock and it shall be opened unto you.

Seek not to be cumbered. Forsake all unrighteousness. Commit not Adultery. (A temptation with which thou hast been troubled.) Keep these sayings true and faithful and thou shalt magnify thine office, and push many people to Zion, with songs of everlasting Joy upon their heads. Continue in these things even unto the end; and you shall have a crown of Eternal life on the right hand of my Father, who is full of grace and truth. Verily, thus saith the Lord your God, your Redeemer even Jesus Christ Amen

A revelation given to William E. McLel[l]in a true descendant from Joseph who was sold into Egypt down through the loins of Ephraim his Son — Given in Hiram, Portage Co. Ohio. 29th Oct 1831

72. May the Kingdom of God Go Forth
From the William E. McLellin Collection, LDS archives
(cf. LDS and RLDS D&C 65)

Revelation received at Hiram, Ohio, on 30 October 1831 on prayer3

A revelation of Joseph the Seer 30 Oct. 1831 on the 6th [chapter of] Matthew 10[th] verse

He[a]rken and lo a voice as one sent down from on high who is mighty and powerfu[l] whose going forth is unto the ends of the earth yea whose voice is unto all men prepare ye the way of the Lord make his paths strait. The keys of the kingdom of God is committed unto man on the earth and from thence shall the gospel roll forth unto the ends of the earth, as the stone which is hewn from the mountain without hands shall roll forth unti[l] it hath filled the whole earth.4

Yea a voice crying prepare ye the way of the Lord prepare ye the supper of the Lamb Make ready for the comeing of the bridegroom Pray unto the Lord. Call upon his holy name Make known his wonderful works among the people. Call upon the Lord that his kingdom may go forth upon the earth that the inhabitants thereof may receive it and be prepared for the days to come in the which the son of man shall come down in Heaven Clothed in the brightness of his glory to meet the kingdom of God which is set up on the earth. Wherefore may the kingdom of God go forth that the kingdom of heaven may come, that thou O God may be glorified [p.165] in heaven so on earth that thine enemies may be subdued for thine is the honor, power and glory for ever and ever Amen.

Jos[eph]. Smith Revelator

Revision

1835 D&C 24
(cf. LDS D&C 65:2; RLDS D&C 65:1)

The keys of the kingdom of God are committed unto man on the earth, and from thence shall the gospel roll forth unto the ends of the earth, as the stone which is cut out of the mountain without hands shall roll forth, until it has filled the whole earth

Commentary: A stone

A revelation on prayer was given on 30 October 1831 and copied by William E. McLellin. It was also copied by John Whitmer in November onto what would be page 112 of the BC manuscript. The revelation was published in the Evening and the Morning Star in September 1832. The wording “stone which is hewn from the mountain without hands” appears in this text, as in the BC manuscript. Later the words “hewn from” were crossed out and the words “cut out of” were added above the line.

The Evening and Morning Star reprint at Kirtland has the same text as that published earlier in Independence.5 The 1835 D&C followed the revision and printed the text as “cut out of.” The Kirtland Revelations Book (recorded after December 1833) does not contain this revision and evidently was not used for the 1835 D&C.

73. This Is Mine Authority
From BC 1 (cf. LDS and RLDS D&C 1)

Revelation received at Hiram, Ohio, on 1 November 1831
as the preface to the Book of Commandments

A Preface or instruction unto the Book of Commandments, which were given of the Lord unto his church, through him whom he appointed to this work, by the voice of his saints through the prayer of faith: This church being organized according to the will of him, who rules all things, on the sixth day of April, in the year of our Lord, one thousand eight hundred and thirty:

Hearken, O ye people of my church, saith the voice of Him who dwells, on high, and whose eyes are upon all men; yea, verily I say, hearken ye people from afar, and ye that are upon the islands of the sea, listen together; for verily the voice [p.166] of the Lord is unto all men, and there is none to escape, and there is no eye that shall not see, neither ear that shall not hear, neither heart that shall not be penetrated; and the rebellious shall be pierced with much sorrow, for their iniquities shall be spoken upon the house-tops, and their secret acts shall be revealed; and the voice of warning shall be unto all people, by the mouth of my disciples, whom I have chosen in these last days, and they shall go forth and none shall stay them, for I the Lord have commanded them.

Behold, this is mine authority, and the authority of my servants, and my Preface unto the Book of my Commandments, which I have given them to publish unto you, O inhabitants of the earth:—Wherefore fear and tremble, O ye people for what I the Lord have decreed, in them, shall be fulfilled: And verily, I say unto you, that they who go forth, bearing these tidings unto the inhabitants of the earth, to them is power given, to seal both on earth and in heaven, the unbelieving and rebellious; yea, verily, to seal them up unto the day when the wrath of God shall be poured out upon the wicked, without measure, unto the day when the Lord shall come to recompence [recompense] unto every man according to his work, and measure to every man according to the measure which he has measured to his fellow man.

Wherefore the voice of the Lord is unto the ends of the earth, that all that will hear may hear: Prepare ye, prepare ye for that which is to come, for the Lord is nigh; and the anger of the Lord is kindled, and his sword is bathed in heaven, and it shall fall upon the inhabitants of the earth; and the arm of the Lord shall be revealed; and the day cometh, that they who will not hear the voice of the Lord, neither the voice of his servants, neither give heed to the words of the prophet[s], and apostles, shall be cut off from among the people: For they have strayed from mine ordinances, and have broken mine everlasting covenant, they seek not the Lord to establish his righteousness, but every man walketh in his own way, and after the image of his own god, whose image is in the likeness of the world, and whose substance i[s] that of an idol, which waxeth old and shall perish in Babylon, even Babylon the great, which shall fall:

Wherefore I the Lord, knowing the calamity which should come upon the inhabitants of the earth, called upon my servant Joseph [Smith, Jr.], and spake unto him from heaven, and gave him commandments; and also gave commandments to others, that they should proclaim these things unto the world, and all this that it might be fulfilled, which was written by the prophets: The weak things of the world should come forth and break down the mighty and strong ones; that man should not counsel his fellow man, neither trust in the arm of flesh, but that every man might speak in the name of God, the Lord, even the Savior of the world; that faith also might increase in the earth; that mine everlasting covenant might be established; that the fulness of my gospel might be proclaimed by the weak and the simple, unto the ends of the world; and before kings and rulers.

Behold I am God and have spoken it: these commandments are of me, and were given unto my servants in their weakness, after the manner of their language, that they might come to understanding; and inasmuch as they erred, it might be made [p.167] known: and inasmuch as they sought wisdom, they might be instructed; and inasmuch as they sinned, they might be chastened, that they might repent; and inasmuch as they were humble, they might be made strong, and blessed from on high, and receive knowledge from time to time: after they, having received the record of the Nephites; yea, even my servant Joseph [Smith, Jr.] might have power to translate through the mercy of God, by the power of [G]od, the book of Mormon:

And also, those to whom these commandments were given, might have power to lay the foundation of this church, and to bring it forth out of obscurity, and out of darkness, the only true and living church upon the face of the whole earth, with which I the Lord am well pleased, speaking unto the church collectively and not individually, for I the Lord can not look upon sin with the least degree of allowance:

Nevertheless, he that repenteth and doeth the commandments of the Lord, shall be forgiven, and he that repenteth not from him shall be taken even the light which he hath received, for my Spirit shall not always strive with man, saith the Lord of hosts.

And again, verily I say unto you, O inhabitants of the earth, for I the Lord am willing to make these things known unto all flesh, for I am no respecter to persons, and willeth that all men shall know that the day speedily cometh, the hour is not yet, but is nigh at hand, when peace shall be taken from the earth, and the devil shall have power over his own dominion; and also, the Lord shall have power over his saints, and shall reign in their midst, and shall come down in judgment upon Idumea, or the world.

Search these commandments, for they are true and faithful, and the prophecies and promises which are in them, shall all be fulfilled. What I the Lord have spoken, I have spoken, and I excuse not myself, and though the heavens and the earth pass away, my word shall not pass away, but shall all be fulfilled, whether by mine own voice, or by the voice of my servants, it is the same: For behold, and lo, the Lord is God, and the Spirit beareth record, and the record is true, and the truth abideth forever and ever: Amen.

74. Let Not Your Minds Turn Back
From 1835 D&C 25 (cf. LDS and RLDS D&C 67)

Revelation received at Hiram, Ohio, on 1 November 1831
for the elders of the church

Revelation given November, 1831.

Behold, and hearken, O ye elders of my church, who have assembled yourselves together, whose prayers I have heard, and whose hearts I know, and whose desires have come up before me. Behold and lo, mine eyes are upon you; and the heavens and the earth are in mine hands, and the riches of eternity are mine to give. Ye endeavored to believe that ye should receive the blessing which was offered [p.168] unto you, but behold, verily I say unto you, there were fears in your hearts: and verily this is the reason that ye did not receive.

And now I the Lord give unto you a testimony of the truth of these commandments which are lying before you: your eyes have been upon my servant Joseph Smith, jr.: and his language you have known; and his imperfections you have known; and you have sought in your hearts knowledge, that you might express beyond his language: this you also know: now seek ye out of the book of commandments, even the least that is among them, and appoint him that is the most wise among you; or if there be any among you, that shall make one like unto it, then ye are justified in saying that ye do not know that they are true: but if ye cannot make one like unto it, ye are under condemnation if ye do not bear record that they are true: for ye know that there is no unrighteousness in them; and that which is righteous cometh down from above, from the Father of lights.

And again, verily I say unto you, that it is your privilege, and a promise I give unto you that have been ordained unto this ministry, that inasmuch as you strip yourselves from jealousies and fears, and humble yourselves before me, for ye are not sufficiently humble, the vail [veil] shall be rent and you shall see me and know that I am; not with the carnal, neither natural mind, but with the spiritual; for no man has seen God at any time in the flesh, except quickened by the Spirit of God: neither can any natural man abide the presence of God; neither after the carnal mind; ye are not able to abide the presence of God now, neither the ministering of angels: wherefore continue in patience until ye are perfected.

Let not your minds turn back; and when ye are worthy, in mine own due time, ye shall see and know that which was conferred upon you by the hands of my servant Joseph Smith, jr. Amen.

75. The Testimony of the Witnesses
From the Manuscript History, Book A-1:162-63

Testimony to the Book of Commandments given at Hiram, Ohio,
on 1 November 18316

The testimony of the witnesses to the book of the Lord[‘]s commandments, which he gave to his church through Joseph Smith, Jr. who was appointed by the voice of the church for this purpose: we therefore feel willing to bear testimony to all the world of mankind, to every creature upon the face of all the earth, and upon the islands of the sea, that the Lord has borne record to our souls, through the Holy [p.169] Ghost shed forth upon us, that these commandments were given by inspiration of God, and are profitable for all men, and are verily true. We give this testimony unto the world, the Lord being our helper: and it is through the grace of God, the Father, and his Son Jesus Christ, that we are permitted to have this privilege of bearing this testimony unto the world, that the children of men may be profited thereby.

76. I the Lord Am with You
From The Evening and the Morning Star 1 (Oct. 1832): [3]
(cf. LDS and RLDS D&C 68)

Revelation received at Hiram, Ohio, in [1-3] November 1831
for Orson Hyde, Luke S. Johnson, Lyman E. Johnson,
and William E. McLellin7

A Revelation, given November, 1831.

My servant, Orson [Hyde], was called, by his ordinance, to proclaim the everlasting gospel, by the spirit of the living God, from people to people, and from land to land, in the congregations of the wicked, in their synagogues,8 reasoning with and expounding all scriptures unto them: And behold and lo, this is an ensample [example] unto all those who were ordained unto this priesthood, whose mission is appointed unto them to go forth: And this is the ensample [example] unto them, that they shall speak as they are moved upon by the Holy Ghost; and whatsoever they shall speak, when moved upon by the Holy Ghost, shall be scripture; shall be the will of the Lord; shall be the mind of the Lord; shall be the word of the Lord; shall be the voice of the Lord, and the power of God unto salvation; Behold this is the promise of the Lord unto you, O ye my servants: wherefore, be of good cheer, and do not fear, for I the Lord am with you, and will stand by you; and ye shall bear record of me even Jesus Christ, that I am the Son of the living God; that I was; that I am; and that I am to come.

This is the word of the Lord unto you my servant, Orson [Hyde]; and also unto my servant, Luke [S. Johnson], and unto my servant, Lyman [E. Johnson], and unto my servant William [E. McLellin]; and unto all the faithful elders of my church: Go ye into all the world; preach the gospel to every creature; acting in the authority which I have given you; baptizing in the name of the Father, and of the Son, and of the Holy Ghost; and he that believeth, and is baptized, shall be saved, and he that believeth not shall be damned; and he that believeth shall be blessed with signs following, even as it is written: And unto you it shall be given to know [p.170] the signs of the times, and the signs of the coming of the Son of man; and of as many as the Father shall bear record, to you it shall be given power to seal them up unto eternal life: Amen.

And now, concerning the items in addition to the Laws and commandments, they are these: There remaineth hereafter in the due time of the Lord, other bishops to be set apart unto the church, to minister even according to the first; wherefore it shall be an high priest who is worthy; and he shall be appointed by a conference of high priests.

And again, no bishop or judge, which shall be set apart for this ministry, shall be tried or condemned for any crime, save it be before a conference of high priests; and in as much as he is found guilty before a conference of high priests, by testimony that cannot be impeached, he shall be condemned or forgiv[en], according to the laws of the church.

And again, in as much as parents have children in Zion, that teach them not to understand the doctrine of repentance; f[a]ith in Christ the Son of the living God; and of baptism and the gift of the Holy Ghost by the laying on of the hands, when eight years old:9 the sin be upon the head of the parents, for this shall be a law unto the inhabitants of Zion, and their children shall be baptized for the remission of their sins when eight years old, and receive the laying on of the hands: and they also shall teach their children to pray, and to walk uprightly before the Lord. And the inhabitants of Zion shall also observe the sabbath day to keep it holy[.] And the inhabitants of Zion, also, shall remember their labors, in as much as they are appointed to labor, in all faithfulness, f[o]r the idler shall be had in remembrance before the Lord.

Now I the Lord am not well pleased with the inhabitants of Zion, for there are idlers among them; and their children are also growing up in wickedness: They also seek not earnestly the riches of eternity, but their eyes are full of greediness. These things ought not to be, and must be done away from among them: wherefore let my servant Oliver [Cowdery], carry these s[a]yings unto the land of Zion. And a commandment I give unto them, that he that observeth not his prayers before the Lord in the season thereof, let him be had in remembrance before the judge of my people. These sayings are true and faithful: wherefore transgress them not, neither take therefrom. Behold I am Alpha and Omega, and I come quickly: Amen.

Revision

1835 D&C 22
(cf. LDS D&C 68:14-26; RLDS D&C 68:2-4)

There remaineth hereafter in the due time of the Lord, other bishops to be set apart unto the church to minister even according to the first: wherefore they shall be high [p.171] priests who are worthy, and they shall be appointed by the first presidency of the Melchizedek priesthood, except they be literal descendants of Aaron; and if they be literal descendants of Aaron, they have a legal right to the bishopric, if they are the first born among the sons of Aaron: for the first born holds the right of presidency over this priesthood, and the keys or authority of the same.

No man has a legal right to this office, to hold the keys of this priesthood, except he be a literal descendant and the first born of Aaron: but as a high priest of the Melchizedek priesthood has authority to officiate in all the lesser offices, he may officiate in the office of bishop when no literal descendant of Aaron can be found; provided he is called and set apart, and ordained unto this power under the hands of the first presidency of the Melchizedek priesthood.

And a literal descendant of Aaron, also, must be designated by this presidency, and found worthy, and anointed, and ordained under the hands of this presidency, otherwise they are not legally authorized to officiate in their priesthood: but by virtue of the decree concerning their right of the priesthood descending from father to son, they may claim their anointing, if at any time they can prove their lineage, or do ascertain it by revelation from the Lord under the hands of the above named presidency.

And again, no bishop or high priest, who shall be set apart for this ministry, shall be tried or condemned for any crime save it be before the first presidency of the church; and inasmuch as he is found guilty before this presidency, by testimony that cannot be impeached, he shall be condemned, and if he repents he shall be forgiven, according to the covenants and commandments of the church.

And again, inasmuch as parents have children in Zion, or in any of her stakes which are organized, that teach them not to understand the doctrine of repentance; faith in Christ the Son of the living God; and of baptism and the gift of the Holy Ghost by the laying on of the hands, when eight years old, the sin be upon the head of the parents, for this shall be a law unto the inhabitants of Zion, or in any of her stakes which are organized

Commentary: Melchizedek priesthood and literal descendants of Aaron

Two revelations received at Hiram, Ohio, in November 1831 were preserved during the early years of the church. The first of these, which calls Orson Hyde to the ministry, was first published in the Evening and the Morning Star in October 1832.

At the end of the revelation for Orson Hyde, Luke Johnson, Lyman E. Johnson, and William E. McLellin, God warns: “These sayings are true and faithful: wherefore transgress them not, neither take therefrom. Behold I am Alpha and Omega, and I come quickly: Amen.” A comparison between the early text and the 1835 D&C shows that a few words were deleted from the revelatory message. In three places the words “conference” and “high priests” were replaced by “presidency.”

To this revelation the words “or in any of her stakes which are organized” were [p.172] added twice. When the committee was appointed to compile the D&C, two stakes had been organized in the church, one at Kirtland, the second in Clay County, Missouri, both in 1834.

The second of these revelations (see document 78) concerns the manner of regulating the Church of Christ in the land of Zion (Missouri). There are two complete manuscripts of document 78, neither of which states that a literal descendant of Aaron has the legal right to the office of bishop. This is not only foreign to the early text, but nothing of this sort was taught in 1831, making this one of the most obvious anachronisms of the revision process.

Even though the early text of document 78 says the bishop’s counsellors should be chosen “among the Elders of the church,” this was probably interpreted to include high priests. Bishop Edward Partridge himself had been ordained to the high priesthood (high priest) on 3 June 1831. It is unclear what the phrase “whom he hath chosen or will choose” means, since Partridge had already chosen assistants or counselors on 3 June.10

The revisions emphasize that someone called from the high priesthood to officiate as a bishop does not have the legal right to hold this office. Why this type of addition was made is not known. It gives the impression that a bishop could be replaced if a literal descendant of Aaron (firstborn among the sons of Aaron) could be found. The addition states, “for the first born holds the right of presidency over this priesthood, and the keys or authority of the same.”11 What if someone happened to make this claim for himself? This was resolved in the following words which were added to document 76: “but by virtue of the decree concerning their right of the priesthood descending from father to son, they may claim their annointing, if at any time they can prove their lineage, or do ascertain it by revelation from the Lord under the hands of the above named presidency.”12

The emphasis here is on Old Testament concepts. The revision also states: “but as a high priest of the Melchizedek priesthood, has authority to officiate in all the lesser offices, he may officiate in the office of bishop when no literal descendant of Aaron can be found; provided he is called and set apart, and ordained unto this power under the hands of the first presidency of the Melchizedek priesthood.”13 Almost identical instructions were incorporated into document 78.14 The publication of the revised text in the June 1835 reprint of the Evening and Morning Star neither indicated that the text was different nor hinted at what the motivation for the change might be.

77. Go Ye Out from Babylon
From The Evening and the Morning Star 1 (May 1833): [1-2]
(cf. LDS D&C 133; RLDS D&C 108)

Revelation received at Hiram, Ohio, on 3 November 1831
for the Church of Christ15

[p.173] Hearken, O ye people of my church, saith the Lord your God, and hear the word of the Lord concerning you; the Lord who shall suddenly come to his temple; the Lord who shall come down upon the world with a curse to judgment; yea, upon all the nations that forget God, and upon all the ungodly among you.

For he shall make bare his holy arm in the eyes of all the nations, and all the ends of the earth shall see the salvation of their God:

Wherefore, prepare ye, prepare ye, O my people; sanctify yourselves; gather ye together, O ye people of my church, upon the land of Zion, all you that have not been commanded to tarry.

Go ye out from Babylon. Be ye clean that bear the vessels of the Lord. Call your solemn assemblies, and speak often one to another.

And let every man call upon the name of the Lord; yea, verily I say unto you, again, the time has come when the voice of the Lord is unto you, Go ye out of Babylon; gather ye out from among the nations, from the four winds, from one end of heaven to the other.

Send forth the elders of my church unto the nations which are afar off; unto the islands of the sea; send forth unto foreign lands; call upon all nations; firstly, upon the Gentiles, and then upon the Jews.

And behold and lo, this shall be their cry, and the voice of the Lord unto all people: Go ye forth unto the land of Zion, that the borders of my people may be enlarged, and that her stakes may be strengthened, and that Zion may go forth unto the regions round about:

Yea let the cry go forth among all people: Awake and arise and go forth to meet the Bride-groom:

Behold and lo the Bride-groom cometh, go ye out to meet him. Prepare yourselves for the great day of the Lord. Watch, therefore, for ye know neither the day nor the hour.

Let them, therefore, which are among the Gentiles, flee unto Zion. And let them who be of Judah, flee unto Jerusalem, unto the mountains of the Lord’s house.

Go ye out from among the nations, even from Babylon, from the midst of wickedness, which is spiritual Babylon.

But verily thus saith the Lord, let not your flight be in haste, but let all things be [p.174] prepared before you: and he that goeth, let him not look back, lest sudden destruction shall come upon him.

Hearken and hear O ye inhabitants of the earth. Listen ye elders of my church together, and hear the voice of the Lord, for he calleth upon all men and he commandeth all men every where to repent: for behold the Lord God hath sent forth the angel crying through the midst of heaven, saying: Prepare ye the way of the Lord, and make his paths strait, for the hour of his coming is nigh, when the Lamb shall stand upon mount Zion, and with him a hundred and forty-four thousand, having his Father’s name written in their foreheads:16

Wherefore, prepare ye for the coming of the Bride-groom: go ye, go ye out to meet him, for behold he shall stand upon the mount of Olivet, and upon the mighty ocean, even the great deep, and upon the islands of the sea, and upon the land of Zion; and he shall utter his voice out of Zion, and he shall speak from Jerusalem, and his voice shall be heard among all people, and it shall be a voice as the voice of many waters, and as the voice of a great thunder, which shall break down the mountains, and the valleys shall not be found:

He shall command the great deep and it shall be driven back into the north countries, and the islands shall become one land, and the land of Jerusalem and the land of Zion, shall be turned back into their own place, and the earth shall be like as it was in the days before it was divided.

And the Lord even the Savior shall stand in the midst of his people, and shall reign over all flesh. And they who are in the north countries shall come in remembrance before the Lord, and their prophets shall hear his voice, and shall no longer stay themselves, and they shall smite the rocks, and the ice shall flow down at their presence.

And an high way shall be cast up in the midst of the great deep. Their enemies shall become a prey unto them, and in the barren deserts there shall come forth pools of living water; and the parched ground shall no longer be a thirsty land. And they shall bring forth their rich treasures unto the children of Ephraim my servants.

And the boundaries of the everlasting hills shall tremble at their presence.— And then shall they fall down and be crowned with glory, even in Zion, by the hands of the servants of the Lord, even the children of Ephraim; and they shall be filled with songs of everlasting joy.

Behold this is the blessing of the everlasting God upon the tribes of Israel, and the richer blessing upon the head of Ephraim and his fellows.

And they also of the tribe of Judah, after their pain, shall be sanctified in holiness before the Lord to dwell in his presence day and night for ever and ever.

And now verily saith the Lord, that these things might be known among you, O inhabitants of the earth, I have sent forth mine angel, flying through the midst of heaven, having the everlasting gospel, who hath appeared unto some, and hath committed it unto man, who shall appear unto many that dwell on the earth, and this gospel shall be preached unto every nation, and kindred, and tongue, and peo-[p.175]ple, and the servants of God shall go forth, saying, with a loud voice:

Fear God and give glory to him: for the hour of his judgment is come: and worship him that made heaven, and earth, and sea, and the fountain of waters, calling upon the name of the Lord day and night, saying:

O that thou wouldst rend the heavens, that thou wouldst come down, that the mountains might flow down at thy presence. And it shall be answered upon their heads, for the presence of the Lord shall be as the melting fire that burneth, and as the fire which causeth the waters to boil.

O Lord, thou shalt come down to make thy name known to thine adversaries, and all nations shall tremble at thy presence. When thou doeth terrible things, things they look not for; yea, when thou comest down and the mountains flow down at thy presence, thou shalt meet him who rejoiceth and worketh righteousness, who remember thee in thy ways:

For since the beginning of the world have not man heard nor perceived by the ear, neither hath any eye seen, O God, besides thee, how great things thou hast prepared for him that waiteth for thee.

And it shall be said, Who is this that cometh down from God in heaven with died garments: yea, from the regions which are not known, clothed in his glorious apparrel [apparel], travelling in the greatness of his strength?

And he shall say, I am he who spake in righteousness, mighty to save. And the Lord shall be red in his apparrel [apparel], and his garments like him that treadeth in the wine vat, and so great shall be the glory of his presence, that the sun shall hide his face in shame; and the moon shall withhold its light; and the stars shall be hurled from their places:

And his voice shall be heard, I have trodden the wine-press alone, and have brought judgment upon all people; and none was with me; and I have trampled them in my fury, and I did tread upon them in mine anger, and their blood have I sprinkled upon my garments, and stained all my raiment: for this was the day of vengeance which was in my heart.

And now the year of my redeemed is come, and they shall mention the loving kindness of their Lord, and all that he has bestowed upon them, according to his goodness, and according to his loving kindness, forever and ever. In all their afflictions he was afflicted.

And the angel of his presence saved them; and in his love, and in his pity, he redeemed them, and bare them, and carried them all the days of old; yea, and Enoch also, and they who were with him; the prophets which were before him, and Noah also, and they who were before him, and Moses also, and they who were before him, and from Moses to Elijah, and from Elijah to John, who were with Christ in his resurrection, and the holy apostles, with Abraham, Isaac and Jacob, shall be in the presence of the Lamb.

And the graves of the saints shall be opened, and they shall come forth and stand on the right hand of the Lamb, when he shall stand upon mount Zion, and upon the holy city, the New Jerusalem, and they shall sing the song of the Lamb day and night forever and ever.

[p.176] And for this cause, that men might be made partakers of the glories which were to be revealed, the Lord sent forth the fulness of his gospel, his everlasting covenant, reasoning in plainness, and simplicity, to prepare the weak for those things which are coming on the earth; and for the Lord’s errand in the day when the weak should confound the wise, and the little one become a strong nation, and two should put their tens of thousands to flight; and by the weak things of the earth, the Lord should thresh the nations by the power of his Spirit.

And for this cause these commandments were given; they were commanded to be kept from the world in the d[a]y that they were given, but now are to go forth unto all flesh.

And this according to the mind and will of the Lord, who ruleth over all flesh; and unto him that repenteth and sanctifieth himself before the Lord, shall be given eternal life. And upon them that hearken not to the voice of the Lord, shall be fulfilled that which was written by the prophet Moses, That they should be cut off from among the people.

And also that which was written by the prophet Malachi: For behold the day cometh that shall burn as an oven, and all the proud; yea, and all that do wickedly, shall be stubble: and the day that cometh shall burn them up saith the Lord of Hosts, that it shall leave them neither root nor branch.

Wherefore this shall be the answer of the Lord unto them: In that day when I came unto my own, no man among you received me, and you were driven out.— When I called again, there was none of you to answer, yet my arm was not shortened at all, that I could not redeem, neither my power to deliver.

Behold at my rebuke I dry up the sea. I make the rivers a wilderness: their fish stinketh, and dieth for thirst. I clothe the heavens with blackness, and make sackcloth their covering.

And this shall ye have of my hand, ye shall lay down in sorrow.

Behold and lo there are none to deliver you, for ye obeyed not my voice when I called to you out of the heavens, ye believed not my servants; & when they were sent unto you ye received them not: wherefore they sealed up the testimony and bound up the law, and ye were delivered over unto darkness: these shall go away into outer darkness, where there is weeping, and wailing, and gnashing of teeth.— Behold the Lord your God hath spoken it. Amen.

78. None Shall Be Exempt
from the Justice and the Laws of God
From NKW Collection (cf. LDS D&C 107:59-75, 78-92, 99-100;
RLDS D&C 104:31-33, 35-42, 44)

Revelation received at Hiram, Ohio, in [11] November 1831
to the Church of Christ in the Land of Zion17

To the church of christ in the land of Zion in addition to the church laws respecting church business. Verily I say unto you saith the Lord of hosts; there must needs be presiding Elders to preside over those who are of the office of an Elder, and also priests over those who are of the office of a Priest, and also Teachers over those who are of the office of a Teacher in like manner and also the deacon; wherefore from Deacon to Teacher and from teacher to priest and from priest to Elder severally as they are appointed according to the church articles and covenants.

Then cometh the High priesthood which is the greatest of all; wherefore it must needs be that one be appointed of the high priesthood to preside over the priesthood and he shall be called president of the high priesthood of the church, or in other words the presideing [presiding] high priest over the high priesthood of the church from the same cometh the administering of ordinances and blessings upon the church by the laying on of the hands, wherefore the office of a Bishop is not equal unto it, for the office of a Bishop is in administering all temporal things,

nevertheless a Bishop must be chosen from the high priesthood that he may be set apart unto the ministering of temporal things, haveing a knowledge of them by the spirit of truth and also to be a Judge in israel to do the business of the church to sit in judgment upon transgressors upon testimony as it shall be laid before him according to the laws by the assistance of his counsellors whom he hath chosen or will choose among the Elders of the church, thus shall he be a judge even a common judge among the inhabitants of Zion until the borders are enlarged and it becomes necessary to have other Bishops or judg[es] and in asmuch as there are other Bishops appointed they shall act in the same office

and again verily I say unto you the most important business of the church and the most difficult cases of the church inasmuch as there is not satisfaction upon the decission [decision] of the judges it shall be handed over and carried up unto the court of the church before the president of the high priesthood and the president of the court of the Highpriesthood shall have power to call other high priests even twelve to assist as counsellors and thus the president of the high priesthood and his counsellors shall have power to decide upon testimony according to the laws of the [p.178] church and after this decision it Shall be had in remembrance no more before the Lord for this is the highest court of the church of God and a final decission [decision] upon controversies,

There is not any person belonging to the church who is exempt from this court of the church and inasmuch as the president of the high priesthood shall transgress, he shall be had in remembrance before the common court of the church who shall be assisted by twelve counsellors of the high priesthood and their decision upon his head shall be an end of controversy concerning him, Thus none shall be exempt from the justice and the laws of God, that all things may be done in order and in solemnity before me according to truth and righteousness Amen.

A few more words in addition to the laws of the church And again verily I say unto you, the duty of a president over the office of a Deacon is to preside over twelve Deacons to sit in council with them and to teach them their duty, edifying one another as it is given according to the covenants and also the duty of the president over the office of the Teachers is to preside over twenty four of the Teachers and to sit in council with them teaching them the duties of their office as given in the covenants, also the duty of the president over the priesthood [priests] is to preside over forty eight priests and to sit in council with them and to teach them the duties of their office as given in the covenants, and again the duty of the president over the office of the Elders is to preside over ninety six Elders and to sit in council with them and to teach them according to the covenants,

and again the duty of the president of the office of the high priesthood is to preside over the whole church and to be like unto moses. Behold here is wisdom yea to be a Seer a revelator a translator and a prophet, haveing all the gifts of God which he bestoweth upon the head of the church.

wherefore now let every man learn his duty and to act in the office in which he is appointed in all dilligence. He that is slothful shall not be counted worthy to stand, and he that learneth not his duty and showeth himself not approved shall not be counted worthy to stand even so Amen

Revision

1835 D&C 3
(cf. LDS D&C 107:63, 69-71, 74, 78-80; RLDS D&C 104:31-33, 35)

wherefore, from deacon to teacher, and from teacher to priest, and from priest to elder, severally as they are appointed, according to the covenants and commandments of the church

•   •   •

nevertheless, a bishop must be chosen from the high priesthood, unless he is a literal descendant of Aaron; for unless he is a literal descendant of Aaron he cannot hold the keys of that priesthood. Nevertheless, a high priest, that is after the order of Melchizedek, may be set apart unto the ministering of temporal things, having a knowledge of them by the Spirit of truth

•   •   •

[p.179] Thus shall he be a judge, even a common judge among the inhabitants of Zion, or in a stake of Zion, or in any branch of the church where he shall be set apart unto this ministry, until the borders of Zion are enlarged, and it becomes necessary to have other bishops, or judges in Zion, or elsewhere:

•   •   •

Again, verily, I say unto you: The most important business of the church, and the most difficult cases of the church, inasmuch as there is not satisfaction upon the decision of the bishop, or judges, it shall be handed over and carried up unto the council of the church, before the presidency of the high priesthood; and the presidency of the council of the high priesthood shall have power to call other high priests, even twelve, to assist as counsellors; and thus the presidency of the high priesthood, and its counsellors shall have power to decide upon testimony according to the laws of the church. And after this decision it shall be had in remembrance no more before the Lord; for this is the highest council of the church of God, and a final decision upon controversies in spiritual matters.

79. Send Forth the Accounts of
Their Stewardships to the Land of Zion
From 1835 D&C 28 (cf. LDS and RLDS D&C 69)

Revelation received at Hiram, Ohio, in [12] November 1831
for Oliver Cowdery and John Whitmer

Revelation given November, 1831.

Hearken unto me, saith the Lord your God, for my servant Oliver Cowdery’s sake, it is not wisdom in me that he should be entrusted with the commandments and the moneys which he shall carry unto the land of Zion, except one go with him who will be true and faithful: wherefore I the Lord willeth that my servant John Whitmer, should go with my servant Oliver Cowdery. And also that he shall continue in writing and making a history of all the important things which he shall observe and know, concerning my church, and also that he receive counsel and assistance from my servant Oliver Cowdery, and others.

And also, my servants who are abroad in the earth, should send forth the accounts of their stewardships to the land of Zion; for the land of Zion shall be a seat and a place to receive and do all these things; nevertheless, let my servant John Whitmer travel many times from place to place, and from church to church, that he may the more easily obtain knowledge: preaching and expounding, writing, copying, selecting and obtaining all things which shall be for the good of the church, and for the rising generations, that shall grow up on the land of Zion, to possess it from generation to generation, forever and ever. Amen.

80. Stewards over the Revelations, and Commandments
From 1835 D&C 26 (cf. LDS and RLDS D&C 70)

Revelation received at Hiram, Ohio, on 12 November 1831
for Joseph Smith, Jr., Martin Harris, Oliver Cowdery,
John Whitmer, Sidney Rigdon, and William W. Phelps

[p.180] Revelation given November, 1831.

Behold and hearken, O ye inhabitants of Zion, and all ye people of my church, who are far off, and hear the word of the Lord which I give unto my servant Joseph Smith, jr.; and also unto my servant Martin Harris; and also unto my servant Oliver Cowdery; and also unto my servant John Whitmer; and also unto my servant Sidney Rigdon; and also unto my servant Wm. W. Phelps: by the way of commandment unto them, for I give unto them a commandment: wherefore hearken and hear, for thus saith the Lord unto them, I the Lord have appointed them, and ordained them to be stewards over the revelations, and commandments which I have given unto them, and which I shall hereafter give unto them; and an account of this stewardship will I require of them in the day of judgment: wherefore I have appointed unto them, and this is their business in the church of God, to manage them and the concerns thereof, yea, the benefits thereof:

Wherefore a commandment I give unto them, that they shall not give these things unto the church, neither unto the world, nevertheless; inasmuch as they receive more than is needful for their necessities, and their wants, it shall be given into my storehouse, and the benefits shall be consecrated unto the inhabitants of Zion, and unto their generations, inasmuch as they become heirs according to the laws of the kingdom.

  Behold this is what the Lord requires of every man in his stewardship; even as I the Lord have appointed, or shall hereafter appoint unto any man. And behold none are exempt from this law who belong to the church of the living God; yea, neither the bishop, neither the agent, who keepeth the Lord’s storehouse; neither he who is appointed in a stewardship over temporal things: He who is appointed to administer spiritual things, the same is worthy of his hire, even as those who are appointed to a stewardship, to administer in temporal things; yea, even more abundantly, which abundance is multiplied unto them through the manifestations of the Spirit: nevertheless, in your temporal things you shall be equal, and this not grudgingly, otherwise the abundance of the manifestations of the Spirit, shall be withheld.

Now this commandment I give unto my servants for their benefit while they remain, for a manifestation of my blessings upon their heads, and for a reward of their diligence; and for their security for food and for raiment, for an inheritance; for houses and for lands, in whatsoever circumstances I the Lord shall place them, and whithersoever I the Lord shall send them: for they have been faithful over many things, and have done well inasmuch as they have not sinned. Behold I the Lord am merciful and will bless them, and they shall enter into the joy of these things: even so. Amen.

81. Confound Your Enemies
From NKW Collection (cf. LDS and RLDS D&C 71)

Revelation received at Hiram, Ohio, on 1 December 1831
for Joseph Smith, Jr., and Sidney Rigdon

[p.181] Hiram Portage county Ohio Dec 1 1831

Behold thus saith the Lord unto you my servents that the time has verily come that it is necessary and expedient in me that you should open your mouths in proclaiming my gospel the things of the kingdom expounding the misteries [mysteries] thereof out of the Schriptures [Scriptures] according to that portion of spirit and power which shall be given unto you as I will

Verily I say unto you proclaim unto the world in the regions round about and in the church also for the space of a season even untill it shall be made known unto you verily this is a mission for a season which I give unto you Wherefore labour ye in my vin[e]yard call upon the inhabitants of the earth and bear record and prepare the way for the commandments and the revelations which are to come

Now behold this is wisdom whoso readeth let him understand and receive also for unto him who receiveth it shall be given more abundantly even power wherefore confound your enemies call upon them to meet you both in publick and in private and inasmuch as ye are faithfull their shame shall be made manifest wherefore let them bring forth their strong reasons against the Lord Verily thus saith the Lord unto you there is no weapon that is formed against you shall prosper and if any man lift his voice against you he shall be confounded in mine own due time wherefore keep these commandments for they are true and faithful even so Amen

82. It Is Expedient in Me for a Bishop to Be Appointed
From NKW Collection (cf. LDS D&C 72:1-8; RLDS D&C 72:1-2)

Revelation received at Kirtland, Ohio, on 4 December 1831
for Newel K. Whitney18

Kirtland December 4th 1831

Hearken and listen to the voice of the Lord o ye who have assembled yourselves together who are the high priests of my church to whom the kingdom and power have been given for Verily thus saith the Lord it is expedient in me for a Bishop to be appointed unto you or of you unto the church in this part of the Lord[‘]s Vineyard and verily in this thing ye have done wisely for it is required of the Lord at the hand of every steward to render an account of his stewardship both in time and in [p.182] eternity for he who is faithfull and wise in time is accounted worthy to inherit the mantions [mansions] prepared for them of my father

Verily I say unto you the Elders of the church in this part of my vineyard shall render an account of their stewardship unto the Bishop which shall be appointed of me in this part of my vin[e]yard these things shall be had on record to be handed over unto the Bishop in Zion and the duty of the Bishop shall be made known by the commandments which have been given and by the voice of the conference

And now I say unto you my servent Newel [K. Whitney] is the man who shall be appointed and ordained unto this power this is the will of the Lord your God your Redeemer even so Amen

83. To Receive the Funds of the Church
From NKW Collection (cf. LDS D&C 72:9-26; RLDS D&C 72:3-5)

Revelation received at Kirtland, Ohio, on 4 December 1831
on the duty of the bishop

The duty of the Bishop as made known at the same time

The word of the Lord in addition to the law which has been given making known the duty of the Bishop which has been ordained unto the church in this part of the vin[e]yard which is verily this To keep the Lord[‘]s storehouse to receive the funds of the church in this part of the vin[e]yard to take an account of the Elders as before has been commanded and to administer to their wants who shall pay for that which they receive inasmuch as they have wherewith to pay that this also may be consecrated to the good of the church to the poor and needy and he who hath not wherewith to pay an account shall be taken and handed over to the Bishop in Zion who shall pay the debt out of that which the Lord shall put into his hands and the labours of the faithfull who labour in spiritual things in administering the gospel and the things of the kingdom unto the church and unto the world shall answer the debt unto the Bishop in Zion thus it cometh out of the church for according to the law every man who cometh up to Zion must lay all things before the Bishop in Zion.

And now verily I say unto you that as every Elder in this part of the Vin[e]yard must give an account of his stewardship unto the Bishop in this part of the vin[e]yard a certificate from the judge or Bishop in this part of the vin[e]yard unto the Bishop in Zion rendereth every man acceptable and answereth all things for an inherit[a]nce and to be received as a wise steward and as a faithfull labourer otherwise shall not be accepted of the Bishop in Zion. And now verily I say unto you let every Elder who shall give an account unto the Bishop of the church in this part of the vin[e]yard be recommended by the church or churches in which he labours that he may render himself and his accounts approved in all things

And again let my servents who are appointed as stewards over the litterary [literary] concerns of my church have claim for assist[a]nce upon the Bishop or Bishops [p.183] in all things that the revelations may be published and go forth unto the ends of the earth that they also may obtain funds which shall benefit the church in all things that they also may render themselves approved in all things and be accounted as wise stewards. And behold this shall be an ensample [example] for all the extensive branches of my church in whatsoever land they shall be established and now I make an end of my sayings Amen

A few words in addition to the laws of the kingdom respecting the members of the church they who are appointed by the holy spirit to go up unto Zion & they who are priviledged [privileged] to go up unto Zion let them carry up unto the bishop a certificate from three Elders of the church or a certificate from the Bishop otherwise he who shall go up unto the land of Zion shall not be accounted a wise steward this also an ensample [example] Amen

84. Continue Preaching the Gospel
From NKW Collection (cf. LDS and RLDS D&C 73)

Revelation received at Hiram, Ohio, on 10 January 1832
for Joseph Smith, Jr., and Sidney Rigdon

Hiram Portage county ohio Jan 10th 1832

A Revelation to Joseph and Sidney. The word of the Lord unto them concerning the Elders of the church of the Living God established in the last days making known the will of the Lord unto the Elders what they should do untill conference

For verily thus saith the Lord it is expedi[e]nt in me that they should continue preaching the gospel and in exhortation to the churches in the reagions [regions] round about untill conference and behold then it shall be made known unto them by the voice of the conference their severall [several] missions

Now verily I say unto my servents Joseph [Smith, Jr.] and Sidney [Rigdon] saith the Lord it is expedient to translate again and in asmuch as it is practicable to preach in the reagions [regions] round about untill conference and after that it is expedient to continue the work of translation untill it be finished. And let this be a pattern unto the Elders untill further knowledge even as it is written and now I give no more unto you at this time gird up you loines [loins] and be sober even so Amen

85. According to the Revelations and Commandments
From NKW Collection (cf. LDS D&C 75:1-22; RLDS D&C 75:1-3)

Revelation received at Amherst, Ohio, on 25 January 1832
for the elders of the church19

[p.184] Verily verily I say unto you I who speak even by the voice of my spirit even Alpha and Omega your Lord and your God Hearken o ye who have giv[e]n your names to go forth to proclaim my gospel and to prune my vin[e]yard behold I say unto you that it is my will that you should go fo[r]th and not tarry neither be idle but labour with you mights lifting up your voices as with the sound of a trump proclaiming the truth according to the revelations and commandments which I have given you and thus if ye are faithfull ye shall be laden with many she[a]ves and crouned [crowned] with honor and glory and immortality and eternal life

Therefore verily I say unto my servent William [E. McLellin] I revoke the commission which I gave unto him to go unto the eastern countries and I give unto him a new commission and a new commandment in the which I the Lord chasteneth him for the murmurings of his heart and he sinned nevertheless I forgive him and say unto him again go ye into the south countries and let my servent Luke [S. Johnson] go with him and proclaim the things which I have commanded them calling on the name of the Lord for the comforter which shall teach them all things that is expedient for them praying always that they faint not and inasmuch as they do this I will be with them even unto the end behold this is the will of the Lord your God concerning you even so Amen

And again verily thus saith the Lord let my servent Orson Hyde and my servent Samuel [H. Smith] take their journey into the eastern countries and proclaim the things which I have commanded them and inasmuch as they are faithfull lo I will be with them even unto the end

And again verily I say unto my servent Lyman [E. Johnson] and unto my servent orson Pratt they shall also take their Journey into the eastern countries and behold and lo I am with them also even unto the end

And again I say unto my servent Asa [Dodds] and unto my servent Calves [Wilson] that they also shall take their journey unto the western countries and proclaim my gospel even as I have commanded them and he who is faithfull shall over come all things and shall be lifted up at the last day

and again I say unto my servent Major [N. Ashley] and my Servent Burr [Riggs] take their journey also into the south countries yea let all these take their journey as I have commanded them going from house to house and from village to village and from City to City and in whatsoever house ye enter and they receive you leave your blessing upon that house and in whatsoever house ye enter and they receive [p.185] you not ye shall depart speedily from that house and shake off the dust of your feet as a testimony against them and you shall be filled with joy and gladness and know this that in the day of judgement you shall be judges of that house and condemn them and it shall be more tollarable [tolerable] for the heathen in the day of judgement than for that house therefore gird up your loines [loins] and be faithfull and ye shall overcome all things and be lifted up at the last day even so Amen

86. Supporting the Families
From NKW Collection (cf. LDS D&C 75:23-36;
RLDS D&C 75:4-5)

Revelation received at Amherst, Ohio, on 25 January 1832
for the elders of the church

And again thus saith the Lord unto you o ye Elders of my church who have given your names that you might know his will concerning you behold I say unto you that it is the duty of the church to assist in supporting the families of those and also to support the families of those who are called and must needs be sent unto the world to proclaim the gospel unto the world wherefore I the Lord give unto you this commandment that ye obtain places for your families inasmuch as your breathren [brethren] are willing to open their hearts and let all such as can obtain places for their families and support of the church for them not fail to go into the world wheather [whether] to the east or to the west or to the north or to the South let them ask and they shall receive knock and it shall be opened unto them and made known from on high even by the comforter whither they shall go

And again verily I say unto you that every man who is obliged to provide for his own family let him provide and he shall in no wise loose his crown and let him labour in the church let every man be dilligent in all things and the idler shall not have place in the church except he repents and mends his ways

wherefore let my servent Simeon [Carter] and my servent Emer [Harris] be united in their ministry and also my servent Ezra [Thayer] and my servent Thomas [B. Marsh] also my servent Hiram [Hyrum Smith] and my servent Reynolds [Cahoon] and also my servent Daniel [Stranton] and my servent Seymore [Seymour Brunson] and also my servent Selvester [Sylvester Smith] and my servent Gideon [Carter] and also my servent Ruggles [Eames] and my servent Stephen [Burnett] and also my servent Micha [Micah B. Welton] and also my servent Eden [Smith] even so Amen

87. The Eyes of Our Understanding
From The Evening and the Morning Star 1 (July 1832): [2-3]
(cf. LDS and RLDS D&C 76)

Vision of Joseph Smith, Jr., and Sidney Rigdon received
at Hiram, Ohio, on 16 February 183220

[p.186] A VISION.

Hear, O ye Heavens, and give ear, O earth, and rejoice ye inhabitants thereof, for the Lord he is God, and beside him there is none else; and great is his wisdom; marvelous are his ways; and the extent of his doings, none can find out; his purposes fail not, neither are there any who can stay his hand: from eternity to eternity, he is the same, and his years never fail.

I the Lord am merciful and gracious unto them who fear me, and delight to honor them who serve me in righteousness, and in truth; great shall be their reward, and eternal shall be their glory; and unto them will I reveal all mysteries; yea, all the hidden mysteries of my Kingdom from days of old; and for ages to come will I make known unto them the good pleasure of my will concerning all things; yea, even the wonders of eternity shall they know, and things to come will I show them, even the things of many generations; their wisdom shall be great, and their understanding reach to Heaven; before them the wisdom of the wise shall perish, and the understanding of the prudent shall come to nought; for by my Spirit will I enlighten them, and by my power will I make known unto them the secrets of my will; yea, even those things which eye has not seen, nor ear heard, nor yet entered into the heart of man.

We, Joseph [Smith, Jr.] and Sidney [Rigdon], being in the Spirit on the sixteenth of February, in the year of our Lord, one thous[a]nd eight hundred and thirty two, and through the power of the Spirit, our eyes were opened, and our understandings were enlightened, so as to see and understand the things of God; even things which were from the beginning before the world was, which was ordained of the Father, through his only begotten Son, who was in the bosom of the Father, even from the beginning, of whom we bear record, and the record which we bear is the fulness of the Gospel of Jesus Christ, which is in the Son whom we saw and with whom we conversed in the Heavenly Vision; for as we sat doing the work of translation, which the Lord had appointed unto us, we came to the twenty ninth verse of the fifth chapter of John, which was given unto us thus:

[p.187] speaking of the resurrection of the dead who should hear the voice of the Son of m[a]n, and shall come forth; they who have done good in the resurrection of the just, and they who have done evil in the resurrection of the unjust.

Now this caused us to marvel, for it was given us of the Spirit; and while we meditated upon these things, the Lord touched the eyes of our understandings, and they were opened, and the glory of the Lord shone round about; and we beheld the glory of the Son, on the right hand of the Father, and received of his fulness; and saw the holy angels, and they who are sanctified before his throne, worshiping God and the Lamb forever and ever.

And now after the many testimonies which have been given of him, this is the testimony, last of all, which we give of him, that he lives; for we saw him, even on the right hand of God; and we heard the voice bearing record that he is the only begotten of the Father; that by him, and through him, and of him, the worlds are made, and were created; and the inhabitants thereof are begotten sons and daughters unto God.

This we saw also and bear record, that an angel of God, who was in authority in the presence of God, who rebelled against the only begotten Son, (whom the Father loved, and who was in the bosom of the Father,) and was thrust down from the presence of God and the Son, and was called Perdition; for the Heavens wept over him; for he was Lucifer, even the son of the morning; and we beheld and lo, he is fallen! is fallen! even the son of the morning. And while we were yet in the Spirit, the Lord commanded us that we should write the Vision; for behold satan, that old serpant [serpent], even the devil, who rebelled against God, and sought to take kingdoms of our God, and of his Christ; wherefore he maketh war with the saints of God, and encompasses them about: And we saw a vision of the eternal sufferings of those with whom he maketh war and overcometh, for thus came the voice of the Lord unto us.

Thus saith the Lord, concerning all those who know my power, and who have been made partakers thereof, and suffered themselves, through the power of the devil, to be overcome unto the denying of the truth, and the defying of my power: they are they who are the sons of perdition, of whom I say it had been better for them never to have been born; for they are vessels of wrath doomed to suffer the wrath of God, with the devil and his angels, throughout eternity: concerning whom I have said there is no forgiveness for them in this world nor in the world to come; having denied the Holy Ghost after having received it, and having denied the only begotten Son of the Father, crucifying him unto themselves, and putting him to an open shame:

these are they who shall go away into the lake of fire and brimstone, with the devil and his angels, and the only ones on whom the second death shall have any power; yea, verily the only ones who shall not be redeemed in the due time of the Lord, after the sufferings of his wrath, who shall be brought forth by the resurrection of the dead, through the triumph & the glory of the Lamb; who was slain, who was in the bosom of the Father before the worlds were made.

And this is the Gospel, the glad tidings which the voice out of the heavens bore [p.188] record unto us, that he came into the world, even Jesus to be crucified for the world, and to bear the sins of the world, and to sanctify the world, and to cleanse it from all unrighteousness; that through him all might be saved, whom the Father had put into his power; and made by him who glorifieth the Father; and saveth all the work of his hands, except those sons of perdition, who denieth the Son after the Father hath revealed him: wherefore he saveth all save them, and these shall go away into everlasting punishment, which is endless punishment, which is eternal punishment, to reign with the devil and his angels throughout eternity, where their worm dieth not and the fire is not quenched, which is their torment, but the end thereof, neither the place thereof, and their torment, no man knoweth, neither was revealed, neither is, neither will be revealed unto man, save to them who are made partakers thereof:

nevertheless I the Lord showeth it by vision unto many, but straightway shutteth it up again: wherefore the end, the width, the height, the depth, and the misery thereof, he understandeth not, neither any man save them who are ordained unto this condemn[a]tion. And we heard the voice saying, Write the Vision for lo, this is the end of the vision of the eternal sufferings of the ungodly!

And again, we bear record for we saw and heard, and this is the testimony of the Gospel of Christ, concerning them who come forth in the resurrection of the just: they are they who received the testimony of Jesus, and believed on his name, and were baptized after the manner of his burial, being buried in the water in his name, and this according to the comm[a]ndment which he hath given, that, by keeping the commandment, they might be washed and cleansed from all their sins, and receive the Holy Ghost by the laying on of the hands of him who is ord[a]ined and sealed unto this power; and who overcome by faith, and are sealed by that Holy Spirit of promise, which the Father shedeth forth upon all those who are just and true:

they are they who are the church of the first-born: they are they into whose hands the Father hath given all things: they are they who are priests and kings, who having received of his fulness, and of his glory, are priests of the most High after the order of Melchisedek, which was after the order of Enoch, which was after the order of the only begotten Son: wherefore, as it is written, they are gods, even the sons of God: wherefore all things are theirs, whether life or death, or things present, or things to come, all are theirs, and they are Christ’s and Christ is God’s; and they shall overcome all things: wherefore let no man glory in man, but rather let him glory in God, who shall subdue all enemies under his feet:

these shall dwell in the presence of God and his Christ forever and ever: these are they whom he shall bring with him, when he shall come in the clouds of heaven, to reign on the earth over his people: these are they who shall have part in the first resurrection: these are they who shall come forth in the resurrection of the just: these are they who are come unto mount Zion, and unto the city of the living God, the heavenly place, the holiest of all: these are they who have come to an innumerrable company of angels; to the general assembly and church of Enoch, and of the first born: these are they whose names are written in Heaven, where God [p.189] and Christ is the judge of all: these are they who are just men made perfect through Jesus the Mediator of the new covenant, who wrought out this perfect atonement through the shedding of his own blood: these are they whose bodies are celestial, whose glory is that of the Son, even of God the highest of all; which glory the Sun of the firmament is written of as being typical.

And again, we saw the Terrestrial world, and behold and lo! these are they who are of the terrestrial, whose glory differeth from that of the church of the first born, who have received of the fulness of the Father, even as that of the Moon differeth from the Sun of the firmament.

Behold, these are they who died without law; and also they who are the spirits of men kept in prison, whom the Son visited and preached the Gospel unto them, that they might be judged according to men in the flesh, who received not the testimony of Jesus in the flesh, but afterwards received it: these are they who are honorable men of the earth, who were blinded by the craftiness of men: these are they who receive of his glory, but not of his fulness: these are they who receive of the presence of the Son, but not of the fulness of the Father: wherefore they are bodies terrestrial, and not bodies celestial, and differeth in glory as the Moon differeth from the Sun: these are they who are not valiant in the testimony of Jesus: wherefore they obtained not the crown over the kingdoms of our God. And now this is the end of the vision which we saw of the terrestrial, that the Lord commanded us to write while we were yet in the Spirit.

And again, we saw the glory of the Telestial, which glory is that of the lesser, even as the glory of the stars differeth from that of the glory of the Moon in the firmament: these are they who receive not the Gospel of Christ, neither the testimony of Jesus: these are they who deny not the Holy Ghost: these are they who are thrust down to hell: these are they who shall not be redeemed from the devil, until the last resurrection, until the Lord, even Christ the Lamb, shall have finished his work: these are they who receive not of his fulness in the eternal world, but of the Holy Ghost through the administration of the terrestrial; and the terrestrial through the administration of the celestial; and also the telestial receive it of the administering of angels, who are appointed to minister for them, or who are appointed to be ministering spirits for them, for they shall be heirs of salvation.—

And thus we saw in the Heavenly vision, the glory of the telestial which surpasseth all understanding; and no man knoweth it except him to whom God hath revealed it. And thus we saw the glory of the terrestrial, which excelleth in all things the glory of the telestial, even in glory, and in power, and in might, and in dominion. And thus we saw the glory of the celestial, which excelleth in all things where God, even the Father, reigneth upon his throne forever and ever: before whose throne all things bow in humble reverence and giveth him glory forever and ever.

They who dwell in his presence are the church of the first born; and they see as they are seen, and know as they are known, having received of his fulness and of his grace; and he maketh them equal in power, and in might, and in dominion. And the glory of the celestial is one, even as the glory of the Sun is one. And the glory of the Terrestrial is one, even as the glory of the Moon is one. And the glory of the [p.190] Telestial is one, even as the glory of the stars is one: for as one star differeth from another star in glory, even so differeth one from another in glory in the telestial world:

for these are they who are of Paul, and of Apollos, and Cephas: they are they who say, there are some of one and some of annother [another]; some of Christ; and some of John; and some of Moses; and some of Elias; and some of Esaias; and some of Isaiah; and some of Enoch, but received not the Gospel; neither the testimony of Jesus; neither the prophets; neither the everlasting covenant; last of all: these are they who will not be gathered with the saints, to be caught up into the church of the first born, and received into the cloud: these are they who are liars, and sorcerers, and adulterers, and whoremungers [whoremongers], and whosoever loveth and maketh a lie: these are they who suffer the wrath of God on the earth: these are they who suffer the vengeance of eternal fire: these are they who are cast down to hell and suffer the wrath of Almighty God until the fulness of times, when Christ shall have subdued all enemies under his feet, and shall have perfected his work, when he shall deliver up the kingdom and present it unto his Father spotless, saying:

I have overcome and trodden the wine-press alone, even the wine-press of the fierceness of the wrath of Almighty God: then shall he be crowned with the crown of his glory, to sit on the throne of his power to reign forever and ever.

But behold and lo, we saw the inhabitants of the telestial world, that they were in number as innumerable as the stars in the firmament of Heaven, or as the sand upon the sea shore, and heard the voice of the Lord saying: These all shall bow the knee, and every tongue shall confess to him who sitteth upon the throne forever and ever: for they shall be judged according to their works; and every man shall receive according to his own works, and his own dominion, in the mansions which are prepared; and they shall be servants of the most High, but where God and Christ dwells they cannot come, worlds without end. This is the end of the vision which we saw, which we were commanded to write while we were yet in the Spirit.

But great and marvelous are the works of the Lord and the mysteries of his kingdom which he showed unto us, which surpasseth all understanding in glory, and in might, and in dominion, which he commanded us we should not write, while we were yet in the Spirit, and are not lawful for man to utter; neither is man capable to make them known, for they are only to be seen and understood by the power of the Holy Ghost; which God bestows on those who love him and purify themselves before him; to whom he grants this privilege of seeing and knowing for themselves; that through the power and manifestation of the Spirit, while in the flesh, they may be able to bear his presence in the world of glory. And to God and the Lamb be glory, and honor, and dominion, forever and ever. Amen.

Revision

1835 D&C 91
(cf. LDS D&C 76:1, 26, 30, 33-34, 44, 49, 68, 116; RLDS D&C 76:1, 3-5, 8)

[p.191] Hear, O ye heavens, and give ear, O earth, and rejoice ye inhabitants thereof, for the Lord is God, and beside him there is no Savior

 •   •   •

and was called Perdition; for the heavens wept over him; he was Lucifer, a son of the morning; and we beheld and lo, he is fallen! is fallen! even a son of the morning.

•   •   •

And we saw a vision of the sufferings of those with whom he made war and overcame, for thus came the voice of the Lord unto us.

•   •   •

for they are vessels of wrath doomed to suffer the wrath of God, with the devil and his angels, in eternity: concerning whom I have said there is no forgiveness in this world nor in the world to come

•   •   •

wherefore he saves all except them; they shall go away into everlasting punishment, which is endless punishment, which is eternal punishment, to reign with the devil and his angels in eternity, where their worm dieth not and the fire is not quenched, which is their torment, and the end thereof, neither the place thereof, nor their torment, no man knows, neither was it revealed, neither is, neither will be revealed unto man, except to them who are made partakers thereof

•   •   •

And we heard the voice saying, Write the vision for lo! this is the end of the vision of the sufferings of the ungodly!

•   •   •

these are they whose names are written in heaven, where God and Christ are the judge of all

•   •   •

neither is man capable to make them known, for they are only to be seen and understood by the power of the Holy Spirit, which God bestows on those who love him and purify themselves before him

Commentary: Vision of the glories

Joseph Smith’s and Sidney Rigdon’s vision of glory was written down, probably by Sidney Rigdon, on 16 February 1832 at Hiram, Ohio, and later that year copied into the Kirtland Revelations Book by Frederick G. Williams. The vision (actually a series of visions) was published in the Evening and the Morning Star in the July issue probably from a copy brought to Independence, Missouri, for publication in the [p.192] BC. A portion of the printer’s manuscript, which contains the concluding part of the vision, is in the possession of the RLDS church; it is in the handwriting of John Whitmer.21

The vision was revised for the Evening and Morning Star reprint published in Kirtland in February 1835. Some of the textual changes are found in the KRB, apparently in Joseph Smith’s handwriting. The altered text was published in the 1835 D&C as section 91, and copied from there into the manuscript history of the church in 1843.22

There are two full texts of the vision: one in the “Book of Commandments, Law and Covenants, Book B,” the other in the KRB. The later was altered by deleting words and inserting additional words above the lines.

The early text reads “for the Lord he is God, and besides him there is none else.” In the KRB the word “none” was shortened to “no” and the word “else” was crossed out. Above the line the word “Savior” was added. At that point the later text reads “besides him there is no Savior.” Book B does not support the later text. The Evening and Morning Star reprint for the passage had the latest reading, it being published in February 1835, three years after the vision was originally written. The D&C has “no Savior.”

The process of change seems fairly straightforward. The text was recorded in the KRB in the latter part of 1832 and the crossouts and additions were probably done after the members of the D&C committee were appointed. The early text was basically the same as the three earliest documents.

In the vision of eternal sufferings, Smith and Rigdon said that they saw the sons of perdition. They recorded that “he [God] saveth all save them, and these shall go away into everlasting punishment, which is endless punishment, which is eternal punishment, to reign with the devil and his angels throughout eternity, where their worm dieth not and the fire is not quenched, which is their torment, but the end thereof, neither the place thereof, and their torment, no man knoweth, neither was revealed, neither is, neither will be revealed unto man, save to them who are made partakers thereof.”23

The text in several areas was then altered to delete words such as “eternal” from “eternal sufferings” and “throughout” from “throughout eternity,” which became “in eternity.” Most of this was done after the text was copied into the KRB. Some of the changes are cosmetic, but some are important because they affect our understanding of doctrine.

The background for the vision is as follows: Smith and Rigdon were working on a correction of the King James Version of the New Testament; Smith would read the text, and any revisions were related to Rigdon, his scribe, who would rec-[p.193]ord them in the working manuscript. The Evening and the Morning Star published the vision with the following background:

for as we sat doing the work of translation, which the Lord had appointed unto us, we came to the twenty ninth verse of the fifth chapter of John, which was given unto us thus: speaking of the resurrection of the dead who should hear the voice of the Son of man, and shall come forth; they who have done good in the resurrection of the just, and they who have done evil in the resurrection of the unjust. Now this caused us to marvel, for it was given us of the Spirit; and while we meditated upon these things, the Lord touched the eyes of our understanding, and they were opened24

When Rigdon and Smith came to the passage of John 5:29, it apparently brought to mind concepts in 1 Corinthians 15:40 and Hebrews 12:22-24. The former reads: “And shall come forth; they that have done good, unto the resurrection of life; and they that have done evil, unto the resurrection of damnation” (John 5:29, KJV).25

There are three passages in the Book of Mormon that are based on John 5:29 regarding the resurrection of the just and unjust. All three include the word “damnation.”26 However, as Smith and Rigdon pondered John 5:29,27 they were no longer comfortable with the traditional concept of heaven and hell.

88. To Be a Servant unto Me
From KRB, 10

Revelation received at Hiram, Ohio, on 27 February 1832
for Lincoln Haskins
28

[p.194] Hyrum [Hiram] Portage County Ohio Feby. 27th 1832

Behold thus saith the Lord unto you my servants that I have chosen Lincoln [Haskins] to be a servant unto me wherefore verely [verily] I say unto you lit [let] him be ordained and receive the articles and covenants which I have givin [given] unto you and some of the commandments that he may go forth and proclaim my gospel whiterso[e]ver I will send him in the congregation[s] of the wicked and in asmuch as he is faithful I will prosper him even so Amen

89. In the Days of the Apostles
From KRB, 94-95 (cf. LDS and RLDS D&C 74)

Explanation of 1 Corinthians 7:14, given at
Hiram, Ohio, in [ca.17 February-early March] 183229

An explanation of the 14th verse of the 7 chap[ter] of the first [epistle to the] corinthians

Now in the days of the Apostles the law of circum[cision] was had among the Jews which believed not the Gospel of Jesus Christ And it came to pass that there arose a great contention among the people concerning the law of circumcission for the unbelieving husband was desirous that his children should be circumcised and become subject to the law of Moses which law was fulfilled

and it came to pass that the children being brought up in subjection to the law of Moses and gave heed to the traditions of their fathers and believed not the gospel of Christ wherein they became unholy wherefore for this cause the apostle wrote unto the church giving unto them a commandment not of the Lord but of himself [p.195] that a believer should not be united to an unbeliever except the law of Moses should be done away among them that their children might remain without circumcision and that the tradition might be done away which saith that little children are unholy for it was had among the Jews but little children are holy being sanctified through the atonement of Jesus Christ and this is what these scriptures mean

90. All Things Be Done unto My Glory
From NKW Collection (cf. LDS D&C 78; RLDS D&C 77)

Revelation received at Kirtland, Ohio, on 1 March 1832
concerning the United Firm30

Kirtland March 1st 1832

Hearken unto me saith the Lord your God O ye who are ordained unto the High Priesthood of my church who have assembled yourselves together & listen to the councel [counsel] of him who has ordained you from on high who shall speak in your ears the words of wisdom that salvation may be with you in that thing which you have presented before me saith the Lord God

for verily I say unto you the time has come and and is now at hand and behold & lo it must needs be that there be an organization of the Literary and Merchantile establishments of my church both in this place and in th[e] land of Zion for a perminent [permanent] and everlasting establishment and firm unto my church to advance the cause which ye have espaused [espoused] to the salvation of man and to th[e] glory of your Father who is in heaven that you may be equal in the bonds of heavenly things yea and earthly things also for the obtaining of heavenly things for if ye are not equal in earthly things ye cannot be equal in obtaining heavenly thing[s] for if ye will that I give unto you a place in the celestial world you must prepare yourselves by doing the thing[s] which I have commanded & required of you

& now verily thus saith the Lord it is expedient that all things be done unto my glory that ye should who are joined together in this firm or in other words that my Servant Newel [K. Whitney] and my servant Joseph [Smith, Jr.] and my servant Sidney [Rigdon] sit in councel [council] with the saints who are in zion otherwise satan seeketh to turn there [their] hearts away from the truth that they become blinded & understand not the things which are prepared for them wherefore a commandment I give unto you to prepare an[d] organize yourselves by an everlasting covenant which cannot be broken

[p.196] & he who breaketh it shall loose his office & standing in the church and shall be delivered over unto the buffitings of satan untill th[e] day of redemption Behold this is the preparation wherewith I prepare you and the foundation & th[e] ensample [example] which I give unto you whereby you may accomp[l]ish the commandments which are given to you that through the providenc[e] of your Father notwithstanding the tribulation which shall descend upon you you may stand independent above all other creatures beneath the Celestial world that you may come up unto the crown prepared for you and be made rulers over many Kingdoms saith the Lord God the holy one of Israel

Verily Verily I say unto you ye are little children and ye have not as yet understood how great blessings the father has put into his own hands and prepared for you and ye cannot bear all things now nevertheless be of good cheer for I will lead you a long the Kingdom is yours and the blessing thereof are yours and the riches of Eternity ar[e] yours & he who receiveth all things with thankfulness shall be made glorious in the things of this world even an hundred fold yea more wherefore do the things which I have commanded you saith your redeemer even Jesus Christ who prepareth all things before he cometh and then he will come even with the church of the first born & receive you in the cloud and appoint ev[e]ry man his portion & he that is a faithful & wise steward shall inherit all things Amen

Revision

1835 D&C 75
(cf. LDS D&C 78:1, 3-4, 8-9, 14-16, 19-22; RLDS D&C 77:1-4)

The Lord spake unto Enoch, saying, Hearken unto me saith the Lord your God, who are ordained unto the high priesthood of my church, who have assembled yourselves together

•   •   •

for verily I say unto you, the time has come, and is now at hand, and behold, and lo, it must needs be that there be an organization of my people, in regulating and establishing the affairs of the storehouse for the poor of my people, both in this place and in the land of Zion, or in other words, the city of Enoch, for a permanent and everlasting establishment and order unto my church, to advance the cause which ye have espoused, to the salvation of man, and to the glory of your Father who is in heaven

•   •   •

And now, verily thus saith the Lord, it is expedient that all things be done unto my glory, that ye should, who are joined together in this order; or, in other words, let my servant Ahasdah, and my servant Gazelam, or Enoch, and my servant Pelagoram, sit in council with the saints which are in Zion

•   •   •

that through my providence, notwithstanding the tribulation which shall descend [p.197] upon you, that the church may stand independent above all other creatures beneath the celestial world, that you may come up unto the crown prepared for you, and be made rulers over many kingdoms, saith the Lord God, the Holy One of Zion, who hath established the foundations of Adam-ondi-Ahman; who hath appointed Michael, your prince, and established his feet, and set him upon high; and given unto him the keys of salvation under the counsel and direction of the Holy One, who is without beginning of days or end of life.

•   •   •

and he who receiveth all things, with thankfulness, shall be made glorious, and the things of this earth shall be added unto him, even an hundred fold, yea, more: wherefore do the things which I have commanded you, saith your Redeemer, even the Son Ahman, who prepareth all things before he taketh you; for ye are the church of the first born, and he will take you up in the cloud, and appoint every man his portion. And he that is a faithful and wise steward shall inherit all things. Amen.

Commentary: Michael Your Prince

This revelation of 1 March 1832 has one interesting addition. The early text reads: “saith the Lord God the holy one of Israel.” The same reading is in the Kirtland Revelations Book. But in the 1835 publication, the word “Israel” was changed to “Zion” and the following added text appeared for the first time: “who hath established the foundations of Adam-ondi-Ahman; who hath appointed Michael, your prince, and established his feet, and set him upon high; and given unto him the keys of salvation under the counsel and direction of the Holy One, who is without beginning of days or end of life.”31

The wording “Adam-ondi-Ahman” first appeared in the literature of the early church in 1835 when instruction was given on antediluvian priesthood (Document 126). After listing the patriarchs from Adam to Noah, along with their ages when ordained, an accounting is given of a meeting presided over by Adam in the valley of Adam-ondi-Ahman. This information was said to have been recorded in the “book of Enoch.” This passage in the D&C contains material that was put together from a number of sources32 and presented by Joseph Smith to members of the newly formed Council of the Twelve Apostles.

Heber C. Kimball made a general statement on the twelve apostles hearing Joseph Smith: “One evening when we were assembled to receive instructions, the revelation contained in the third section [LDS D&C 107; RLDS D&C 104] of the Book of Doctrine and Covenants, on priesthood was given to brother Joseph as he [p.198] was instructing us and we praised the Lord.”33 The first part of the section contains material relating to priesthood. Then instructions are related to other sources such as the book of Enoch, a revelation for Zion given in November 1831 and then revised, and a vision of the Seventy.

The 1835 D&C says that Enoch was “430 years old when he was translated.”34 The revision of the KJV Bible adds the following words to the dictated Old Testament manuscript above the line: “& al[l] the days of Enoch were 430 years.”35 The manuscript text was to read: “Zion is fled. <& al[l] the days of Enoch were 430 years> and it came to pass that Mathusalah[.]”36 Joseph Smith had Enoch’s age when translated as 430, while in Genesis 5:23 he was 365 years old. Changes that appear to have been done in 1835 have Adam dying at the age of 1,000 instead of 930 years as in the Bible.

The words “foundations of Adam-ondi-Ahman” were an addition to the text of document 90. William W. Phelps composed a hymn titled “Adam-ondi-Ahman,” and recorded in his journal under the date of 3 June 1835, “Com[posed]. a hymn – Adam-ondi-Ahman.”37 This was written a few weeks after his arrival in Kirtland and was published in the next issue of the Messenger and Advocate.38

So the stimulus for altering the ages of the patriarchs came from 1835 when additional revisions were made to the Old Testament dictated manuscript. The change in the age of Enoch in the Bible revision and included in document 126 was done about the same time. The phrase Adam-ondi-Ahman is a post-1832 term that church members learned was associated with Michael the prince. The 1832 revelation would not have had this term.

91. Go Ye into the World & Preach the Gospel
From KRB, 18-19 (cf. LDS D&C 80; RLDS D&C 79)

Revelation received at Hiram, Ohio, on 7 March 1832
for Stephen Burnett

Hiram Portage County Ohio March 7th 1832

Verily thus saith the Lord u[n]to you my se[r]vant Stephen [Burnett] go ye go [p.199] ye into the world & preach the Gospel to every creature that cometh under the Sound of your voice and inasmuch as you desire a companion I will give unto you my servant Eden Smith therefore go ye and preach my gospel whither to the North or to th[e] South, to the East or to the west it mattereth not for you can not go amiss therefore declare th[e] things which you have heard and verily believe and know to be true Behold this is the will of him who hath called you Your Redeemer even Jesus Christ Amen

92. Equal in All Things
From NKW Collection

Revelation received at Hiram, Ohio, in [ca. 8] March 1832
for Sidney Rigdon and Joseph Smith, Jr.,
on the duty of the bishops39

Verily thus saith the Lord unto you my servent Sidney [Rigdon] and Joseph [Smith, Jr.] I reveal unto you for your own prophet [profit] and instruction concerning the Bishops of my church what is their duty in the church

behold it is their duty to stand in the office of their Bishoprick [Bishopric] and to fill the judgement seat which I have appointed unto them to administer the benef[i]ts of the church or the overpluss [overplus] of all who are in their stewardships according to the commandments as they are sever[al]ly appointed and the property or that which they receive of the church is not their own but belongeth to the church wherefore it is the property of the Lord and it is for the poor of the church to be administered according to the law

for it is the will of the Lord that the church should be made equal in all things wherefore the bishops are accountable before the Lord for their stewardships to administer of their stewardship in the which they are appointed by commandment jointly with you my servents unto the Lord as well as you my servents or the rest of the church that the benef[i]ts of all may be dedicated unto the Lord that the Lord[‘]s storehouse may be filled always that ye may all grow in temporal as well as spiritual things

and now verily I say unto you the bishops must needs be seperated [separated] unto their bishoppricks [bishoprics] and judgement seats from care of business but not from claim neither from council wherefore I have given unto you commandment that you should be joined together by covenent [covenant] and bond wherefore see that ye do even as I have commanded

and unto the office of the presidency of the high Priest hood I have given authority to preside with the assistance of his councellers [counselors]40 over all the [p.200] concerns of the church wherefore stand ye fast claim your Priest hood in authority yet in meekness and I am able to make you abound and be fruitfull and you shall never fall for unto you I have given the keys of the kingdom and if you transgress not they shall never be taken from you wherefore feed my sheep even so amen

93. Glad Tidings of Great Joy
From KRB, 12 (cf. LDS D&C 79; RLDS D&C 78)

Revelation received at Hiram, Ohio, on 12 March 1832
for Jared Carter

A Revelation given to Jerad [Jared] Carter March 12th 1832 in Hiram Portage County Ohio,

Verily verily I say unto you that it is my will that my Servant Jerad [Jared Carter] should go again into the eastern countries from place, to place, and from City, [to] City, in the power of the ordinan[ce] where with he has been ordained proclaiming glad tidings of great joy even the everlasting gospel and I will send upon him the comforter which shall teach him the truth and his way whither he shall go and in as much as he is faithful I will crown him again with sheaves wherefore let your heart be glad my servant Jerad [Jared Carter] and fear not saith your Lord even Jesus Christ Amen

94. Proclaiming the Gospel in
the Land of the Living & among Thy brethren
From BC manuscript, RLDS archives
(cf. LDS D&C 81; RLDS D&C 80)

Revelation received at Hiram, Ohio, on 15 March 1832
for Jesse Gause41

Revelation given to Jesse Gause Hiram Portage March 15 1832 Co. Ohio

Verily verily I say unto you my servant Jesse [Gause] listen to the voice of him who speaketh, to the word of the Lord your God, & hearken to the calling wherewith you are called, even to be a high Priest in my Church & counsellor unto my Servant Joseph [Smith, Jr.], unto whom I have given the keys of the Kingdom which belongs always to the presidency of the high Priest Hood, therefore verily I acknowledge him & will bless him, & also thee, in as much as thou art faithful in [p.201] Counsel, in the office which I have appointed unto you, & in prayer always vocally & in thy heart in publick & in private also in thy ministry, in proclaiming the gospel in the Land of the Living & among thy brethren; and in doing these things thou wilt do the greatest good unto thy fellow beings, & will promote the glory of him who is your Lord.

wherefore be faithful, stand in the office I have appointed you succor the weak, lift up the hands which hang down, & strengthen the feeble knees; & if thou art faithful unto the end thou shalt have a crown of immortality & eternal life in the mansion which I have prepared in the house of my father behold & lo these are the words of Alpha & Omega even Jesus Christ Amen

Revision

1835 D&C 79
(cf. LDS D&C 81:1; RLDS D&C 80:1)

Verily, verily I say unto you my servant Frederick G. Williams, listen to the voice of him who speaketh, to the word of the Lord your God

Commentary: Jesse Gause

This revelation was given on 15 March 1832 at Hiram, Ohio. There are two manuscripts. The first is an additional part of the BC manuscript which originally read: “Verily <verily>I say unto you my servant Jesse[.]”42 The other is the Kirtland Revelations Book that read when first recorded: “Verily Verily I say unto you my servant Jesse.”43 In both manuscripts the name “Jesse” has been crossed out and the name “Frederick G Williams” inserted in its place. The revelation originally was for Jesse Gause who had been ordained a counselor to Joseph Smith on 8 March 1832.44 Williams’s name was published in the 1835 D&C as indicated in the changed text after Gause was excommunicated from the church.45

Some historical background relating to the presidency of the High Priesthood may be helpful. In November 1831, in a revelation dealing with the Church of Christ in Missouri, Joseph Smith was appointed to the presidency of the High Priesthood:

Then cometh the High priesthood which is the greatest of all; wherefore it must needs be that one be appointed of the high priesthood to preside over the priesthood and he shall be called president of the high priesthood of the church, or in other words the presideing [presiding] high priest over the high priesthood of the church … and again the [p.202] duty of the president of the office of the high priesthood is to preside over the whole church and to be like unto [M]oses.46

Accordingly, on 25 January 1832, at general conference, Smith was officially ordained president of the High Priesthood by Sidney Rigdon. Orson Pratt recorded the incident in these words: “At this conference, the Prophet Joseph was acknowledged President of the High Priesthood, and hands were laid on him by Elder Sidney Rigdon, who sealed upon his head the blessings which he had formerly received.”47

Soon after this conference Rigdon and Gause were chosen to be Smith’s counselors and were ordained to this high position on 8 March: “March 8th 1832 Chose this day and ordained brother Jesse Gause and Broth[er] Sidney to be my councellors of the ministry of the presidency of th[e] high Pri[e]sthood[.]”48

Seven days later a revelation confirmed Gause’s call to be both a high priest and counselor: “Verily verily I say unto you my servant Jesse listen to the voice of him who speaketh, to the word of the Lord your God, & hearken to the calling wherewith you are called, even to be a high Priest in my Church & counsellor unto my Servant Joseph, unto whom I have given the keys of the Kingdom which belongs always to the presidency of the high Priest Hood[.]”49

This position elevated Gause and Rigdon to a place of authority second only to Smith. Another revelation in March 1832 made this privileged status clear: “and unto the office of the presidency of the high Priest hood I have given authority to preside with the assistance of his councellers [counselors] over all the concerns of the church[.]”50

As counselors, these men joined Smith in managing the day-to-day affairs of the church. In April, for example, they went to Independence, Missouri, with President Smith. John Whitmer recorded in his history: “And it came to pass that Joseph the seer and Sidney the Scribe and N. W. [K.] Whitney and one Jesse Gause came to Zion to comfort the Saints and set[t]le some little dif[f]iculties, and regulate the church and affairs concerning it[.]”51

While at Independence, Smith’s authority was consolidated. According to the minutes recorded in the Far West Record, on 26 April, at a council meeting there, “Joseph Smith jr [was] acknowledged by the High priests in the land of Zion to be President of the High Priesthood, according to commandment and ordination in [p.203] Ohio.”52 At two other meetings in Independence, Gause was listed as “one of the President’s councillors” and “Counsillor to the President.”53

After Gause served on a mission with Zebedee Coltrin in August, nothing more was heard about him except that he denied the faith.54 An entry in Joseph Smith’s Diary for 3 December 1832 clearly refers to Gause: “held a conference in the Evening Br Jese and Mogan and William Mclelen was excommunicated from the church &c[.]”55

The Kirtland Council Minute Book as early as 22 January 1833 mentions Frederick G. Williams as a counselor,56 and a revelation calling him to this position is dated 6 January.57 In March Williams was formally ordained as a counselor.

When the revelations were copied into the Kirtland Revelations Book, the office of counselor was listed by Williams’s name three times:

1. Revelation of 6 December 1832: “given by Joseph the seer and writ[t]en by Sidney the scribe and Councellor & Transcribed by Frederick assistant scribe and councellor.”58

2. Revelation of 27-28 December 1832: “Given by Joseph the seer and writ[t]en by F.G. Williams assistan[t] scribe and councellor to s[ai]d Joseph.”59

3. Revelation of 3 January 1833: “Given by Joseph the seer, and writ[t]en by Frederick assistant scribe and councellor.”60

All of these dates fall before 22 January and well before 8 March 1833 when Williams and Rigdon were said to be equal with Smith in holding the “keys of this Last Kingdom.”61

Williams was ordained to the high priesthood (a high priest) on 25 October 1831,62 but was not ordained to the presidency until a year after the revelation was given to Gause.63 The BC manuscript indicated by the superscription that “Jesse Gause” was the “Jesse” referred to in the text, and the handwritten index to the Kirtland Revelations Book designates page 17 as a “Revelation to Jesse Gauze March 15 – 1832.” The index of the 1835 D&C lists the March 1832 document as a revelation “to F. G. Williams.”

[p.204] The 1981 edition of the LDS D&C states in the historical heading to section 81, “Frederick G. Williams is called to be a high priest and a counselor in the First Presidency,” though it also mentions the 1835 textual inaccuracy: “The historical records show that when this revelation was received in March 1832, it called Jesse Gause to the office of counselor to Joseph Smith in the First Presidency.” Then, in the face of the historical records and in order to perpetuate the 1835 published variant and to justify it, the heading continues: “However, when he failed to continue in a manner consistent with this appointment, the call was subsequently transferred to Frederick G. Williams.”64

The call could not have been “transferred” to Williams who was already a high priest, whereas Gause’s call was to become a high priest and counselor. Williams’s call came separately in January 1833, two months prior to his ordination as a counselor. The March 1832 revelation states that the recipient would be blessed as he proclaimed the gospel “among thy brethren,” which refers to Gause’s former Shaker brethren. The revelation ends: “these are the words of Alpha and Omega, even Jesus Christ.” Why the text would be altered and published through the years as referring to Williams is not known, but it demonstrates again that the 1835 D&C committee was not primarily concerned with historical accuracy.

95. The Spirit of Man in the Likeness of His Person
From the Manuscript History, Book A-1:192-95
(cf. LDS D&C 77)

Explanation of part of Revelation, chapters 4-11
given at Hiram, Ohio, in [ca. 20] March 1832
65

[Question] What is the sea of glass spoken of by John 4th chapter, and 6th verse of the Revelation?

[Answer] It is the earth in its sanctified, immortal and eternal state.

[Question] What are we to understand by the four beasts spoken of by John in the 4th chapter, and 6th verse of Revelation?

[Answer] They are figurative expressions, used by the Revelator, John, in describing heaven, the paradise of God, the happiness of men, and of beasts, and of creeping things, and of the fowls of the air; that which is spiritual being in the likeness of that which is temporal, and that which is temporal in the likeness of that which is spiritual the spirit of man in the likeness of his person; as also the spirit of the beast, and every other creature which God has created.

[Question] Are the four beasts limited to individual beasts, or do they represent classes or orders?

[p.205] [Answer] They are limited to four individual beasts, which were shown to John to represent the glory of the classes of beings in their destined order, or sphere of creation, in the enjoyment of their eternal felicity.

[Question] What are we to understand by the eyes and wings which the beasts had?

[Answer] Their eyes are a representation of light and knowledge, that is, they are full of knowledge; and their wings are a representation of power, to move, to act &c.

[Question] What are we to understand by the four and twenty elders spoken of by John?

[Answer] We are to understand that these elders whom John saw, were elders who had been faithful in the work of the ministry, and were dead, who belonged to the seven churches, and were then in the Paradise of God.

[Question] What are we to understand by the book which John saw, which was sealed on the back with seven seals?

[Answer] We are to understand that it contains the revealed will, mysteries and works of God: the hidden things of his economy concerning this earth during the seven thousand years of its continuance or its temporal existence.

[Question] What are we to understand by the seven seals with which it was sealed?

[Answer] We are to understand that the first seal contains the things of the first thousand years, and the second also of the second thousand years, and so on until the seventh.

[Question] What are we to understand by the four angels spoken of by John 7th chapter and first verse of Revelations?

[Answer] We are to understand that they are four angels sent forth from God, to whom is given power over the four parts of the earth, to save life and to destroy; these are they who have the everlasting gospel to commit to every Nation, kindred, tongue, and people, having power to shut up the heavens, to seal up unto life, or to cast down to the regions of darkness.

[Question] What are we to understand by the angel ascending from the east, Revelations, seventh chapter, and sechond [second] verse?

[Answer] We are to understand that the angel ascending from the east is he to whom is given the seal of the living God over the twelve tribes of Israel, wherefore he crieth unto the four angels having the everlasting gospel, saying, hurt not the earth, neither the sea, nor the trees till we have sealed the servants of our God in their foreheads; and if you will receive it, this is Elias which was to come, to gather to gether the tribes of Israel, and restore all things.

[Question] What time are the things spoken of in this chapter to be accom-plished?

[Answer] They are to be accomplished in the sixth thousandth year, or the opening of the sixth seal.

[Question] What are we to understand by sealing the one hundred and forty four thousand out of all the tribes of Israel, Twelve thousand out of every tribe?

[p.206] [Answer] We are to understand that those who are sealed are high priests ordained unto the holy order of God to administer the everlasting gospel, for they are they who are ordained out of every nation, kindred, tongue and people by the angels to whom is given power over the nations of the earth to bring as many as will come, to the church of the first born.

[Question] What are we to understand by the sounding of the trumpets mentioned in the eighth chapter of Revelations?

[Answer] We are to understand that as God made the world in six days, and on the seventh day he finished his work and sanctified it, and also formed man out of the dust of the earth; even so in the beginning of the seven thousandth year will the Lord God sanctify the earth and complete the salvation of man, and Judge all things and shall redeem all things, except that which he hath not put into his power when he shall have sealed all things unto the end of all things: and the sounding of the trumpets of the seven angels, are the preparing and finishing of his work in the beginning of the seven thousandth year, the preparing of the way before the time of his coming.

[Question] When are the things to be accomplished which are written in the ninth chapter of Revelations?

[Answer] They are to be accomplished after the opening of the seventh seal, before the coming of Christ.

[Question] What are we to understand by the little book, which was eaten by John, as mentioned in the tenth chapter of Revelations?

[Answer] We are to understand that it was a mission and an ordinance for him to gather the tribes of Israel. Behold this is Elias, who, as it is written, must come and restore all things.

[Question] What is to be understood by the two witnesses in the el[e]venth chapter of Revelations?

[Answer] They are two prophets that are to be raised up to the Jewish nation in the last days, at the time of the restoration, and to prophecy to the Jews after they are gathered and have built the City of Jerusalem, in the land of their fathers.

96. Let Whatsoever Is Done
Be Done in the Name of the Lord
From NKW Collection

Revelation received at Hiram, Ohio, on 20 March 1832
concerning paper for the Book of Commandments
and the translation of the New Testament66

[Question] First Shall we procure the paper required of our breatheren [brethren] in thus [their] letter and carry it with us or not and if we do what moneys shall we use for that purpose[?]

[p.207] [Answer] It is expedient saith the Lord unto you that the paper shall be purchased for the printing of the book of the Lord[‘]s commandments and it must needs be that you take it with [you] for it is not expedient that my servent Martin [Harris] should as yet go up unto the land of Zion let the purchase be made by the Bishop of [if] it must needs be by hire let whatsoever is done be done in the name of the Lord

[Question] Second shall we finish the translation of the New Testament before we go to Zion or wait till we return[?]

[Answer] It is expedient saith the Lord that there be no delays and this saith the Lord for the greatest good and benef[i]t of the church Wherefore omit the translation for the present time

97. When Ye Do Not What I Say, Ye Have No Promise
From 1835 D&C 86 (cf. LDS D&C 82; RLDS D&C 81)

Revelation received at Independence, Missouri, on 26 April 1832
concerning the United Firm67

Revelation given April, 1832, showing the order given to Enoch and the church in his day.

Verily, verily I say unto you, my servants, that inasmuch as you have forgiven one another your trespasses, even so I the Lord forgive you; nevertheless there are those among you who have sinned exceedingly; yea, even all of you have sinned, but verily I say unto you, beware from henceforth and refrain from sin lest sore judgments fall upon your heads: for unto whom much is given much is required; and he who sins against the greater light shall receive the greater condemnation. Ye call upon my name for revelations, and I give them unto you; and inasmuch as ye keep not my sayings which I give unto you, ye become transgressors, and justice and judgment is the penalty which is affixed unto my law: therefore, what I say unto one I say unto all, watch, for the adversary spreadeth his dominions and darkness reigneth; and the anger of God kindleth against the inhabitants of the earth; and none doeth good, for all have gone out of the way.

And now verily I say unto you, I the Lord will not lay any sin to your charge: go your ways and sin no more: but unto that soul who sinneth shall the former sins return, saith the Lord your God.68

And again, I say unto you, I give unto you a new commandment, that you may [p.208] understand my will concerning you; or, in other words, I give unto you directions how you may act before me, that it may turn to you for your salvation. I the Lord am bound when ye do what I say, but when ye do not what I say, ye have no promise.

Therefore, verily I say unto you, that it is expedient for my servant Alam [Edward Partridge] and Ahashdah [Newel K. Whitney], Mahalaleel [Sidney Gilbert] and Pelagoram [Sidney Rigdon], and my servant Gazelam [Joseph Smith, Jr.], and Horah [John Whitmer], and Olihah [Oliver Cowdery], and Shalemanasseh [William W. Phelps], and Mehemson,69 be bound together by a bond and covenant that cannot be broken by transgression except judgment shall immediately follow, in your several stewardships, to manage the affairs of the poor, and all things pertaining to the bishopric both in the land of Zion, and in the land of Shinehah [Kirtland], for I have consecrated the land of Shinehah [Kirtland] in mine own due time for the benefit of the saints of the Most High, and for a stake to Zion:

for Zion must increase in beauty, and in holiness: her borders mush be enlarged; her stakes must be strengthened: yea, verily I say unto you, Zion must arise and put on her beautiful garments: therefore I give unto you this commandment, that ye bind yourselves by this covenant, and it shall be done according to the laws of the Lord. Behold here is wisdom, also, in me, for your good. And you are to be equal, or in other words, you are to have equal claims on the properties, for the benefit of managing the concerns of your stewardships, every man according to his wants and his needs, inasmuch as his wants are just: and all this for the benefit of the church of the living God, that every man may improve upon his talent, that every man may gain other talents; yea, even an hundred fold, to be cast into the Lord’s storehouse, to become the common property of the whole church, every man seeking the interest of his neighbor, and doing all things with an eye single to the glory of God.

This order70 I have appointed to be an everlasting order unto you and unto your successors, inasmuch as you sin not: and the soul that sins against this covenant, and hardeneth his heart against it, shall be dealt with according to the laws of my church, and shall be delivered over to the buffitings of satan until the day of redemption.

And now verily I say unto you, and this is wisdom, make unto yourselves friends with the mammon of unrighteousness, and they will not destroy you. Leave judgment alone with me, for it is mine and I will repay. Peace be with you; my blessings continue with you, for even yet the kingdom is yours, and shall be forever if you fall not from your steadfastness; even so. Amen.

98. All Children Have Claim upon Their Parents
Untill They Are of Age
From NKW Collection (cf. LDS D&C 83; RLDS D&C 82)

Revelation received at Independence, Missouri, on 30 April 1832
in addition to the laws of the Church of Christ71

[p.209] Zion May [1st?] 1832

Verily thus saith the Lord in addition to the laws of the church concerning women and children who belong to the church who have lost their husbands or fathers women have claim on their husbands untill they are taken and if they are not found transgressors they remain upon their inheritences [inheritances] all children have claim upon their parents untill they are of age and after that they have claim upon the church or in otherwords the Lord[‘]s storehouse for inheritences [inher- itances]

Revision

1835 D&C 88
(cf. LDS D&C 83:1-6; RLDS D&C 82:1-2)

Verily thus saith the Lord, in addition to the laws of the church concerning women and children, those who belong to the church, who have lost their husbands or fathers: women have claim on their husbands for their maintainance until their husbands are taken; and if they are not found transgressors they shall have fellowship in the church, and if they are not faithful, they shall not have fellowship in the church; yet they may remain upon their inheritances according to the laws of the land.

All children have claim upon their parents for their maintainance until they are of age; and after that, they have claim upon the church; or, in other words upon the Lord’s storehouse, if their parents have not wherewith to give them inheritances. And the storehouse shall be kept by the consecrations of the church, that widows and orphans shall be provided for, as also the poor. Amen.

Commentary: Women and children have claim

In a revelation received at Independence, Missouri, on 30 April 1832, instructions were given concerning the inheritances of women and children. The text is the same in the Newel K. Whitney Collection, Book B, and in the Evening and the [p.219] Morning Star, published in January 1833.72

The text of this revelation was copied into the Kirtland Revelations Book by Frederick G. Williams. This text would have been written at the earliest in December 1833 and the latest by 18 August 1834. The text in the Kirtland Revelations Book is already revised as recorded in that volume,73 which agrees with the revised text of the 1835 D&C. The revision was completed before the formal committee was appointed on 24 September 1834. This is one of the earliest revisions known to have been made that later appeared in the 1835 D&C.

The added words “according to the laws of the land” are not in the early text but are evidently related to a case mentioned in the Evening and the Morning Star (July 1833), which states: “When a disciple comes to Zion for an inheritance, it is his duty, if he has any thing to consecrate to the Lord, for the benefit of the poor and the needy, or to purchase lands, to consecrate it according to the law of the Lord, and also according to the law of the land; and the Lord has said, that in keeping his laws, we have no need to break the laws of the land.”74

Notes

1. McLellin was the scribe for this revelation. He wrote in his journal, “This day the Lord conde[s]cended to hear my pray[e]r and gave me a revelation of his will, through his prophet or seer (Joseph) – And these are the words which I wrote from his mouth, saying,” then the text of the revelation follows. After the text he continued, “This revelation give [gave] great joy to my heart because some important questions were answered which had dwelt upon my mind with anxiety yet with uncertainty” (Jan Shipps and John W. Welch, eds., The Journals of William E. McLellin 1831-1836 (Provo, UT: BYU Studies/Urbana: University of Illinois Press, 1994], 45-46).

2. Churches.

3. William McLellin wrote in his journal that he “read and copyed revelations” in November 1831. He also copied revelations in January 1832 (Shipps and Welch, Journals of William E. McLellin, 47, 70).

4. The stone coming from a mountain without hands to fill the earth refers to the dream of King Nebuchadnezzar (see Dan. 2:34-35, 45).

5. Evening and Morning Star 1 (Sept. 1832): 62, reprinted April 1835.

6. Quotation marks omitted. A series of conferences was held in November 1831 relating to the publishing of the revelations of Joseph Smith, Jr., for the BC. The minutes copied in Far West Record state: “A number of the brethren arose and said that they were willing to testify to the world that they knew that they were of the Lord. Revelation received relative to the same” (Donald Q. Cannon and Lyndon W. Cook, eds., Far West Record: Minutes of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, 1830-1844 [Salt Lake City: Deseret Book Co., 1983], 27).

7. This revelation is placed in the Manuscript History prior to document no. 77 received on 3 November 1831. See Dean C. Jessee, ed., The Papers of Joseph Smith: Autobiographical and Historical Writings (Salt Lake City: Deseret Book Co., 1989), 1:368. It was published in the 1835 D&C with revised wording.

8. Churches.

9. The age “eight years old” had been added to Genesis 17 during the revision of the OT in early 1831 (OT MS #1, 41, RLDS archives). See Gen. 17:11 (JST).

10. Cannon and Cook, Far West Record, 6-7.

11. 1835 D&C 22:2; LDS D&C 68:17; RLDS D&C 68:2.

12. 1835 D&C 22:2; LDS D&C 68:21; RLDS D&C 68:2.

13. 1835 D&C 22:2; LDS D&C 68:19; RLDS D&C 68:2.

14. See 1835 D&C 3:8; LDS D&C 107:17; RLDS D&C 104:8.

15. The May 1833 issue of the Evening and the Morning Star stated, “we give below, the close, or as it has been called, the Appendix.” Originally this revelation ended the BC manuscript compilation. Additional documents were considered for inclusion for publication after the BC manuscript was taken to Independence, Missouri.

16. See Rev. 14:1.

17. This revelation was referred to in a meeting held in Independence, Missouri. On 3 July 1832 it was “Resolved that the mode and manner of regulating the Church of Christ Take effect from this time, accord ing to a Revelation received in Hiram Portage County Ohio Nov 11, 1831″ (Cannon and Cook, Far West Record, 51). This document was copied into the KRB and titled, ”Revelation given November 1831 Cuyahoga [Portage] Co Ohio regulat ing the Presidency of the Church” (84). The revelation was published with revised wording in section 3 of the 1835 D&C. See document no. 126.

18. On this date two revelatory messages were given. The index to the KRB explains, “A Revelation given to choose a Bishop. N. K. Whitney was chosen & was sanctioned by th[e] lord and also an other in addition to th[e] Law making known the duty of th[e] Bishop.”

19. On 25 January 1832 a conference was held at Amherst, Ohio. Orson Pratt who attended wrote: “At this conference, the Prophet Joseph [Smith, Jr.] was acknowledged President of the High Priesthood, and hands were laid on him by Elder Sidney Rigdon, who sealed upon his head the blessings which he had formerly received” (Elden Jay Watson, comp., The Orson Pratt Journals [Salt Lake City: comp., 1975], 11).

20. This vision was opened to Smith and Rigdon after they had revised John 5:29 and were reflecting upon the change in wording. It is known as the vision of the three degrees of glories. The text is from the Evening and the Morning Star which was based on a copy made as an addition to the November 1831 manuscript of the BC. An extant page [139] of the ending of the vision is in the RLDS archives. The KRB has the following introduction: “A vision of Joseph [Smith, Jr.] & Sidney [Rigdon] February 16th 1832 given in Portage County Hiram Township state of Ohio in North Americ[a] which they saw concerning the church of the first born and concerning the economy of God and his vast creation throughout all eternity” (1). See similar wording in “Book of Commandments, Law and Covenants,” Book A, LDS archives, also copied in 1832.

21. BC Manuscript, [139], RLDS archives. See LDS D&C 76:109-119; RLDS 76:7-8.

22. Manuscript History, Book A-1:183-92. The background to D&C 76 and the text of the vision from the 1835 D&C was written into the manuscript history by Willard Richards before 8 May 1843. See Willard Richards Journal, LDS archives. See also Jessee, Papers of Joseph Smith, 1:372.

23. The Evening and the Morning Star 1 (July 1832): [2; whole page no. 10]; LDS D&C 76:44-46; RLDS D&C 76:4.

24. The Evening and the Morning Star 1 (July 1832): [2; whole page 10]. See LDS D&C 76:15-19; RLDS D&C 76:3. If the words “speaking of the resurrection of the dead who should hear the voice of the Son of man” are considered a part of the revision of John, they were not added to the text of John 5:29 in NT MS #2, folio 4, page 114. The words “and shall all be judged of the son of man” were added after John 5:29; see John 5:30 (JST).

25. No major textual problems in these verses are noted in The Greek New Testament, ed. Barbara Aland, Kurt Aland, Johannes Karavidopulos, Carlo M. Martini, and Bruce M. Metzger (Stuttgart, Ger.: German Bible Society, 4th rev. ed., 1994), 332, or in Bruce M. Metzger, A Textual Commentary on the Greek New Testament (Stuttgart, Ger.: Ger man Bible Society, 2nd ed., 1994), 180. The Bodmer Papyrus, which contains the gospel of John, was written about 200 C.E. and reads basically the same as the KJV. The reading “of damnation” is currently rendered “of judgment” or “of condemnation.”

26. LDS Hel. 12:26/RLDS 4:73 (no word “resurrection”); LDS Mosiah 16:11/RLDS 8:84; and LDS 3 Ne. 26:5/RLDS 6:33. Two previous revelations also included the word damnation (“eternal damnation”), see LDS D&C 19:7; RLDS D&C 18:2 and LDS D&C 29:44; RLDS D&C 28:12. The wording of Acts 24:15 evidently in fluenced Smith in revising John 5:29 where the word “just” replaces “life” and “unjust” replaces “damnation.” See Luke 14:14, “resurrection of the just.” The New Testament manuscript of Smith’s revision reads: “and shall come forth they who have done good unto <in> the resur[r]ection of life <the just> and they who have done evil, unto <in> the resur[r]ection of damnation the unjust and shall be judged of the son of man” (NT MS #2, folio #4, 114, RLDS archives). Angle brackets are forword(s) written above the line. This reading of the text is not a restoration of the biblical text.

27. NT Manuscript #2, folio #4, 114 (NT Dictated MS, 114), original in RLDS archives. See photo of manuscript page in Richard P. Howard, Restoration Scriptures: A Study of Their Textual Development (Independence, MO: Herald House, 1969), 180; (2nd ed., 1995), 295; and Stephen R. Knecht, The Story of Joseph Smith’s Bible Translation (Salt Lake City: Associated Resea[r]ch Consultants Publication, 1977), 35a. Except for the word “who” replacing “that” twice, the text of John 5:29 is identical to the Phinney 1828 King James Bible that was used during the revision process.

28. Lincoln Haskins was baptized on 21 February 1832. Orson Hyde and Samuel H. Smith visited Haskins near West field, New York, on 21 March 1832. Samuel Smith recorded in his journal, “Came across a man by the name of Haskins. He told us that he had been in Kirtland and to Hiram (for he was a brother) and that he had been ordained an elder of the Church, and he told us that he has aeen [seen] Joseph [Smith, Jr.] and Sidney [Rigdon] and that they had had a vision and that they had seen great and marvelous things, and that they had got along wonderfully well on translating. Haskins was strong in the faith” (Samuel H. Smith Journal, typescript, original in LDS archives). This revelation was crossed out with an “X” in the KRB. It was not included in the 1835 D&C.

29. This explanation of scripture has no date even though it was recorded twice in the KRB. The 1835 D&C also has no date as to when the explanation was given. The manuscript history when including the explanation in the narrative for January 1832 dates it to “this period” (Jessee, Papers of Joseph Smith, 1:371). The approximate date of 17 February-early March 1832 is based on the revision of the NT that Smith and Rigdon were working on. They were revising John 5 on 16 February and by 20 March had proceeded to about Revelation 11.

30. The KRB also records this revelation as received at Kirtland (11, 15). The 1835 D&C has as a title “The order given of the Lord to Enoch, for the purpose of establishing the poor.” In 1835 the revelation to Joseph Smith, Jr., was made to appear to have been given to ancient Enoch. The United Firm had as members high priests (ordained to the High Priesthood) and leaders in the church.

31. 1835 D&C 75:3; LDS D&C 78:15-16; RLDS D&C 77:3. See Dan. 10:13, 21, and 12:1. Cf. two manuscripts, the KRB, 17, and NKW Collection, neither of which shows this addition.

32. Robert J. Woodford, “How the Revelations in the Doctrine and Covenants Were Received and Compiled,” Ensign 15 (Jan.1985): 31.

33. Heber C. Kimball Journal, quoted in Robert J. Woodford, “The Historical Development of the Doctrine and Covenants,” Ph.D. diss., Brigham Young University, 1974, 1,399; see also “Extracts from H. C. Kimball’s Journal,” Times and Seasons 6 (15 Apr. 1845): 869; and Stanley B. Kimball, ed., On the Potter’s Wheel: The Diaries of Heber C. Kimball (Salt Lake City: Signature Books in association with Smith Research Associates, 1987), 207.

34. 1835 D&C 3:24; LDS D&C 107:49; RLDS D&C 104:24.

35. OT MS #1, 19, RLDS archives.

36. See Gen. 7:78-79 (JST); Moses 8:1-2 in PGP.

37. William W. Phelps Journal, LDS archives.

38. Messenger and Advocate 1 (June 1835): 144. This issue was probably not published until July. Since Phelps helped with the 1835 D&C, he could have read the revised revelations that mention the place “Adam-Ondi-Ahman.” Joseph Smith’s “Grammar & A[l]phabet of the Egyptian Language” has interpreted for the “5th Degree,” “Beth, The place appointed of God for the residence of Adam; Adam ondi= Ah man” (“Egyptian Alphabet,” [1835], 23, LDS archives).

39. This revelation was not published in the 1835 D&C.

40. Two counselors were chosen on 8 March 1832 to assist Joseph Smith, Jr., as president of the high priesthood. The following note was copied into the KRB: “March 8th 1832 Chose this day and ordained brother Jesse Gause and Broth[er] Sidney [Rigdon] to be my councellors [counselors] of the ministry of the presidency of th[e] high Pri[e]sthood” (10-11).

41. The text of the revelation for Jesse Gause is from the manuscript of the BC ([139]-140). The KRB contains a copy of the revelation to Gause, who was ordained as a counselor to Joseph Smith, Jr., on 8 March 1832, and after having gone on a mission with Zebedee Coltrin in August 1832, left the church.

42. The BC manuscript, [139], in RLDS archives.

43. KRB, 17.

44. See ibid., 10-11.

45. For further study, see Woodford, “Historical Development of the Doctrine and Covenants,” 1,017-25; Cook, Revelations of the Prophet J seph Smith, 171-72, 314-15; Robert J. Woodford, “Jesse Gause Counselor to the Prophet,” BYU Studies 15 (Spring 1975): 262-64; and D. Michael Quinn, “Jesse Gause: Joseph Smith’s Little-Known Coun elor,” ibid. 23 (Fall 1983): 487-93.

46. NKW. See document no. 78; LDS D&C 107:64-66, 91; RLDS D&C 104:31, 42.

47. “History of Orson Pratt. (Written by himself, March, 1858.),” Deseret News 8 (2 June 1858): 62, Fillmore City [U.T.]; also Watson, Orson Pratt’s Journals, 11. Reynolds Cahoon recorded the following: “Wednesday the Elders assemble[d] for Conference the first business ordained the President of the high Preashood [Priesthood] and others then returned holm [home]” (in Reynolds Cahoon Journal, typed copy, original in LDS archives).

48. KRB, 10-11.

49. “Revelation given to Jesse Gause Hiram Portage March 15 1832 Co. Ohio,” BC Manuscript, [139], RLDS archives.

50. Document no. 92.

51. Bruce N. Westergren, ed., From Historian to Dissident: The Book of John Whitmer (Salt Lake City: Signature Books, 1995), 102.

52. Cannon and Cook, Far West Record, 44.

53. Ibid., 46-47.

54. Zebedee Coltrin Journal. The Far West record has added after listing Gause’s position for the meeting of 30 April: “(denied the faith).”

55. Jessee, Papers of Joseph Smith, 2:4. It is evident that Gause had already left the church while William McLellin was still functioning as a high priest in Missouri.

56. Kirtland Council Minute Book, 6, LDS archives.

57. Document no. 106. The revelation stated, “thou art called to be a councellor and scribe unto my servant Joseph.” Williams had already been acting as a scribe to Smith since 20 July 1832.

58. KRB, 32.

59. Ibid., 46.

60. Ibid., 48.

61. Document no. 109; See LDS D&C 90:6; RLDS D&C 87:3; Kirtland Council Minute Book, 17.

62. Cannon and Cook, Far West Record, 19.

63. Kirtland Council Minute Book, 17; Ordination Certificate, LDS archives, reproduced in Frederick G. Williams [III], “Frederick G. Williams, `Veteran in the Work of the Lord’,” The Carpenter: Reflections of Mormon Life 1 (Spring 1969): 19.

64. 1981 edition of LDS D&C, p. 149.

65. Smith and Rigdon had revised the NT up to Revelation 11 prior to this explanation. They were told to “omit the translation for the present time” on 20 March 1832. This explanation was published in the 1876 LDS D&C.

66. This revelation was not included in the 1835 D&C.

67. When this document was published in 1835, certain names were used instead of individuals’ real names as though this document was “showing the order given to Enoch and the church in his day.” No known manuscript exits. The names of those individuals who can be identified are given in brackets. See David J. Whittaker, “Substituted Names in the Published Revelations of Joseph Smith,” BYU Studies 23 (Winter 1983): 103-12. At the meeting held in Independence, “A Revelation [was] received through him [Joseph Smith, Jr.] whom the Church has appointed respecting organization” (Cannon and Cook, Far West Record, 45).

68. See document no. 64; LDS and RLDS D&C 58.

69. The text probably had the name Jesse or Jesse Gause when originally recorded. It is not known if the 1835 pseudonym “Mehemson” was used in place of United Firm member Gause or for Martin Harris. A pseudonym spelled “Mahemson” was used for Harris in the 1835 D&C for an April 1834 revelation. Gause was a high priest and counselor to Joseph Smith, Jr., and in attendance at the 26 April 1832 meeting at Independence. Harris was not in attendance at the 1832 meeting when this revelation was received. Later Harris became a member of the United Firm.

70. The United Firm at Independence was named the Gilbert, Whitney & Company at a meeting held on 27 April 1832 (Cannon and Cook, Far West Record, 45).

71. The date is recorded as “30 apr. 1832″ on the reverse side of this manuscript. Book B and the KRB (93) have the date 30 April 1832. A few minor word changes were made soon after this copy was made. The text follows the final reading.

72. Robert J. Woodford wrote about the copy of the revelation found in “Book of Commandments, Law and Covenants; Book B” (handwriting of Sidney Gilbert), as follows: “In fact, his copy contains some significant changes that were not made until after January 1833” (Woodford, “Historical Development of the Doctrine and Covenants,” 1,042). This should refer to the KRB and not Book B. Book B contains the same wording as the NKW Collection and the Evening and the Morning Star (Jan. 1833). The only difference is between the early text and what is recorded in the KRB (93) and published in the 1835 D&C.

73. KRB, 93.

74. “The Elders Stationed in Zion to the Churches Abroad, in Love Greeting,” The Evening and the Morning Star 2 (July 1833): 110.