Black Saints in a White Church
Jessie L. Embry

Selected Reading


Adams, John A., Jr. The Black Pulpit Revolution in the United Methodist Church and Other Denominations. Chicago: Strugglers’ Community Press, 1985.

Ahlstrom, Sydney E. A Religious History of the American People. New Haven, CT: Yale University Press, 1972.

Carroll, Jackson W., Douglas W. Johnson, Martin E. Marty. Religion in America, 1950 to the Present. San Francisco: Harper and Row, Publishers, 1979.

Dolan, Jay P. The American Catholic Experience: A History from Colonial Times to the Present. Garden City, NY: Doubleday and Company, 1985.

Greeley, Andrew M. Religious Change in America. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 1989.

Hoge, Dean R. and David A. Roozen, eds. Understanding Church Growth and Decline, 1950-1978. New York: Pilgrim Press, 1970.

Launius, Roger D. Invisible Saints: A History of Black Americans in the Reorganized Church. Independence, MO: Herald Publishing House, 1988.

Lincoln, C. Eric and Lawrence H. Mamiya. The Black Church in the African American Experience. Durham, NC: Duke University Press, 1990.

Liptak, Delore. Immigrants and Their Church. New York: MacMillan Publishing Company, 1989.

Marty, Martin E. Modern American Religion, Volume 1: The Irony of It All,1893-1991. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1986.

__________. A Nation of Behavers. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1976.

Mays, Benjamin E. “The Black Experience and Perspective.” American Religious Values and the Future of America, Rodger Van Allen, ed. Philadelphia: Fortress Press, 1978.

Ochs, Stephen J. Desegregating the Altar: The Josephites and the Struggle for Black Priests, 1871-1960. Baton Rouge: Louisiana State University Press, 1990.

Roof, Wade Clark and William McKinney. American Mainline Religion: Its Changing Shape and Future. New Brunswick: Rutgers Press, 1987.

Schaefer, Richard T. Racial and Ethnic Groups. Boston: Little, Brown, and Company, 1979.

Stark, Rodney and Charles Y. Glock. American Piety: The Nature of Religious Commitment. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1970.


Albrecht, Stan L. “The Consequential Dimension of Mormon Religiosity.” Brigham Young University Studies 29 (Spring 1989).

__________ and Tim B. Heaton, “Secularization, Higher Education, and Religiosity.” Review of Religious Research 26 (Sept. 1984): 43-58.

Alexander, Thomas G. Mormonism in Transition: A History of the Latter-day Saints, 1890-1930. Urbana: University of Illinois, 1986.

Allen, James B. and Glen M. Leonard. The Story of the Latter-day Saints. Salt Lake City: Deseret Book Company, 1976.

Arrington, Leonard J. and Davis Bitton. The Mormon Experience: A History of the Latter-day Saints. New York: Alfred A. Knopf, 1979.

Brugger, Don L. “Climate for Change·” Ensign 23 (Sept. 1993): 24-28.

Cornwall, Marie et al. “The Dimensions of Religiosity: A Conceptual Model with an Empirical Test·” Review of Religious Research 27 (Mar. 1986).

Embry, Jessie L. “Ethnic Groups in the LDS Church.” Dialogue: A Journal of Mormon Thought 25 (Winter 1992).

__________. “Little Berlin: Swiss Saints of the Logan Tenth Ward.” Utah Historical Quarterly 56 (Summer 1988): 222-35. Florence, Giles H., Jr. “City of Angels.” Ensign 22 (Sept. 1992).

Foster, Lawrence· Religion and Sexuality: The Shakers, the Mormons, and the Oneida Community. Urbana: University of Illinois Press, 1984.

Hansen, Klaus J. Mormonism and the American Experience. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1981.

Jensen, Richard L. “Mother Tongue: Use of Non-English Languages in the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, 1850-1983.” New Views of Mormon History: A Collection of Essays in Honor of Leonard J. Arrington, Davis Bitton and Maureen Ursenbach Beecher, eds. Salt Lake City: University of Utah Press, 1987, 273-303.

Kimball, Edward L., ed. The Teachings of Spencer W. Kimball. Salt Lake City: Bookcraft, 1982.

Kimball, Spencer W. “The Evil of Intolerance.” Improvement Era 57 (June 1954): 423-24.

Mann, Ronald M. “Philadelphia, the Seedbed of a Nation.” Ensign 23 (Aug. 1993): 76-77.

McConkie, Bruce R. Mormon Doctrine. Salt Lake City: Bookcraft, 1966.

Mulder, William. Homeward to Zion: The Mormon Migration from Scandinavia. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press, 1957.

O’Dea, Thomas F. The Mormons. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1957.

Shipps, Jan. “In the Presence of the Past: Continuity and Change in the Twentieth-Century Mormonism·” After 150 Years: The Latter-day Saints in Sesquicentennial Perspective, Thomas G. Alexander and Jessie L. Embry, eds. Provo, UT: Charles Redd Center for Western Studies, 1983.

Whittaker, David J. “Mormons and Native Americans: A Historical and Bibliographical Introduction.” Dialogue: A Journal of Mormon Thought 18 (Winter 1985): 33-64.


Allen, James B. “Would-Be Saints: West Africa before the 1978 Priesthood Revelation.” Journal of Mormon History 17 (1991): 207-47.

Bringhurst, Newell G. Saints, Slaves, and Blacks: The Changing Place of Black People Within Mormonism. Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1981.

Bush, Lester E., Jr., and Armand L. Mauss, eds. Neither White Nor Black: Mormon Scholars Confront the Race Issue in a Universal Church. Midvale, UT: Signature Books, 1984.

Carter, Kate B. The Story of the Negro Pioneer.

Cherry, Alan Gerald. It’s You and Me, Lord! Provo, UT: Trilogy Arts Publica, 1970.

Ebony Rose. Special Collections, Harold B. Lee Library, Brigham Young University, Provo, Utah.

Embry, Jessie L. “Separate but Equal?: Black Branches, Genesis Groups, or Integrated Wards.” Dialogue: A Journal of Mormon Thought 23 (Spring 1990).

Grover, Mark L. “The Mormon Priesthood Revelation and the Sao Paulo, Brazil Temple.” Dialogue: A Journal of Mormon Thought 23 (Spring 1990).

Hartley, William G. “Samuel D. Chambers.” New Era 4 (June 1974): 47-50.

Let’s Talk. LDS Church Library, Historical Department, Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, Salt Lake City, Utah.

Mauss, Armand. “The Fading of the Pharaoh’s Curse: The Decline and Fall of the Priesthood Restriction Ban Against Blacks in the Mormon Church” Dialogue: A Journal of Mormon Thought 14 (Autumn 1981): 41.

__________. “Mormonism and Secular Attitudes Toward Negroes.” Pacific Socio Review 8 (Fall 1966).

McConkie, Bruce R. “All Are Alike unto God,” an address to a Book of Mormon Symposium for Seminary and Institute teachers, Brigham Young University, 18 Aug. 1978.

__________. “The New Revelation on Priesthood.” Priesthood. Salt Lake City: Deseret Book Company, 1981.

Newell, Linda King and Valeen Tippetts Avery. “Jane Manning James.” Ensign 9 (Aug. 1979): 26-29.

Olsen, Peggy. “Ruffin Bridgeforth: Leader and Father to Mormon Blacks.” This People I (Winter 1980): 15-16.

Shipps, Jan. “The Mormons: Looking Forward and Outward.” The Christian Century, 16-23 Aug. 1978, 762.

Stokes, Catherine M. “‘Plenty Good Room’ in Relief Society.” Dialogue: A Journal of Mormon Thought 21 (Winter 1988).

Sturlaugson, Mary Frances. A Soul So Rebellious. Salt Lake City: Deseret Book Company, 1981.

Wolfinger, Henry J. “A Test of Faith: Jane Manning James and the Origins of the Utah Black Community.” Social Accommodations in Utah. Salt Lake City: American West Center Occasional Papers, University of Utah, 1975.